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Introduction to Java Dictionary Class

In java Dictionary, util.Dictionary is an abstract class that denotes a key-value storage repository and behaves like a map. If a key and some values are given, values can be stored in the dictionary object. After saving the value, it can be retrieved by using the key. This similarity to maps is why the dictionary class is often referred to as functioning similarly. Subsequent sections will cover the constructors, declarations, and additional details of the dictionary class.

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Declaration

 Below is the declaration of the dictionary class.

public abstract class Dictionary extends object

Constructors

Dictionary() : Sole constructor.

How does the Java Dictionary class work?

As discussed above, the dictionary class is an abstract class that behaves similarly to the map. By providing specific keys and values, you can save the values in the dictionary object. After storing the value, it can be retrieved by using the key. You can use any non-null key and value in this class.

Java Dictionary Class Methods

Let us see different methods of Dictionary class.

elements()

The dictionary will return an enumeration of the values available in it.

Syntax:

public abstract Enumeration elements()

Example:

import java.util.*; public class DictionaryExample { public static void main(String[] args) { Dictionary dict = new Hashtable(); dict.put("99", "Sarah"); dict.put("82", "Elsa"); for (Enumeration e = dict.elements(); e.hasMoreElements();) { System.out.println("Values available in the dictionary : " + e.nextElement()); }   } }

Output:

Two elements are added to the dictionary, and you can retrieve the values of those keys using the elements() method.

put(K key, V value)

The key mentioned will be mapped to the value given.

Syntax:

public abstract V put(K key, V value)

Example:

import java.util.*; public class DictionaryExample { public static void main(String[] args) { Dictionary dict = new Hashtable(); dict.put("101", "Anna"); dict.put("202", "Adam"); for (Enumeration e = dict.elements(); e.hasMoreElements();) { System.out.println("Values available in the dictionary : " + e.nextElement()); } } }

Output:

Two elements are added to the dictionary using put() methods, and the values of those keys are retrieved later.

remove(Object key)

The key and corresponding value will be removed from the dictionary.

Syntax:

public abstract V remove(Object key)

Example:

import java.util.*; public class DictionaryExample { public static void main(String[] args) { Dictionary dict = new Hashtable(); dict.put("99", "Sarah"); dict.put("82", "Elsa"); for (Enumeration e = dict.elements(); e.hasMoreElements();) { System.out.println("Values available in the dictionary : " + e.nextElement()); } System.out.println(" Remove the element : " + dict.remove("99")); for (Enumeration e = dict.elements(); e.hasMoreElements();) { System.out.println("Values available in the dictionary after removal: " + e.nextElement()); } } }

Output:

After adding two elements to the dictionary, you can remove one of them using the remove() method.

keys()

An enumeration will be returned for the keys available in the dictionary.

Syntax:

public abstract Enumeration keys()

Example:

import java.util.*; public class DictionaryExample { public static void main(String[] args) { Dictionary dict = new Hashtable(); dict.put("101", "Anna"); dict.put("202", "Adam"); for (Enumeration e = dict.keys(); e.hasMoreElements();) { System.out.println("Keys available in the dictionary : " + e.nextElement()); } } }

Output:

Two elements are added to the dictionary and can be retrieved using the keys() method.

isEmpty()

Checks whether the dictionary maps no key value. If there is no relation, true will be returned. Else, false.

Syntax:

public abstract booleanisEmpty()

Example:

import java.util.*; public class DictionaryExample { public static void main(String[] args) { Dictionary dict = new Hashtable(); dict.put("101", "Anna"); dict.put("202", "Adam"); System.out.println("Is there any no key-value pair : " + dict.isEmpty() + " n " ); } }

Output:

get(Object key)

The dictionary will return a value that corresponds to the specified key.

Syntax:

public abstract V get(Object key)

Example:

import java.util.*; public class DictionaryExample { public static void main(String[] args) { Dictionary dict = new Hashtable(); dict.put("99", "Sarah"); dict.put("82", "Elsa");  // Return the eneumeration of dictionary using elements() method for (Enumeration e = dict.elements(); e.hasMoreElements();) { System.out.println("Values available in the dictionary : " + e.nextElement()); } System.out.println(" Remove the element : " + dict.remove("99")); for (Enumeration e = dict.elements(); e.hasMoreElements();) { System.out.println("Values available in the dictionary after removal: " + e.nextElement()); } System.out.println("The value of the key 82 is : " + dict.get("82")); } }

Output:

After adding two elements to the dictionary, you can retrieve one of them using the get() method.

size()

The number of entries will be returned, which is available in the dictionary.

Syntax:

public abstract intsize()

Example:

import java.util.*; public class DictionaryExample { public static void main(String[] args) { Dictionary dict = new Hashtable(); dict.put("99", "Sarah"); dict.put("82", "Elsa"); for (Enumeration e = dict.elements(); e.hasMoreElements();) { System.out.println("Values available in the dictionary : " + e.nextElement()); } System.out.println("Dictionary size before removal of 99 is : " + dict.size()); System.out.println(" Remove the element : " + dict.remove("99")); System.out.println("Dictionary size after removal of 99 is : " + dict.size()); } }

Output:

To identify the size of the dictionary, you can utilize the size() method before and after removing an element.

Conclusion

This article explains several aspects of Dictionary class, such as the declaration, constructors, working, and methods, with examples, in detail.

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Learn How Java Bufferedinputstream Work?

Introduction to Java BufferedInputStream

Java BufferedInputStream is a mechanism where the Input buffer has the capability to assign the buffer some bytes as part of the stream internally. Whenever a BufferedInputStream is invoked or created, an internal array will get created and then it will perform any kind of further functionality of adding bytes into the stream. The buffer mechanism in the BufferedInputStream class provides flexibility and enhances the overall performance of the buffer. If some information gets missed from the stream, it refills and fills the evacuated position by assigning them.

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Syntax public class BufferedInputStream extends FilterInputStream

The syntax flow is as follows:

A class named BufferedInputStream will be used to get all the methods and their input parameters related to the class to be extended using the FilterInputStream.

Constructors

There are two types of constructors that the Java BufferedInputStream Class, namely support:

BufferedInputStream(InputStream in) BufferedInputStream(input stream in, int size)

This constructor creates a bufferedInputStream with some specific buffer size and saves its arguments for inserting into the stream later at some point of time with respect to time and size.

Methods

These are the methods supported by the Java BufferedInputStream class.

int available() void close() void mark(int readlimit) boolean markSupported() int read() int read(byte[] b, int off, int len) void reset() long skip(long n) int available()

It just provides an estimation for the number of bytes provided to the input stream, and the invocation of the next input stream method should also not hinder the previous method for its insertion of bytes to the input stream. It can also be said that its return type is the estimated number of bytes that can be read or skipped while passing as an input stream.

Examples to Implement Java BufferedInputStream

below are some examples are mentioned:

Example #1

This program illustrates the int available method of BufferedInputStream Class:

Code:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; public class Java_Input_Buffer_Ex { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ BufferedInputStream inpt_smpl = null; FileInputStream sample_input_stream = null; try { sample_input_stream = new FileInputStream("C:\Users\adutta\anu_test.txt"); inpt_smpl = new BufferedInputStream(sample_input_stream); Integer No_of_bytes = inpt_smpl.available(); System.out.println("Number of Bytes Available to I/O stream = " + No_of_bytes ); char ch =  (char)inpt_smpl.read(); System.out.println("Read Each character = " + ch ); } } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if(sample_input_stream!=null) sample_input_stream.close(); if(inpt_smpl!=null) inpt_smpl.close(); } } }

Output:

Note: Make sure before performing the programs, it is a must to save the text file with some data that the inputBufferStream will invoke later.

void close()

Explanation: As its name suggests void close() method as part of the Java BufferedInputStream method is used to close the input stream once the stream and its associated buffer working is finished. It will be used for releasing and freeing the resources once the stream is asked to close. The method will throw Exception once closed and later tried again to resume for the remaining method like reading, available, reset, skip.

Example #2

This program illustrates the void close() method of the Java BufferedInputStream class.

Code:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; public class Java_Input_Buffer_Ex { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ BufferedInputStream inpt_smpl = null; FileInputStream sample_input_stream = null; try { sample_input_stream = new FileInputStream("C:\Users\adutta\anu_test.txt"); inpt_smpl = new BufferedInputStream(sample_input_stream); int byte_num = inpt_smpl.available(); System.out.println(byte_num); inpt_smpl.close(); byte_num = inpt_smpl.available(); System.out.println(byte_num); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if(sample_input_stream!=null) sample_input_stream.close(); if(inpt_smpl!=null) inpt_smpl.close(); } } }

Output:

void mark(int readlimit)

Explanation: This method, as part of the BufferedInputStream is used to set up the buffer with some constraint and limit of bytes with some int value that will be used for reading the value before the marked position with the limit set up becomes invalid.

Example #3

This program illustrates the void mark(int readlimit) method of the Java BufferedInputStream class.

Code:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; public class Java_Input_Buffer_Ex { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ BufferedInputStream inpt_smpl = null; FileInputStream sample_input_stream = null; try { sample_input_stream = new FileInputStream("C:\Users\adutta\anu_test.txt"); inpt_smpl = new BufferedInputStream(sample_input_stream); System.out.println("Character_value : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("Character_value : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("Character_value : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); inpt_smpl.mark(0); System.out.println("Character_value : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("Invoked the reset() method"); inpt_smpl.reset(); System.out.println("character_value : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("character_value : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if(sample_input_stream!=null) sample_input_stream.close(); if(inpt_smpl!=null) inpt_smpl.close(); } } }

Output:

boolean markSupported() Example #4

This program illustrates the boolean markSupported method of the Java BufferedInputStream class.

Code:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; public class Java_Input_Buffer_Ex { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ BufferedInputStream inpt_smpl = null; FileInputStream sample_input_stream = null; boolean bool_val = false; try { sample_input_stream = new FileInputStream("C:\Users\adutta\anu_test.txt"); inpt_smpl = new BufferedInputStream(sample_input_stream); bool_val = inpt_smpl.markSupported(); System.out.println("Support for mark() and reset() : "+bool_val); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if(sample_input_stream!=null) sample_input_stream.close(); if(inpt_smpl!=null) inpt_smpl.close(); } } }

Output:

int read()

Explanation: This is a method defined in java BufferedInputStream, which is used for reading the next byte of already present data from the input stream and doesn’t have any return type.

Example #5

This program illustrates the int read () method of the BufferedInputStream class.

Code:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; public class Java_Input_Buffer_Ex { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ BufferedInputStream inpt_smpl = null; FileInputStream sample_input_stream = null; try { sample_input_stream = new FileInputStream("C:\Users\adutta\anu_test.txt"); inpt_smpl = new BufferedInputStream(sample_input_stream); { char chr_a = (char)inpt_smpl.read(); System.out.println("character_val: "+chr_a); } } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if(sample_input_stream!=null) sample_input_stream.close(); if(inpt_smpl!=null) inpt_smpl.close(); } } }

Output:

int read(byte[] b, int off, int len)

Explanation: Given is an offset based on which one input buffer will get created, and then that input stream will be put as an input for the read () method of the present stream. The read continues until the final value becomes true.

Example #6

This program illustrates the int read (byte[]b, int off, int len) method of the BufferedInputStream class.

Code:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; public class Java_Input_Buffer_Ex { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ BufferedInputStream inpt_smpl = null; FileInputStream sample_input_stream = null; try { sample_input_stream = new FileInputStream("C:\Users\adutta\anu_test.txt"); inpt_smpl = new BufferedInputStream(sample_input_stream); int byte_num = inpt_smpl.available(); byte[] bufr = new byte[byte_num]; inpt_smpl.read(bufr, 4, 8); for (byte z : bufr) { System.out.println((char)z+": " + z); } } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if(sample_input_stream!=null) sample_input_stream.close(); if(inpt_smpl!=null) inpt_smpl.close(); } } }

void reset()

Explanation: This method resets the stream to the position where the last input stream with the limit or mark was called lastly on the input stream.

Example #7

This program illustrates the void reset () method of the BufferedInputStream class.

Code:

import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.BufferedInputStream; public class Java_Input_Buffer_Ex { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ BufferedInputStream inpt_smpl = null; FileInputStream sample_input_stream = null; try { sample_input_stream = new FileInputStream("C:\Users\adutta\anu_test.txt"); inpt_smpl = new BufferedInputStream(sample_input_stream); System.out.println("Character_val : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("Character_val : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("Character_val : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("Character_val : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("Character_val : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); inpt_smpl.mark(0); System.out.println("Character_val : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("Invoke the reset_mathod for verifying"); System.out.println("character_val: "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); System.out.println("character_val : "+(char)inpt_smpl.read()); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if(sample_input_stream!=null) sample_input_stream.close(); if(inpt_smpl!=null) inpt_smpl.close(); } } }

Output:

long skip(long n)

Explanation: It is a method that is used for skipping some of the desired values from the BufferedInputStream and then to formulate the entire string and its value.

Example #8

This program illustrates the long skip(long n) method of the BufferedInputStream class.

Code:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; public class Java_Input_Buffer_Ex { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ BufferedInputStream inpt_smpl = null; FileInputStream sample_input_stream = null; try { sample_input_stream = new FileInputStream("C:\Users\adutta\anu_test.txt"); inpt_smpl = new BufferedInputStream(sample_input_stream); inpt_smpl.skip(3); char p = (char)inpt_smpl.read(); System.out.print(" " + p); } } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if(sample_input_stream!=null) sample_input_stream.close(); if(inpt_smpl!=null) inpt_smpl.close(); } } }

Output:

Conclusion

Java BufferedInputStream is a class that comprises many constructors and methods that will be used for keeping some useful information without much data loss that too internally by just calling the required functions and methods at the time of execution and compilation, which will be used for retaining and modifying the values.

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This is a guide to Java BufferedInputStream. Here we discuss an introduction to Java BufferedInputStream with appropriate syntax and respective examples for better understanding. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –

How Does Pseudocode Algorithm Work?

Introduction to Pseudocode Algorithm

Pseudocode algorithm is used while programming or is associated with writing algorithms. Pseudocode is a method that helps the programmer to define an algorithm’s implementation. We can also say that pseudocode is a cooked-up representation of a basic algorithm. In pseudocode algorithms, the algorithms are represented using pseudo codes as it is easier for anyone to interpret the pseudo-codes even if they do not have any programming background or are used to a different programming language. As the name explains itself, pseudo-codes is a false code that can be understood by a layman with a basic knowledge of programming.

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How does Pseudocode Algorithm Work?

Writing an algorithm using pseudocodes is quite similar to writing in a coding language. Writing an algorithm is done on its own line in sequence. Generally, uppercase is used for writing the instructions and lowercase is used for writing the variables and the messages are written is sentence case. In pseudocode, the question is asked in INPUT and the message is printed by the OUTPUT.

Examples of Pseudocode Algorithm

Following are the examples as given below:

Example #1

In this example, we will check if the user has age below 50 years or more.

Step 1

Put the input value

The input is stored in the respective variable ‘age’

INPUT user inputs their age

STORE the user’s input in the age variable

Step 2

OUTPUT ‘My age is less than 50’

ELSE

OUTPUT ‘My age greater than 50’

OUTPUT ‘My age is:’ age

Actual Code:

print(“My age is :”, Age)

Output:

Example #2

Step 1

Put the input value

The input is stored in the respective variable ‘age’

INPUT user inputs their age

STORE the user’s input in the age variable

Step 2

Code:

OUTPUT ‘My age is:’ age

Code:

print(“My age is :”, Age)

Output:

Example #3

Step 1

Put the input value of Rahul’s age

The input is stored in the respective variable ‘Rahul’

INPUT user inputs their Rahul’s age

STORE the user’s input in the Rahul variable

Step 2

IF rahul< 50 THEN

OUTPUT ‘Rahul age is less than 50’

ELSE

OUTPUT ‘Rahul age greater than 50’

OUTPUT ‘Rahul age is:’ Rahul

Put the input value of Ankush’s age

The input is stored in the respective variable ‘Ankush’

INPUT user inputs their Ankush’s age

STORE the user’s input in the ankushvariable

Step 4

IF ankush<50 THEN

OUTPUT ‘Ankush age is less than 50’

ELSE

OUTPUT ‘Ankush age greater than 50’

OUTPUT ‘Ankush age is:’ Ankush

Step 5

Another condition is used here, where the values under the variables ‘Rahul’ and ‘Ankush’. If the condition fulfils then print the output statement otherwise print the else statement.

OUTPUT ‘Rahul is elder than Ankush’

ELSE

OUTPUT ‘Ankush is elder than Rahul’

Actual Code:

end

Output:

Example #4

Step 1

Put the input value of age

The input is stored in the respective variable ‘age’

INPUT user inputs their age

OUTPUT ‘Actually I am:’ age

Step 2

IF age == 60 THEN

OUTPUT ‘Got to know that, your age is 60’

Step 3

IF age==5 THEN

OUTPUT ‘Got to know that, your age is 5’

Step 4

ELSEIF age==0 THEN

OUTPUT ‘Got to know that, you are not born :P’

ELSE

OUTPUT ‘Sorry! I guess we are unable to determine your age’

OUTPUT ‘Told you man! my age is:’ age

Actual Code:

print(“Told you man! my age is: “, Age )

Output:

Advantages

Pseudo codes help the codes to majorly focus on the logic which is to be used in the program rather than the syntax of the programming language.

Pseudo codes are independent of any programming language which makes it easier to translate it into various languages.

The coders are given the liberty to express their logic in plain English language without any restraints of major syntaxes.

Writing actual codes become easier for the coder if they use pseudo-codes for writing the algorithm initially. As basic algorithms are not so concise and pseudo codes make the algorithm concise enough to make it more readable and easier for modification.

If we compare flow charts to pseudo-codes, flow charts are lengthier to write and difficult to represent. On the other hand, pseudo-codes are easier to write and programs can be easily translated. The coders just have to focus on the meaning underlined. The major line of focus is to solve the problem with logic rather than being stuck at using the language perfectly.

Using pseudo-code words and phrases while writing an algorithm eases the process of translation of algos into actual programming codes.

Conclusion Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Pseudocode Algorithm. Here we also discuss the definition and how the pseudocode algorithm works along with different examples and its code implementation. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

How Does Snapchat Ai Work?

What to know

Snapchat’s MyAI is powered by OpenAI’s GPT 3.5 large language model. 

Snapchat is one of the first clients of OpenAI’s enterprise offering – Foundry – which provides dedicated compute power to run its AI model.

Snapchat’s My AI is essentially the free version of ChatGPT with its own set of capabilities and limitations that come from being tied to a social media platform.

It’s the season of artificial intelligence, and everyone’s buying into the game. From Microsoft to Google, everyone wants a piece of the AI pie and Snapchat is one of the recent players to join the growing list of companies integrating AI into their platforms to one-up the competition. Its ‘My AI’ chatbot offering is the result of just such an endeavor. But how does Snapchat’s AI exactly work? Let’s find out.

Related: How to Turn On Snapchat My AI

What is Snapchat’s My AI?

My AI is Snapchat’s version of a GPT-powered chatbot, bringing all the capabilities of generative AI to its social media platform. As one would expect from generative AI, it can be used to strike up general conversations over topics of varied kinds. 

Snapchatters can get it to write poems on the fly, suggest AR filters for snaps, gifts to purchase, restaurants to visit, and a whole lot more. 

Once My AI is available to you on Snapchat, you will see it added to your list of friends and will sit at the very top of the ‘Chat’ screen for easy access.

You can talk to it like any other friend on your list, customize its name and avatar, send it snaps, add it to group chats, and do just about everything that you can with generative AI tools like ChatGPT. 

You can unpin My AI from your Chat screen if it’s not to your liking, or clear it from your chat feed. But it will continue to remain on your list of friends, even with a Snapchat+ subscription.

Snapchat hopes My AI will be the personal AI assistant that you can turn to on a regular basis. Going forward, it appears that users will have to make space for the My AI chatbot on Snapchat, whether they like it or not.

Related: Snapchat My AI Not Working: 8 Ways to Fix

How does Snapchat My AI work?

To understand how Snapchat’s My AI works, we’ll need to dive into the language models and architectures that it is based on.

Built on GPT architecture

Snapchat’s My AI is built off of OpenAI’s GPT technology. So, it is going to be very similar to ChatGPT. Being a client of OpenAI has allowed Snapchat (and others) to bring generative AI capabilities to its platform by essentially leveraging the power of the GPT LLM and the copious amounts of data that it’s been trained on. 

Snapchat is one of the first to use OpenAI’s GPT architectural model as part of the latter’s Foundry developer platform. This lets Snapchat use dedicated computational resources for its AI models so users can get quick, snappy responses from the My AI chatbot. Though the exact GPT version that Snapchat uses hasn’t been disclosed, the underlying architecture is likely a modified version of GPT 3.5. 

Related: 9 Funny Things to Say to Snapchat AI

What can Snapchat AI do?

Thanks to the aforementioned language model and GPT architecture, My AI can generate human-like messages and converse in natural languages. But being on Snapchat, it has a few social media tricks up its sleeve.  

My AI can recommend you AR filters and lenses to spruce up your snaps…

… provide recommendations for places to eat or things to do, play games with you, or just hang out and have a laugh. It can also be brought into your conversations with friends with the @myai command in group chats to answer your questions. 

Moreover, Snapchat is looking to add the ability for My AI to snap you back with completely AI-generated images which will make for some fun conversations with AI whenever it’s made available.

Sure, it can sometimes be a little biased in its responses and may hallucinate about factual information from time to time. But that isn’t news to anyone who’s ever used such generative AI tools before. ChatGPT still is grappling with that issue and people still use it anyway.  

Snapchat AI shortcomings

Given all its GPT-powered prowess, Snapchat’s My AI isn’t all like ChatGPT. It can’t write essays for you or help you with your math homework, or code. It also isn’t connected to the web like Microsoft Bing or Google Bard and can’t serve as your daily news update either.

Snappers should see My AI as the free version of ChatGPT with its own set of capabilities and limitations that come from being tied to a social media platform. 

Related: How to Break Snapchat AI

FAQ

Let’s take a look at a few commonly asked queries about Snapchat’s My AI chatbot.

How is AI used in Snapchat?

Snapchat’s My AI uses generative artificial intelligence models built by OpenAI. It is designed to serve you as a personal assistant with AI capabilities that can do just about everything that chatbots built on GPT architectures can do.  

Is Snapchat AI free?

Yes, Snapchat’s My AI comes free with the latest update. 

Is My AI on Snapchat safe?

Depending on who you ask, you may get a slightly different answer about Snapchat’s My AI’s safety. Some users have reported concern over its ability to access your location without permission, while many believe its content moderation is broken and might generate harmful responses. However, as My AI continues to develop, users can expect Snap to redress these issues.  

Snapchat is one of the first OpenAI clients to use ChatGPT-like language models and dedicated compute as part of the latter’s Foundry developer platform. My AI’s capabilities and the speed with which it responds are a direct result of that. With reliability and moderation being bettered over time, users may come to eventually use My AI as Snapchat intends. 

We hope this guide helped you understand how Snapchat’s My AI works behind the scenes and what you can do with it. Until next time! Keep snapping.

Related: 2 Ways to Turn Off Snapchat AI

How Does Javascript Grid Work And Examples

Introduction to JavaScript Grid

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others

Syntax:

The JavaScript grid layout have some more different syntax for each screens on the web page based on the user requirement it may vary.

—javascript functions and logic codes—

The above code is one of the basic syntax for grid layout columns and rows used in the html with JavaScript functions.

How does JavaScript Grid work?

When we have a grid layout in the web page it will work with the different functionality based on the customized views. The grid contains rows and columns for each multiple columns. They have separate layouts in generally is not acceptable for mobile devices because mobile screen have narrow screen widths but some times we may have need to place or enter the small values with side by side in the web page applications in mobile views it may vary upon the mobile screens but the scenario is we have place the values like using navigation or buttons or some other ui tag elements.

The grid layout is not only used for JavaScript it is used for some other JavaScript libraries like jquery, Angular frameworks etc. In JavaScript Masonry is one of the JavaScript grid layout library we can access all the datas and display with the table format using this library grid is an intersect and set of horizontal and vertical lines one is set for defining columns and the other lines contains rows elements and values are placed onto the grid within these rows and columns lines for each layout. We can also use the grid tracks for rows and columns on our grid with the grid-template-rows and grid-template-columns properties these are called and defined as grid tracks. A grid track is one of the concept for space between the two lines on the grid.

The JavaScript grid system with multiple ways to layout the html contents with equal width, specific width, dynamic and self adjusting rows and columns. We can use Plain JS API for used everywhere in the web pages. If we use system with some multiple ways for horizontally aligned contents and push to start, middle and end or justify around/in-between Plain JS api for used every where in the horizontal grid layout. We can use another type of grid layouts called Offsetting columns. Grid layout will used for pushing content with column offsets adjusted with the left margin with as much as needed for offsetting columns plain jsapi for used everywhere in the offsetting columns in JavaScript grid layouts.

Examples

Given below are the examples mentioned:

Example #1

Code:

*{ box-sizing: border-box; } body{ font-family: Times New Roman; } .first { background: green; max-width: 203px; } .second{ content: ”; display: block; clear: both; } .third { width: 161px; height: 122px; float: right; background: red; border: 3px solid #444; border-color: hsla(0, 1%, 2%, 0.3s); border-radius: 3px; } .fourth { width: 323px; } .fifth{ width: 483px; } .sixth{ width: 6450px; } .seven { height: 202px; } .eight{ height: 263px; } .nine { height: 364px; } $(‘.first’).masonry({ itemSelector: ‘.third’, columnWidth: 163 });

Output:

Example #2

Code:

Output:

Example #3

Code:

var b = document.getElementsByTagName(“welcome”)[0]; var o     = document.createElement(“my”); var k = document.createElement(“domains”); for (var i = 0; i< 2; i++) { var r = document.createElement(“tablerow”); for (var j = 0; j < 2; j++) { var c = document.createElement(“tabledata”); var text = document.createTextNode(“row cells “+i+”, column cellss “+j); c.appendChild(text); r.appendChild(c); } k.appendChild(r); } o.appendChild(k); b.appendChild(o); o.setAttribute(“cells border”, “3”); functiondemo() { m = document.getElementsByTagName(“body”)[0]; n = m.getElementsByTagName(“tables”); p = n[1]; p.style.border = “12px”; }

Output:

Conclusion

The JavaScript application we have used so many features and libraries in the web pages like tables, grid layouts etc. It is used to show how to integrate the application with grid layouts and tables in easy manner and also we configured the JavaScript with grid techniques libraries.

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This is a guide to JavaScript Grid. Here we discuss how does JavaScript grid work? and examples respectively. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

How Does Rune Work In Go Language?

Introduction to Golang Rune

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others

Syntax

Below is a simple syntax for the where we show how we can create a run, so basically it is simply assigning the characters or punctuation to the run variable. We can explain the below syntax in the following steps .

First, we have taken a variable run, here you can give any name to this variable and assign them values.

Next, we get the Unicode of the run variable. Simply with the command reflect.Type(run).

Remember the reflect is the package which we need to import to see the Unicode value of the run, or of the characters.

Please see the below syntax for understanding.

run := symbol of punctuation reflect.TypeOf(run) How Does Rune Work in Go language?

So before understanding the working of the runs we need to understand why it is being introduced, actually there are many languages and punctuation’s so it plays a role of the intermediate which allow many languages to work and a unique code for every language so that it will be easily understandable in a common way for all other languages. We can discuss the working of the runs in the following steps.

When we write any string with more than one character it will not work with that, as it is made for single characters.

We can see an example of UTF-8 which encodes the all Unicode for 1 to 4 bytes and here out of the 4 bytes 1 byte will be used for the ASCII characters and remaining will be used for the runs.

We should be aware that every ASCII contains a total of 256 attributes. Out of these 256 characters, 128 characters are the numbers from 0-127 these are reserved for them.

We do not have to do anything to perform the runs it manages internally, which Unicode generation is there internally, if anyone wishes to see the Unicode for any characters they can see by using reflect package of the go language. Now to use the reflect package of the go language we need to import the reflect.

We will see that out of the reflect package that every character has a unique value and that unique value is Unicode, this code will be the same for all the languages so that everyone can use them without hesitation and thinking as an issue for the other people to use this in their languages.

Once we assign some value of character or punctuation to any variable there will be a Unicode for that will also be there and that uncode will be similar for other environments which gives flexibility.

Examples to Implement Golang Rune

In the below, we have given some of the examples for the string and numeric and symbols type characters and we were tried to print the value of them. In case if we want to execute these examples then we can create a file with the name of chúng tôi and copy and paste the examples of the below codes and run the command go run chúng tôi We can even create file any name according to our requirements.

Example #1

Below is an example where we are working with the runs generated with the character and we are printing the output of every character and their Unicode also. We are also printing the type of character.

Code:

package main import ( "fmt" "reflect" ) func main() { code1 := 'B' code2 := 'g' code3 :='a' fmt.Printf("The actual code is : %c; The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", code1, code1, reflect.TypeOf(code1)) fmt.Printf("nThe actual code is : %c; The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", code2, code2, reflect.TypeOf(code2)) fmt.Printf("nThe actual code is : The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", code3, reflect.TypeOf(code3)) }

Example #2

Below is an example where we are working with the runs generated with the numeric and we are printing the output of every numeric value and their Unicode also. We are also printing the type of numeric.

Code:

package main import ( "fmt" "reflect" ) func main() { r1:= '1' r2:= '2' r3:='3' fmt.Printf("The actual code is : %c; The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", r1, r1, reflect.TypeOf(r1)) fmt.Printf("nThe actual code is : %c; The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", r2, r2, reflect.TypeOf(r2)) fmt.Printf("nThe actual code is : The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", r3, reflect.TypeOf(r3)) }

Output:

Example #3

Code:

package main import ( "fmt" "reflect" ) func main() { r1:= '*' r2:= '#' r3:='&' fmt.Printf("The actual code is : %c; The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", r1, r1, reflect.TypeOf(r1)) fmt.Printf("nThe actual code is : %c; The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", r2, r2, reflect.TypeOf(r2)) fmt.Printf("nThe actual code is : The Unicode is: %U; Type: %s", r3, reflect.TypeOf(r3)) }

Output:

Conclusion

From this tutorial, we learned the basic concept of the runs in the go language and we learned the working and its syntax. We also focus on some of its examples for understanding the runs for the character’s number and for the symbols.

Recommended Article

This is a guide to Golang Rune. Here we discuss the basic concept of the Golang Rune and its syntax along with the help of some useful examples and Code Implementation. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –

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