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Do you have some RAR files that you want to convert into ZIP files? Learn how to convert RAR file to ZIP.

Both RAR and ZIP files are popular file formats that allow you to store files in a compressed manner. Hence, the files take less space and can be transferred swiftly if needed.

When you have some RAR files that are already compressed, you might still want to convert them into ZIP files due to various reasons. Read this article to know how to convert a RAR file to ZIP. But first, let’s go through a brief discussion on RAR and ZIP files.

What Is a RAR File?

Just like the ZIP file, the RAR file is also a compressed archive file format. It can also store one or more files in a compressed format. RAR files were invented by Eugene Roshal in the 1990s.

While RAR files can compress large files and folders, the resultant files they create are smaller than ZIP files. Hence, you can enjoy faster file transfers and reduced storage space. To create and open RAR files, you can use software programs like WinRAR, 7-Zip, and WinZip.

RAR files support password protection and can split large archives into multiple volumes. These features often make RAR a popular choice for archiving and transferring large files.

What Is a ZIP File?

A ZIP file is a popular file format that can compress files before archiving them. You can turn any file (one or more) into one smaller file through zipping. ZIP files were invented by Phil Katz that became popular because of reduced file size and its ability to get transferred easily through the internet.

Even when it compresses large files to a smaller size, there is no change in data quality or integrity. If you have a ZIP file, you can extract its items using various programs and tools like the built-in Windows tool for compressed folders, WinZip, 7-Zip, and WinRAR.

How RAR Files and ZIP Files Differ From Each Other

The main difference between RAR and ZIP file formats is the compression algorithm they use. RAR files use a proprietary compression algorithm developed by RARLAB. People usually consider this to be more efficient than the ZIP file’s compression algorithm. It’s also the reason RAR files can often have higher compression ratios than ZIP files and deliver files of smaller sizes.

Features RAR File ZIP File

Compression Algorithm Uses proprietary RAR algorithm, often more efficient than ZIP algorithm Uses a standard ZIP compression algorithm

Compression Ratio higher compression ratio than ZIP files Lower compression ratio than RAR files

License Need proprietary software with a limited free trial Can be created and extracted with free, open-source software

Popularity Less popular than ZIP files Widely popular and supported

Ease of Use Creation and extraction require specialized software Built-in support in most operating systems

Password Protection Supports strong password protection Password protection feature is available

Error Recovery Supports error recovery, can repair damaged archives Has no built-in error recovery feature

Top Reasons to Convert RAR File to ZIP Format

ZIP files are more widely supported than RAR files. So, some operating systems or applications may not be able to open or extract RAR files. By converting RAR files to ZIP file, users can easily open and extract them.

While sharing a file, it is more convenient to use a file format that is more commonly used and supported. If you convert a RAR file to a ZIP file, others can easily access and use the file.

How to Convert RAR File to ZIP Convert RAR to ZIP Using WinRAR

Make sure to install the WinRAR application on your computer.

Select Show more options.

Hover over WinRAR option and select Extract to “filename/” from the context menu.

The files will be extracted as a regular folder.

Select Add to archive… option.

Under the General tab, select the ZIP button and enable other settings of your choice.

Convert RAR to ZIP Using 7-Zip

You can also use the 7-Zip software to convert RAR files to ZIP files. This tool also has to be downloaded and installed on your computer before performing these steps:

Select the RAR file that you have to convert to a ZIP file.

Hover over 7-Zip and select Extract to “filename/”.

Now select the extracted folder and select Show more options.

Hover over 7-Zip and select Add to archive option.

In Add to Archive window, select zip from Archive format drop-down menu.

That’s it. You can easily convert RAR to ZIP format.


If you’re about to share a RAR file, the recipient might have trouble opening it without the proprietary software. For this reason, it’s better to convert RAR to ZIP format. In this article, I’ve discussed the difference between these two file formats, along with some techniques to convert RAR file to ZIP.

Up next, how to zip files on Android.

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How To Batch Convert Ebooks In Windows 11/10

Want to batch convert eBooks on your Windows 11/10 PC? This article will help you to convert multiple eBooks from one format to another simultaneously. If you have a lot of eBooks and you want to convert them all, the batch conversion function will help you. It helps in saving time as well as effort. Now the question is how you can perform batch eBook conversion on your PC? Well, this post will answer your question.

Here, we are going to discuss two different methods to batch convert eBooks. You can convert several eBooks formats using the listed methods including EPUB, PDF, MOBI, LIT, FB2, PDB, LRF, PDB, AZW3, and many more. Let us find out the batch eBook conversion methods now.

How do I bulk convert Epub to Mobi?

You can bulk convert EPUB to MOBI using a free tool. There are many free desktop software that enables you to batch convert EPUB to MOBI. You can try calibre or Hamster eBook Converter to perform batch EPUB to MOBI conversion. Or, you can try a free online service like chúng tôi to batch convert EPUB to MOBI.

How to Batch Convert eBooks in Windows 11/10

You can use the following methods to batch convert eBooks on your Windows 11/10 PC:

Batch convert eBooks using free desktop software.

Batch convert eBooks online using a free web service.

Let us elaborate on the above methods now!

1] Batch convert eBooks using a free desktop software

There are several eBook converter software that enable you to convert multiple eBooks at once. If you want to use a free one, here are some options that you can try:


Hamster eBook Converter

Soft4Boost Document Converter

1] calibre

calibre is a free and open-source eBook management software for Windows 11/10 and other operating systems. Using it, you can batch convert eBooks of a variety of formats. It supports a wide number of input and output eBook formats that include EPUB, AZW3, PDF, MOBI, FB2, DOCX, LIT, LRF, RTF, TXT, TCR, HTMLZ, PDB, and more. Let us check out how you can perform batch eBook conversion in this freeware.

How to batch convert eBooks in Windows 11/10 using calibre

Here are the main steps to convert multiple eBooks at a time using calibre:

Download and install calibre.

Launch calibre.

Import the source eBook files.

Select output eBook format.

Press the Ok button to start bulk eBook conversion.

Let us discuss the above steps in detail.

Firstly, you need to download and install this handy eBook manager software. And then, launch the application to start using it.

You can also set up various parameters like fonts, page setup, layout, appearance, table of content, book cover, metadata, etc.

Finally, press the OK button and it will start batch converting your eBooks to the selected output format.

Calibre is a great tool to manage your eBooks, view eBooks, download eBooks, as well as convert your eBooks. You can find a lot of handy tools in it.

Read: How to convert LIT to EPUB or MOBI in Windows?

2] Hamster eBook Converter

You can also try Hamster eBook Converter to batch convert eBooks. As its name suggests, it is a dedicated free eBook converter that offers support to a good number of eBook formats. Some of the output eBook formats to which you can batch convert eBooks include EPUB, MOBI, LIT, LRF, FB2, PDF, PDB, PRC, TXTZ, and more. You can also convert eBooks to device compatible formats, such as Microsoft, Blackberry, Apple iPad, ASUS, Amazon Kindle, CrossElec, boeye, PAGEone, WexLer, Sony PRS-300, etc.

Here are the main steps to bulk convert eBook in Hamster eBook Converter:

Download and install Hamster eBook Converter.

Launch the software.

Select the output eBook format.

Press the Convert button.

Firstly, download and install this handy batch eBook converter. You can download it from here. After that, launch the software to use it.

Next, select the output eBook format; you can select a standard file format or device-compatible eBook format and then hit the Convert button. It will ask you to provide an output location to save the resulting eBooks. Do that and it will batch convert eBooks.

See: Best free ePub to PDF converter tools for Windows PC

3] Soft4Boost Document Converter

Soft4Boost Document Converter is another software that lets you perform batch eBook conversion. It supports only a few standard eBook formats to convert your eBooks to, like EPUB, MOBI, PDF, DOC, DOCX, RTF, and FB2. However, you can import eBooks in any of these formats including EPUB, PDF, PRC, MOBI, AZW, FB2, and EPUB.

Here are the steps to perform batch eBook conversion using Soft4Boost Document Converter:

Download and install Soft4Boost Document Converter.

Launch the application.

Add eBook files to it.

Select output eBook format.

Hit the Convert Now button.

Simply download and install Soft4Boost Document Converter on your PC, and then start the software. Now, add the input eBook file using the dedicated option.

Next, from the Output Format panel present on the right-side, select an output eBook format.

Finally, provide the destination location and then tap on the Convert Now button to start bulk eBook conversion.

Want to use this free document converter to batch convert eBooks? You can get it here.

See: How to convert an eBook into an Audiobook in Windows

2] Batch convert eBooks online using a free web service

You can also use a free online service using which you can batch convert eBooks online. It is an easy and convenient way to perform bulk eBook conversion online in a web browser. There are several free web services to batch convert eBooks. Some of these are:


How to batch convert eBooks online:

You can follow the below steps to convert multiple ebooks at once online:

Firstly, open a web browser.

Now, navigate to the chúng tôi website.

Next, import your source eBooks to it.

After that, select the output eBook formats from MOBI, EPUB, FB2, PDF, DOCX, etc.

Then, set up the options like eBook reader, title, and author.

It also offers a handy Automatically start option that starts batch eBook conversion as soon as you import the source ebooks.

Read: How to convert PDF to MOBI on Windows 10

2] ToePub

ToePub is another free web service that can batch convert eBooks directly in a web browser. You can convert eBooks of EPUB, PDF, Kindle MOBI, AZW3, FB2, and more file formats. Let us have a look at the steps to use it:

Firstly, launch a web browser.

Now, navigate to ToePub’s website.

Next, select the output format from available ones like MOBI, EPUB, AZW3, FB2, LIT, and LRF.

After that, import the source eBooks files and it will batch convert eBooks.

Finally, you can download individual output eBooks or the ZIP file containing all your resulting eBooks.

See: Best free DRM removal software for eBooks for Windows PC

After that, you can select the target ebook reader and configure options like ebook title, ebook author, version, base font size, add a border, etc. Finally, press the Start Conversion button to start the batch eBook conversion.

After the conversion ends, you will be able to download the resulting files from its server.

Read: Edit EPUB Formatted eBooks with Sigil EPUB ebook Editor

What is the best eBook converter?

In my opinion, caliber is the best eBook converter as it supports batch eBook conversion. Besides that, it also supports a variety of eBook formats and offers various additional eBook utility tools. Besides that, if you need to optimize your eBooks for specific eBook devices, you can try Hamster eBook Converter.

That’s it!

Related read: 10 best free ePub Readers for Windows PC.

How To Show File Extensions In Windows 11/10

File Extension is that which identifies the file type. If you are a regular Windows user, then it is not at all a problem to identify the file type. For it is very important to see file extension to identify the type of file you are trying to open from a security point of view. So in this post, we will see how to hide or show File Extensions in Windows 11/10/8/7 and why you should show them.

What are File Extensions & how are they useful

Different file types have different extensions. Audio files have .mp3, .wav, .wma, and more based on the program used to open that file. File extensions also help the operating system to identify the corresponding program to open that particular file. So, you should be able to see file extensions to be at the safer side, and we will let you know how to enable options to see file extensions in Windows.

As mentioned earlier, by default Windows does not show file extensions and they are hidden. But, you can toggle the option to see them.

Show File Extensions in Windows 11/10

There are five ways how you can go about accessing this setting:

Through the File Explorer Options

Through Windows Explorer Ribbon

Using the Registry

Using Command Prompt

Using Group Policy Editor.

To Show File Extensions in Windows 11/10 via File Explorer Options, follow these steps:

Select the View tab.

In this tab, under Advanced Settings, you will see the option Hide extensions for known file types.

Uncheck this option

Windows 11/10 users may also search for File Explorer Options in Start search box and open this box.

Now, you can see file extensions for all files anywhere on your Windows system.

In Windows 11/10/8.1 Explorer, you can access File Explorer Options via Explorer.

Once here, you can do the needful as explained above.

These are very simple steps to follow, and you do not need any third-party software to view file extensions. Windows provides us with everything which can be easily achieved, and the point lies in knowing and implementing them. This is the first way to see file extensions in Windows 7.

2] Via Windows File Explorer

To show File name extensions in Windows 11:

Open Explorer

Select File name extensions.

Simply select the File name extensions checkbox, and you are all set.

3] Using the Registry Editor

Hit the WINKEY + R button combination to launch the Run utility, type in regedit and hit Enter. Once Registry Editor opens, navigate to the following key-


A value of 0 will hide the file extensions.

Exit the Registry Editor and then reboot your computer for the changes to take effect.

4] Use Windows Command Prompt

This fix can be used in both the scenarios mentioned above. Insert a bootable drive of Windows 11/10 installer.

Start by hitting the WINKEY + X combinations and select Command Prompt (Admin) to launch Command Prompt with Administrator Privileges.

Navigate to the root location of that bootable device inside the Command Prompt command line. Once you get there, type in the following to show the file extensions-

reg add HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionExplorerAdvanced /v HideFileExt /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f

And then hit Enter.

You can also enter the following command to hide the file extensions,

reg add HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionExplorerAdvanced /v HideFileExt /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f 5] Using Group Policy Editor

You can also use the Group Policy Editor and change the setting here:

Set “Show hidden files and folders” and uncheck “Hide extensions for known file types”.

Thus, you can set your Windows to show file extensions in Windows 11/10/8.

Read: How to create a file without an Extension in Windows.

How do I show file type extensions in Windows 11/10?

Read: How to open a file with no extension in Windows.

How do I see all file extensions in Windows?

The process to see all file extensions in Windows 11/10 is the same as the above one. That said, you need to remove the tick from the Hide extensions for known file types checkbox in the Folder Options window.

How To Convert Youtube To Mp3 On Windows, Mac And Mobile

If you like playing some background music while working, exercising or studying, or you prefer to listen to a podcast while relaxing, YouTube offers lots of free, engaging content to keep you going. 

While you can technically download videos from YouTube and then use a tool to rip the audio files, it’s a time-consuming and tedious process. 

Table of Contents

Fortunately, there are many tools you can use to convert YouTube to MP3 that will save time and give you good quality audio. 

Is it Legal to Convert YouTube Videos to MP3?

According to YouTube’s terms of service (TOS), you may access content for your information and personal use. However, when you want to download content, you can only do so if the video has a “download” link displayed for that content.

If they’re your personal videos or non-copyright videos, you can convert the videos to MP3 using a converter. Likewise, if the video has an official download link or it’s in the public domain, you’re free to download the video. 

Factors to Consider When Converting YouTube to MP3 

You can use a YouTube to MP3 converter to convert any YouTube video you want on your computer or mobile device. 

Before you convert a YouTube video to MP3, you should know that not all video conversion sites or tools are genuine. Some of them can be buggy or worse, and they may try to infect your device with malware, especially those that ask you to download files. 

Before using any such site or tool, make sure you have a strong antivirus that’s running the latest update and virus definitions. Plus, you should choose a tool based on its ability to preserve the audio quality, availability of various media formats, and fast download.

With these caveats in mind, let’s look at how you can convert your favorite YouTube videos into MP3 or audio files for use on different devices.

Convert YouTube to MP3 on Windows and Mac

There are lots of free and paid tools you can use to download and convert YouTube videos to MP3 format. 

If you want to convert a YouTube video on your Windows or Mac computer, you can use 4K Video Downloader, YouTube to MP3, or MediaHuman YouTube to MP3 converter. 

How to Convert YouTube to MP3 Using 4K Video Downloader 

Download, install and run 4K Video Downloader on your Windows PC or Mac. 

Copy a YouTube URL and then select the Paste link button to paste it into 4K Video Downloader. 

Select the audio format and quality you want for the audio file.

How to Convert YouTube to MP3 Using an Online Tool 

If you don’t want to install a program on your Windows computer or Mac, you can opt for an online conversion tool like YouTube to MP3. 

YouTube to MP3 is a popular site where you can paste the URL of the YouTube video you want to convert and then the program will convert it to your preferred format. 

Go to the YouTube to MP3 website, paste the YouTube video URL and select Go.

Select the drop-down menu and then choose the format for conversion, in this case it’s MP3 format. 

Next, select the compression level, which can be anything between 64 kbps to 320kbps.

Note: The lower the compression level, the poorer the audio quality. 

Select Convert. 

Next, select Download to save the audio file to your computer, scan a QR code or save to Dropbox. Once you save the file, you can open and play it in any music player.

Convert YouTube to MP3 Using MediaHuman YouTube to MP3 Converter

MediaHuman offers a YouTube to MP3 converter that you can use for free to convert your favorite YouTube videos to audios for easier and more convenient listening.

Install and run the MediaHuman YouTube to MP3 converter on your Windows PC or Mac computer and then copy and paste the YouTube URL into the program.

Select Start Download.

Note: If you have multiple videos you want to convert, you can add them to the converter and then download them in one batch.

The video will be converted and downloaded to your device. Select Locate Downloaded File to find the converted file and open File Explorer or Finder to play it.

How to Convert YouTube Videos to MP3 on Android and iOS Devices

If you want to download YouTube videos in MP3 format to your smartphone or tablet, you can use the web-based YouTube to MP3 converter for Android and iOS, TubeMate for Android, or Videosolo for iOS devices.

Copy and paste the YouTube URL to the YouTube to MP3 converter and select Go. 

Select the compression level between 64kbps and 320kbps (the higher the level, the better the quality).

Once the video is converted, you’ll get the option to Download, scan a QR code to download the audio file to your device, or save it to Dropbox.

How to Use TubeMate to Convert YouTube to MP3

It’s not easy to download YouTube videos with an Android app from Google Play Store because Google has placed restrictions on that. However, you can download TubeMate via APK files and convert your YouTube video to MP3 format. 

Download, install and open the TubeMate app on your Android device, and then search for a YouTube video.

Tap Download.

Select a format and audio quality, and then tap Download.

Tap the menu again to save the file to a new location or rename it. 

How to Convert YouTube to MP3 on iPhone 

Like Google, Apple also ensures the apps available in its app store are genuine so it’s a bit tricky to download and convert YouTube videos on your iPhone or iPad. You could jailbreak your phone to get more options, but it’s a riskier route that you shouldn’t take.

Download and go to Videosolo, paste the YouTube URL in the text box and tap Download.

Select the output format and quality options and then tap Download.

Get the Right YouTube to MP3 Converter Tools

How To Convert Old Movies To Digital Format

How to convert old movies to digital format




There are plenty of software and hardware tools that you can use to convert old movies to digital.

For example, with a good video editor from Adobe’s suite you will digitize your old videos in just a few minutes.

You can also try digitizing your old beloved VHS tapes with a great VHS-to-DVD software.

Check out this comprehensive guide for more solutions to convert

old movies to digital with ease.

Do you have some old recorded VHS movies gathering dust that need converting to digital DVD format? If that’s the case, there are three ways you can convert antiquated analog video movies to DVD.

First, note that old movies does not mean copyrighted films. It’s illegal to copy copyrighted VHS films to DVDs. However, it’s fine to convert your own recorded VHS movies to a digital format.

We have compiled a list of solutions for you to be able to convert old movies to digital format, so keep reading!

How can I convert old movies to digital format? 1. Use Adobe Premiere Pro

If you are wondering how to convert old movies to digital, then you should know already that Adobe Premiere Pro is an industry-leading timeline-based video editor and converter.

This amazing software can be used to do pretty much whatever you want with a video file. In the case at hand, the program can even be used for digitizing analog video.

More so, the program can be used to compile and edit videos from scratch, add special effects, filters, soundtracks, and more.

Adobe Premiere Pro

Your memories on the old tapes are now saved. Adobe Premiere Pro lets you convert old movies to digital in just a few steps, so try it out!

Free trialVisit website

How do I digitize analog video with Adobe Premiere Pro?

Connect the analog device’s video and audio outputs to the digital device’s analog inputs.

If the digital device is an external digitizer, deck, or camcorder:

Connect its FireWire or SDI port to PCs.

If the third-party digital device is a digitizer with device controls:

Connect its device control port with the same type of port on the analog device.

Turn on the analog source and the digitizing device.

If the digitizing device is a camcorder, set it to VTR, VCR, or Play mode.

Set the input selection control on the digitizing device to the proper analog input.

Now that you’ve connected the device properly, it is time to go to the actual conversion phase:

Start Adobe Premiere Pro.

When the Welcome screen appears, do one of the following:

To start a new project using a capture card:

Select the capture card’s preset from the Load Preset pane.

To open an existing project using a capture card:

Select an existing project that was set up with the capture card’s preset.

To start a new project using an external device, such as a camcorder or deck, to digitize:

Select a DV or HDV preset that matches your target television standard and format.

To open an existing project using an external device, such as a camcorder or deck, to digitize:

Select an existing project that was set up with the correct DV or HDV preset.

Now that you’ve set up Adobe Premiere Pro, it is time to choose what to do with the old video:

Go to File, and select Capture.

In the Capture panel, carefully check the settings on the Settings pane.

Do one of the following:

If the digital device offers no device control:

Cue up your source using the analog device’s own controls.

Press Play on the analog device.

If the digital device offers device control:

Capture or log footage using the Capture panel’s controls, as you would with a digital source.

2. Take the video to an alternative VHS-to-DVD conversion service

If you have just one or two VHS videos to convert to DVD, it’s probably better to take them to a VHS-to-DVD conversion service such as those provided by Walmart.

Walmart will convert a two-hour VHS video to DVD with chapter menus and music video highlights at a good price. You can find further details at this web page.

However, there are plenty of alternatives to Walmart, like Southtree or Costco.

As you’ll still need some extra software and hardware to convert an old movie yourself, the conversion services might be a better alternative.

3. Convert the VHS movie to disc with a VHS-DVD combo player

It might be more economical to convert lots of VHS videos (perhaps 10 or more) to disc yourself with a VHS-DVD combo player.

Expert tip:

Converting a VHS video to digital versatile disc is straightforward with a VHS-DVD combo player. Just insert the VHS cassette and a blank, rewritable DVD in the VHS-DVD player.

Then press the record button on the DVD side and the play button for the VHS video – or the combo player might have a direct dubbing option.

That’s all there is to it usually, but some VHS-DVD combo players might have more unique settings. So check the manual first before converting VHS to DVD.

4. Convert the old movie with a VHS to DVD software

VHS to DVD software that comes with a digital-to-analog converter is an alternative to VHS-DVD combo players.

That software enables you to convert VHS to digital format by connecting a desktop or laptop to your old VHS player with a digital-to-analog converter like the one shown directly below.

The best VHS to DVD programs will include a video editor, and options to burn the captured video to disc.

As such, you can enhance the footage with the software by removing some content from it and adding transitions and other effects.

Diamond One-Touch Video Capture VC500 for Windows and Mac is one of the best VHS and DVD programs for Windows, and it comes with software to burn videos to DVD.

This is how you can convert an old movie to digital format with this software:

First, connect your desktop or laptop to the VHS player with the digital-to-analog converter cables that came with the software.

Insert the USB end into the laptop’s or desktop’s USB slot, and the red, white and yellow RCA cables to the matching colored outputs on the VCR (videocassette recorder) player.

If your VHS video is dusty, dust it down, and insert the cassette in the VCR player.

Open your recording software in Windows and press its recording option.

Next, play the VHS tape on the VCR player.

When the video finishes, stop the recording software.

Then stop the video on the VCR. Now your old movie is a digital video!

Insert a blank, rewritable DVD in your laptop’s or desktop’s disc drive, and you’ll need an external DVD drive if it doesn’t have one.

You can add the captured video to the disc with the software’s DVD burner tool for imported files.

However, you could also use software such as Windows DVD Maker for adding the video to the disc.

So that’s how you can convert old movies to digital format for playback on DVD. When you’ve converted the videos, you can toss away those dusty VHS tapes that had piled up and watch the movies in digital format.

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How To Copy A File In Python: Shutil.copy()

To copy a file in Python, use the shutil module’s copyfile() function.

from shutil import copyfile copyfile(src, dst)

This piece of code copies the contents of the file src to a destination file dst.

Both src and dst are strings that represent the names of the files (or rather, paths to the files).

If a file dst does not exist, a new file is created. If it does, the file behind that path is overridden.

Real-Life Example of How to Copy a File with Python

To understand how to copy a file in Python, you need to see an example.

Let’s start with a setup like this, where you have two files chúng tôi and chúng tôi in the same folder on your computer:

The chúng tôi is a program that copies the file called chúng tôi to a new file called chúng tôi .

Because you are working in the same folder, you do not need to worry about the full paths of the files.

All you need is the names of the files.

Here is the code:

from shutil import copyfile src = 'Example1.txt' dst = 'Example2.txt' copyfile(src, dst)

After running this piece of code, you should see a file called chúng tôi appear in the same folder:

This is how easy it is to copy a file using Python.

How to Copy a File to Different Folder

More often than not your files are not going to be in the same folder.

If this is the case, accessing the files with their names is not possible.

If you want to copy a file from one folder to another, you need to specify the path of the source and the destination.

The path obviously depends entirely on your file setup.

Let’s see a simple and demonstrative example.

Let’s say you have a folder called Project. Inside this folder, you have three subfolders called Scripts, Images, and Favorites.

Inside the Scripts folder, you have a file called chúng tôi . This is a program file that copies an image called chúng tôi from Images to Favorites.

Here is an illustration of the folder structure:

Because the code file, the source file, and the destination all lie in different folders, you need to work with paths instead of file names.

Here is how the chúng tôi file looks in the Scripts folder

from shutil import copyfile src = '../Images/zebra.png' dst = '../Favorites/zebra.png' copyfile(src, dst)

Let’s examine the paths to understand how they work.

The ../ refers to the parent folder. In the case of the Scripts folder, this refers to the Project folder in which the Images and Favorites folders live.

The parent folder has to be specified because otherwise, the chúng tôi script would search inside the Scripts folder which has no other files except for the code file.

Inside the Project folder, accessing the subfolders Images and Favorites is trivial:

Images/zebra.png is the path to the image.

Favorites/zebra.png is the desired path to the copied file.


Today you learned how to copy a file in Python using the shutil module’s copyfile() function:

from shutil import copyfile copyfile(src, dst)


src is the path of the file to be copied as a string.

dst is the destination file’s path as a string.

In case the source file and the destination file lie in the same folder, it is enough to use the names of the files.

Thanks for reading. Happy coding!

Further Reading

How to Read a Text File in Python

Python Interview Questions

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