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The English version of Wikipedia is creeping closer and closer to 7 million pages—a truly massive example of collaborative human effort. At any given time, its users are reading up on movie plots, researching plant or animal species, confirming the details of historical events, and simply checking celebrity’s ages. There’s a huge amount to explore.

What makes Wikipedia special, though, is not just how vast and wide-ranging it is, but also that anyone can edit and contribute its articles. That was one of the founding principles behind this online encyclopedia, and it still applies today—you can just dive in and start typing.

And if you’re a little intimidated about joining a global project, don’t be: you don’t have to be an expert on anything to edit Wikipedia articles—though it’s great to share your knowledge if you are. There’s lots of valuable work to do even if you’re not crafting entirely new entries or diving into huge amounts of detail about complex topics.

The editing basics

[Related: 6 tips for writing emails that aren’t absolute garbage]

You can do all this without creating a Wikipedia account, but it’s easier for other people to contact you about edits if you have one. An account also lets you keep a list of changes you’ve made, and you can set up your own profile page on the site. You’ll get more privileges, too, including being able to upload images and create new pages from scratch. For a full list of reasons to register an account, see Wikipedia’s benefits page.

Wikimedia Commons is a good place to find photos you’re free to use for Wikipedia articles. David Nield

Wikipedia also provides a lengthy list of reliable sources that you can use for citations, including publications like The New York Times. You can, of course, use sources that aren’t listed there, but it’s a good starting point, and if you link to a source that Wikipedia has officially labeled “reliable,” you’ll be less likely to face opposition to your edits.

As mentioned above, you’ll need your own Wikipedia user account if you want to make a brand new page. The best way to create a new page is to search for the topic on Wikipedia. If there’s no page on that subject, the site will tell you, and you’ll get an invitation to create one. This job is a little more complicated than editing an existing page: you’ll be responsible for linking it to other Wikipedia articles and setting its format and sections—there are Wikipedia has further instructions if you need them. You might also find that senior Wikipedia editors don’t think your chosen topic warrants a page on the site.

If you want to add a photo or any other type of media to a Wikipedia page, there’s an Images and media button you can use in editing mode (it’s behind the Insert menu in the visual editor). You can use your own photos if you have suitable ones, or you can search the web for images that are licensed for public, royalty-free use. As with any other edit, it might get reverted if other users think it’s inappropriate or irrelevant.

Unique editing jobs and productive Wikipedia games

The Citation Hunt game challenges you to find reliable sources for statements across Wikipedia. David Nield

A unique way to help is to “adopt” a typo, and you can read about how this works on Wikipedia. Essentially, you’d run regular searches on the site for common misspellings, then correct them to keep the quality of Wikipedia articles as high as possible. Editing typos might not be the most glamorous of Wikipedia work, but it can make a big difference to its articles’ readability.

If you want to try to add more citations to Wikipedia and verify some facts, there’s a comprehensive list of articles with unsourced statements that you can work your way through. For those of you who find that a little overwhelming, you can play the Citation Hunt game: this will give you one Wikipedia snippet that’s not backed up by a reliable source, and your challenge is to find one (or change the text so a citation is no longer necessary).

You can also choose to expand Wikipedia stubs: articles that are useful but too short in their current form. Again, there’s a list you can consult and pick articles from. Finally, if you want to refine the work of others rather than create something new—and you have a good eye for typos—you can open up the list of Wikipedia articles needing a copy edit and keep yourself busy that way.

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How To Cite A Wikipedia Article

Wikipedia is a useful source of background information that students often use in the early stages of research. However, it’s often not considered a reliable source to cite in your academic writing.

If you’re certain you’re allowed to cite Wikipedia, the citation usually includes:

Title of the article

“Wikipedia” and/or “Wikimedia Foundation”

Date the article was last updated


The specific format differs depending on what citation style you’re following: APA, MLA, and Chicago style are three of the most commonly used.

Generate accurate citations with Scribbr

How to cite Wikipedia in APA Style

In APA Style (7th edition), only the first word of the title is capitalized, and there is no period after the URL. The in-text citation includes the title of the article (with title-case capitalization, and shortened if necessary) and the year.

Example: APA Wikipedia citation

APA format

Article title

. (



Month Day

). In Wikipedia.


APA in-text citation (“Statistical Hypothesis Testing,” 2023)

The date you include is therefore the date of the revision you accessed, the URL that of the specific revision.

APA Citation Generator

How to cite Wikipedia in MLA style

In MLA style, the title takes headline capitalization, the publisher is included, and there is a period after the URL.

Example: MLA Wikipedia citation

MLA format “

Article Title

.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation,

Date of last modification




MLA in-text citation (“Statistical Hypothesis Testing”)

The date of last modification can be found at the very bottom of the article (“This page was last edited on…”).

MLA Citation Generator

Scribbr Citation Checker


The AI-powered Citation Checker helps you avoid common mistakes such as:

Missing commas and periods

Incorrect usage of “et al.”

Ampersands (&) in narrative citations

Missing reference entries

Learn more

How to cite Wikipedia in Chicago style

Chicago style recommends against citing Wikipedia as a source. However, if you do need to cite it, the format depends on which of Chicago’s two styles of citation you’re following:

Notes and bibliography

In notes and bibliography style, Chicago recommends only citing Wikipedia in your footnotes, and leaving it out of your bibliography. Use the short note format if you need to cite the same article again.

Example: Chicago Wikipedia citation (notes and bibliography)

Full note format 1. “

Article Title

,” Wikimedia Foundation, last modified





Full note example

Short note format 1. “

Shortened Article Title


Short note example 1. “Statistical Hypothesis Testing.”

In author-date style, a parenthetical citation appears in the text, and full details are given in the reference list.

Example: Chicago Wikipedia citation (author-date)

Chicago author-date format Wikipedia.


. “

Article Title

.” Wikimedia Foundation. Last modified





Chicago author-date citation (Wikipedia 2023)

Is Wikipedia a reliable source?

Using Wikipedia as a source is generally discouraged in academic writing, and your institution may even have a specific rule against doing so.

There is disagreement about whether Wikipedia can be considered a reliable source, but most academics agree that you shouldn’t cite it in your writing, for two main reasons:

As an online encyclopedia, Wikipedia is a tertiary source, which means it doesn’t provide original insights or analysis. Usually, only primary and secondary sources are cited in academic writing.

Because Wikipedia can be edited by anyone and its articles are constantly updated, it’s possible for unreliable information to be added without you knowing. It’s better to cite a source with a clearly defined author whose information can be verified.

However, there’s no problem with using Wikipedia for background information and to find other sources, especially in the early stages of your research.

Using Wikipedia effectively

Wikipedia can be a good starting point, since many of its articles comprehensively cite the primary and secondary sources used. You can often find useful sources under the headings “References,” “Further reading,” and “External links” at the bottom of an article. Look for credible sources like scholarly journals and books.

You may occasionally want to cite a piece of general (rather than specialist) information from Wikipedia. When doing so, it’s good practice to independently verify any information you are not sure about before citing it (also called lateral reading).

Look out for warning signs that the article contains unreliable or incomplete information:

Orange or yellow boxes at the top of the article indicating general issues

Warnings such as “[citation needed]” in the text indicating a lack of evidence

Very short articles (sometimes called “stubs”) that don’t provide much depth

Articles that have only been worked on by a single contributor (you can check this under “View history” or “Talk”), indicating a lack of editorial oversight

If you spot one one or more of these issues, it’s probably not a good idea to use the article even for background information.

Example: Poor-quality Wikipedia article

Frequently asked questions about citations Cite this Scribbr article

Caulfield, J. Retrieved July 10, 2023,

Cite this article

Google Flights Tackles Travel Fears: Here’S 5 Other Ways To Fly Smarter

Google Flights tackles travel fears: Here’s 5 other ways to fly smarter

The holiday travel season is nearly upon us, and Google Flights is looking to make it a little less stressful. Google announced today that Flights will now let you know when prices are expected to go up for some routes and flights. This will happen when you select a specific flight – now, you’ll be presented with a new card that tells you how many days or hours you have left until the price is expected to increase, and how much the price is expected to jump.

That feature should help quite a few holiday travelers relax during a usually stressful time. Google’s efforts to save you money don’t stop at specific flights, however. If you’ve selected a route but haven’t picked a flight yet, Google Flights will now attempt to give you some money saving tips, such as pointing you toward different airports of suggesting different departure days.

Google Flights will now send out fare expiration and price increase alerts for tracked flights. On top of that, the new Explore tab lets you search for destinations based on a number of different filters if you’re not sure where you’d like to go. Finally, Google Searches for hotels will not only let you know when there are member discounts available on a hotel’s website, but you’ll also be able to filter results by the deals that are available.

Of course, Google can only do so much when it comes to trying to make holiday travel easier. The rest is up to you. With that in mind, here are five ways you can fly smarter and ultimately make your holiday trips a lot smoother.

1. Keep your charger at the top of your carry-on

Don’t be like me and think that throwing your stuff into a bag without any planning is an acceptable way to fly. Whether its a delay or a layover, the chances are high that you’ll be waiting with nothing to do at some point during your journey. When that happens, your phone or tablet will likely be what you turn to in order to pass the time, so pack your charger in your carry-on last so it’s easily accessible.

2. Don’t travel with a Samsung phone for the time being

There’s currently so much worry about Galaxy Note 7 batteries igniting that the United States Department of Transportation has banned them from all flights in the US. With this ban in place, it seems a bit optimistic to expect your airline to be able to tell the difference between a Note 7 and another Samsung phone.

Until the worry over the Note 7 dies down a little, it might be a good idea to leave whatever Samsung phone you’ve got at home. Planning ahead, in this regard, could save quite a bit of headache at a gate.

3. Bring a paperback book

4. Pack a change of clothes and travel-sized toiletries in your carry-on

Lost luggage is just a reality of flying. If it hasn’t happened to you yet, consider yourself lucky but assume you’re living on borrowed time. When it does happen, having a change of clothes and a few other essentials in a your carry-on can take some of the edge off an otherwise very stressful situation.

5. Invest in a good pair of noise-cancelling headphones

If you’re going to be making a yearly thing out of holiday traveling, buying in a good pair of noise-cancelling headphones is one of the best moves you can make. Families will be traveling a lot over the holidays, and an alarming number of them will have small children. Ditching the earbuds and getting some noise-cancelling headphones will seem like one of the best decisions you’ve ever made when you’re stuck at cruising altitude with loud, obnoxious kids.

SOURCE: Google

How To Make A Website Like Wikipedia

If you’re looking to make a website like Wikipedia, you don’t have to code.

Instead, you can use a CMS (content management system) like WordPress (.org).

WordPress is used by over 40% of all websites on the internet, and it’s the gold standard for website creation.

This quick and easy guide teaches you how to make a website like Wikipedia in a few hours of work and minimal expenses.

Just so that you know you’re in good hands—I’m the founder of this website (that’s also built on WordPress).

I have multiple years of experience in SEO, blogging, and website creation.

Here is how to make a website like Wikipedia in 7 easy steps:

1. Get web hosting

To get your Wikipedia-like site up and running, you need to get web hosting.

SiteGround hosting is highly recommended because it’s fast, secure, and reliable.

Choose between 3 plans—StartUp, GrowBig (recommended), or GoGeek.

2. Choose a domain name

Other extensions like .org, .net, or .io, are fine too, but they are not the most common.

Review the order and pay using a debit/credit card.

3. Install WordPress

Select “Set Up Website” to start the installation process.

Select “Start New Website” and select “WordPress”.

Choose if you want to add extra services.

Select “Finish” and wait for WordPress to install.

Tip: If you need help with the installation process, you can contact SiteGround’s 24/7 support for help.

4. Choose a theme

Once WordPress is finished installing, you need to choose a theme (the design of your site).

You can find great WordPress themes on EnvatoMarket.

For a Wikipedia site, I recommend buying a premium theme like GeneratePress, Divi, and Astra.

Tip #1: If you need help with customizing your theme, you can contact your theme’s support.

Tip #2: You can create a logo for free using Namecheap’s logo maker (it’s the best logo maker that I’ve used).

5. Install plugins

Recommended plugins to install:

Google Site Kit – Easily connect your site to Google Analytics to see real-time visitors and stats.

Yoast SEO – An all-in-one SEO plugin for WordPress that you can use to add an XML sitemap (a site directory).

Jetpack – A security, speed, and stats plugin.

6. Start posting content

Since your website is similar to Wikipedia, you need to research educational topics to write about.

To find content ideas, you can use the Google Keyword Planner or browse similar sites.

When writing your post, make sure to include headers, spacing, lists, and media to engage your readers.

You can also add categories and tags to your post on the right sidebar.

Tip #1: If your site is new, your posts will start ranking on Google after 3 to 6 months (if they are of quality).

Tip #2: Try targeting low-competition keywords like “How to start a video game cafe” instead of “How to start a business”.

7. Monetize your Wikipedia-like site

Once your website gains some traffic, you can start monetizing it.

I recommend applying for Google AdSense or Ezoic.

Before you apply to either one, make sure that your site has a privacy policy and an “About” page.

Tip #1: Ezoic earns about 5x more than Google AdSense because of its technology.

Tip #2: After you’ve reached 50k or 100k monthly visitors, you can apply for Mediavine or Adthrive (both are premium ad networks).

Further reading

How to Make a Website like Twitter (5 Easy Steps)

How to Make an AI Avatar of Yourself

35+ Free Google Play Redeem Codes

How To Avoid Internet Fraud, Scams, Phishing And Other Cybercrime

Internet fraud takes many forms, from retail websites that don’t deliver, to emails phishing for credit card or bank information, to tech support scams that take over your desktop, and everything in between. They share a common goal, however: extracting money or personal data from an unsuspecting user.

Three signs that a website is legitimate

Hopefully most websites you encounter are legitimate. There are two quick ways to tell, plus one that requires just a little more legwork. 

2. In addition, some sites are independently certified to be secure by displaying trustmarks such as the Norton Secured Seal (managed by DigiCert), or the McAfee Secure certification (managed by TrustedSite). In China, an ICP (Internet Content Provider) license indicates that a site is registered with the government and allowed to operate.

JD Sartain / IDG Worldwide

ICANN WHOIS information

3. Check the WHOIS information for website owners’ names and locations. As defined by the ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) organization, WHOIS is not an acronym. It literally means, “who is responsible for a domain name or an IP address?”

Finding fraudulent websites

We covered identifying the owners of websites in an earlier article, and much of that information also applies to figuring out whether a site is fraudulent or otherwise sketchy:

3. If you want to find out whether a website is suspect, check the Better Business Bureau, Consumer Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission, or one of many Internet Fraud Detection lists for complaints or incidents of fraud. 

Retail rules of thumb

1. Read the fine print on customer contracts, agreements, product information, and policies concerning returns. I know these contracts are long and tedious, but it’s worth your time if it saves you from being swindled.

2. Don’t be fooled by unbelievable prices. If it’s too good to be true, it probably isn’t.

3. Read the customers’ reviews on that site, but don’t be misled by an implausible number of great reviews. Read the bad reviews first, and pay attention to what the customers say. If there are a lot of bad reviews, companies hire people to write hundreds of “fake” good reviews hoping that a windfall of goodness will cancel out the negative responses. Customers tend to complain more than compliment, so believe the complaints, especially if the reviewer provides contact information for further discussion.

4. Check the shipping options and the shipping company. If the company is unknown to you, or it does not provide tracking numbers or a reasonable shipping timeframe, find another vendor. Reputable businesses use well-known, reliable shipping contractors such as USPS, FedEx, UPS, and DHL, among others.

5. Always pay with a credit card, because you can challenge the charges if you’re scammed by an unethical company or if one of those companies sells your card number to a third party who makes a number of unauthorized charges. Most banks treat debit cards with the same courtesy. If your bank follows suit, then a debit card may be a safe alternative.

NOTE: Federal laws limit unauthorized charges to $50 if your account is abused.

JD Sartain / IDG Worldwided

02 Beware of promotional links in emails

8. Hackers often hijack users’ address books and send out infected emails that appear to be from friends, family, or coworkers. Never open an email attachment unless you personally know the individual or organization sending the attachment, or you’re expecting an attachment resulting from a prior arrangement. Even if both of these are true, you should still call or email the sender and confirm that they intended to sent you an email attachment. 

How To Edit Vlogs Using Videoproc Vlogger

How to Edit Vlogs using VideoProc Vlogger [Beginner’s Guide] Give a try to this great video editing app for beginners




In order to succeed as a content creator, you need to use the best vlog video editor on the market.

These programs have premium tools and features to customize the image, audio, and much more.

You can also change the codecs of the content and save it in different file formats or sizes.

Nowadays, there are plenty of ways to capture and immortalize special moments. Technology allows us to record every second of our lives and keep it as a memory.

However, some took this practice to the next level and turned it into some type of business. Influencers around the world started creating vlogs in which they film themselves during mundane tasks of their day-by-day life.

There are many things you should take into consideration when trying to vlog, and one of them is the software you use to process all the screenshots and recordings you have.

Putting effort into the videos will pay off and provide a significant boost in followers, helping you on your journey of becoming popular.

Doesn’t matter if you’re just starting out, or you’re a renowned content creator. There is video vlogging software that provides everything you need to produce quality videos.

One of them is called VideoProc Vlogger, an intuitive app for all kinds of creators that is free and provides all the necessary features to create impressive edits of all special, fun, and creative moments.

What can VideoProc Vlogger do?

VideoProc Vlogger is a great video editing app for beginners who want to streamline their journey from a newbie to a professional content creator.

The software provides all the necessary tools to create high-quality content, no matter what previous experience you have with other similar programs.

You can modify the speed and the motion of your recordings, as well as audio and the video itself. And that’s not all. The app was recently released, and more awesome additions will come in future updates.

With VideoProc Vlogger, you can master the language of the camera in a matter of minutes. Choose from over 28 types of motion presets, apply basic camera effects, or add keyframes that customize motion paths and directions.

Zoom in/out, Pan, Dolly, Truck, Tilt, Pedestal, are just a few of the many tools offered by the software. Boost your creativity with engaging options and embrace the software’s vision.

What are VideoProc Vlogger’s features?

➡ Creative features

Dynamically crop and reframe clips while keeping the objects/individuals in the frame. You can resize them to be compatible with the different social media platforms. Drag frames free-handedly to modify their dimensions without dealing with numbers and values.

There are also built-in audio filters and effects that let you fully customize the audio, by either editing the entire segment or a part of it. The 10-band audio equalizer has plenty of presets that can be used by beginners.

Choose from 93 built-in Luts and filters to change the color of the image, or import third-party ones. Adjust the temperature, tint, and individual color range in videos.

➡ Highlight features

VideoProc Vlogger works well with low-spec computers, being capable of editing, exporting, and previewing 4K content with no problems.

The hardware acceleration utilizes your PC’s components at their fullest to provide the fastest possible rendering speed.

Wide native format supports including video files from Apple Devices, GoPro, DSLR, Drones, Mobile phones, iFrame cameras, DVDs, recorders, and many more.

➡ Editing features

The software has basic editing tools for both audio and video, built-in text effects and allows you to add images to the overlay or to the video track.

All the files can be exported to 4K, 2K, and 1080p in a preferred aspect ratio, FPS, Bitrate, and custom resolution presets which can be used on Instagram, TikTok, iPhone, iPad, etc.

How do I set up VideoProc Vlogger? What makes VideoProc Vlogger so special?

The software has all the premium features you would find in other expensive products but at an affordable price. After uploading the content that is going to be edited, you will notice a series of crucial information about the resolution, format, duration, and much more.

If you want, you can also modify the resolution, framerate, and aspect ratio by pressing the small cogwheel on the right side. There, you’ll find plenty of options.

You can either opt-in for 4K, 2K, 1080p, 720p, and even lower resolutions that are meant for mobile phones, tablets, and other different devices.

The window also contains a framerate slider that lets you adjust it to either 30, 60, or 120, the latter being the most fluid experience, but also the most demanding on the system’s hardware.

If that wasn’t enough, know that you can also customize the video resolution to your own liking, without having to use one of the presets.

Lastly, there is a background color changer that features either grey to black options, or a custom setting where you can choose your own color from the rich palette.

Besides having plenty of premium features, VideoProc Vlogger’s design is perfect for those who are just starting out in the industry.

Newbie content creators can pick up the software and use it right away since it has a comprehensive and straightforward interface.

Since the program has tools for beginners and professionals alike, the learning curve is pretty mild, and you’ll become a successful vlogger/video editor in no time.

No matter the experience, the end result will always be high-quality and polished content, because VideoProc Vlogger doesn’t play around.

Thanks to the hardware acceleration, the software will process any change instantly, saving you lots of time you’d otherwise spend waiting for the video to finish loading.

We showed you a quick setup guide and gave plenty of information about VideoProc Vlogger. There’s no doubt about it, the app is worth a shot, especially if you’re just starting out.

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