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3D printed carbon fiber scooter promises custom sizing at a price
Carbon fiber is typically the preserve of supercars, but a new electric scooter startup aims to bring custom 3D printing of the lightweight material within reach of riders wanting a more comfortable urban commute. Scotsman does away with glue altogether, the company says, and makes all of the key components not only from carbon fiber composite but in bespoke sizing too.
That means the frame can be scaled just right to the rider’s legs, arms, and other measurements, along with their own particular riding style. That’s then joined to the handlebar, stem, and baseboard, which are also made of carbon fiber composite.
“3D printing with carbon fiber composite enables us to pursue designs not otherwise possible in other materials and fabrication techniques,” Josh Morenstein, Founder of Branch Creative – which designed the new scooter – says.
Inside, meanwhile, there are up to dual motors delivering as much as 2,000 watts of power, along with a proprietary composite suspension system. There are dual battery bays, for extended riding, and a matching dual regenerative brake system for topping up those batteries as you slow the Scotsman down. It’s also possible to tap some of the energy for charging a smartphone or other device, with the batteries having a USB-C connection.
LED headlamps and taillamps are built into the frame, as is a front-facing camera to record any incidents. There’s also GPS and an integrated cellular modem, which can be used to track down lost or stolen scooters. The data connection can also be used to install OTA firmware updates, and to automatically unlock the scooter as you approach it with your phone in your pocket or bag.
There’ll be three versions. Most affordable is the Scotsman 500, though at $2,999 it’s still hardly a cheap transit option. It can carry up to 300 pounds and has dual 250W motors, with a top speed of 19 mph. Range is 74 miles – a full charge is 5 hours per 500 Wh battery – and it can handle 25-degree inclines. There’ll be two ride modes, Eco and Sport.
The Scotsman 1000 adds $500 to the price tag but increases the motors to 500W each; maximum payload increases, too, to 350 pounds. Top speed climbs to 31 mph, though range remains at 74 miles.
Finally, the flagship Scotsman 2000 is a heady $4,499. It has dual 1,000W motors and a 45 top speed, and can handle 40-degree inclines. It also adds a Performance ride mode, and like the others has a built-in display in the handlebars showing battery status and navigation directions.
It’s not the first time we’ve seen 3D printed carbon fiber used to offer a more customizable option for electric transit. Last year, the Superstrata Ion e-bike launched with its own bespoke flexibility, with a 3D printed frame that could be scaled to take into account different heights, weights, and arm and leg lengths.
Pre-orders for the Scotsman scooters are being taken now, with the company promising shipping from December this year.
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Roles and responsibilities: 3D Artists, also known as Computer-Generated Imagery (CGI) Artists create still and moving images and visual effects using computers. They are responsible for designing three-dimensional models, animations, and visual effects that are used in TV programs, movies, games, etc. As a mixture of technology and creativity, 3D Artists use their hand-drawing techniques and computer software to create animations and graphics. They have to start by storyboarding, that is visualizing the story and then, move on to sketching out and mapping the sequels of panels. As a major step to bring life to the work, 3D Artists use virtual rigs to model the character and backgrounds.
Average Salary (per annum): US$69,851
Ability to coordinate with animators and concept artists regarding the requirement of the project.
Work from scratch to create characters, objects, layouts, backgrounds, etc.
Talent to adapt to software upgrades and stay up to date with new technologies.
Good at integrating sounds, syncing dialogue, and adding sound effects to visuals.
Capability to visualize 3D iterations of two-dimensional sketches and artwork.
Training in animation, computer graphics, graphic design, or fine art.
Working knowledge on the laws of physics such as gravity, acceleration, and the laws of energy.Top 3 Online Courses:
The Complete 3D Artist: Learn 3D Art by Creating 3 Scenes by Udemy: The Complete 3D Artist course, created by Stephen Woods, is specifically focusing on teaching the fundamentals of 3D art. It is a project-based course designed to teach students the basics they need to learn to create 3D art in practical 3D software.
Introduction to 3D Modeling by CG Spectrum: By signing in for the online course, students will learn how to create realistic props and assets using Maya and Substance Painter. Students will be mentored by an industry expert who has many years of experience working on blockbuster films and best-selling video games. It helps students build practical job skills that serve throughout their careers.Top Institutes Offering the Program:
Diploma in 3D Modeling for Animation & Games: LaSalle College, Vancouver
Game Art & 3D Animation Diploma: SAE Institute, Germany
BA (Hons) 3D Games Art & Design: University of HertfordshireTop Recruiters for This Job:
Toonz Animation India: Toonz Animation, a part of Toonz Media Group, is one of Asia’s most active animation production studios. The company is a 360-degree media powerhouse with over two decades of unparalleled experience. Toonz was established at a time when commercial studios for animation were a formidable name in the kinds and family entertainment segment, with studios and offices across the world.
Zynga: Founded in 2007, Zynga is changing the gaming industry forever with broadly popular games like FarmVilla, Zynga Poker, Draw Something, and Words with Friends, which are played by hundreds of millions of players every month. Now, the company is trying to orchestrate a turnaround hinge on delivering hints in the mobile games space.
Wargaming: Wargaming is a unique gaming service that unites all of Wargaming’s MMO games into a singular experience. The Belarusian video game company operates across more than 20 offices globally and development studios, the largest of which is located in Minsk. Wargaming develops trailblazing games including military-themed team-based games, the later world of warships, and the world of warplanes.
Due to various reasons this review was pushed back further than we had hoped. I was at the launch of the ZUK Z1 but that phone was given to us running the Chinese ZUI ROM but really the phone isn’t that great with the ZUI. So then I had to wait for CM to release, and it did while I was at IFA. Finally I managed to brick my Z1 when installing CM (due to an issue with the Qualcomm tool not wanting to run on Virtual Box).
Anyway I have a replacement phone, it has the right ROM and its the grey model too. The ZUK Z1 review follows.ZUK Z1 Review – Design
If I was to be polite about the ZUK Z1 then I would say that the phone is simple and understated, but I’m not going to beat around the bush with pleasantries. The Z1 is by far the most bland looking device I have laid eyes on in recent years. There is nothing that makes the phone standout from the crowd and it’s not going to impress your friends on looks alone.
8.9mm, is quite thick for a smartphone, but in this case we can totally understand why the Z1 is a little fatter than usual, in addition to a dual nano SIM tray there is also a 4100mAh battery inside that gives the phone killer battery life (around 6 hours of gaming in my tests).
ZUK offer the Z1 in either white or grey (there are also rumours of a gold model too). If it was my money then I would opt for the grey version, with black front. The dark colours means the metal frame and metal borders around the home button and camera, stand out and give it a more flashy look and feel.
So the ZUK Z1 is a bit of a plain Jane, but looks are not what this phone is about.ZUK Z1 Review – Hardware
Hardware is where the ZUK Z! stands out, highlights include a 5.5-inch FHD display, 64GB internal memory as standard, that monster 4100mAh battery, USB 3.0 Type C, surprisingly good audio, fingerprint scanner in the home button, decent 13 mega-pixel main camera, Snapdragon 801 processor and 3GB RAM.
There are people who say that the SD801 is too old to be in a flagship phone, but I don’t agree with them. I still have SD801 phones in use today that feel just as fast as newer devices and they stay cooler too. Sure benchmarks are more impressive on a SD810, but real world differences are negligible.
When I met with ZUK at their international launch they told me the Z1 was made for heavy users in mind, this is why they concentrated on hardware first and design second. They also say this is the reason for having 64GB as standard and mounting a 4100mAh battery inside. That battery might not be as large as some in other phones (the BV5000 has a 5000mAh for example) but in my tests you aren’t ever going to wish you had a bigger cell in the Z1. 2 days on a single charge is not uncommon with the Z1 and that’s with some serious game time thrown in to the mix!
Audio isn’t a feature that ZUK promote on the Z1 but it is rather good. I have only used the 3.5mm headphone jack (usb headphones don’t come with the international version of the phone) but audio through earphones is really enjoyable. Audio as standard on the ZUI model is good, but it’s even better on the international model due to CM’s built-in AudioFX system.Gizchina News of the week
Security has been a big deal this year and most smartphones now come with a fingerprint scanner of some description. The ZUK Z1 has a scanner under a physical home button, pressing the button with the fingerprint that you have set up will unlock the phone. Accuracy and speed is good, I would say better than the OnePlus 2 overall.
With Cyanogen on the ZUK Z1 the LED notification light is active and you have the option of setting up hardware or onscreen navigation buttons. With ZUI you need to start the developer mode to turn hardware buttons but I never found the LED notification option.
There is no micro SD card slot on the Z1, but with 64GB memory as standard we feel that this is more than enough for even heavy users. Also the battery is none removable but again 4100mAh and 2 days of use is not to be sniffed at.
Are there issues? Well some users have reported problems with WIFI and others have said that applications force close from time to time or the phone might randomly reboot. These are issues that Cyanogen will work on fixing, and with CM on the case we should frequent updates.ZUK Z1 Review – Performance ZUK Z1 Review – Camera
With Cyanogen on the ZUK Z1 you have a lot more to play about with in the camera application. The app itself is similar to how the camera app was on the OnePlus One, so swiping up and down brings up the different settings.
Compared to the OnePlus 2 or Xiaomi Mi Note, the camera on the ZUK Z1 is slightly off the mark, but overall its a decent performer and produces good photos most of the time. Speed of the camera is good, although HDR photos are slightly slower to process and save when compared to other phones.ZUK Z1 Review – CyanogenOS
Cyanogen are an official partner to ZUK so the system on the international phone is the official CyanogenOS system not the Cyanogen ROM that other Chinese phone makers offer on their devices. This differences between the two are the CM ROM is an open source project relying on fans and third party developers to grow, while CyanogenOS is handled by the Cyanogen company with guaranteed updates.
So for I’ve had a few OTA updates which have added to the stability of the phone, and overall I’m happy with the system, which is basically a tweaked version of vanilla Android with some added security features, and custom CM apps.
CM really does improve the phone as a whole. I barely like the ZUK Z1 with ZUI but the international model with CM is a much nicer device, with more useful features and a more user friendly UI.ZUK Z1 Review – Gallery ZUK Z1 Review – Specifications
Model: ZUK Z1
Sim Card: Dual Standby , 2 x Nano SIM
Memory RAM: 3GB
ROM: 64GB(Available Memory 54GB)
Support SD card
Multi-Languages English, Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu, Catala,Cestina, Dansk, Deutsch,Eesti,Espanol,Euskara, Filipino, French, Galego,Hrvatski,Isuzulu,Islenska,Italiano,Kiswahili, Latviesu,Letzebuergesch, Lietuviu, Magyar, Nederlands, Norsk, Polish, Portuguese, Romana, Slovencina, Suomi, Svenska, Tieng viet, Turkish, Greek, Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Hebrew, Arabic, Thai, Khmer, Korean, Simplified/Traditional Chinese
Chipset CPU: Qualcomm Snapdragon 801 quad-core (Qualcomm 8974AC)
GPU: Adreno 330
System CM base on Android Lollipop
Screen Display Size: 5.5 inch FHD IPS, GFF, NTSC 100%, AF coating
Technology:Corning Gorilla Glass 3
Camera Rear Camera: 13MP OIS AF,
dual-LED (dual tone) flash
Front Camera: 8MP HD FF
Video Capture: 1920*1080
Network and Wireless Connectivity GSM/EDGE：850,900,1800,1900MHz; CDMA:800MHz
WCDMA ：850/900.1900,2100MHz; CDMA2000:800MHz
FDD：Band 1/3/7; TDD: Band 38/39/40/41
WIFI :802.11 ac/b/g/n 2.4GHz and 5GHz Dual Bands
Battery capacity and life Non-removable 4100mAh Li-polymer battery
Others: OTG,USB3.0 Type C
3.5 mm headphone jack
Sensor Accelerometer/Proximity /Gyro/Ambient Light/Hall/MagnetZUK Z1 Review – Conclusion
Before buying the ZUK Z1 you need to ask yourself what is important to you when buying a phone. If you want the latest processor and highest benchmarks then obviously the Z1 isn’t for you, but you would be silly to base your buying decision on this.
If on the other hand you want a phone with killer battery life, solid build, the latest standard USB, great gaming performance, a ton of internal memory, decent camera and updates handed by Cyanogen then the ZUK Z1 is the phone to buy. Heavy gamers and hardcore users will be hard pushed to find a Chinese device that offers so much.
The ZUK Z1 is available through numerous online stores, we received our grey international version from chúng tôi where it is available for EU customers and comes with a 24 month warranty for just $299.99.
Right now, there are 68 carbon pricing initiatives implemented around the world, according to the World Bank. Carbon pricing schemes apply a financial cost to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to try and shift the burden of environmental impact to those responsible for it and who are in a position to reduce it. The goal is to bring down GHG emissions by taxing the carbon content of fossil fuels and creating a supply and demand for emissions allowances.
However, New Zealand is taking carbon pricing to a whole new ballpark—the ranch.
Last week, the New Zealand government announced its plans to impose a farm-level levy on farmers for their livestock’s emissions—the first of its kind around the globe—to meet climate targets. Taxing animal agriculture, which contributes about 14.5 to 16.5 percent to global GHG emissions, can be important in transitioning to a low-emissions future.
Although the levy is far from being implemented, it’s essential to explore how feasible it is to impose and how it would affect farmers, animals, and food.Reduce emissions from animal agriculture to meet climate goals
Methane, nitrous oxide, and carbon dioxide are responsible for more than half of New Zealand’s gross emissions. Livestock supply chains generally emit these through four pathways: enteric fermentation or the digestive process of ruminants that produce methane as a byproduct, feed production, manure management, and energy consumption.
Livestock burps, urine, and manure are significant methane and nitrous oxide sources. These two greenhouse gasses are about 25 and 300 times more potent than carbon dioxide at warming the atmosphere. Feed production is also a big factor because the expansion of feed crops and pastures into natural areas emits carbon dioxide. At the same time, the use of manure and nitrogen fertilizers results in nitrous oxide emissions.
The goal is to set this farm-level pricing system in motion by 2025 to incentivize farmers to minimize their emissions. The revenue will be invested back into the agriculture sector by funding research and technology that may reduce emissions further.
[Related: Putting cows on a seaweed diet helps curb their methane burps.]
“[Livestock emissions] are currently not priced in the market, and when we buy beef, the climate impacts and environmental costs to society are not reflected in the price,” says Greg Keoleian, director of the Center for Sustainable Systems at the University of Michigan’s School for Environment and Sustainability. “The proposed tax on livestock in New Zealand is a mechanism to internalize that cost and avoid the further expenditures related to climate change impacts.”
There are various emissions reduction strategies that farmers can adopt across the livestock supply chain. For instance, increasing reproductive efficiency (like by reducing the interval between parities) may be beneficial because a more efficient animal retains more dietary nitrogen protein. Therefore there will be less nitrogen in their urine and manure. Improved fertility in dairy cattle can reduce methane emissions by 10 to 24 percent and nitrous oxide by 9 to 17 percent.
That said, enhancing productivity or efficiency must be carefully measured and controlled because it may harm animal health and welfare. More reproductive pressure can increase the metabolic demands associated with pregnancy, potentially resulting in a higher risk of metabolic diseases like clinical hypocalcemia and ketosis, reduced immune function, and reduced subsequent fertility.
Changing livestock’s diet—like adding fatty acids, seaweed, or maize and barley—may also reduce emissions from enteric fermentation. Regularly scraping manure and transporting it to an outside storage facility for pigs and cattle production systems can reduce methane and nitrous oxide emissions by 55 and 41 percent, respectively.
“This program is positioning the agriculture industry in New Zealand to become leaders in reducing methane and carbon dioxide emissions from livestock production,” says Keoleian. “Certifications and labeling could be used to differentiate their farm products in the marketplace for green consumers willing to pay more for lower carbon footprint meat.”Levy on farmers might not necessarily be the magic bullet to reducing emissions
Although the levy proposal aims to reduce GHG emissions, it isn’t as straightforward as it seems.
“There is no doubt the food system in general and ruminant production in particular needs to reduce its carbon footprint,” says Ermias Kebreab, director of the UC Davis World Food Center. “However, the burden needs to be shared by society and not just farmers that are already operating on small margins.”
Sam McIvor and Andrew Morrison, CEO, and Chairman of Beef + Lamb New Zealand, respectively, emailed farmers last week and said, “we will not accept a system that disproportionately puts our farmers and communities at risk.” The Federated Farmers of New Zealand also expressed disappointment with the government’s proposal.
There is potential for emission leakage if livestock production is displaced to areas with little regulation, says Kebreab. Emission leakage refers to the increase in emissions of a region with weaker environmental regulations due to another region’s strengthening of its environmental policies because the production just relocated to unregulated jurisdictions.
[Related: The inconvenient truth about Burger King’s ‘reduced methane’ Whopper.]
In addition, the policy might encourage some farmers towards less carbon-intensive livestock, such as pigs instead of beef cattle, which can pose a problem from an international perspective regarding beef supply, says Keoleian. “Setting the policy is complex because of how it could impact small versus large producers, trade implications, and how consumers respond, which ultimately drives production and livestock emissions,” he adds.
Regarding regulation, Kebreab prefers the ‘carrot’ over the ‘stick’ approach, which means rewarding positive behavior instead of having the threat of punishment. And research shows this might be a better strategy for newer policies. According to a 2023 Scientific Reports study, positive incentives or rewards are necessary to foster cooperation in collective action for the public good—like international climate change mitigation—while negative incentives like sanctions are more effective for maintaining cooperation after it has been initiated.
Kebreab believes it is a bit too early to implement such a levy on farmers today and suggests setting the goal low and ramping it up later as more technologies and emission reduction strategies become available or adopted by farmers.
For now, the proposal is currently going through a consultation process to get feedback and work through the transition assistance, levy setting, and sequestration. This farm-level emissions pricing system will likely take a while and a bit of refining before being implemented.
Since the mini was released, I scoured the internet looking for new cases, sleeves, and folios for my favorite new Apple device. If you keep up with my reviews, you know I prefer minimalism and always look for premium products. You may also know, I hate paying big bucks for the nice stuff. The epitome of champagne taste and a beer budget, I stumbled upon Bear Motion and found the intersection of my preferences. If you visit Bear Motion’s unsuspecting website, you may be surprised at my excitement about their iPad folio case.
On my recent quest for a new mini folio, I was looking for something professional, minimalistic, black, leather, and it could not add too much bulk. A reasonable price is obviously always an important factor as well. Meeting all of these requirements, the Bear Motion folio case comes in black or red and is adorned in 100% genuine Brazilian Buffalo leather…Happily Surprised
I originally stumbled upon Bear Motion while pouring through Amazon’s iPad mini section. Shockingly, this case had received extremely high reviews for a simple folio case. Naturally, I investigated the companies actual website, which is also very basic, with the sole purpose of selling items, containing no flash, glitz, or glamor.
After speaking with their marketing team, they agreed to send over the Bear Motion 100% Brazilian Buffalo Leather Folio Case For iPad mini. If you are wondering if that is the name of their product, yes… yes, it is. No fancy names, numbers, cute titles, just the basics. Their support team was quick to reply and values customer service, based on my conversation and several of the other 62 widely positive Amazon reviews.
At a price of $29.99, I was extremely skeptical when requesting the folio. Additionally, a genuine leather folio at that price point is extremely difficult to find. There are plastic iPhone cases at twice the price. When I opened the package, a very minimal, slim, smart enabled, leather folio for my mini lay inside. The Amazon reviews are definitely justified.Personal Experience
After using the case for about three weeks, I am very pleased with the folio. It even made the trek to CES with me last week and was an excellent plane ride companion. The leather is breaking in well and the natural grain is apparent, but originally I was not so sure. At first glance, I was not certain the leather was actually genuine mostly due to the smell. The packaging was terribly odorous, off-putting actually. The folio wreaked for two whole days as it acclimated and, thankfully, the leather began to smell natural.
Enduring the original stink, I used the folio regularly. The design is simply a folding flap that is smart enabled, behaving similarly to an Apple Smart Cover. Suede lines the inside front flap to prevent scratching and it folds back into a triangle stand to prop for typing, reading, or watching your favorite movie.
The iPad is held in a smooth poly-carbonate minimalist harness with proper access to all ports, the speakers, and camera. The tight fit ensures the iPad will not come out, even if jostled around in a bag. I did find it difficult to activate the mute switch and volume buttons however. If the harness did not cover the front of the volume switches, it would be much easier to access.
It is notable the case does not have an elastic band or other way to hold the folio closed, or open. Consequently, when holding the iPad open, the front flap curls around the back, but dangles unless the user holds it in place. I think adding the elastic strap, similar to a Moleskin notebook, would be the last detail to make this a top pick in my iPad repertoire.Conclusion
If you are a minimalist that still prefers a basic amount of protection for your device, the Bear Motion folio is a great option. It is professional, genuine leather, and a great price for $29.99. I challenge you to find another folio that offers similar qualities at a discounted price.
Smart cover enabled
Nothing holds it open, or closed
The packaging makes it stink for the first two days
The mute switch and volume controls are difficult to access
While companies like Apple, Samsung and other top tier Android OEMs also compete in the high-end segment with phones priced above Rs. 50,000, a large number of companies duke it out in the budget segment. However, even in the budget segment, there are a number of price ranges where companies launch their phones.Affordable Phones VS Mid Range Phones VS High End Flagship Phones
There are a number of things people look for in smartphones, regardless of the price ranges. However, looking at smartphone launches and the overall direction that the industry is going in, we can draw some broad conclusions. India being a price sensitive market, companies have identified and targeted a number of specs across price ranges to differentiate themselves from the competition.The Entry Level
So what do consumers look for in this price segment?
Basically, people want a phone with dual SIM and 4G VoLTE support. Battery life is also an important factor in this segment. A 5MP camera and a decent front camera more often than not are enough in this range. A HD display rounds off the specs in this level.The Mid-range Value For Money Level
The mid-range has exploded in the last two years. Thanks to Motorola initially and then Xiaomi, we have a number of very good phones. Companies like Lenovo, Coolpad, LeEco have a good number of offerings for our specs-hungry market.
Starting off with a HD resolution display on the original Moto G, we have come to the point where we get a full HD display, big batteries, fingerprint sensor and a very good mid-range processor from Qualcomm and Mediatek. We have seen the Qualcomm Snapdragon 650, 625 or 617 being used in a lot of mid-range phones like the Xiaomi Redmi Note 3, Redmi Note 4, Lenovo P2, Moto G4 Plus among other devices.
Summing it up, the mid-range Value for Money segment offers some really good specs these days. Most phones in this range have a good full HD IPS LCD display, big batteries, dual SIM, 4G VoLTE and a good mid-range processor. The one area where most companies compromise is on the camera. That being said, most phones come with a very decent camera in this range, all things considered.
One phone that deserves special mention in this segment is the Lenovo Z2 Plus. Now starting at Rs. 14,999, the Lenovo Z2 Plus offers full HD display, 3/4 GB RAM, 32/64 GB storage, quad-core Qualcomm Snapdragon 820 processor, dual SIM, 4G VoLTE, 13 MP rear and 8 MP front camera. It is, hands down, the best specced smartphone in the mid-range, even up to Rs. 25,000. The only let down is the subpar camera and battery performance, but at Rs. 14,999, you really cannot ask for more.Upper Mid-range Level
Coming to the upper mid-range level, companies focus more on the imaging aspect of phones. OPPO has been one of the companies that has focused on providing a very good camera experience in this range. The OPPO F1 Plus and OPPO F1s are a couple of very good phones as far as imaging is concerned.
Motorola also has a very good option in this range in the form of the Moto Z Play. At Rs. 24,999, you get a modular smartphone with a number of accessories, ranging from battery packs, speakers to projectors.High-end
In this price range, consumers look for the best of the specs available in the market. Not only do you want the top end processor, RAM, storage and connectivity options, but even the build quality and looks of the phone matter. It’s a flagship, after all.
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