Trending November 2023 # How To Create A Homegroup In Windows 8 # Suggested December 2023 # Top 20 Popular

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The Homegroup feature had been around since Windows 7. It allows you to easily share files, folders and media with another Windows PC without having to go through complicated setup. In Windows 8, Homegroups are easy to create, even more so than they were in Windows 7. In this article, we will show you how to create homegroup in Windows 8.

How to create a Homegroup in Windows 8

From here, you can pick and choose the files, folders, and attached devices that you want to share. Choose wisely, make sure you are not granting additional permission than it is necessary.

If you have media devices hooked up over your network, they can also access shared content. This allows others to watch movies and play games over a Homegroup.

The last thing you want to do is make note of the Homegroup password. You’ll want to share this with other PCs in your network so they can join the Homegroup.

Changing a Homegroup’s settings

If you’re on the Windows 8 computer that created the Homegroup, you can change the password, too.

You have three types of profiles: Private, Guest or Public and All Networks. For security purposes, you should utilize each type of profile for different connections. This allows you to pick and choose what you share when connected to a Homegroup over a variety of network connections.

Joining a Homegroup in Windows 8

If you leave your Homegroup, you can rejoin at any time by heading back to the Homegroup settings.

Joining a Homegroup in Windows 7

You’ll need to choose what libraries and devices you’ll share with the Homegroup and enter the password.

It’ll take a few moments to connect. Once you’re connected, you’ll immediately be able to access what’s being shared by other computers on the Homegroup.

Troubleshooting issues connecting to a Homegroup

There’s been reports of issues connecting to a Homegroup created on Windows 8 when doing so from a Windows 7 PC.

One of the most common issues is that the original Homegroup password doesn’t work when trying to join the Homegroup.

You can counter this by manually changing the password for the Homegroup on the Windows 8 PC.

Another common issue is that a Windows 7 PC may not automatically detect the Homegroup.

If you don’t see the Homegroup on your Windows 7 PC, cycle your home network completely and restart your PC. This will refresh your Homegroups for the entire network and they will show up properly in Windows 7.


Homegroups can be a powerful way to connect Windows computers on a network. While most users never create a Homegroup, when set up and utilized frequently, Homegroups can be a quick and easy way to share files, folders and more.

Melissa Popp

Melissa Popp has been a freelance writer for over a decade. While she primarily has focused on writing about technology, she’s also written about everything from custom mailboxes to health care to just about anything in between. Melissa is the Content Strategist for chúng tôi the nation’s leading marketplace for trailers for sale, the Social Media Manager for the best roofing Denver company as well as a Writer here at MakeTechEasier. She’s a proud support of the Denver SEO community and a big fan of online radio.

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How To Create Hotspot In Windows 11

If you have a laptop computer, Windows 11 tablet, or desktop computer with a wireless WiFi adapter, you can set up a Hotspot on the device to share your internet connection with other devices via WiFi. This guide will show you how to quickly create a mobile hotspot in Windows 11.

In the past, hotspot is usually used on mobile devices to share their mobile data internet connection with other computers or devices via WiFi. In Windows 11, you can share your internet connection regardless of whether it’s from mobile data or from another WiFi network.

For example, if you have a laptop connected to a WiFi network that provides you internet connection, you can set up a hotspot on that laptop to share the internet connection to other devices through WiFi as well. In other words, you can connect to a WiFi network (which supplies you internet connection) and create a hotspot at the same time.

How to set up mobile hotspot in Windows 11

To create a hotspot on your Windows 11 computer or device, your device needs to have a wireless adapter. Most laptops have a built-in wireless adapter which allow you to connect to a WiFi network or create a hotspot. For desktop computer, however, you may need an external wireless adapter such as a USB WiFi dongle, in order to share your internet connection from a Ethernet or WiFi network through hotspot.

To turn on mobile hotspot in Windows 11, follow the steps below.

To configure the mobile hotspot properties such as the WiFi name and password that will be created, see below.

Configure hotspot network settings in Windows 11

From there, you can change the network name and password for the hotspot’s WiFi network.

The “Devices connected” will show you how many computers and devices are currently connected to the hotspot. Generally, hotspot created on a Windows 11 device allows up to 8 devices connected to the hotspot network at the same time.

The “Share my internet connection from” option will automatically select your default internet connection. However, if you have multiple sources of internet connections, for instance, mobile data, Ethernet and WiFi at the same time, you may want to select which internet connection you would like to share from for the hotspot. Note that if your device only has one source of internet connection, the option will be greyed out.

Optional – Power saving option for Mobile hotspot

When the power saving option is turned on, Windows 11 will always detect if there is any device connected to the mobile hotspot. When there is no device connected to the hotspot, Windows will automatically turn off the mobile hotspot to save power.

This option can come in handy when you are running a Windows 11 laptop or tablet on battery. However, after Windows turned off the mobile network, you will have to manually turn it back on again if you are to use the hotspot again.

If you don’t care about power consumption, you would want to turn off the power saving option to keep the mobile hotspot always on even when there is no device connected to it.

How To Create A Personal Brand In 2023

The secrets to personal branding success

Good branding can make or break your success: it stands for companies, and it stands for personal brands as well. Nowadays, personal branding is more important than ever, particularly if you are an entrepreneur or solopreneur, or if you work in a company. In this blog post, I want to show you the best way to start building up your personal brand in 2023.

Why personal branding?

Personal branding has become almost a necessity in recent years, especially for people in certain niches. The reason for that is other people that you come into contact with, particularly clients and employers will likely also check your online persona.

By building up your personal brand, you’ll be able to put your best foot forward online – which will also influence your success in the real world as well.

As an entrepreneur, there are even more benefits to creating a personal brand. People generally prefer the person behind the business to the actual business, as it’s something they can connect with. By building up your personal brand, you will be able to grow your business faster and find potential investors and clients more easily.

Now, let’s get into what you need to do in order to start your very own personal brand:

Be visible and be active

The first step towards building up your personal brand is that you need to be as visible as possible online:

Create a blog or a website where people can learn more about you

Join social profiles and be active

Join online communities and social groups where you interact with others

You don’t necessarily need to be on every major social network and start a blog. Rather, keep to what you know realistically you have the time to manage properly and stick with it.

Since you will need to be very active in order to be successful, and engage as much as possible with other people, it’s better to not stretch yourself too thin.

That said, if you’re not seen by people, you won’t be able to truly brand yourself. Find the perfect balance for yourself, so as to make sure that you are visible, but not on so many platforms that you don’t have the time to manage any of them properly.

Grow your social influence

Social media offers even the most regular of people a chance at growing their influence online. And an improved influence, means a better, stronger personal brand.

In order to grow your own social influence, you will need to be extra active online, and preferably, also have a blog which is updated regularly with new posts. Influencers can’t grow unless there is consistency.

Another important factor is engagement: just like with personal branding, if you want to grow your influence, you will need to engage with other users as much as possible. Ask and answer questions, join groups and engage there regularly to get your name seen by others, network online and at events, take part in Twitter Chats and so on. The more you engage with others, the better for your influence, and for your personal brand.

Know who you are and what makes you unique

Just like with regular brands, a personal brand needs to have a clear direction.

In order to be able to build your brand, you need to know who you are: what makes you, you? What qualities make you unique? What makes you stand out? And how can you use these for your personal brand.

This is not a question of hiding things about yourself, or changing your personality to fit the idea of the perfect personal brand. Rather, it’s about using your best qualities and always bringing your best foot forward when you’re presenting yourself to others, online and offline.

Consistency is also very important to your success – just like with regular brands. Before you start building your brand, be clear on who you are and what image you want to portray to others, and then stick to it.

Branding: it’s in the little things

With branding, it’s sometimes the little things that can make the biggest difference to your success.

For example, you could consider creating a logo for yourself. This is especially useful if you have a website or a blog. A logo can help you look more professional, as well as make your brand stand out. You can use a tool like Tailor Brands to quickly create yourself a custom logo.

Another thing that can make a big difference is including a professional signature to all of your emails.

Most email providers will let you create a signature, or if you want a more professional-looking signature and one that includes links to your social profiles, you can use a tool like WiseStamp to create it.

Live streaming

Live streaming continues to be huge this year on social media. Use this popular (relatively) new medium to grow your personal brand and reach more people.

As Facebook is pushing this feature, it’s much more likely that a live stream will pop up in people’s news feeds, rather than a regular update. It’s unclear how long this will last – but while it still is, make sure to profit from the increased reach that live streaming gives you. And, now that Twitter has also included this feature, you have even more options for platforms.

There are lots of ways that you can use live streaming, for example to perform a product tutorial for a product that your audience would be interested in, to live stream from an event, or to take an interview of an interesting person that your audience would love to hear from.

Engage with social influencers

Another way of building up your profile online is to create connections with social influencers. As they start mentioning you or your work, it can really help you build your profile, not to mention, you will also be reaching their larger than average and very engaged audience.

Search for influencers in your niche and then simply start engaging to build these relationships. A platform like Clearvoice can help you map out and connect with influencers in many niches. Engage on their websites and blogs, as well as on social media and, where possible, take it to the offline as well: go to industry events, conferences and so on as this will not only help you meet influencers, but it will also improve your own visibility. The more people get to meet you, the better the chances of your personal brand growing and evolving.


A good personal brand can help you achieve more success in your career, or as an entrepreneur, it can help propel your business to success, much faster and easier. Are you thinking of building up your own personal brand? What are some of the best personal brands you’ve encountered online and why?

How To Create A Temporary Table In Postgresql

A temporary table in PostgreSQL is a table that exists only for the duration of a single database session. After the session ends, the temporary table is automatically dropped. In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a temporary table in PostgreSQL.


Before proceeding with this tutorial, you should have:

Access to a PostgreSQL server.

Basic knowledge of SQL.

Step 1: Connect to the PostgreSQL Server

Connect to the PostgreSQL server using your preferred client. You can use the psql command-line tool or a graphical client such as pgAdmin or DBeaver.

Step 2: Create a Temporary Table

To create a temporary table in PostgreSQL, you can use the CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE statement followed by the table definition. For example, the following statement creates a temporary table named temp_users with two columns: id and name.


The SERIAL data type is used for auto-incrementing columns in PostgreSQL. The PRIMARY KEY constraint ensures that the id column is unique and not null. The NOT NULL constraint ensures that the name column is not null.

Step 3: Insert Data into the Temporary Table

Once the temporary table is created, you can insert data into it using the INSERT INTO statement. For example, the following statement inserts two rows into the temp_users table:

INSERT INTO temp_users (name) VALUES ('John Doe'), ('Jane Smith');

You can verify that the data was inserted successfully by running a SELECT statement:

SELECT * FROM temp_users;

The output should be:


Step 4: Use the Temporary Table

You can use the temporary table just like any other table in PostgreSQL. For example, you can join it with other tables, filter rows based on certain criteria, or aggregate data. Here’s an example of a SELECT statement that returns the count of distinct names in the temp_users table:


The output should be:

count ------- 2 Step 5: Drop the Temporary Table

When you’re done using the temporary table, you can drop it using the DROP TABLE statement. For example, the following statement drops the temp_users table:

DROP TABLE temp_users;

The temporary table will be automatically dropped when the database session ends, but it’s a good practice to clean up after yourself.


If you try to create a temporary table with the same name as an existing permanent table, you will get an error message: ERROR: relation "my_table" already exists To avoid this error, choose a unique name for your temporary table.

If you try to use a temporary table outside of the database session that created it, you will get an error message: ERROR: relation "temp_users" does not exist This is because temporary tables are automatically dropped at the end of the session. If you need to use the same temporary table in multiple sessions, you can create it again in each session.


In this tutorial, you learned how to create a temporary table in PostgreSQL, insert data into it, use it in queries, and drop it when you’re done. Temporary tables can be useful for storing data that’s only needed temporarily and don’t clutter up your database with unnecessary tables.

How To Create A Pop


The pop-up div can be created with the help of HTML, CSS and the functioning of which can be done with the help of ‘Javascript’ library ‘jQuery’. To make the mouseover and stay functionality to the div jQuery has a built in pre defined function.

The two functions which are mainly used in this task are −

mouseover − This function triggers when the mouse is over the selected element.

mouseout − This function triggers when the mouse leaves the are of the selected element for mouse over.


Step 1 − Create a HTML boilerplate in the text editor.

Step 2 − Add the jQuery CDN link to the head tag of the HTML code. On adding the CDN link it gives the functionality to the HTML code to use jQuery methods.

Step 4 − Create a div container which contains the popup of the page.


Step 5 − Now create the jQuery function inside the script tag. $(‘.container’).css(“display”, “block”) }) $(‘.container’).css(“display”, “none”) })

− Now create the jQuery function inside the script tag.

Step 6 − The popup functionality is ready to use on browsers.


In the given example we have created a HTML button and we have created the popup div container which is displayed on screen when the mouse is hovering over the button. We had also styled the popup using the inline css. The jQuery function is created in which using the jQuery selector syntax the button element is selected with the mouseover event attached to it. In the mouseover event it is passed with the callback function that is triggered on entering the mouse over div.

Tutorialspoint $(‘.container’).css(“display”, “block”) }) $(‘.container’).css(“display”, “none”) })

In the given below images it shows the output of the above example. In the first image it shows the static simple output. Which contains only a single button on the page.

In the below second image it shows the popup div container. So when the user hover over the button the mouseover event is triggered and it performs the display block action to the div container which shows the popup div. As soon as the mouse is over the button the div container containing the popup displays on the screen. When the mouse leaves the button the popup disappears from the browser’s screen.


These types of popover are used in the web application such as a mcq web app, in this we can make a button to function popover which will pop out the hint to the answer of the question. In this we had only used the two mouse events but there are more mouse events such as: mouse down, enter, leave these all have their own functionality. The popup is like a dialogue box which tells us certain information about any topic or it can be a confirmation box also to confirm the choice of the end user in terms of yes or no. In the mouseover and mouseout event a callback must be passed so that a particular action triggers. Do not forget to add the CDN link to the head tag otherwise the jQuery function will not execute and the page will remain static with some errors in the console.

How To Create A Dictionary Of Sets In Python?

In this article, we will learn how to create a dictionary of sets in Python.

Methods Used

The following are the various methods used to accomplish this task −

Using the Naive Method

Using defaultdict() Method

Using setdefault() Method

Method 1: Using the Naive Method

In this method, we create a dictionary of sets by passing sets as values to the keys.

Syntax { ‘Key’: Set 1, ‘Key’:Set 2,…………..,’Key’: Set n} Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithms/steps to be followed to perform the desired task. −

Create a variable to store the dictionary containing the values as a set without duplicate elements (i.e, dictionary of sets).

Print the input dictionary of sets.


The following program creates a dictionary of sets(without duplicates) in python using the Naive Method −

# creating a dictionary containing the values as set # without duplicate elements # (dictionary of sets) inputDict = {'Employ ID': {10, 11, 12, 14, 15}, 'Employ Age': {25, 30, 40, 35, 28}} # printing the input dictionary of sets print(inputDict) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

{'Employ ID': {10, 11, 12, 14, 15}, 'Employ Age': {35, 40, 25, 28, 30}} Creating a Set having Duplicates

In general, the set in python does not allow duplicates i,e which removes all the repeated elements.


The below example shows that a python set will not allow duplicates.

The following program creates a dictionary of sets(containing duplicates) in python using the Naive Method −

# creating a dictionary containing the values as set # with duplicates elements # the set does not allow duplicates inputDict = {'Employ ID': {10, 11, 12, 13, 13, 14, 15, 10, 12, 11}, 'Employ Age': {25, 30, 30, 40, 25, 35, 40, 28, 33, 25}} # printing the input dictionary print(inputDict) Output

On executing, the above program will generate the following output −

{'Employ ID': {10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15}, 'Employ Age': {33, 35, 40, 25, 28, 30}}

In the above example, we can observe that all the duplicates are removed, and printed only the unique elements. Hence proved that a python set removes does not allow duplicates.

Method 2: Using defaultdict() Method

In this method, the default set will be created and the key-values pairs will be passed to it.

Syntax defaultdict(set)

Passing the dictionary with key and value −


dictionary − input dictionary

key − key of a dictionary

value − the value of a dictionary passed as set.

Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithms/steps to be followed to perform the desired task. −

Use the import keyword to import the defaultdict from the collections module.

Use the defaultdict() method, to create an empty set of dictionary using the by-passing set as an argument to it.

Give the key-value pairs for the dictionary using the [] operator.

Print the created dictionary of sets.


The following program creates a dictionary of sets in python using the defaultdict() function −

# importing defaultdict from the collections module from collections import defaultdict # creating an empty set of the dictionary using the # defaultdict() method by passing set as argument to it dictionary = defaultdict(set) # giving the first key-value pair of a dictionary # giving the second key-value pair of a dictionary # printing the created dictionary of sets print(dictionary) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

Method 3: Using setdefault() Method

The value of a key within the dictionary is returned by the setdefault() method. If not, a key and value are inserted into the dictionary.

Syntax dict.setdefault(key, default_value)


key − It is the key that must be searched in a dictionary.

default_value − It is the value of a specific key

Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithms/steps to be followed to perform the desired task. −

Create a variable to store the input dictionary containing the value as a set without duplicate elements (i.e, dictionary of sets).

Use the setdefault() function, to access the values of ‘Employ ID’ as a set of the input dictionary by passing ‘Employ ID’ as an argument to it.

Use the setdefault() function, to access the values of ‘Employ Age’ as a set of the input dictionary by passing ‘Employ Age’ as an argument to it.

Create a new key-value pair with values as set using the setdefault() method.

Print the resultant dictionary after adding 3rd set.


The following program creates a dictionary of sets and accesses its elements of it using the setdefault() method −

# creating a dictionary containing the values as sets # (dictionary of sets) inputDict = {'Employ ID': {10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 11}, 'Employ Age': {25, 30, 40, 35, 28, 28}} # accessing the values of 'Employ ID' of the dictionary as a set # using setdefault() function print("Accessing Employ ID:", inputDict.setdefault('Employ ID')) # accessing the values of 'Employ Age' of dictionary as a set # using setdefault() function print("Accessing Employ Age:", inputDict.setdefault('Employ Age')) # set the third set of values for the dictionary using setdefault method # Employee names inputDict = inputDict.setdefault( 'Employ Name', {'rohit', 'virat', 'pandya', 'smith', 'warner'}) # printing the dictionary after adding 3rd set print(inputDict) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

Accessing Employ ID: {10, 11, 12, 14, 15} Accessing Employ Age: {35, 40, 25, 28, 30} {'pandya', 'rohit', 'smith', 'virat', 'warner'} Conclusion

In this article, we learned how to use 3 different methods to create a dictionary of sets in Python. This is necessary to remove duplicate data for certain keys, such as only keeping unique roll numbers, unique job ids, etc. We also learned how to use the setdefault() function to retrieve the dictionary of sets.

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