Trending November 2023 # 3 Sweet Features You Can Unlock In Windows 8 # Suggested December 2023 # Top 17 Popular

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1: Consume Less Resources With Aero Lite

Windows 7 had a way to perform well even on slower machines. It had Aero Lite, a theme that doesn’t hog up all of a computer’s RAM just to show some glassy effects on the title bar of a window. This theme exists in Windows 8, but this time it’s hidden. There’s no comprehensible reason why it exists out of reach, but that’s the way it is now. In the meantime, you can address this yourself with a little bit of elbow grease.

Open a Windows Explorer and navigate to:

On the line that starts with “DisplayName” (the fifth line), change the entire thing to “DisplayName = Aero Lite“.

You can call it something else if you want. Save the Notepad file and rename it to “aerolite” or whatever. Make sure you keep the “.theme” extension at the end of the file name. Copy the file back to the “Themes” folder you took it out of. Since it has a different name, it won’t replace the original.

2: Bring The Start Screen Animation Back

Have you noticed that the animation you get when booting your computer for the first time with Windows 8 just disappears? It never comes back. Here’s how to get that cool (or perhaps not-so-cool?) animation back:

Get into the Modern UI and type “regedit“. Press “Enter” when done. This takes you to the registry editor.

Now, navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionImmersiveShellGrid

You’re done!

Restart your computer and enjoy the spectacle. I hope you didn’t have any unsaved data!

3: Let The Start Screen Display More/Less Rows Of Apps

This is a biggie, and it’s a shame that MS didn’t include this in Windows 8 as a configurable option through the Modern control panel. It puzzles me how they had this kind of oversight. Anyway, to modify this, you’ll have to dig into the registry a bit. For this tutorial, we’ll have to follow the second step of the last section also! It’s pretty much the same process, except that we’re modifying a value that already exists, not creating a new one.

So, when you reach

Note: This trick might not work on all Windows 8 installations.

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Miguel Leiva-Gomez

Miguel has been a business growth and technology expert for more than a decade and has written software for even longer. From his little castle in Romania, he presents cold and analytical perspectives to things that affect the tech world.

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Turn Windows Features On Or Off; Manage Windows Optional Features In Windows 11/10

The Windows operating system offers several additional features that most of us may not need. But they are there if you need them! In this post, we will see how to Turn Windows features On or Off via the Control Panel, and how to add, remove or manage some Optional Features using Windows 11/10 Settings. PowerShell and Command Prompt methods have also been discussed here.

Manage Windows Optional Features in Windows 11/10

While the default installation is good for most of us, there may be some features that IT Pro’s, System Administrators or Developers may need. Windows allows you to install and activate such features. You can turn some features on or off using the Control Panel, or you may need to use the Settings app in Windows 11/10 if you need to add some optional features.

What are Optional features?

As the name implies, Windows Optional features are the features that may or may not be required by Windows users. Windows OS has an option to add or remove these features. We have already explained the process to manage Optional features in Windows 11/10 in this article.

How do I add or remove Windows features?

The option to add or remove Windows features is available in the Control Panel or Windows Settings. We have described the process to install Windows features on Windows 11/10 computers above in this post. You can do it in 5 ways.

1] Turn Windows features On or Off using Control Panel

The steps to turn Windows features on or off via Control Panel are the same for both Windows 11 and Windows 10 computers. Hence, it does not matter whether you are a Windows 11 or Windows 10 user, the procedure that we have explained below implies to both of these operating systems.

On a Windows Pro PC, you will see the following features that you can enable or disable at will.

.NET Framework 3.5

.NET Framework 4.6 Advanced Services

Active Directory Lightweight Services


Data Center Bridging

Device Lockdown


Internet Explorer 11

Internet Information Services

Internet Information Services Hostable Web Core

Legacy Components like DirectPlay

Media Features

Microsoft Message Que Server

Microsoft Print to PDF

MultiPoint Connector

Print and Document Services

RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit

Remote Differential Compression API Support

RIP Listener

Services for NFS

Simple Network Management Protocol

Simple TCPIP services

SMB 1.0/CIFS Sharing Support

SMB Direct

Telnet Client

TFTP Client

Windows Identity Foundation 3.5

Windows PowerShell 2.0

Windows Process Activation Service

Windows Subsystem for Linux

Windows TIFF IFilter

Work Folders Client

XPS Services

XPS Viewer.

See this post if your Turn Windows Features on or off is blank or empty.

2] Manage Optional features via Windows Settings Windows 11

Windows 11 users have to go through the procedure explained below to manage optional features via Settings.

Launch Windows 11 Settings app.

Install or Optional features as per your requirements.

Let’s discuss these steps in detail.

1] Press Win + I keys to launch the Settings app.

You have to wait till Windows uninstalls that feature.

4] Now, let’s see how you can install an Optional feature in Windows 11. Microsoft has made some features optional in Windows operating system, as they may or may not be required by the users. Notepad and Wordpad are among the optional features in Windows 11/10. This is the reason why some users have found Notepad or Wordpad missing from their computers.

Windows 10

In this way, you can install Graphics Tools, Windows Developer Mode, Fonts and several other optional features like it.

3] Enable or Disable Optional Windows Features using Powershell

Windows Powershell is indeed a very powerful tool. You can do a lot of things with this command line too. While using this, we will first populate the list of available features, then we will be downloading the desired feature, and finally, we will be talking about enabling and disabling that feature.

So first, to populate the list of features, enter this command,

Get-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online

Get-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName *Type feature name*

Then, to enable any downloaded feature, enter this command,

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName “Type feature name” -all

Finally, to disable any enabled feature, enter this command,

Disable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName “Type feature name” 4] Turn On or Off Optional Windows Features using Command Prompt

Now, type in the following command to populate the list of available features:

All you need to do now is copy the name of the feature that you need to enable.

DISM /online /enable-feature /featurename:[Enter the name of the feature here] -All

Now, to disable any feature that is enabled on your computer, you need to follow some separate steps.

DISM /online /disable-feature /featurename:[Enter the name of the feature here] -All

As a bonus, if you wish to check information in detail about a specific feature, enter this command,

DISM /online /get-featureinfo/featurename:[Enter the name of the feature here] 5] Enable or Disable Optional Windows Features using an external installation source

You can also fetch the latest features from an updated offline source.

This source can be an ISO or any other type of image or just a folder.

For that, all you need to do is decide if you want to use the Command Prompt or Windows Powershell.

If you are using the Command Prompt, enter this command,

And if you tend to use Windows Powershell command line, you can do it too. Just enter this command,

To get the latest features, you need to get the latest version of the image of the operating system that you are trying to install the feature from.

I hope this helps!

Related: Turn Windows features on or off stuck on Please wait.

8 Best Moto X4 Cases And Covers You Can Buy

At IFA 2023, in Berlin, Motorola unveiled their latest mid-range smartphone, the Moto X4 and it’s nothing short of impressive in terms of what it brings to the table. It features a 5.2-inch Full HD IPS display and is powered by the octa-core Snapdragon 630 processor coupled with 4 GB of RAM to handle everyday tasks with ease. Additionally, it has a dual 12 MP + 8 MP camera setup to take some stellar photos even in low light situations. However, due to its glass-back design and anodized aluminium frame, the X4 is prone to accidental drops. In order to keep the phone in pristine condition, we highly recommend you to purchase a good case along with this smartphone. There are plenty of options available on the market right now, and if you’re confused regarding which one you should go for, here are the 8 best Moto X4 cases and covers you can buy:

1. Dretal Soft TPU Protective Case For Moto X4

If you’re interested in getting a case that doesn’t make your phone appear dull. this might just be the one you’re looking for. It has carbon fiber accents and brushed finish on the back to enhance the overall look of your device. Since it’s made of soft flexible material, it should be able to withstand shocks and impacts to an extent. All in all, the case does a splendid job in safeguarding your phone from scratches, scuffs and scrapes resulting due to minor accidental drops and bumps. Lastly, it manages to cover all the corners and edges to provide all-round protection to your smartphone.

Buy from Amazon: ($8.98)

2. MP-Mall Moto X4 Flexible TPU Clear Case

Buy from Amazon: ($7.99)

3. TAURI Wallet Flip Cover For Moto X4

If you’re a fan of flip cases, you should seriously consider buying this one, as it doubles as a wallet that has integrated slots to store your credit cards and cash, making sure that you don’t need to carry around a dedicated wallet every time you head out. The case is made of PU leather material, so we’ve got no concerns regarding its quality. It can also be folded up and used as a stand for media consumption needs. The inner protective case wraps around the whole device, to make sure it remains protected from scratches and scuffs resulting due to accidental drops.

4. TAURI Hybrid Defender Armor Case For Moto X4

We’ve got yet another hybrid dual-layer case featured in this list, and it promises to do a splendid job at protecting your smartphone from scratches, scuffs and scrapes resulting due to accidental drops. This is primarily due to the soft silicone inner layer that resists shocks and impacts, in addition to the hard poly-carbonate outer shell that adds rigidity to the case. It has a brushed-back design that provides texture while you’re holding the device in your hand. That being said, it manages to cover all the four corners and edges with a raised lip to provide all-round protection to the device.

Buy from Amazon: ($7.99)

5. LK Ultra Soft TPU Moto X4 Case

Not everyone likes bulky cases that take away the sleek look of a smartphone. If you’re one of them, this might just be the case you’re looking for. It manages to protect your new Moto X4 without adding any bulk to your device. Since it’s made of soft flexible TPU material, the case should be able to withstand some sort of shocks and impacts. It has precise cutouts for all the hardware buttons and ports for quick access. The case manages to cover every nook and cranny of the device, in order to provide all-round protection. However, it’s worth noting that the camera hump will still be protruding on the back, due to the slim profile of the case.

Buy from Amazon: ($7.99)

6. Ouba Flexible TPU Moto X4 Clear Case

We’ve got another clear transparent case featured in this list that lets you show off the glass and metal design of the Moto X4 to your friends, while protecting it from scratches, scuffs, and scrapes resulting due to accidental drops. Due to the usage of a soft flexible TPU material, the case is also able to withstand shocks and impacts to an extent. There are precise cutouts for all the hardware buttons and ports, for quick access. In addition to this, the case manages to wrap around the whole device with a raised lip and extra padding at the corners for enhanced all-round protection.

Buy from Amazon: ($7.99)

7. KaiTeLin Moto X4 Hybrid Case

Buy from Amazon: ($10.99)

8. Rnicy Moto X4 Brushed TPU Protective Case

Last on the list, we’ve got a case that’s quite similar to the one manufactured by Dretal which we discussed earlier. It’s made of soft flexible TPU material, so it should be good enough to resist shocks and impacts to an extent. It has a brushed back along with carbon fiber accents that provide ample grip when you’re holding the device in your hand. It has precise cutouts for all the hardware buttons as well as ports, and manages to wrap around the whole device, with a raised lip for offering all-round protection to the new Moto X4.

               SEE ALSO: 8 Best LG V30 Cases and Covers You Can Buy

The Best Moto X4 Cases and Covers You Can Buy

Command Line New Features In Windows 10

Many changes were made in Windows 10 but some changes haven’t been discussed much. One of those changes has to do with the Command Line, and as such, we will focus on that.

Improvements to the Command Line in Windows 10

Now, there are several new changes Microsoft has done to the Command Line, and from what we can tell, developers and those regular folks who prefer to use the Command Line for various reasons, have found the changes quite pleasing.

Without wasting any time, then, let’s talk about some of the new stuff.

Tar and Curl support

As for CURL, well, it’s a CLI tool that allows for sending and receiving files. It supports several protocols, and guess what? Users can easily make an HTTP request and view the response from the Command Line.

Background tasks

It was always possible for Windows 10 users to run a background task, but the problem is, but the WSL console had to be kept running, or the task would end. With this newest update, users can run their background task without worrying about the WSL console.

You see, if its clothes, the tasks will continue to work, and that’s great.

Support for Unix Sockets

Here’s the thing, Unix Sockets were not supported on Windows 10, but that has all changed with the v1803 update. Additionally, it’s possible to communicate over Unix sockets between Windows and WSL.

There are several rules as to how this must work, so Microsoft requires you to read the information available via a blog post.

OpenSSH-based client and server

The OpenBSD Foundation were the ones who created the OpenSSH suite of tools. We understand this suite of tools were created for remote command-line administration, public/private key management, secure file transfers, and more.

With this new update, users now have the chance to play around with the SSH client and key agent. As for the SSH server, it’s an optional feature that is available on-demand.

These tools were hotly requested by the Windows 10 community, so a lot of folks should feel quite happy about what Microsoft has done.

Hyper-V and Enhance Session

In the past, it wasn’t possible for Linux VMs running on Hyper-V to benefit from an enhanced session mode, but this is no longer the case with the Windows 10 v1803 update. Microsoft says this is made possible by the open source XRDP project, which allows the company to interact with Linux VMs in the same way it interacts with Windows via the RDP protocol.

Should you give this a try, you’ll see significant improvements in the user experience, and that’s always good news.

UWP Console Applications

Microsoft is pushing the Universal Windows Platform (UWP) as the future, but despite years of improvements, it’s still limited when compared to the old ways of delivering applications. If you wanted to create a console application, the only option was to work with the legacy options, but now, this is no longer the case.

Yes, you’ve read correctly, UWP Console applications are now supported in Windows. Developers can now ship their Console Applications to the Microsoft Store whenever they please.

3 Ways Administrators Can Include Teachers In Decision

Administrators can strengthen relationships at their schools by inviting teachers to participate in the decisions that concern them most.

Teachers file out of a staff meeting, many of them upset. In the wake of unprecedented absences during a third pandemic year, everyone has just been asked to give up one planning period a week to cover a colleague’s class. An assistant principal overhears one teacher say to another, “We’re already covering so many classes as it is. With so much on our plates, it’s not OK that they’re making us do this.”

As their conversation fades, the assistant principal turns to the principal, whose face reveals that she also heard the exchange. “It’s not like we enjoy making these requests,” the principal says. “Is helping out once a week so hard?”

As this scenario reveals, conflict can arise between teachers and administrators when teachers are not invited to directly give input into the matters that concern them most. My upcoming book, Lead Like a Teacher (W. W. Norton & Co., 2023), explores this question: Why are teachers so often excluded from decisions that directly affect teaching and learning? Three areas allow administrators to draw on teacher expertise to improve their schools: inclusive hiring, reciprocal coaching, and channels of communication.

Inclusive Hiring

When a new teacher comes on board, that can be cause for apprehension. What will it be like to work with this person? Will they be a supportive and flexible colleague, or will everyone be stuck with someone who doesn’t pull their weight on the team? Quite often, teachers are not given any role in the hiring process even though it directly affects their working lives. Even though it might be a little extra work to be included in the hiring process, most teachers will gladly contribute the time if they are given the opportunity to weigh in on prospective colleagues and their expertise with curriculum and instruction.

The following actions increase the likelihood of selecting and retaining qualified teachers:

Include experienced teachers on the interview panel. It helps if these individuals have varied viewpoints on teaching.

Target the selection process toward instructional expertise by asking teachers for help developing interview questions that dig into a specific grade level or content area. Otherwise, candidates might never speak to their specialized knowledge.

If possible, allow the interview panel to see candidates conduct a mini teaching lesson, either live or via prerecorded video.

Interviews often fail to present a genuine indication of a teacher’s classroom expertise, but with the inclusion of more teacher voice, administrators can make decisions about the long-term success of candidates, and teachers can help select valued colleagues.

Reciprocal Coaching

It may be tempting for teachers to keep instruction behind closed doors and not discuss classroom practice with administrators, but this results in a separation between school leadership and instruction. There is a significant benefit to reciprocal coaching, which allows teachers and leaders to engage in structured conversations that guide one another toward more thoughtful practice. Without the experience of sharing goals and observing one another in action, it is much harder for teachers to have professional empathy for administrators and for leaders to have the chance to benefit from a closer connection to classroom practice.

When school leaders outsource instructional coaches or assume that only those in supervisory positions are viable coaches, they miss opportunities to build teacher capacity. To create a culture that embraces coaching, begin by identifying strong teachers who hold positive influence in the building to act as the first round of coach trainers. Then, administrators and the selected teachers can practice coaching one another using a reciprocal protocol that includes three vital actions:

Set a professional improvement goal based upon a need that is supported by data,

Identify strategies that support the goal, and

Determine what evidence will demonstrate whether the goal has been achieved.

Suppose the teacher wants to increase opportunities for student-to-student discourse, while the administrator wishes to spend more time conducting classroom observations. They can help one another backward-map toward achieving their targets by first determining what data will indicate the achievement of the stated goal and then selecting one or two strategies that are a match for the situation.

This approach allows each person to hold the other accountable and make useful suggestions during regularly scheduled meetings. When the process is honed and adjusted based on feedback from the pilot group of teachers and leaders, reciprocal coaching will be ready for implementation on a larger scale.

Channels of Communication

Administrators are often physically distant from teachers, even when they are in the same room, which can cause undue friction or misunderstandings. Increased opportunities for functional communication leverage teacher expertise by opening stronger interpersonal connections. The power of informal conversation is underrated.

I used to work with an administrator who brought his work into the teacher team room. He would sit down unobtrusively and remain focused on his own task until people engaged him in conversation, ranging from personal to professional topics. Teachers became more accustomed to seeing him in this shared space, and their trust in him grew. The benefit that came out of this was even more significant: Teachers had a place to air their questions and concerns to an accessible leader in a safe space on a regular basis.

Divided attention is another de facto norm of school leadership that acts as an impediment to clear communication because there are so many fires at any given time that require immediate attention. However, when teachers try to talk to administrators who are juggling multiple conversations or devices, it sends a powerful (if unintended) message that leaders are too busy running the school to care about their staff. To send the message that teacher voice matters, these moves make a huge difference:

Put devices aside when talking to teachers, full stop. The walkie-talkies and cell phones should be silenced, or they will get in the way of meaningful interaction.

Inner voices are distracting and rife with personal or professional agendas. Try to restrain that voice when listening to teachers.

The expertise of teachers and their role in building stronger schools cannot be overestimated. Including their perspective must be a consistent endeavor if administrators want to bridge the gap between skillful instruction and effective leadership. Starting with the areas of school leadership that call for an instructional lens will produce visible results that increase the shared collaboration between teachers and leaders.

Top New Java 8 Features With Examples

Introduction to Java 8

Oracle rolled out a fresh release of Java on March 18, 2014. Java 8 is a landmark release, introducing numerous new and valuable features. Let’s delve into the features of Java 8 to familiarize ourselves with them. It includes new functionality, upgrades, and bug fixes to increase efficiency in designing and operating Java programs.

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Top New Java 8 Features with Examples

Below are the top features of Java 8 that make Java 8 more understanding and more valuable:

1. New Date/Time API

The old Date-Time API of Java had significant drawbacks. In place of it, there is a fresh Date-Time API in Java 8. We take a look at the drawbacks below:

Tough to Handle Timezone: Programmers needed many lines of code to tackle timezone issues.

Low-Quality Design: The earlier API had relatively few direct functions for date operations. Java 8 API offers many functions for date operations.

Absence of Thread Safe Property: chúng tôi lacked thread-safe property. Hence programmers had to face concurrency issues while employing data. Java 8 Date-Time API is immutable and without setter methods.

In Java 8, the package chúng tôi introduces a new Date-Time API. There are two significant classes contained in chúng tôi package:

Zoned: Specialized API to handle different time zones.

Local: Simplified API without the complexity of managing time zones.

2. Nashorn JavaScript

The earlier version of Java contained the Rhino JavaScript engine. In Java 8, Rhino is replaced by a superior JavaScript engine, Nashorn. The latter offers two to ten times superior performance when benchmarked against its predecessor. This is possible as it directly compiles the lines of code in memory and passes the bytecode to the Java Virtual Machine. Nashorn employs the invoke dynamics feature of Java 7 to enhance performance.

3. Optional Class

Simply put, Optional serves as a container object that stores non-null objects. One primary use of the Optional object is to represent null having an absent value. This important class has different utility methods to help code handle values as ‘not available’ or ‘available’ rather than to check null values. The class was added in Java 8 and is analogous to the Optional class in Guava.

4. Base64

The new version of Java contains an inbuilt encoder and a decoder for Base64 encoding. Programmers can employ three kinds of Base64 encoding.

MIME: The output is formatted according to the MIME format, where it is divided into lines, each containing a maximum of 76 characters. The line separator consists of a carriage return followed by a line feed. There is no line separator at the termination of the encoded output.

URL: Mapping of Output is done to a group of characters present in A-Za-z0-9+_. The output is filename as well as the URL safe.

Simple: Mapping of Output is done to a group of characters present in A-Za-z0-9+_. The encoder does no addition of any line feed in the output. The decoder does accept any character differing from A-Za-z0-9+_.

5. Streams

The Stream is a fresh abstract layer present in this new version of Java. You can process data declaratively, similar to SQL statements, by using a stream.

Understanding Stream

Stream, simply put, is a representation of a sequence of objects emanating from a source that has support for aggregate operations. Below are specific properties of a stream.

Iterations are Automatic: Explicit iterations are mandatory in Collections. In Stream, it internally iterates over the supplied source elements.

Pipelining: Most of the stream operation’s output is of the stream type. Thus, the output can be pipelined. The particular operations are termed intermediate operations. They accept input, do the necessary processing, and give the output to the target.

Some Aggregate Operations supported by Stream:







6. Functional Interfaces

They display individual functionality. The new version of Java has numerous functional interfaces which can be employed in large measure in lambda expressions.

7. Default Methods

In Java 8, there is a fresh paradigm of interfaces having default method implementation. The inclusion of this feature is for backward compatibility purposes. It is now possible to use old interfaces to harness the lambda expression capability of the new version of Java.

For instance: the ‘Collection’ and ‘List’ interfaces lack the ‘forEach’ method declaration. The addition of such a method would cause the collection framework implementations to break. However, introducing default methods solves this issue by providing default implementations of the forEach method in List/Collection. As a result, the class implementing these interfaces no longer needs to implement these methods separately.

8. Method References

This prominent feature of Java 8 points to relevant methods using their respective names. A “::” symbol describes method references. The latter can be used to refer to the following types of methods.

Constructors Employing the New Operator

Instance Methods

Static Methods

9. Lambda Expressions

Below is a typical lambda expression.

We take a look at the significant parts of a lambda expression.

Return Keyword: The compiler returns the value if the body consists of a single expression. Curly braces signify that the expression returns some value.

The parenthesis around the parameter: If only a single parameter exists, the parenthesis can be omitted.

Type Declaration: Parameter-type declaration is not needed. From the parameter’s value, the compiler determines the necessary action.

Miscellaneous Features of Java 8: The JDBC-ODBC Bridge has been taken off. So. this has been the PermGen memory space. The ‘jjs’ command invokes the Nashorn engine while the ‘jdeps’ command analyzes the class files.


Now that you have a theoretical knowledge of Java 8’s new features, it is necessary to implement them. In other words, you have to do the coding that exploits the many useful and valuable features of the new version of Java. Only then will you be truly proficient in Java 8?

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Java 8 Features. Here we discuss the basic concept and top 9 features in Java 8 with a brief explanation for better understanding. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –

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