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Clean installing Windows 10 is a great idea to reformat your computer if you no longer need your previous files or want to sell it to someone else. You can also clean install your system if you encounter serious system issues or want to boost your computer’s performance.
Doing so is not that difficult and there are only a few things you need to care about during the process. In this article, we discuss all these matters and provide you with a detailed guide to clean install Windows 10 on your PC.
There are a few things you need to keep in mind before performing a clean install of Windows 10, which include:
It’s better to disable Secure Boot and Fast Boot in your BIOS/UEFI during the process as some motherboards don’t allow you to boot using an installation media if these options are On.
You need to disconnect the internet (through Ethernet) while undergoing the setup process if you want to create a local account. If the computer has internet access, it will force you to create or use a Microsoft account.
Clean installing Windows 10 will delete all the data in all of your partitions, so make sure to backup any necessary files or folders.
Now, you can follow the step-by-step guide below to perform a clean install of Windows 10.
The first step is to create a Windows 10 installation media. You can either use a third-party app or use one of the following built-in methods to do so.Using Media Creation Tool
If you don’t have an ISO file for Windows 10, it’s better to use the Media Creation Tool to create its installation media. Here’s how you can do so:Using Diskpart
If you already have an ISO file for Windows 10, the easiest method to create the installation media is to use the Diskpart command line interface (CLI). Here’s what you need to do:
After creating the USB installation media, you need to configure your boot priority on BIOS/UEFI and boot using this media. Here’s what you need to do:
Now, follow the steps below to clean install Windows 10:
After the reboot, Windows will start the initial setup. Here, you can force shut down your PC by pressing the power button for a few seconds or following the steps below to avoid setting the initial preferences if you want another user to use this computer:
Press Shift + F10 to open the Command Prompt.
Enter C:WindowsSystem32shutdown -s -t 0 -f to force the shut down.
If you are setting up your PC for yourself, follow the instructions below instead:
After setting up Windows, there are a few things you need to do, such as installing Windows Updates and drivers. Here’s what you need to do:
Doing so may not install all your drivers. You need to go to the manufacturer’s website for your Processor and get to the Drivers and Support.
Then, if you use a dedicated GPU, you need to go to its official website and download the latest driver for the GPU.
Then, we recommend you optimize your PC for user experience and performance by following our guide on How to Optimize Windows.
You're reading How To Clean Install/Reinstall Windows 10
The best way to upgrade to Windows 10 22H2 is to perform a clean installation using a USB flash drive with a bootable media. Usually, you should perform an in-place upgrade using Windows Update, but changing the current installation can lead to problems and errors due to possible compatibility issues and custom configurations. A clean install of Windows 10 22H2 minimizes the risks because it deletes everything on the hard drive and sets up a fresh copy of the operating system.
If you have had the same installation for some time, starting from scratch may be the best option to improve performance, startup times, and memory usage, and it can help to resolve existing problems. However, reinstallation isn’t necessary on computer running versions 21H2, 21H1, 20H2, or 2004 since Windows 10 22H2 is a minor update that applies just like those cumulative updates you receive every month.
You can use the Media Creation Tool, but you should only use it to upgrade from an older version (for example, November 2023 Update) or fix current setup problems.
In this guide, you will learn the steps to perform a clean install of Windows 10 22H2 using a bootable USB flash drive.
Important: These steps are meant to help you upgrade once the new version becomes available, not before. You have been warned.Clean install Windows 10 22H2 from USB
Before beginning, you need to create a USB flash drive with the Media Creation Tool. You then have to start the computer with the bootable media to launch the Windows Setup wizard. Also, you have to make sure the device can boot from USB, which means that you may need to adjust the BIOS or UEFI settings. However, since most devices have different settings, you must check your manufacturer support website for more specific details.
To perform a clean installation of Windows 10 22H2, use these steps:
Press any key to continue.
Select the edition of “Windows 10” that your license key activates (if applicable).
Check the “I accept the license terms” option.
Warning: When you delete a partition, it also deletes all data on the storage. Also, it is not required to delete the partitions from a secondary hard drive.
Select the hard drive (Drive 0 Unallocated Space) to install Windows 10.
Select your region setting after the installation on the first page of the out-of-the-box experience (OOBE).
Select your keyboard layout setting.
The computer will automatically connect to the network if it uses an Ethernet connection. If you have a wireless connection, you will need to set up the connection manually (a security key may be required).
Select the “Set up for personal use” option on Windows 10 Pro. The “Home” edition does not have this option.
Confirm your Microsoft account email, phone number, or Skype identification to create an account.
Confirm your Microsoft account password.
Create a new PIN password.
Confirm your privacy settings that best suit your needs by turning on or off the toggle switch for each setting.
(Optional) On the “Customize your device” page, select one or more ways you plan to use the device to allow the setup to suggest tools and services customization during this experience.
Once you complete the steps, a clean install of Windows 10 22H2 will be performed on the computer.
For additional assistance, check this guide that includes every step to prepare, create a backup, and start with a new installation of Windows 10.
How to Reinstall Bluetooth Driver on Windows 11 Reinstall the Bluetooth driver by following these proper steps
To troubleshoot any problem or for any other reasons, you may need to reinstall Windows 11 Bluetooth driver.
Usually, uninstalling this driver from Device Manager and a simple restart should do the job.
However, you also may need to install this device manually, as mentioned in this article.
INSTALL BY CLICKING THE DOWNLOAD FILE
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Download Outbyte Driver Updater.
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If you need to reinstall the Bluetooth driver on Windows 11 for any reason, you can follow this article for the proper steps.
Usually, Bluetooth devices work without requiring you to install a driver, as the driver is built-in on Windows. However, for better performance, you may need to install the latest driver. Similarly, you also may need to reinstall the existing driver. So, this article will show you how to do it in the proper way.Why should I reinstall a Bluetooth driver on Windows 11?
In very specific cases, you may need to reinstall a Bluetooth driver. These are:
Troubleshooting: To troubleshoot a Bluetooth device or your computer’s BT connectivity issue, a clean reinstallation of this driver is necessary.
To update: In some specific cases, you may need to re-install a Bluetooth driver with the latest version.
Rollback: If you cannot roll back to a previous version automatically, re-installing with an older version comes in handy.Why has my Bluetooth disappeared from Windows?
If you notice that the Bluetooth icon or option has simply disappeared, it means there is something wrong. It can be with your Bluetooth adapter or the driver. In most cases, updating or re-installation of the driver should fix the issue. Otherwise, changing the BT adapter is the only option.How can I reinstall a Bluetooth driver on Windows 11?
Reinstalling a BT driver is a very simple process. However, we suggest you do the following things at first to avoid any unwanted difficulties:
Update Windows to the latest version.
If you use an external dongle, make sure it is connected to your PC. If necessary, learn about the best Bluetooth adapters for Windows 11.
Make sure that you have a stable internet connection to download the driver.
Disconnect any Bluetooth devices to avoid any possible problems.
After doing the above things, follow these steps to re-install a Bluetooth driver on Windows 11.1. Uninstall the Bluetooth driver
Expert tip:2. Install it again
After uninstalling, a simple restart can automatically install the BT driver again. If not, you can update Windows. It should automatically install the driver. However, it only happens in some cases. So, you should follow the methods mentioned below.2.1 Use Device Manager
If you want the latest driver, you should choose the automatic method. If the latest driver has some issues, download or collect the older version of the driver manually and choose that file from the device manager to install.2.2 From the manufacturer’s website
Go to your motherboard or Bluetooth manufacturer’s website.
Find and go to its download center.
Look for the Bluetooth driver and download it.
Install it on your PC.
In fact, we recommend you use Outbyte Driver Updater to update or install any drivers on Windows 11 and 10. It is because this tool can download the latest drivers when the Device Manager often fails to detect the latest one.
Else, this driver updater can scan and update any outdated drivers automatically according to your own schedule.
If you are interested, learn how to solve Bluetooth not detecting devices on Windows.
Still experiencing troubles? Fix them with this tool:
Some driver-related issues can be solved faster by using a tailored driver solution. If you’re still having problems with your drivers, simply install OutByte Driver Updater and get it up and running immediately. Thus, let it update all drivers and fix other PC issues in no time!
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Though you can protect the USB-C ports on many devices with the right case, a plug, or even just a piece of tape, you’ll inevitably have to clean a port out at some point. It’s easy for debris to get trapped in such a small space, especially when it’s part of a phone in a lint-filled pocket. Here’s how to clean any USB-C port in a minute or two — and what to avoid in the process.
Blow air into the port to clear out loose debris. You’ll probably want to use a can of compressed air.
If you still suspect there’s debris, find a toothpick or similar object small enough to get into the port that isn’t metal, sharp, or fuzzy.
Insert the cleaning tool from step 2, gently working around the sides. Try to avoid the USB connector prong.
Use another blast of air to force out loosened debris.
JUMP TO KEY SECTIONS
How to clean a USB-C port
What you should avoid when cleaning your USB-C port
How to clean a USB-C port
Kris Carlon / Android Authority
The main principle here is to be careful. We’ll go into that more in the next section, but if you damage the electronics in a USB-C port, the connection might stop working. You might even short out the device as a whole, though that’s unlikely.
Follow this checklist:
First, blow air into the port to clear out loose debris. If you’re lucky this may be the only step involved, but you will probably want a can of compressed air. Aim the included nozzle straw directly into the port and use one-second bursts. Be sure to hold the can itself perfectly vertical, however, since angling it can potentially spray liquids.
If you still suspect there’s debris in the port, find a toothpick, a disposable dental pick, or a similar object small enough to get into the port that isn’t metal, sharp, or fuzzy. In the case of a wooden toothpick, you may need to file it down for size reasons.
Insert the cleaning tool from step 2, gently working around the sides to scrape out material. Try to avoid the actual USB connector prong at the back.
Use another blast of air to force out any newly-loosened debris.
If there’s still material in the port, repeat steps 2 through 4.What you should avoid when cleaning your USB-C port
At least some of these points may seem obvious, but keep them in mind.
Avoid jamming anything straight back into the port. That’s where the connector prong is located, and doing so could bend the prong or scratch power/data contacts.
Don’t use a cotton swab/Q-Tip. It’s probably too big for a USB-C port anyway, but the bigger threat is that you’ll leave cotton behind, swapping one kind of debris for another.
Don’t use metal objects. These are more likely to damage electronics, and in a worst-case scenario, could actually cause a short and wreck the entire device.
Likewise, avoid sharp objects.
Avoid getting liquids into the port, whether from a compressed air can or something else. If this does happen, make sure the device is powered down and allowed to dry. You can use cool air to speed things up, but not a hot-air dryer.
If you’re interested in installing Windows 10 on your Mac’s internal drive, you can easily do so by means of Microsoft’s Windows 10 ISO download and the macOS Boot Camp Assistant. The installation can be a little time consuming, but it is by no means difficult. Check out our full video walkthrough inside for the details.
Note: Before you do anything, back up your Mac. This is always a good idea anytime you’re modifying the partition table.Macs that support Windows 10
For more details, visit Apple’s Boot Camp support page for Windows 10.
MacBook Pro (15-inch, Late 2023)
MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2023, Four Thunderbolt 3 Ports)
MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2023, Two Thunderbolt 3 Ports)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Mid 2023)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 13-inch, Early 2023)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Mid 2014)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 13-inch, Mid 2014)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Late 2013)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 13-inch, Late 2013)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Early 2013)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 13-inch, Early 2013)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 13-inch, Late 2012)
MacBook Pro (Retina, Mid 2012)
MacBook Pro (13-inch, Mid 2012)
MacBook Pro (15-inch, Mid 2012)
MacBook Air (13-inch, Early 2023)
MacBook Air (11-inch, Early 2023)
MacBook Air (13-inch, Early 2014)
MacBook Air (11-inch, Early 2014)
MacBook Air (13-inch, Mid 2013)
MacBook Air (11-inch, Mid 2013)
MacBook Air (13-inch, Mid 2012)
MacBook Air (11-inch, Mid 2012)
MacBook (Retina, 12-inch, Early 2023)
MacBook (Retina, 12-inch, Early 2023)
iMac (Retina 5K, 27-inch, Late 2023)
iMac (Retina 4K, 21.5-inch, Late 2023)
iMac (21.5-inch, Late 2023)
iMac (Retina 5k, 27-inch, Mid 2023)
iMac (Retina 5K, 27-inch, Late 2014)
iMac (21.5-inch, Mid 2014)
iMac (27-inch, Late 2013)
iMac (21.5-inch, Late 2013)
iMac (27-inch, Late 2012)
iMac (21.5-inch, Late 2012)
Mac mini (Late 2014)
Mac mini Server (Late 2012)
Mac mini (Late 2012)
Mac Pro (Late 2013)Download the Windows 10 ISO Run Boot Camp Assistant Video walkthrough
Subscribe to 9to5Mac on YouTube for more video walkthroughs
Step 4: Adjust the Boot Camp partition size by moving the Windows partition to the desired amount of space. You’ll want to leave enough room for your macOS installation, but you’ll also want to allocate enough storage space for the Windows 10 partition. A lot will depend on how much space you have, and how you plan on utilizing the Windows 10 installation. If you plan on installing a large amount of Windows 10 applications and games, then you’ll need to take that into consideration.Install Windows 10
Step 10: The installation process will now commence. Windows Setup will copy needed files, and install features and updates. The installation process should only take a few minutes. Once it’s complete, your Mac will automatically reboot after 10 seconds.Apple Software Update
Note: This next step is very important, because it updates to the latest sound driver. The initial driver is known to cause speaker problems, so it’s important that you update.Activate Windows or join the Windows Insider Program
You have two (actually three) choices from here. You can purchase a Windows 10 Activation key and activate Windows, or you can sign up to the Windows Insider Program. The downside of joining the Windows Insider program is that you’ll be running prerelease versions of Windows 10, which could possibly come with stability issues. Activating the Windows Insider Program on your installation also means that you’re willing to deliver usage data to Microsoft and its partners. The upside of the Windows Insider Program is that it provides you with a genuine activation without having to pay out of pocket.
The “third” choice is to not Activate Windows at all, but that’s not a choice I recommended. You can still use Windows 10 even if it’s not activated, but Microsoft will bug you with a watermark, and restrict the amount of personalization that you can make to the OS. So the moral to the story is this: Activate it, by paying or joining Windows Insider Program, if you use it.Rebooting into macOS or Windows
You can easily switch between macOS or Windows by holding the Option key on your keyboard while rebooting. When you do, you’ll be able to select between the Windows and macOS installations.Conclusion
That may seem like a lot of steps, but it doesn’t take all that long to install Windows 10 on your Mac. I generally find that I can be fully up and running from the initial download in about half-hour. Your mileage may vary based on Internet speeds.
Gaming with the 2023 MacBook Pro using Windows 10 and an Nvidia GPUInstall Windows 10 using Boot Camp with an external drive
I’ve received tons of requests about installing Windows 10 on an external drive using Boot Camp, so we made another tutorial to explain how. You can watch the corresponding video below.
FTC: We use income earning auto affiliate links. More.
One of the most frustrating experiences when using Windows is that it runs like a tortoise during the startup. Some of the programs installed in the computer, such as anti-malware, productivity and third-party apps and other system services, run automatically during the process, which can bog down our CPU and memory. This guide shows how to clean up your Windows Startup programs so that it can run fast on startup.
Tip: check out this list of programs that you should remove from your startup list.1. Spring-Cleaning the Startup Folder
Windows apps often automatically start during system boot-up, and some even add themselves to the Startup folder. It’s recommended to check this folder for any unwanted apps.
To disable these apps that start automatically with Windows, remove their shortcuts from the Startup folder:
Open the “Start menu,” type “Run” in the search bar, then select the top result to launch the app.
In the “Run” app, type the command shell:startup and press “OK.”
Select the apps you want to disable and press Delete on your keyboard.
This tweak deletes the shortcut but not the program itself. Restart the system and see how the PC responds.2. Halt Them Using Task Manager
If you want to control which programs run when your computer starts up, use the Task Manager by following these steps:
Repeat the last step for any other apps that are causing performance issues during startup.
Once you have completed these steps, the selected programs will no longer launch automatically when you start your computer.
It’s best to disable one at a time to avoid system problems and restart it each time you disable one. If you’re unsure of the program or service’s function during the startup, select “Search online.”3. Using the Windows Settings
You can also manage your startup apps in Windows 11 by accessing the startup manager through the Settings app. Follow these steps to disable startup apps in Windows 11 using the Settings app:
To disable an app, toggle the switch next to it. You can also check the “Status impact” to see how each app affects your system’s performance when disabled.
By following these steps, you can stop unwanted apps from launching in Windows at startup, and this can help speed up your device’s boot time.4. Modify Registry
Once you’ve deleted the shortcuts in the Startup folder and tweaked the Task Manager’s Startup tab, you can apply another hack to halt the programs and services using the Registry Editor.
Note: you may want to back up your registry before you proceed.
If you want to disable programs at Startup from the Registry Editor, follow the instructions below:
Navigate to the path below:HKEY_CURRENT_USER_SoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRun
If you have several accounts in your system, go to the following path and apply the same process when deleting the programs.5. Modify Services
Another way to halt the programs and services on startup is to run the “Services Computer Management Console” snap-in. It provides all the descriptions of services you wish to disable and allows you to pause or test a particular service to check the computer’s performance when you halt it. To run this tweak, follow the steps below:
Go to the “Start menu,” type “services,” and select it.6. Using the System Configuration
If your computer is still slow after disabling startup programs, you may need to disable some startup services that run in the background. To do this, follow these steps:
Open the “Run” prompt by pressing Windows + R.
Type msconfig and hit “OK.”
Restart your PC to apply the changes.7. Activate Fast Startup
Another way to increase the startup time is to activate the Fast Startup mode. Follow the steps below to enable Fast Startup on your computer:
Under “Power Options,” tap “Choose what the power button does.”
Under the “Shutdown settings” section, check “Turn on fast startup.”Frequently Asked Questions Is it safe to disable all Startup programs on Windows 11?
It is not recommended to disable all startup programs, as some of them are necessary for the proper functioning of your system. You should only disable the programs that you don’t need or that are causing performance issues.What should I do if disabling Startup apps doesn’t speed up my Windows 11 computer?
If disabling startup apps doesn’t improve performance, you can try disabling startup services or tweaking other system settings. You may also want to consider performing a system cleanup or upgrading your hardware.
As a technophile, Farhad has spent the last decade getting hands-on experience with a variety of electronic devices, including smartphones, laptops, accessories, wearables, printers, and so on. When he isn’t writing, you can bet he’s devouring information on products making their market foray, demonstrating his unquenchable thirst for technology.
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