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If you want to access your old laptop but you’ve forgotten its password, the ideal method is to factory reset it. Basically, this erases all your data, including the sign-in option, and restores the operating system to default.

Generally, logging in to your laptop should be easy if you have set up a Microsoft Account. This is because you could easily reset your password even if forgotten. But you can possibly not do it if you got it from your friend or bought a pre-owned laptop. In such a case, the only option left is to restore it to factory settings.

So, if you’re also stuck on the sign-in screen and want to access the laptop, you’re at the right place. Here, we have explained what a factory reset does and some easy techniques to do without a password.

Factory reset is an option within Windows OS that sends the PC to its default system state. Usually, we perform the factory reset on Windows to solve any hard drive and OS-related issues.

Since this option deletes every software that’s creating issues on your system, we recommend factory resetting your laptop if you’re trying to sell it or you recently bought a used one. This way, even the lagging issues get resolved, and you can use the old laptop as if it’s brand new.

However, you need to use alternative methods if you do not remember your laptop’s password. In this section, we have explained the proven ways to factory reset your Windows 11 laptop.

To enter the Windows Recovery Mode, we recommend checking the user manual as every manufacturer has different dedicated keys to open it. Generally, most PCs can navigate you to the recovery screen by pressing the F11 key when Windows is booting.

Moreover, you can use bootable media and select Repair your computer to open the Windows Recovery Mode. Also, you can directly navigate to this screen from the login screen, and here are the involved steps you need to follow:

Interestingly, every manufacturer offers a recovery partition that can be accessed using a dedicated function key.

Factory reset your laptop

Perform backup and restore management

Back up user data

Create a factory state disk

Create a disk copy

Once you enter the recovery screen, you’ll be able to perform the following operations:

In this section, we have included the steps for some of the most popular laptops. If we have missed out on yours, the process is quite similar to any of them. So, all you have to do is read the user manual or refer to the internet to check the dedicated key for your laptop.

On Samsung

Samsung doesn’t just manufacture mobile phones but is also equally popular for producing laptops. For demonstration purposes, we have used Samsung Notebook here. Nonetheless, the steps should be similar for every other Samsung laptop too:

On Lenovo

Lenovo has adopted OneKey Recovery to factory reset your laptop without needing a password. However, this option is available only on the Ideapad series.

For demonstration purposes, we’ve used the Lenovo G40 model. Nonetheless, the steps should be similar to other models as well:

On Dell

Dell users can factory reset their laptops using the SupportAssist OS Recovery feature. However, this option is only available on some models. Go through the below guide to restore your settings to default on a Dell laptop:

Generally, both resetting and reinstalling Windows are applicable if you’re trying to delete everything from your PC. So, if you have an original disk or it’s feasible to create a bootable drive, you can easily reinstall your OS. 

To reinstall Windows using an installation media, you’ll need another Windows PC and an 8 GB or higher storage USB drive to make it bootable. Also, download Rufus from their official site as the below steps involve using this open-source application:

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How To Factory Reset Your Iphone And Ipad

There are a few different situations in which you may want to factory reset your iPhone or iPad. For instance, if multiple apps are repeatedly crashing, if your device is running slow, or if your iPhone is behaving erratically, and you can’t work out the reason or solution.

The factory reset wipes out your device and can fix specific problems that may be impairing its performance. This stands true for all the iPhones right from the latest iPhone 14 series to the iPhone 6s.

However, it should be thought of as a last resort and must only be done after more straightforward solutions such as restarting or force restarting your device have not fixed the issues you’re encountering.

What happens when you factory reset your iPhone?

As the term ‘factory reset’ suggests, this option restores the software on your device to the way it was when it left the factory. This means that all the settings return to the default, and all your data such as downloaded apps, photos, music, documents, and other files are deleted. After a factory reset of your iPhone or iPad, you can practically set up your device from scratch ‘like new’.

Does a factory reset delete everything?

This depends on what exactly you are resetting. Whether you’re looking to factory reset an iPhone 14, iPhone 14 Plus, iPhone 14 Pro, iPhone 14 Pro Max, iPhone 13 series or any of its predecessors, there are six different options available. Let’s have a brief look at each of them.

When you go to Settings → General → Reset:

Reset All Settings: This will reset your Home screen layout, location settings, network settings, privacy settings, the keyboard dictionary, and your Apple Pay cards to the default. If you choose this option, you Will not delete Files and media.

Reset Network Settings: This deletes all your network settings such as wifi login credentials and networks that your phone automatically connects to. Further, manually trusted website certificates are rolled back to untrusted, and your device’ name’ is reset to just “iPhone”

Reset Keyboard Dictionary: Selecting this option will delete any words you might have added to the default keyboard dictionary on your iPhone

Reset Home Screen Layout: This will eliminate your custom layout or app folders on the Home screen. All the stock iOS apps will return to their default positions, and the Home Screen will return to looking like it was when you first set up your iPhone. Your data will be safe.

Reset Location & Privacy: As the name suggests, this option restores the location services and privacy settings of your iPhone to their defaults.

Erase All Content & Settings: This option is what we usually refer to when talking about factory reset. It completely removes all of your content and settings, restoring your iPhone to the way it was when you first bought it

So, it is only the Erase All Content & Settings option that will delete all the data from your device except the default apps and settings.

Get your device ready for factory reset

Before attempting to factory reset your iPhone or iPad, please ensure that you do the following:

How to factory reset iPhone or iPad (including iPhone 14 series)

There are four ways to reset your iPhone or iPad. Let’s first look at the easiest and most convenient one.

How to factory reset iPhone or iPad using iCloud

If your iPhone gets lost or stolen, you can remotely wipe all its content using the iCloud website. This is only possible if you had set up Find My iPhone.

This process will lock your iPhone. And if you following this process to reset your device, you can unlock it by entering your Apple ID and password.

Reset your iPhone or iPad using Mac or PC

Factory reset iPhone/iPad using Finder

Factory Reset iPhone/iPad Using iTunes

Factory reset iPhone or iPad using Recovery Mode

You can also use Recovery Mode to reset your device. This is usually necessary when:

iPhone or iPad is stuck on the Apple logo for several minutes

Computer does not recognize your device when you connect it

Computer says your device is in Recovery Mode when you connect it

To erase your iPhone or iPad using Recovery Mode, follow these steps: 

Connect your device to a computer and put it in Recovery Mode. The procedure for this varies according to what model you have

Once your computer locates your device, a message will appear to Restore or Update

Select Restore and follow the on-screen instructions

This will wipe out your iPhone or iPad data and will download the latest version of iOS or iPadOS supported by your device

Once the process is complete, you will see a notification on-screen, and your device will restart

What to do after resetting your iOS device?

Once you have factory-reset your iPhone or iPad, all your data will have been deleted, and your device will be ‘like new’. So here’s what you can do next:

Set it up as new

After a factory reset process, your device will display the initial setup screen. Follow the instructions on screen to set it up from scratch. Alternatively, you can choose to restore your iOS device from iCloud backup

Read more:

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A self-professed Geek who loves to explore all things Apple. I thoroughly enjoy discovering new hacks, troubleshooting issues, and finding and reviewing the best products and apps currently available. My expertise also includes curating opinionated and honest editorials. If not this, you might find me surfing the web or listening to audiobooks.

How To Factory Reset Windows To Its Default Settings

If you’re having trouble with your Windows PC or planning to give it away or sell it, you may want to reset it to factory settings to erase your data. A full factory reset erases all your apps, settings, and files to return it to the way it was when you first purchased it. It’s a quick way to start from scratch.

Note: a Windows factory reset is a good way to fix many drive update issues and registry errors. However, you have to be patient, as the process can consume a lot of time, so allocate at least a few hours for this activity. This works for both Windows 10 and 11.

Note: factory resetting your Windows PC should be treated as the last option. It is best to troubleshoot the issues first, be it a Windows Store error, Windows update issues, or a Bad System Config error. Only reset the PC if none of the solutions work.

Back Up Your Data

A Windows factory reset erases all your data. This includes pictures, documents, music, etc. Back up all your important files before you perform the reset. You can do this easily by copying your files to an external hard drive, a flash drive, or your favorite cloud service. Alternatively, create a backup to a network drive.

You can simply copy and paste the files you want to keep or do a full system backup – either one will work. Do not make a system copy to another partition on the same hard drive as Windows.

Reset Windows to Factory Defaults

After all your files are safe, it’s time to start the reset process.

Select “Update & Security” in the left pane.

Select whether you want to keep or remove files. If you choose “Keep my files,” Windows attempts to reset everything but preserves personal files. It will delete any apps and app settings, though. If you choose “Remove everything,” Windows deletes everything. It’s best to delete everything if you’re having trouble or selling/donating/giving away your PC.

Choose whether to reinstall Windows with a local copy (this may be a recovery partition or physical media) or a cloud download.

Select custom installation options. These will vary slightly based on other options you’ve chosen. You’ll see things like “Clean data,” “Download Windows,” whether to wipe all drives or just the Windows drive, and whether to reinstall the preinstalled apps with your PC.

The PC will reset in the background. The exact time varies greatly based on the size of your hard drive and what type of reset you chose. For instance, deleting everything and installing all preinstalled apps will take longer. If you have a slower Internet connection, choosing to download Windows will also add to the time.

Advanced Startup “Reset” Method

Another option is to reset the Windows PC in Safe mode. This is preferred if you are stuck infinitely in the “Prepare to reset” option in the above section. It is mostly a GUI error. The same procedure is used in safe mode, but the steps are slightly different, as shown below.

To reset Windows in Safe mode:

Go to “Advanced Startup” in the Start menu. Once the blue screen starts, go to “Troubleshooting” followed by “Reset this PC.” You will get a choice to reset only the driver where Windows is installed or all drives. Choose the latter for a complete reset.

You will get the choice to “fully clean the drive” or just “remove the files.”

After the Reset Finishes

Once the reset finishes, you’ll receive the same prompts to set up your PC as you did when you first bought it. This includes setting up your network, setting your time zone, and various personal settings. Go step by step through these screens to get Windows back to the way it was.

Before you add your files, install all Windows updates. When you factory reset Windows, it also removes all updates that didn’t come with the original installation.

Press Win + I to open Settings.

Select “Update & Security.”

Choose “Windows Update.”

Search for updates and install all that you find. You’ll likely need to repeat this process several times to get them all. The process can take a few hours, depending on how much you need to install.

Finally, reinstall any apps that didn’t come with Windows that you use regularly. These may include games, productivity apps, photo editors, antivirus, etc.

Once everything else is set up, it’s time to copy your files over. If you did a system backup, you can use this versus having to reinstall all your apps.

Frequently Asked Questions Will a factory reset remove viruses?

Yes. However, if you don’t delete all the files, it’s possible the virus will still be attached to your files. Scan your backup drive for viruses before copying your files to the PC.

Why are some of my files missing if I chose to keep personal files during the reset?

While Windows usually does a good job of retaining your personal files, sometimes they do get deleted or corrupted during the process. This is why it’s important to make a full backup before doing a reset.

Image credit: Unsplash

Crystal Crowder

Crystal Crowder has spent over 15 years working in the tech industry, first as an IT technician and then as a writer. She works to help teach others how to get the most from their devices, systems, and apps. She stays on top of the latest trends and is always finding solutions to common tech problems.

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How To Reset Your Computer Password If You Lock Yourself Out

Being the administrator of a computer or computer network is important. You’re the person whom everyone goes to when they lock themselves out of their computer or need a new piece of software added to their accounts. 

But what can you do if you get locked out yourself? Although a little embarrassing, it can happen to anyone. Everyone has misplaced their keys at some point or another making getting back into your car or home, a real pain.

Table of Contents

What you’d normally do is call a professional to handle this sort of thing. They can get you back into whatever you’ve locked yourself out of, as long as you’re willing to pay for the service.

When it comes to getting yourself locked out of your admin account, the same resolution is possible. However, there is also a way to do away with the need for involving someone else – and the cost – and simply do it yourself instead by resetting your password.

How To Reset Your Computer Password 

The key to “hacking” your way back into your admin account is doing it in a way that causes little to no harm to your files and data stored on the computer. The process should also be as painless as possible and not cause too much of a headache.

Remember that this is for administrator account restoration for forgetting your password, or being locked out from an incorrect password input. These are not techniques to be used if your computer is facing a virus or has been hacked by an outside entity. 

Windows (10, 8.1, 7, Vista, & XP)

In the past, we’ve touched on a similar subject specifically for Windows 7 and 8.1. With this new method, we’ll be looking at free utilities like Trinity Rescue Kit (TRK) or MediaCat USB. 

We’ll be focused on TRK for this tutorial as it is one of the best utilities out there to reset your admin password. Though if you happen to be dealing with Linux instead of Windows, MediaCat USB can help with that.

TRK can help you recover more than just the administrator password for your computer. It also provides help in the recovery of files, evacuating a faulty or dying disk, and can scan for rootkit malware, as well as any other disaster recovery tasks you might need.

You’ll need to load TRK to either a CD/DVD or USB drive as it will need to run prior to Windows loading. Navigate to the official site and download the program.

Once downloaded, either burn it to CD/DVD or move it over to the USB drive. If you currently have a blank CD in your CD burner, TRK will detect this and ask if you’d like to proceed with burning the program to a CD.

Prior to loading TRK, ensure that you head into your computer’s BIOS (or UEFI) and have it set to boot from USB/CD/DVD. Not doing so will cause the computer to boot as normal and bypass the TRK utility.

Getting into your BIOS will usually require holding down a key like F12 while your computer is restarting. You’ll need to refer to the manual that came with the motherboard or computer to determine how yours is set up.

The chances are rather good that if you have Windows 10, you’re using UEFI. Some Windows 8 machines are also UEFI, and you’ll need to determine if your computer does before proceeding. 

To get into UEFI, hold down the correct hotkey during restart, similar to BIOS. There are other methods, but they will require that you are logged into Windows. Seeing as the whole purpose of this article is you not having access to Windows, those other methods won’t help at this time.

Once you’ve booted up the program, you’ll be presented with the TRK 3.4 splash screen. Select Run Trinity Rescue Kit 3.4 (default mode, with text menu) and press Enter.

From the simple menu, arrow down to Windows password resetting and press Enter.

Arrow down again until you highlight Reset password on built-in Administrator, and press Enter again.

Locate the section Windows NT/2K/XP. Underneath, make a note of the number found next to the Windows folder. Enter that number into the prompt and press Enter.

Enter 1 under the User Edit Menu, and press Enter. This will remove the password set for Administrator. You can press any key to continue.

Again, use the arrow keys to highlight Main Menu, and press Enter.

For the final time, use the arrow keys to highlight Poweroff computer, and press Enter. You can now eject your CD/DVD or USB so that the boot can return to normal.

Allow Windows to boot up, then log into the Administrator account while leaving the Password portion blank.

For Mac OS X 10.4 – 10.6 (Tiger, Leopard, and Snow Leopard)

The methods to reset your password for older versions of Mac OS X are a bit simpler than that of the Windows operating system – as long as you still have the OS X DVD that came with the computer or OS X upgrade.

For Mac OS X 10.7+ (Lion and Above)

Newer Mac OS X, or MacOS, is even easier than past versions. No more need for a disk as everything is right there in the operating system to reset your password.

Restart the computer and hold down the ⌘ + R keys once the restart begins. You’ll have to continue holding down the keys until the Apple logo appears on-screen.

After the startup sequence is completed, you should have the Recovery HD utility window on-screen.

Open a terminal window while in the utility, and type resetpassword, then press Enter.

3 Ways To Fix Unknown Usb Device Port Reset Failed Error

3 Ways to Fix Unknown USB Device Port Reset Failed Error Port reset can fail due to old or broken USB device




A broken or outdated USB driver can cause errors.

Switching to another USB port can help detect where the issue is occurring.

Disabling Fast startup will prevent selective suspension for USB devices.



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This software will simplify the process by both searching and updating your drivers to prevent various malfunctions and enhance your PC stability. Check all your drivers now in 3 easy steps:

Download Outbyte Driver Updater.

Launch it on your PC to find all the problematic drivers.

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readers this month.

One of the errors users complain about is the Windows USB port reset failure that appears in the device manager while the computer is trying to read the device.

In addition, receiving an error message such as this indicates that your USB device is not detected by the PC or won’t work properly.

Fortunately, there are some methods you can use to fix the Windows USB port reset failed in Windows 10 error and other related errors like Unknown USB device port reset failed USB C. We’ll go through them all in the following sections.

What does Unknown USB device port reset failed mean?

The Unknown USB device port reset failed is an error message on the USB device descriptor. Whenever the descriptor responds with a failed error message, It indicates that it cannot recognize a USB device or the USB device won’t function properly.

In short, the error message in the USB descriptor means something is wrong with the USB device. As a result, the computer can’t initiate it.

Why does port reset fail?

Broken or old USB drivers: When the USB driver is outdated or broken, it’ll prompt many errors and prevent the computer from reading.

Selective disable: Windows initiates the selectively disable mode to save power. However, if the program prevents USB activities, it can cause issues with the computer accessing it.

Broken USB device: Many things can happen to the USB device if it falls or gets tampered with. Hence, it can prevent it from functioning.

What can I do if the Unknown USB Device Port Reset Failed in Windows 11?

Here’s what you should do first:

One way to determine where the problem lies is to plug the device into another USB port. If it works perfectly, then the issue is with the port; if not, the device may be broken. We recommend you try using the USB device on another computer to be sure if it’s broken.

1. Uninstall the USB drivers

It will help fix the Unknown USB device port reset failed Dell dock error.

It is a perfect fix for the USB hub that failed to reset the code 43 error. Users can read through our article on how to update drivers in Windows.

Often, your computer system might not be able to update the generic drivers for your hardware and peripherals correctly. There are vital differences between a generic driver and a manufacturer’s driver. Finding the correct driver versions for every hardware component can become tiresome.

That’s why a dependable updater can help you find and update your drivers automatically. We strongly suggest the Outbyte Driver Updater, and here’s how to do it:

Download and install the Outbyte Driver Updater app.

Launch the software and wait for the app to detect all incompatible drivers.

Now, it will show you a list of all outdated drivers to select the ones to Update or Ignore.

Restart your PC to ensure the applied changes.

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3. Disable Fast Startup

Expert tip:

After trying the above fixes and still being unable to solve the problem, we recommend you switch to a new USB device.

What is error code 43 in USB?

The error code 43 in USB is a somewhat straightforward error indicating that Windows detected an error in the USB device.

As a result, Windows has shut down the device’s operation, preventing it from running on the computer.

Furthermore, it indicates that a driver component in the USB device informs Windows about a fault in the device. Consequently, it can prompt the Unknown USB device port reset failed code 43 Windows 10 in Windows.

How to recover data from external USB flash drives with code 43?

An easy way to recover data from a USB drive that shows code 43 would be to use a reliable recovery tool. These come in useful and help recover corrupt or deleted data from flash drives, in addition to when it shows specific error codes.

Also, updating the USB port drivers and those for the flash drive may help if you take a manual approach.

Nonetheless, you can check our article about how to create a bootable USB drive for Windows 11. Besides, we recommend you learn how to boot from USB in Windows 10.

Still experiencing troubles? Fix them with this tool:


Some driver-related issues can be solved faster by using a tailored driver solution. If you’re still having problems with your drivers, simply install OutByte Driver Updater and get it up and running immediately. Thus, let it update all drivers and fix other PC issues in no time!

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3 Ways To Install Flooring

Once you’ve made your measurements, count the number of tiles in your rows – you will need the same number on the opposite wall. Take your marked tiles and cut them along the line you marked when making measurements. This is how you will need to cut every tile along the ends to make sure they all fit.

Adjust your center point if your “end tile width” is less than 1/3 of your normal tile width. It is difficult to cut very small tiles without breaking them, and incredibly thin tiles often look bad.However, you can move your center point to prevent this from happening. For example, you might be using 12″ tiles, and your end tile width is only 2″. If you move your center tile 4″ away from this wall then you suddenly have an end tile width of 6″ on both sides, making it easier to cut.

Unless you are very lucky, you will likely have a space between the wall and your last tile where you cannot fit another tile. Record this number as “end tile width.”

Do not use mortar. This is your test run to determine how many tiles you are going to need. Start with your center tile and place the tiles against each other towards perpendicular walls. You should have two “half rows” when you are done.

Where these lines cross should be the starting point of your tile. It is the center of the room. Put a tile on these lines so that two edges of the tile are lined up with the chalk.

Find the midpoints of each wall. Find the midpoint of each wall by measuring the length and dividing by two. Mark this midpoint on each wall.

This ensures that you have nice, full-length tiles in the center of the room and cut tiles along the fringes. In order to make this possible, however, you have to make several careful measurements to determine where the middle of the room is, how many tiles you need on each side, and the length of your end tiles.

When installing ceramic tiles, insert the plastic spacers to allow room for grout.

Wipe the paddle off as soon as you finish mixing to prevent it from drying onto the drill.

Let the mortar stand undisturbed for 5-10 minutes.

If your tiles have direction arrows on the bottom make sure that they all face the same way during installation.[11]

Only apply enough mortar for 2-3 tiles to begin tiling.

Make sure you start tiling in a corner of the room that allows you to exit the room without stepping on any tiles.

It is often easiest to start in the center of the room, near your chalk lines, but you can only do this is if you measured out the distance to the wall first and calculated the width of the end tiles ahead of time.

Use a straight-edge to set the rest of the tiles in a row. A straightedge is a heavy, long ruler that helps ensure your tiles are level with each other. Place it along the edge of your first tile, and then lay down the rest. Use plastic spacers to ensure the tiles are the right distance apart.

Scrape up any excess mortar that leaks out from under the tiles as your work. Bumps of mortar will make it harder to lay tiles later on, so take the time to clean up and excess liquid before it hardens.

Allow the tiles to set overnight. Once you’ve finished putting on the tiles, leave the floor and return the next day to finish the job. Check the mortar to see how long it needs to set, but you wait roughly 24 hours before continuing.

Apply the grout along the joints in the tile with a rubber grout float. This tool, available for rent at most tool shops, allows you to evenly spread the grout into all the cracks. When done, use it to remove as much excess grout from the tiles as possible so that most of the grout is in between the cracks of the tiles, not on top of them.

Allow the grout to dry before wiping it with a wet sponge. After 20 minutes or so, use a wet sponge to clean of your tiles, leaving the grout in between the joints.


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