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When it comes to the cloud, becoming green should be one of your top priorities to achieve your aims. Because of this, the term “green cloud computing” refers to an approach to the cloud that minimizes the negative implications of cloud-based systems and programs as much as possible. Two primary goals should be at the forefront of any ecologically responsible cloud computing initiative.
The first thing that needs to be done is to lessen the burden put on the infrastructure of the cloud by decreasing the amount of electricity required to operate all of the different applications and services housed there. Using computers and other connected technology in an ecologically conscientious and mindful way is what is meant by the phrase “green computing.”What is Green Cloud Computing?
A rising number of businesses throughout the globe have a substantial environmental effect. Green cloud computing highlights these effects and thereby comes with solutions with active aids.Green Cloud Computing Strategies
Cloud providers are turning green and implementing net-zero practices (practices for carbon neutrality or carbon dioxide reduction in the environment) so that IT infrastructure may be updated. Cloud migration with a net-zero goal will prevent environmental harm and create a long-term green cloud.
Here are some strategies which are as follows −Server Virtualization for Resource Management
The enormous quantity of power data centers uses a problem that virtualization can solve. The purpose of virtualization is to make more effective use of available resources by conceiving a single resource consisting of numerous separate components (including energy). Constructing virtual infrastructures inside data centers is essential to make it feasible for many operating systems and applications to run on fewer servers. This is a prerequisite for cloud computing. It impacts energy efficiency in the following ways −
Management of resource allocations.
Increment in server utilization results in less server requirement.Nano Data Centers
Wide distinct varieties of data centers may be found in different parts of the globe. These data centers are more energy efficient than traditional ones since they are more numerous and petite. Typical data centers are much more significant. These mobile data centers offer a faster reaction time, which, in turn, minimizes the amount of time spent in downtime and enhances efficiency. In addition to this, they can self-adjust or self-scale, and they enable convenient access to the services that are offered.IaaS for Efficient Infrastructure Utilization
IaaS is one of the enabling models that allows IT services the scalability and adaptability they need to be delivered as a service in the cloud, which has traditionally been the most efficient method to use available resources. The virtual machine (VM) is the primary processing unit in data centers and plays a critical role in lowering the facility’s overall energy consumption.
We are consolidating these virtual machines into a smaller set of servers, shifting the load from the downed hosts to the remaining ones. Because of the IaaS cloud, overall energy consumption has dropped.Rank-Based Microservices for Cloud Optimization
Green cloud optimization is used by organizations that prioritize greener cloud computing to protect the environment. Cloud services are widely shifting from a monolithic architecture to microservices due to the flexibility of service delivery, which must be adjusted for green cloud computing.
Several linked microservices run on cloud nodes. Creating a rank-based profile for these microservices by deploying containers and distributing them over various nodes before cloud service execution results in decreased energy consumption.
Because containers and microservices are accessible in the exact data center location, response time is reduced.AI for Intelligent Resource Scheduling
The old approach lacked one crucial aspect − the ability to allocate resources effectively. Artificial intelligence may assist reduce power use by filling this gap. Because cloud customers have such varied needs, resource scheduling is one of the most critical factors in determining how much energy is used overall.
When it comes to scheduling resources, data centers face a significant obstacle, which is a problem that can be rescheduled by using the intelligent decision-making characteristics offered by technology that is empowered with artificial intelligence.
The idea of “green cloud computing” is now gaining popularity as a viable solution to rescue our eco-culture. The green cloud will not only be able to reduce carbon emissions, but it will also be able to reduce the cost of energy by billions of dollars. This will be possible because of its ability to reduce energy waste.Conclusion
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Cloud computing governance and compliance is critically important for a key reason: cloud computing impacts so many aspects of our business and personal lives. As consumers, we think nothing of connecting to Dropbox or using an online graphics program. As business people, we use cloud computing applications like Salesforce for CRMs, MS Office 365 for productivity, and Box for file sharing.
So here is the $64,000 question: does your business know how to orchestrate multiple cloud computing services for cost, workflow, and compliance? Chances are it does not. Adopting a few cloud applications on a limited scale is one thing. But when companies decide to invest heavily in cloud computing, then IT and their counterparts in governance and risk management must adapt to a complex new reality. This reality is called cloud governance.
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The simplest definition of cloud computing is delivering cloud-based services to end-users. Computing clouds may be private, public, or a hybrid combination of the two. The major cloud computing service models are Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and Platform as a service (PaaS). But whether your business uses public, private or hybrid cloud computing, proper governance is essential to harvesting maximum gain from the cloud, and to monitor an array of critical security issues. Before making a decision on cloud types or vendors to use in your business, read our comprehensive guide to cloud computing.
Cloud governance manages IT processes to receive maximum value from cloud computing investments. Although establishing cloud governance takes time and resources at the beginning, it should deliver significant cost savings wicth management processes and frameworks for cloud computing IT spend.
Cloud governance is a business-wide initiative because it involves compliance officers, risk managers, and senior executives as well as IT. However, cloud governance is closely related to IT, who is responsible for cloud computing.
Let’s look at the COBIT model, which publishes five essential process areas both business-wide and for specific stakeholders including IT. They list IT’s five process areas as strategic alignment, delivering value, managing resources, managing risk, and measuring performance.
Strategic Alignment: Link cloud computing services with business and IT strategy planning. Cloud computing should the value of IT as a strategic asset. The governance framework encourages IT and the business to detail strategic business objectives for cloud computing. IT aligns to business goals by establishing metrics and specific responsibilities, and tracks concrete objectives for each cloud computing service.
Delivering Value: Moving to cloud computing and a governance framework can disrupt the status quo. IT and executives need to clearly state the value proposition and measure results against the strategy. The emphasis is on lowering cost and communicating clear user benefits.
Managing Resources: Carefully plan resources at the beginning of the cloud governance project. Include people, applications, business information, and on-premise computing infrastructure.
Manage Risk: Clarify and manage risk to compliance, profitability, and employee satisfaction. Ongoing risk management will minimize negative impacts and maximize benefits.
Measure Performance: Set up tracking mechanisms and monitor metrics around project management and completion, resources, new processes, and delivery.
IT’s cloud computing responsibility also includes a simple governance question: Does it work? Each cloud computing application needs to meet SLAs around three primary technical domains: quality of service, quality of service, application integration, and the biggest challenge of them all: security.
Cloud computing services operate from the providers’ remote data centers. This means that providers and businesses must maximize efficient throughput for performance and latency, and sign meaningful service level agreements (SLAs) around availability and durability.
Acceptable performance and low latency depend on efficient application code, sufficient bandwidth, geo-location, and fast server and storage throughput in the cloud and on-premise. Application availability and data durability are also major issues. Durability is not particularly difficult for cloud providers, who practice data redundancy across multiple devices and sites. (All three public clouds offer 11 nines or 0% data loss guarantees.) Availability is a different issue. Be sure to look at a cloud provider’s average application uptime, and understand how they remediate any service outages, particularly similar outages that have occurred more than once.
The cloud and on-premise applications may or may not have internal integration points. (Oracle Cloud Adapter does in fact integrate Salesforce.) A cloud computing governance platform encourages IT to discover existing integration points, track integration dependencies, and optimize less than ideal integrations.
Corporate and cloud security are in the news: hackers and malware attempts are more common than ever, and can affect thousands of employees and millions of users with a single hack. A cloud provider’s data center is not magically immune to these types of attack. In fact, the cloud computing model has vulnerabilities of its own.
First, cloud computing aggregates much of their customers ‘data into single files and stores massive data sets in a single location. The cloud provider almost certainly builds in data redundancy against data loss, but a hacking attempt can expose huge volumes of data for download and sales. A single company can experience a disaster when a single malware penetration occurs on employee workstation. Should the same malware penetrate a cloud data center, it could compromise multiple tenants’ data.
Companies must do careful due diligence on cloud provider security. Understand how they protect their data centers against physical disasters, energy loss, and both physical and digital intrusion. Encryption is a critical security measure, and don’t leave key protection solely with the provider. Strongly consider using multi-factor authentication tools to protect against unauthorized user access. Also, ask how the cloud provider protects customer data against staff error or deliberate malfeasance.
Cloud governance has more to do with to do with process management than legal and regulatory issues. However, cloud compliance is an extremely important challenge whenever you store regulated or sensitive data in the cloud. Ask your cloud provider how they comply with government and industry regulations, and look for certified data centers and expert provider InfoSec teams. Find out how your cloud provider supports cross-border investigations. Here are some questions to ask:
How compliant are you with government and industry regulations? When you store regulated or sensitive data in the cloud, you need to know your provider’s level of compliance with regulations like HIPAA and PCI DSS. Remember that you still have primary responsibility for compliance, but your provider should have some responsibility for data storage and privacy regulations.
How can I be sure that my data is present and recoverable? Recovery assurance is important with any data on the cloud, especially with online production data. SLAs should cover data availability and durability as well as correctly observing data retention requirements.
How do you keep my data safe? Most compliance standards include physical and digital data security. Verify your cloud data center’s physical security and digital information security. Ask for reports on yearly audits and compliant storage practices, and ask about security ratings like SSAE-16. Ask about segmentation policies in multi-tenant environments including intrusion security and noisy neighbor management. Encryption and user access control are also critical security measures.
Do you support cross-border investigations? When you’re pursuing cross-border investigations, you need to comply with differing national and regional data privacy laws. For example, several European countries require sensitive data to stay within their borders, or at the least within the European Union’s geographical borders. The EU’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDRP) will be even stricter around data security and privacy. And however much China courts foreign business, it’s all too easy for investigators to run afoul of state secret laws. When you research cloud computing cloud providers, be certain that they have the knowledge and capacity to store your data in regional data centers. Ask if they will work with you to migrate culled data sets between countries.
Most companies already have some cloud computing services, and adding more may not seem to be much of a challenge. But diving into cloud computing can have a big impact on your infrastructure, employees, and strategic goals. It’s simply good business to adopt cloud governance for integrating and optimizing cloud computing for your own business.
The scope of Cloud computing is huge. If you are looking for a cloud-related job, consider learning these cloud computing skills. Cloud computing interview questions will also be based on one or more of those skills.
In this article, I have compiled the most asked Cloud Computing interview questions and answers involving Microsoft Azure. Though AWS is the most used cloud service as of now, Microsoft Azure is catching up and is already the backbone of many organizations. Check out the interview questions on Microsoft Azure among the most asked cloud computing interview questions below. Note that the wording of these questions may vary so you can tweak answers to suit the tone of questions.Cloud Computing interview questions and answers
This section includes cloud computing interview questions that are generic and apply to all platforms like AWS, Microsoft Azure, or Google Apps, etc.
Q1: How do you explain cloud to a layperson? Or What is cloud computing?
A1: Cloud is the extension of local or on-premise computing. When we say we use cloud computing, we are using someone else’s (generally a cloud service provider’s) resources. These resources can be anything from just external storage space to remote infrastructure. The service provider charges users based on the usage of resources.
Q2: What are the basic traits of cloud computing? -OR- When do you call a service, cloud computing?
A2: The cloud computing vendor should provide the following basic features that are essential for the service to be called cloud computing service. The service should be scalable. That is, when required, the cloud service provider should able to increase the resources and when the demand reduces, the cloud service provider should be able to release the resources for other customers so that the user is not overcharged. Other features are real-time backup, high uptime, and security. Logs are also essential, but they are presented on-demand only. These logs contain who accessed what service at what time etc. information.
Q3: What is grid computing? Is it the same as cloud computing? What are the differences between grid computing and cloud computing?
A3: For a better understanding of the difference between cloud computing and grid computing, please read this article – Grid vs Cloud.
Q4: How many types of clouds are there in practice? -OR- Explain cloud deployment models in use today.
A4: There are three cloud deployment types. First is the public cloud that hosts several tenants’ data. An example of a public cloud is OneDrive as the same servers host many accounts on each. The second deployment model is a private cloud. In this, the resources are hosted on a dedicated cloud. An example of a private cloud could be website hosting with a particular hosting provider. The third and last deployment model is the hybrid cloud. In this, parts of the resources are hosted on the public cloud, and some of them are used exclusively from a private cloud. An example of a hybrid network can be an online store. Part of the website is hosted on the public cloud, and other important artifacts are hosted locally so that they are not compromised. Read the details on cloud computing deployment.
Q5: What are the three service models of cloud computing?
A5: Software as Service, Platform as a service, IaaS (Infrastructure as a service). Please read this article on cloud service models for more details on each type of service model.
Q6: What do you mean by the term “Eucalyptus” in cloud computing?
A6: Eucalyptus stands for “Elastic Utility Computing Architecture for Linking your Programs to useful Systems”. It is basically for AWS (Amazon Web Services).
Q7: What is OpenStack? OR What is the use of OpenStack?
A7: OpenStack is an open-source cloud computing element serving IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service). For more details, check out OpenStack.org.
Q8: What are the benefits of cloud computing over in-premise computing?
A8: On-Premise computing requires a lot of preparation – in terms of both money and time. If an organization chooses to go for the cloud, it saves much on the initial setup cost. In cloud computing, maintenance is taken care of by the service provider. In On-Premise computing, we’ll need at least one dedicated IT technician to take care of troubleshooting. Cloud provides upgrade and scalability as and when required. One can increase the number of resources or reduce them according to the usage. On-premise computing, on the other hand, will require procurement of more hardware and software and these purchases are permanent so in a way, the cloud saves money while providing back-ups, etc. features.
Q9: What is IaaS? What does it do? Give some examples of IaaS
A9: IaaS stands for Infrastructure as a Service. When a cloud offers an infrastructure for hire/rental, it is called IaaS. Examples of IaaS are AWS (Amazon Web Services), Microsoft Azure, Google Computer Engine, and CISCO Metapod.
Q10: Explain AWS and its components
A10: AWS stands for Amazon Web Services. It is basically infrastructure as a service. The main components of AWS are as follows:
DNS – It offers a service platform that is based on a domain name server; also called route-53
E-mail Service Simple: Other than SMTP (Simple Main Transfer Protocol), the email can also be sent using API calls local to AWS.Azure cloud computing interview questions
This section covers basic but most asked cloud computing interview questions related to Microsoft Azure, which is Infrastructure as a Service platform.
Question 11: What is Microsoft Azure -OR- What do you know about Microsoft Azure?
Answer 11: Microsoft Azure is a cloud offering from Microsoft. It offers services such as content delivery networks (CDNs), Virtual Machines (VM), and some really good proprietary software that makes it perfect as an IaaS. RemoteApp, for example, helps in using virtual machines to deploy Windows programs. Then there is Active Directory service and SQL server. It also supports open technologies such as Linux distributions that can be contained in virtual machines.
Q12: What is the name of the service in Azure that helps you manage resources?
A12: Azure Resource Manager
Q13: Name some web applications that can be deployed with Azure
A13: Many web applications including open source can be deployed on Azure. Some examples are PHP, WCF, and ASP.NET.
Q14: What are the three types of roles in Microsoft Azure? -OR- What are Roles in Microsoft Azure?
A14: There are three types of roles in Microsoft Azure. These roles are Web Role, Worker Role, and VM Role. Web Roles help in deploying websites. It is good for running web applications. Worker Role assists Web Role. It runs background processes to support Web Role. The VM Role lets the users customize the servers on which the Web Role and Worker Roles are running.
Q15: What is Azure Active Directory service?
A15: Azure Active Directory Service is a Multi-Tenant Cloud-based directory and identity management service that combines core directory services, application access management, and identity protection. In other words, it is an identity and access management system. It helps in granting access privileges to users to different resources on the network. It is also used for maintaining information about the network and related resources.
Q16: Are AD and Azure AD same?
A16: No. Active Directory in Windows is an on-premise directory that stores information about the network. Most people confuse Azure AD to be an online version of Windows AD. But that’s not the case. Azure AD is a cloud configuration helper while AD is for local networks
Q17: What do AD and Azure AD do?
A16: Windows AD is a system created for local networks whereas Azure AD is a separate system created only for the cloud. Both keep information about networks, network resources, and help in providing accessing or restricting privileges to different users for different resources on the network. Azure AD is scalable which has been built to support global-scale resource allotments. Azure AD also helps you when you move your on-premise computing to the cloud.
Q18: Is Azure IaaS or PaaS?
A18: Azure offers all three types of services – SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS. But it is mostly used as a PaaS. While many developers prefer to deploy their apps on Azure (PaaS model), some are keen on both developing the whole app and hosting it on Azure instead of using local computers (IaaS model). Thus, it serves both as IaaS and PaaS.
Q19: What are Azure Storage Queues?
A19: Azure Queue storage is an Azure service that allows messages to be retrieved and accessed from anywhere on the planet. The service uses simple Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP or HTTPS).
Q20: What is Poison in Azure Storage Queues?
A20: Messages that have exceeded the max number of delivery attempts to the application is called poison in the language of Microsoft Azure. There can be many reasons why this happens.
The above are some most asked cloud computing interview questions and answers. I wrote the answers with my limited knowledge. Since you may have taken a proper course to learn cloud computing, you can always answer better. I’ve simply given pointers. It is up to the readers to improve upon the pointers using whatever resources they have.
TIP: This Microsoft Azure Interview Questions & Answers PDF released by Microsoft MVPs will interest you.
All the best!
Types of cloud computing platforms
This article is a part of the Data Science Blogathon.What is Cloud Computing?
By harnessing the potential of remote servers spread across the internet, cloud computing liberates us from physical infrastructure constraints. Rather than depending on localized servers, cloud technology empowers users to store data and access web-based applications from any location with an internet connection. This newfound flexibility and accessibility revolutionize how we manage information and utilize software, enabling seamless connectivity and productivity across diverse environments.
Source: UnsplashBenefits of Cloud Computing
The main benefits of cloud computing include the following:
Cost savings – Cloud computing eliminates the need to purchase and maintain physical servers, which can be expensive. Additionally, cloud services are o on a pay-as-you-go basis, so you only pay for what you use.
Scalability – Cloud computing allows businesses to scale up or down depending on their needs. This can be done quickly and with minimal disruption.
Flexibility – Cloud computing gives users acce o their data and applications using a device with an internet connection.Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)
Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) emerges as a dynamic cloud computing solution, providing users with a comprehensive suite of hardware, software, and resources to seamlessly develop, deploy, and manage applications without additional hardware or software investments. PaaS proves invaluable for developers and individuals tasked with creating custom applications or seamlessly integrating existing ones into the cloud environment. With PaaS, innovation knows no bounds as users unlock the power to shape their digital landscape without the complexities of infrastructure provisioning.Use Cases for PaaS
Web Application Hosting: PaaS can host applications requiring frequent updates without managing the underlying infrastructure. This makes it easier to deploy and scale applications.
Mobile App Development: PaaS can be used to develop and deploy mobile applications more quickly, as it provides access to ready-made components and services.
Big Data Analytics: PaaS can process and analyze large amounts of data quickly and cost-effectively, as it provides access to powerful computing resources.
IoT Solutions: PaaS can be used to develop and manage connected devices and applications, as it provides access to scalability and secure communication infrastructure.
DevOps Automation: PaaS can be used to automate development and operations processes, such as deployment, testing, and monitoring, which helps to ensure faster and more reliable softwExamples of PaaS
Windows Azure: Windows Azure is Microsoft’s cloud computing platform, which provides an operating system, a set of services, and tools for developers to create, deploy and manage applications in the cloud. It supports various programming languages and frameworks, such as .NET, Java, PHP, and chúng tôi and provides data storage, networking, computing, and analytics services.
Heroku: Heroku is a cloud-based Platform as a Service (PaaS) that allows developers to construct, operate, and expand programs on the cloud. It is powered by a managed container system that makes it easier to distribute, scale, and manage applications. It is compatible with many programming languages and frameworks, such as Ruby, Java, chúng tôi and Python, and features a wide range of services and added features.Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)
Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) is a cloud computing solution that furnishes users with virtualized computing components such as servers, storage, networks, and operating systems. It is optimal for those seeking more control over their infrastructure while avoiding physical hardware costs.Use Cases for IaaS
Web Hosting: IaaS can host web-based applications and websites, providing users access to the underlying infrastructure and computing resources.
Application Development and Testing: IaaS can be used to develop and test software applications, as it provides users with access to the underlying infrastructure and computing resources.
Database Hosting: IaaS can host databases as it provides users access to the underlying infrastructure and computing resources.
Disaster Recovery: IaaS can be used for disaster recovery, as it allows users to quickly provision additional resources from the cloud to restore their data and systems.
Big Data Analytics: IaaS can store, process and analyze large amounts of data, providing users with access to the underlying infrastructure and computing resources.
IoT Deployment: IaaS can deploy and manage large-scale Internet of Things (IoT) solutions, as it provides users with access to the underlying infrastructure and computing resources.Service Examples of IaaS
Linode: A cloud infrastructure provider that offers virtual private servers (VPSs). Linode provides a wide range of VPS plans and custom solutions to fit the needs of any size organization. They also offer a suite of developer tools and services such as managed databases, object storage, and load balancers.
Rackspace: Rackspace is a cloud infrastructure provider that offers managed cloud services, such as virtual private servers (VPSs), dedicated servers, and cloud servers. They provide various services and solutions, including managed databases, application hosting, and cloud storage. Rackspace also offers managed security services and 24/7 customer support.
Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) revolutionizes the way software is accessed and utilized. As a cloud computing solution, it provides users seamless access to software applications via the internet. These web-based programs can be utilized from any device with an internet connection, eliminating the need for local installations. SaaS caters to individuals and organizations seeking efficient access to specific software programs, enabling enhanced collaboration, scalability, and flexibility without the burden of software management.Use Cases for SaaS
Email and Collaboration: Email and collaboration tools such as Google Apps and Office 365 are popular SaaS applications for communication and productivity.
CRM: Customer relationship management (CRM) tools such as Salesforce and Zendesk provide businesses with a platform to manage customer data, automate sales and marketing operations, and track customer engagement.
E-commerce: E-commerce platforms such as Shopify, BigCommerce, and Magento provide businesses with a complete solution to create and manage their online stores.
Project Management: Project management and task management tools such as Asana, Trello, and Basecamp are popular SaaS applications used to manage projects, tasks, and timelines.
Accounting: Accounting and bookkeeping tools such as QuickBooks Online and Xero provide businesses with an easy way to track financials and keep their books in order.
Human Resources: Human resource management (HRM) tools such as BambooHR and Zenefits provide businesses with a platform to manage employee data and automate HR processes.Service Examples of SaaS
Google Workspace (formerly GSuite): Google Workspace (formerly GSuite) is a suite of cloud-based productivity and collaboration tools that includes Gmail, Docs, Sheets, Slides, Calendar, Meet, and more. It provides businesses with an easy way to collaborate, share documents, and store data in the cloud.
Dropbox: Dropbox is a file storage and sharing service that enables users to store and access their data from any device with an internet connection. It also provides real-time collaboration tools to collaborate on projects in the cloud.
Salesforce: Salesforce is a customer relationship management (CRM) platform that provides businesses with the tools they need to manage customer relationships and data. It enables companies to store, track, and analyze customer data and automate and streamline sales processes.
Function-as a Service (FaaS) is a cloud computing solution that enables developers to upload code directly onto the cloud without the need to handle servers or virtual machines. FaaS is optimal for executing small code pieces rapidly and effectively without managing servers or virtual machines.Use Cases for FaaS
Image Processing and Analysis: FaaS can quickly and efficiently process images. Applications of this could include facial recognition, object recognition, or text recognition.
Machine Learning: FaaS can quickly and efficiently build and deploy machine learning models in the cloud. These models can predict customer behavior, detect anomalies, or automate decision-making.
IoT: FaaS can quickly and efficiently deploy and manage applications on IoT devices. This could include applications for monitoring and managing connected devices, analyzing data from sensors, or controlling devices remotely.
Web Applications: FaaS can quickly and efficiently deploy and manage web applications in the cloud. This could include content management, e-commerce, or customer relationship management applications.
Data Processing and Analytics: FaaS can be used to quickly and efficiently process and analyze large datasets in the cloud. This could include applications for data warehousing, predictive analytics, or text analytics.Service Examples of FaaS
Amazon Web Services (AWS) Lambda: AWS Lambda is a serverless computing platform that allows developers to run code without having to manage or provision any servers. It is a service that allows users to upload their own code and then run it in the cloud without needing servers or maintenance. Lambda functions can be triggered by events, such as a file uploaded to a S3 bucket or a change in a DynamoDB table.
Azure Functions: Azure Functions is a serverless computing service from Microsoft that allows users to run code without having to manage or provision any servers. It is a service that allows users to upload their own code and then run it in the cloud without needing servers or maintenance. Azure Functions can be triggered by events, such as a file uploaded to a Blob container or a change in a Cosmos DB database.
Google Cloud Functions: Google Cloud Functions is a serverless computing service from Google that allows developers to run code without having to manage or provision any servers. It is a service that allows users to upload their own code and then run it in the cloud without needing servers or maintenance. Google Cloud Functions can be triggered by events, such as a file being modified, etc.
Cloud Computing Providers and Their Services
Several cloud computing providers offer different types of services for businesses of all sizes. Some of the most popular cloud providers include Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform (GCP), IBM Cloud, Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI), and Alibaba Cloud. Each provider offers different services, such as computing services, storage services, database services, analytics services, machine learning services, artificial intelligence services, security services, and more.Conclusion
To sum up, various types of cloud computing platforms are accessible to businesses of all sizes, including Platform as a Service (PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS), and Function as a Service (FaaS). It is crucial to understand your needs before choosing a platform, as each type has its pros and cons. Furthermore, multiple cloud providers offer diverse services, making it vital to conduct thorough research and determine the best fit for your business requirements before selecting.
For readers who are just getting started with cloud computing, here are some tips for choosing the right platform:
Consider your Budget – When selecting a platform, consider how much you’re willing to spend on it. Some providers offer free trial periods so you can try their services before committing to a long-term plan.
Think About Scalability – Think about how quickly you need to scale up your services and whether or not the platform you’re considering supports this feature.
Understand your Needs – Make sure you understand what type of service you need before selecting a provider so you can make an informed decision.
Research Different Providers – Take the time to research different providers and compare their features before selecting one. This will help you make sure you’re getting the best deal possible.Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. What are cloud computing platforms?
A. Cloud computing platforms are virtualized environments that provide on-demand access to computing resources such as virtual machines, storage, and networking. They allow users to deploy and manage applications and services without needing on-premises infrastructure.
Q2. What are the 4 platforms of cloud computing?
A. The four platforms of cloud computing are Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS), and Function as a Service (FaaS). Each platform offers different levels of abstraction and functionality for users.
Q3. What is the best cloud computing platform?
A. The best cloud computing platform depends on specific requirements and use cases. Popular platforms include Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). The choice should consider scalability, performance, cost, supported services, and integration options.
Q4. What are the three types of cloud platform?
A. The three types of cloud platforms are public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud. Public cloud platforms are operated by third-party providers and accessible over the internet. Private cloud platforms are dedicated to a single organization. Hybrid cloud platforms combine public and private clouds, offering flexibility and scalability while controlling sensitive data.
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This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.Introduction
Source: Image by Albrecht Fietz from Pixabay
Google Cloud Platform, or GCP for short, is like a big house with many different rooms. Each room is called a “server,” where websites, apps, and other online stuff live.
Imagine you have a really cool treehouse in your backyard that you want to share with all your friends. You can invite them to come over and play in it anytime they want, but you don’t want them to be able to see the inside of your house.
That’s kind of like how GCP works. You can set up a website or app in one of the rooms (or servers) on GCP and then invite people to visit it. But they can’t see the rest of the house (or any of the other servers on GCP). It is also really good at keeping everything running smoothly. If one of the rooms gets too crowded or starts to break, GCP can automatically move things around to make sure everything is working properly.
So, in short, Google Cloud Platform (GCP) is a cloud computing platform that offers a wide range of services and tools for building, deploying, and managing applications and .
This blog discusses why GCP is a top choice for cloud computing, including its global infrastructure, different services and tools, strong focus on security and compliance, ease of use, cost-effectiveness, scalability, and integration with Google products. It also provides examples of startups, enterprises, government agencies, and healthcare organizations using GCP and offers tips on maximizing cloud savings with GCP pricing options.7 Reasons Why GCP Is the Top Choice for Cloud Computing
Source: Image by -Rita-👩🍳 und 📷 mit ❤ from Pixabay
1. Global infrastructure: GCP has a large network of data centers worldwide, allowing users to store and process their data closer to their customers and users. This can help improve the performance and reliability of their applications and services. For example, if you want to build a website that lets people play games online, you can use GCP to create a special place where people can play the games, and you can even use it to store all the games and keep track of who is playing.
3. Strong focus on security and compliance: GCP takes security and compliance very seriously and has several measures to protect user data and applications. This includes data encryption, network security, and compliance with various regulations and standards. This is important because it helps keep your stuff safe and ensures that it’s being used responsibly.
4. Ease of use: GCP provides a user-friendly interface and various tools and resources that can help users get started quickly and easily. This includes a range of pre-configured solutions and templates and support for various programming languages and frameworks. For example, if you want to build a website, GCP has templates and tools that can help you get started immediately without having to start from scratch.
5. Cost-effective: GCP offers a range of pricing options and discounts to help users save money on their cloud computing costs. It also has a free tier that allows users to try out some of its services at no cost.
7. Integration with Google products: GCP is closely integrated with other Google products and services, such as Google Maps, Google Search, and Google Analytics, which can provide additional user benefits.GCP in Action: Real-World Examples
Startups: Many startups use GCP to quickly and easily build and scale their applications and services. For example, Instacart, a grocery delivery startup, uses GCP to power its platform and handle millions of daily orders.
Enterprises: Large enterprises also use GCP to support their operations and business needs. For example, eBay, a global e-commerce company, uses GCP to power its marketplace and support billions of transactions annually.
Government agencies: GCP is also used to support their operations and services. For example, the US Department of Defense uses GCP to power its cloud-based email and collaboration platform, which serves millions of users.
Healthcare organizations: GCP is also used to manage and analyze data, such as patient records and clinical trial data. For example, Partners HealthCare, a large healthcare provider in the US, uses GCP to store and analyze data from its electronic health records system.Maximize Your Cloud Savings with GCP Pricing Options
Google Cloud Platform (GCP) offers a range of pricing options to help users save money on their cloud computing costs. Here is a simple explanation of how GCP pricing works:
Pay-as-you-go: GCP allows users to pay for the resources they use on a pay-as-you-go basis. This means that users are only charged for the resources they consume, such as virtual machines, storage, and data transfer. Depending on their needs and requirements, users can choose from various pricing options, such as on-demand or discounted pricing.
Committed use discounts: GCP also offers committed use discounts for users who commit to using a certain amount of resources over a specific period. This can help users save money on cloud computing costs by providing a discounted rate for their committed usage.
Google Cloud Free Tier: GCP also has a free tier that allows users to try out some of its services at no cost. The free tier includes limited resources that users can use to test and experiment with GCP without incurring any charges.
Overall, GCP offers a range of pricing options and discounts that can help users save money on their cloud computing costs. Users can choose the option that best fits their needs and budget: pay-as-you-go, committed use discounts, or the free tier.Services Offered by GCP
For example, let’s say you want to build a website that allows users to upload and share photos. You can use GCP to host the website and run the applications that manage the photos, such as storing and organizing them.
2. Storage: GCP also offers a range of storage services that allow users to store and manage their data in the cloud. This includes services such as Google Cloud Storage, which allows users to store and retrieve data from a variety of sources, and Google BigQuery, which allows users to analyze and query large datasets.
For example, let’s say you want to build a website that allows users to create and share their own music. You can use GCP to store the music files and provide access to them through the website.
For example, Imagine you are building a website that allows users to shop online. You can use GCP’s networking services to create a secure connection between the website and the payment processing system to protect users’ personal and financial information.
5. Analytics: GCP’s analytics services provide tools for collecting, analyzing, and visualizing data, such as Google BigQuery, Google Cloud Data Studio, and Google Cloud Dataproc. Imagine you are building a website that tracks user activity and generates reports. You can use GCP’s analytics services to collect and analyze the data and create reports that provide insights into user behavior.
6. Databases: GCP’s database services provide options for storing and managing structured and unstructured data, such as Google Cloud Bigtable, Google Cloud SQL, and Google Cloud Firestore. Imagine you are building a website that allows users to create and share their own profiles. You can use GCP’s database services to store and manage all the user data and make it available to users through the website.
9. Internet of Things (IoT): GCP’s IoT services provide tools and resources for building and managing IoT solutions, such as Google Cloud IoT Core, Google Cloud IoT Edge, and Google Cloud IoT Device Management. Imagine you are building a system that monitors and controls temperature and humidity in a warehouse. You can use GCP’s IoT services to build the system, connect the sensors and devices, and manage t nd control signals.
10. Artificial intelligence (AI): GCP’s AI services provide tools and resources for building and deploying AI solutions, such as Google Cloud AutoML, Google Cloud Natural Language, and Google Cloud Speech-to-Text. Imagine you are building a chatbot that can understand and respond to customer inquiries. You can use GCP’s AI services to build and train the chatbot and integrate it with your customer service platform.Empowering Your Business with GCP
Source: Image by Photo Mix from Pixabay
Here are some examples of businesses that have successfully used Google Cloud Platform (GCP) to achieve their goals:
1. Spotify: The music streaming service uses GCP to power its data analytics and machine learning systems, which help it recommend songs to users and identify new artists to feature on the platform. Using GCP, Spotify has been able to scale its operations to serve millions of users worldwide.
3. The New York Times: The newspaper uses GCP to power its digital products, including its website and mobile apps. By using GCP, The New York Times has been able to scale its operations to meet the demands of its readers and deliver a seamless user experience.
4. Coca-Cola: The beverage company uses GCP to power its global supply chain and logistics systems, which helps it manage its inventory and deliver products to customers worldwide. By using GCP, Coca-Cola has been able to improve the efficiency of its operations and reduce its costs.
5. Snap: The social media company uses GCP to power its video-based messaging app, Snapchat. By using GCP, Snap has been able to scale its operations to support millions of users worldwide and deliver a seamless user experience.Choosing the Right Cloud Provider- GCP, AWS, or Azure Features:
GCP offers various infrastructure and platform services, including computing, storage, networking, big data, and machine learning. It also provides a range of tools and services for monitoring and analytics, security, and application development.
AWS offers a wide range of infrastructure and platform services, including computing, storage, networking, database, and analytics. It also provides a range of tools and services for security, application development, and data management.
Azure offers a range of infrastructure and platform services, including computing, storage, networking, and analytics. It also provides a range of tools and services for security, application development, and data management.Pricing:
GCP, AWS, and Azure all offer a variety of pricing models, including pay-as-you-go, reserved instances, and discounts for long-term commitments. Prices for specific services can vary significantly between these platforms, so it’s important to carefully compare the costs of different options to determine which provider is the most cost-effective for your needs.
Web and mobile applications
Data analytics and machine learning
Big data processing
Disaster recovery and backup
Internet of Things (IoT)Conclusion
But GCP isn’t just for the movies – it has a wide range of real-world applications as well. From powering data analytics and machine learning systems to supporting the infrastructure for web and mobile applications, GCP has helped businesses improve efficiency, reduce costs, and innovate new products and services.
Some key features of GCP include:
Global infrastructure: GCP has a large network of data centers around the world, which allows users to store and process their data closer to their customers and users.
Strong focus on security and compliance: GCP takes security and compliance very seriously and has a number of measures in place to protect user data and applications.
Ease of use: GCP provides a user-friendly interface and a variety of tools and resources that can help users get started quickly and easily.
Cost-effective: GCP offers a range of pricing options and discounts that can help users save money on their cloud computing costs. It also has a free tier that allows users to try out some of its services at no cost.
Integration with Google products: GCP is closely integrated with other Google products and services, such as Google Maps, Google Search, and Google Analytics, which can provide additional benefits for users.
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As an emerging technology that promises great cost savings, cloud computing is gaining fans among a broad array of businesses. But do these firms really know what’s inside the opaque, puffy concept of clouding computing?
Cloud computing allows companies to outsource part (and sometimes almost all) of their computer processing. Instead of spending on in-house servers and (in the view of CIOs) the surly IT pros needed to service them, businesses simply pay an external provider. They then access their computing infrastructure over the Internet – “though the cloud,” in IT-speak.
Better still, cloud vendors tell us, cloud computing is massively scalable. The big box retailer handles a holiday rush with a quick online request for more computing capacity. The growing small business without a big data center can leverage the heavy-processing muscle of a cloud provider.
Amazon’s EC2 and Google App Engine. In the excitement, the acronyms are multiplying. Cloud computing’s near cousin is Software as a Service (SaaS) – software delivered over the Net – and chúng tôi touts a version of cloud computing called Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS).
IT pundit Nick Carr hails cloud computing, in his book The Big Switch, as the inevitable next step in business computing. Just as we now access electricity from huge external plants, he explains, we will access computing power from sprawling external processing facilities. Messy in-house data centers are passé. The future is bright, well ordered and reasonably priced.
But Carr’s analogy falters when you look at the difference between electricity and data. There’s nothing confidential or sensitive about the wattage that flows into your business. But there’s something profoundly sensitive about the data that flows in and out of your business.
Merely whispering the phrase “Sarbanes Oxley,” with its labyrinthine compliance requirements, is enough to make some CIOs shudder at giving a cloud-based provider even partial responsibility for their document management.
Making those CIOs even more anxious is this uneasy truth: as it evolves, cloud-based service is increasingly provided by a chain of providers. So you’ve contracted with an outsourcer, who in turn contracts with a series of outsourcers, and on and on – and this global crowd of unknowns is handling your most precious corporate secrets.
Cloud Computing or Bust
The many red flags of cloud computing are catalogued in Assessing the Security Risks of Cloud Computing, co-written by Gartner analysts Jay Heiser and Mark Nicolett.
Their thesis isn’t that companies shouldn’t use cloud computing. Rather, companies must go into the process with their eyes wide open, fully aware of the risks, taking essential precautions to stay safe. Or, as safe as possible, given the “black box” nature of cloud computing.
“Probably [cloud computing] would be more popular already if people didn’t have concerns about the risks,” Heiser tells me. Still “I don’t think most of the potential users are truly cognizant of the risks. But they have a usefully intuitive sense that this is something new and it shouldn’t be undertaken lightly.”
(Indeed, a recent Goldman Sachs survey of CIOs’ plans for 2009, which indicates that the recession is giving them an upset stomach, doesn’t bode well for cloud services. Less than 2 percent of respondents made cloud a priority.)
Cloud computing’s myriad security concerns are enough to make one ask: can’t we just stay with that golden oldie known as client-server? After all, servers keep getting cheaper and cheaper (and cheaper), and the IT worker who maintain them are, sadly, surely not paid outlandish wages. Why go out of house?
Despite these doubts, cloud computing will indeed realize its potential as the industry-shifting trend it appears to be, Heiser opines. The train has left the station, recession-scared CIOs notwithstanding. Simply put, the cost savings are too great and the business potential too efficient and flexible for the cloud to be ignored.
“It’s basically economic, but there are convenience issues,” Heiser says.
“There’s a control issued. I lump [cloud computing] in with consumerization with being yet another example of how the end user is taking over the initiative from IT. If they don’t like the answer that IT gives them, they’ll just go out and buy the thing.”
For instance, “How much of chúng tôi was motivated by sales mangers who just wanted to get away from IT and put in their own CRM?”
Moreover, spending on cloud computing is seen as more desirable than writing checks for servers that start aging the moment they’re unwrapped. “When you buy something in the cloud, it’s an expense. When you buy something like a computer, it’s an investment,” Heiser says.
“So it’s a different color of money and people like that.”
Nine Security Concerns – and How to Address Them
The most practical way to evaluate a cloud provider is to get a third party to do so, Heiser says. There are so many questions and concerns that doing all the work in-house may be prohibitive. Making the process still more difficult is that fact that many cloud-based service companies are far from transparent.
“Call up Google and ask them how transparent they are,” he says, indicating that the answer will be, ‘not very.’ “So why should you trust them?”
“I contrast them with chúng tôi in terms of their transparency,” Heiser says. “We emphasize Salesforce as having some early attempts at transparency; we didn’t really flag Google as being the evil twin to Salesforce, but they’re awfully opaque.”
If you or a third party are kicking the tires of a cloud provider, here are issues to be aware of, and recommendations from Gartner for handling them:
1) Privileged User Access
With cloud computing, your confidential data will be processed by personnel outside the enterprise, so non-employees could conceivably have full access to it.
Advice: “Ask providers to supply specific information on the hiring and oversight of privileged administrators, and the controls over their access.”
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