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If you’ve just recovered from a system crash, you might be told to check the Console for error messages. But what do those Console messages mean, and how can you interpret the logs to troubleshoot your Mac?

What Is the Console?

Console is the application that collects log messages from your computer for user review. It collects errors, warnings and standard “here’s what I did” log messages from system and user applications. It’s a fantastic resource for troubleshooting. It should be your first stop after your computer experiences a random restart, kernel panic or application crash.

Getting Acquainted with Console

When you first open Console, you’ll be confronted by a torrent of real-time log messages. Most of these are unimportant, mundane application reports describing what the application is doing at that moment. It’s not material that’s typically important for the user to know, but if you want to find it, that’s where it lives.

This will “freeze” Console messages at the current moment, but new messages will continue to come in at the bottom of the queue. You just won’t be auto-scrolled to them.

If you look at the search bar in the upper-right of the window, you’ll notice that Errors and Faults is really just a saved search. You can create your own searches by manipulating the search bar.

Interpreting Console Messages to Troubleshoot Your Mac

The most important types of console messages are errors and faults, which we filtered for above.

These reports tell you when something has gone wrong in the world of your computer and may or may not require addressing. Faults, the most serious console message, get red dots, while errors, which are more like warning messages, get yellow dots.

The process column will tell you the name of the application or system process that sent the error. Some will be familiar, and others will be foreign to you. The most serious faults are typically spawned by the “kernel” process.

Evaluating Individual Faults and Errors

Conclusion: When Should I Check the Console?

Console is most useful when your system has just experienced an error. Maybe an application failed to open and you received a System Report window about it. Or maybe you just rebooted following a kernel panic. Inspecting the Console will help you dig up the cause of the problem and take the necessary steps to fix it.

Alexander Fox

Alexander Fox is a tech and science writer based in Philadelphia, PA with one cat, three Macs and more USB cables than he could ever use.

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How To Collaborate On Projects In Messages On Iphone And Mac

When you need to work on a project with others, you may need to use a specific tool. But did you know that you can collaborate right in the Messages app on iPhone, iPad, and Mac? You can share files, work on them together, see activity updates, and more. This guide shows you how to collaborate on all of these platforms in the Messages app.

System and iCloud Requirements for Collaborating in Messages

Before you start using Messages to collaborate on a project, be sure you meet the following requirements:

You and your collaborators must use iMessage.

You and your collaborators need iOS 16 or later, iPadOS 16 or later, or macOS Ventura or later.

You must save the file you want to share on an accessible location, such as iCloud Drive.

You must have iCloud enabled for the app you plan to use, for instance, Pages, Notes, or Numbers.

For viewing, editing, or inviting others to a shared iCloud document, you must meet one of the following minimum requirements:

An iPhone or iPad running iOS 15 or iPadOS 15 or later with Pages, Numbers, or Keynote 12.2 or later.

A Mac running macOS Monterey or later with Pages, Numbers, or Keynote 12.2 or later.

Features Unavailable for Collaborating on Shared Documents

The features mentioned below aren’t available when working together on a shared document in Pages, Numbers, and Keynote.

Creating, deleting, or reordering styles

Creating or editing custom cell formats

Dragging columns and rows between the body and headers of tables

Editing using Ruby in Asian languages

Replacing all font occurrences

Reducing the file size

If you want to make one of the above changes, you can stop sharing the document, make the edit, then reshare it.

For additional features that unavailable for each application, check out the Apple Support site.

Tip: use the Apple Freeform whiteboard app to brainstorm and visualize ideas.

How to Collaborate in Messages on iPhone and iPad

To start working on a project together in Messages on iPhone or iPad, share the file from one of Apple’s applications, like Notes, Pages, Numbers, or Keynote. From there, you can discuss the project and view its activity in Messages. Follow the steps below to get started.

How to Share a File on iPhone and iPad

To share the file to Messages, open the app, then follow these simple steps.

Tap the “Share” button in the top right.

In the drop-down box that appears at the top of the pop-up window, select the “Collaborate” button. If you choose the “Send Copy” option located further down the list, this only shares a copy of the file and doesn’t activate the collaboration features.

Tap “Only invited people can edit” to adjust document access and permissions.

Listed below are the following access and permission options. When you finished toggling these settings, select “Done” on the top right.

Who can access: choose either “Only invited people” to limit access to people you choose or “Anyone with link” to expand the access to anybody who has a link.

Permission: choose either “Can make changes” to allow collaborators to edit the file or “View only” to prevent edits and give read-only permission.

Allow others to invite: turn on this toggle if you want to allow collaborators to invite others to the file.

Choose one of your recent Messages conversations or start a new one by selecting “Messages” in the row of share options.

When the file appears in the text field of the Messages app, you can adjust the access and permission settings once more, if necessary, and add a message. Tap the blue “Send” button.

How to View the File Activity in Messages on iPhone and iPad

When a collaborator makes a change to the file you’ve shared, you’ll see this activity in the Messages app. This is a great way to stay on top of edits without the need to open the file and check manually.

Open the project conversation in Messages to see whether changes were made to the file at the top of the conversation. You can also see who made the change and when they made it.

Tap “Show” or “Review” next to the activity to see the changes.

How to Stop Collaborating on iPhone and iPad

When the project comes to an end or if you simply want to stop collaborating, use the sharing options in the corresponding app to remove access from the file. The exact steps vary depending on the app but are similar in those like Notes, Pages, and Numbers. For example, take a look at how to collaborate with the Notes app.

Open the app and tap the “Collaboration” icon. If collaborator(s) are active, the icon will feature their contact photo as shown below.

Select the “Manage Shared Note” menu option.

Choose the “Stop Sharing” button at the bottom.

How to Collaborate in Messages on Mac

You can collaborate on shared files in Messages on Mac, similarly to sharing on your mobile device. Add the file to the Messages app directly or share it to Messages from the application you’re using.

How to Share a File in Messages on Mac

As a Mac user, you probably how how easily you can perform actions with drag-and-drop. You can even use it to share a file to Messages by following the steps below.

Open the folder containing the file you want to share along with the project conversation in the Messages app. You can do this by placing the windows side by side.

Drag the file from its folder into the conversation in Messages and release.

When you see the file appear in the text field, use the drop-down box to select “Collaborate.” If you pick “Send Copy,” this only shares a copy of the file.

Optionally add a message to the text field below the file, then press Return to send the message.

How to Share a File From Another App on Mac

If you’re actively working on the file, you may find it easier to share it from the app you’re using.

At the top of the pop-up window, select “Collaborate” in the drop-down menu.

Expand the drop-down menu beneath for “Only invited people can edit” to adjust the access and permission settings. You’ll see the same settings for “Who can access,” “Permissions,” and “Allow others to invite” that were offered in the mobile app. Choose the options you want.

Select one of your recent Messages conversations or start a new one by picking “Messages” in the list of share options.

When the file appears in the text field of the Messages app, optionally add a message, then press Return to send it.

How to View the File Activity in Messages on Mac

If a collaborator makes a change to the file you’ve shared, you’ll see this in the Messages app just as you would on your mobile device.

Open the project conversation in Messages and look to the top for changes made to the file. You’ll see who made the edit and when.

Select “Show” or “Review” next to the activity description to open the file and see the changes.

How to Stop Collaborating on Mac

If it’s time to stop collaborating, you’ll use the sharing options in the corresponding app to remove access from the file. Again, the exact steps vary depending on the app. Following, is an example using the Pages app:

Open the app and tap the “Collaboration” icon.

Select “Manage Shared Document.”

Choose “Stop Sharing” at the bottom.

Frequently Asked Questions Can I add or remove collaborators in Messages?

You can add or remove people the same way you add or remove them from an ordinary group conversation in Messages.

Select the Details icon (small letter “i”) and choose “Add Member” to add someone new or select the person you want to remove and choose “Remove From Conversation.”

Visit the corresponding app to adjust the access and permissions as needed.

Can I adjust the access and permissions after sharing a file?

Open the corresponding app per the type of file you shared. Select the Collaboration icon and choose “Only invited people can edit.” You’ll see the same options as when you initially set up the file for sharing.

Can I use SharePlay to collaborate on projects in Messages?

SharePlay is a handy feature for watching videos and listening to music with friends and family in Messages and FaceTime on iPhone and iPad or FaceTime on Mac. You can use the SharePlay feature in apps like Music, TV, TikTok, and Spotify. However, there isn’t currently a SharePlay option in apps like Pages, Notes, or Numbers.

Image credit: Pixabay. All screenshots by Sandy Writtenhouse.

Sandy Writtenhouse

With her BS in Information Technology, Sandy worked for many years in the IT industry as a Project Manager, Department Manager, and PMO Lead. She wanted to help others learn how technology can enrich business and personal lives and has shared her suggestions and how-tos across thousands of articles.

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How To Make The Most Of Your Credit Card Points

If you have a credit card, you probably know the basic rewards it offers: maybe you get airline miles, maybe you get cash back, or perhaps it gives you points to shop on Amazon. But are you really making the most of those points, or are you leaving money on the table? Here’s how to ensure you get as much of that free stuff as possible.

How to choose the right credit card

Travel cards, for example, are extremely popular, and their points tend to be worth more than other types of rewards programs. But if you don’t travel very often, you might be better off with a cash-back card, even if those travel points give you more for your dollar. “I like to think about that ahead of time, so you can have a goal, something that you’re working toward,” says Harzog. Consider getting an airline miles card to help you pay for a trip to your brother’s wedding in Bermuda, for example.

If you’re comparing two similar cards and want to see which program’s points are more valuable, though, plenty of credit card sites—including U.S. News, The Points Guy, and others—have pages dedicated to calculating how much money different points are worth. For example, many airline programs redeem at a value between 1 and 2 cents per point, while most hotel points are worth significantly less—usually under a cent. So if you travel a lot, you might consider signing up for a miles program instead of a hotel points program.

Consider which points make the most sense for your usage, too. For example, my family lives in Detroit, which is a Delta hub. That means a Delta card makes a lot of sense for me. Even if I don’t fly Delta all the time, I know I’m guaranteed to fly there once or twice a year. Even if I liked another airline better, having that guarantee means my points will never go to waste.

Finally, when choosing a card, make sure you take into account all the hidden costs. For example, many cards offer a big signup bonus, but you have to spend a certain amount in the first three months to get those extra points. “Make sure you’re going to be able to spend enough within that three month period without spending more that you intend to,” says Harzog. “If you use that card for stuff you were going to buy anyway, you’re fine.” In addition, check the annual fee and make sure that your rewards outweigh the fee. You can sometimes call the credit card company and get the fee waived the first year (or more), too. And—though this should go without saying—don’t ever carry a balance on your card, since you’ll end up spending more in interest than you’ll ever gain in points.

Analyze your credit card benefits

Once you pick a card that looks good, get to know all of its benefits. A lot of people miss out on certain perks because they didn’t pay close enough attention, says Harzog. “It’s very boring to read this stuff, and it’s hard to understand because it’s written by lawyers. Sometimes I have to read it a couple times.” Don’t hesitate to call the credit card issuer if you aren’t sure about something, and see if you can find discussion about the card elsewhere on the web that may shed light on its idiosyncrasies.

RELATED: Credit card stolen or lost? Here’s what to do.

For example, I’ve had the popular Amazon Prime Rewards card for years, and it’s great for me—I shop a ton on Amazon, so I earn 5 percent back on all those purchases, and eventually accrue enough Amazon points to buy something really awesome. I did not realize, however, that I can also exchange those points for a statement credit of equal value. This is a much better option, even if I’m still going to buy that big-ticket item on Amazon—if I buy it on a card instead, I accrue more points. If I buy it with points, I get nothing. I’ve definitely missed out on a few hundred dollars over the years with this mistake.

Similarly, plenty of cards come with shopping portals—like United’s MileagePlus Shopping, or American Airlines’ AAdvantage eShopping—that can net you more points per dollar you spend, as long as you navigate to the retailer through the credit card’s website. For example, shopping at chúng tôi normally might get you the usual 1 mile per dollar, but going to chúng tôi through United or American’s portal might get you 3 miles per dollar. If you’re already going to be shopping at one of those retailers anyway, that’s a great way to earn extra points over time. You may even be able to sign up for email notifications when certain retailers have points-related promotions. If you have multiple credit cards, you can use an aggregator like evreward or Cashback Monitor to see which shopping portal has the best rate for a store at any given time, too.

When it comes time to spend your points, you’ll want to make sure you spend them in the right places. A lot of cards offer the opportunity to trade your miles for, say, Amazon points or other perks, but they aren’t always a good deal. “Some cards don’t transfer at 1-to-1 point values,” says Harzog, “So it’s important to check and see what your points are worth.” Again, do some research on your card and see what experts estimate for the point values on any given redemption. If you’re debating between getting a gift card and redeeming for travel, you may find your redemption program places more value on one or the other.

RELATED: Budgeting is tedious. These tricks make it easier.

How to track your credit card rewards

AwardWallet can also keep track of bonus categories that net you more points. “Say you’ve got the Blue Cash Preferred card, and you get 6 percent back at grocery stores,” says Harzog. “You’re going to want to be sure that you use that card when you go to the grocery store.” Many credit card sites can also send you reminders, especially with cards like Chase Freedom where those categories change every few months. If it helps, put sticky notes on your cards to remember which ones to use where.

Finally, “don’t forget to actually use those rewards,” Harzog says. “So many rewards are lost because people haven’t kept track, or they expire.” If you can, sign up for notifications to make sure you know when your points are going to disappear—that way, you don’t miss out on any free money.

How To Gift Games Directly From Your Xbox One Console.

After months of testing, it’s now officially possible to gift games to anyone directly from Xbox Live and your Xbox One console. Just like you have been able to do on Steam for quite some time. If you’d like to gift a game to someone special just in time for Christmas, this guide will show you how to gift a game From your Xbox One Console or the Microsoft Store.

How to Transfer Content From An Old Xbox One to a New Xbox One.

After an unusually short time of testing in the Xbox Insider Program, Microsoft has decided to push Game Gifting out to the general populace and the timing couldn’t be better, with Christmas just around the corner. The idea isn’t entirely new with Steam offering the service for quite some time. However, now Xbox One owners and anyone with an account and access to the Microsoft Store, can purchase games, DLC and subscriptions as gifts, then send them to anyone instantly. 

Unfortunately, there are a few restrictions in place, one of which you may find especially annoying. This being that games can only be purchased and redeemed by users in the same country/region. So if you want to buy a game for a friend or family member in another country you’re out of luck. On most occasions though, you can buy pass this restriction if you use a VPN and purchase the game in the same region your receiver is in. For example, if you live in Australia and would like to gift a game to someone in America, you can set your VPN to somewhere in the States, then make the purchase. 

Note: You can check out the Xbox One Game Gifting full Terms and Conditions page here.

How to Purchase Xbox One Games as Gifts From the Console or Web.

To send/gift an Xbox One game to someone, you will first need to log into your account and access the Microsoft store, either from your computer, phone, tablet or Xbox console. Then pick the game you would like to purchase. Once you are on the main purchase page, all you have to do is choose Buy As Gift and follow the prompts to finish your purchase. 

During the purchase process, you will need to make sure you enter the correct email address of the person you wish to send the game too. (there isn’t a double check prompt) If you are making the purchase from your console you will also have the option to choose a person from your Xbox Live friends list. As soon as you finalize the purchase, the giftee will receive an email with a redeemable download code. Whats even cooler about the entire process is that you can choose the date you wish your gift to be sent, so long as it’s within 12 months. 

Note: You should also be sure to check the time frame in which the gift may expire if you are setting a gift delivery date nearly the max 12-month limit. It shouldn’t be an issue but companies are often sneaky with services like this.

Another fact worth noting is that if the person you have sent the gift game to already has the game or absolutely despises it, you have 14 days to cancel the purchase, so long as the code hasn’t been redeemed. There is also the option to forward the gift on to someone else, regifting a gift! Again so long as the code hasn’t been redeemed. Basically, anyone who has the Gift email and/or the redemption code can redeem the game. If you are looking for a really good gift idea what will go a long way, check out EA’s Origin Access. As hated as EA and Origin are, it’s still damn good value for money, especially if you haven’t played most of the featured games on the ever-growing list.  

How To Use Siri On Your Iphone, Ipad, Airpods, Mac, And Apple Watch


To use Siri on an iPhone, iPad, Mac, and Apple Watch, make sure that it is enabled. You can then say “Hey Siri” and wait for the familiar swirling light circle to appear on the screen. Or, on an iOS device, you can also long-press the side power button. AirPods mirror whichever Apple device you have paired them to, therefore requiring no separate setup.


iPhone or iPad


Apple Watch


Some popular commands

The following tutorial assumes you have set up and activated Siri. If not, you need to do that first before proceeding.

How to use Siri on the iPhone or iPad

“Where am I?” (requires Location Services to be enabled)

Call (name of person)

Text (name of person)

FaceTime (name of person)

What’s this song called? (if music is playing in the background)

Add this song to my library (requires an active Apple Music subscription)

Open (name of app)

Press Side Button for Siri

David Imel / Android Authority

Alternatively, you can activate Siri by long-pressing the side power button. Don’t release your finger until the swirling light circle appears. Short-pressing the button will switch off the phone, so don’t do that.

How to use Siri with your AirPods

Sam Smart / Android Authority

The difference with AirPods is that there is no separate setup required. Since they are paired to another device (like an iPhone or an iPad), you merely have to pair them together, and Siri is pretty much ready to go on your buds.

With 1st Generation AirPods, you merely have to double-tap one of the AirPods. Then give your command, question, or request.

With 2nd Generation AirPods, you would say “Hey Siri” and then your command, question, or request. However, you can change it to a double-tap by going to the AirPods in Bluetooth settings and selecting Siri.

Your AirPods can also announce incoming phone calls and text messages, which you can answer by tapping the AirPod bud. Any music currently playing on your device would cease during the call and would resume when the call ends. If you feel these announcements are starting to get annoying, you can easily disable them.

How to use Siri on your Apple Watch

One cool feature is that you can use Siri on an Apple Watch. Now, every time you speak to your watch, you look like David Hasselhoff in Knight Rider. You have to be an 80’s kid to appreciate it.

Press the digital crown on the side of the Apple Watch.

Navigate to Settings. Scroll down until you find Siri, and tap it.

Toggle on Listen for “Hey Siri” and Press Digital Crown.

Now raise the phone to your mouth and say, “Hey Siri.” Alternatively, press the digital crown. The familiar glowing swirling ball will appear. Give your command.

Some popular commands

In the iPhone section, we covered some basic commands that you can give, but there are countless more. Edgar profiled the best Siri commands that you need to know to get the most out of the service. As well as asking it to use your phone functions to contact someone, you can also ask it general knowledge questions (which ruins quiz shows for my wife.) You can also ask for recipes, ask the time and date, create a reminder list, add something to your calendar, plot a route on Apple Maps, make search engine queries….anything, really.

Of course, there are also funny things you can ask Siri. Like asking if she would be your girlfriend, and she replies, “why would I want to be loved, then thrown away and face the misery and the heartache…?”

And don’t quote Bohemian Rhapsody to her — not unless you want her to finish the song — using her own words.

Read more: How to stop Siri from auto-correcting certain words on Apple devices


You can either stay silent, and she will eventually go away herself. Or you can say “stop” or “go away” which pretty much does the same thing.

Siri will never swear. If you ask her to, she will politely say she is not allowed to. The same goes for dirty jokes. She will refuse.

No, it is currently not possible to change her name.

If you decide to shut Siri down entirely, just go into the device settings, and toggle off all related settings.

Fix Repeated “Your Message Could Not Be Sent” Messages Error On Mac

Mac users may encounter a pop-up error originating from the Messages app in Mac OS which informs them “your message could not be sent”. Often when this error dialog appears, it’s seemingly out of nowhere or when a Mac wakes from sleep or has rebooted.

While it’s possible to encounter the “your message could not be sent” error for legitimate sending failures, or because iCloud or iMessage is down (very rare), it’s also possible the error can appear due to a syncing issue in which case there is nothing to adjust, and the solution in that case is a bit goofy.

The full text of the error you might see, as well as the three options is: “There was an error sending the previous message. Would you like to send it again? Ignore – Open Messages – Resend Message” You can choose ignore, and the error likely comes right back immediately. You can choose Open Messages, and you will also usually see the same error again. If you choose “Resend Message” if there wasn’t a failed message, you may end up re-sending an old message, or nothing may happen at all. Clear as mud, right? Anyway since this is a bit of a nuisance, here is what you should do if you experience this on a Mac.

1: Check iMessage & iCloud Settings

Before anything else, make sure iMessage settings and iCloud are enabled as expected on the Mac. It’s possible to encounter this error message when an iMessage or text message has actually failed to send from the Mac, in which case you can almost always resolve the issue by double-checking Messages app preferences and making sure the Mac is configured to send messages, text messages, and has iCloud enabled and logged in.

Check the Apple ID / “iCloud” system preference panel and make sure iCloud and Messages are enabled and logged in as expected.

From the Messages app, pull down the “Messages” window and choose Preferences, and make sure account settings are configured and enabled as expected.

2: The Repeatedly Cilck “Ignore” Solution

Yes, it’s just as dumb as it sounds! If you continuously encounter the “Your message could not be sent” error when turning a Mac on after it has been off for a while, or waking a Mac from sleep after it has been asleep for a while, the error could be due to a curious syncing issue with the Messages app, and not an actual message send failure. The solution in this case is to repeatedly ignore the dialog window, which seems to reappear for about the total number of messages which need to sync with another iOS device or Mac using the same Apple ID.

Eventually, the error message goes away, presumably because all of the unsynced iMessages will have synced properly between all same-Apple ID Apple devices and things will work again as expected.

3: Make Sure Text Forwarding is Enabled on iPhone

You can often remedy message issues on the Mac, by turning to your iPhone. Say what? This is because the Mac relies on the iPhone to relay text messages, so we need to make sure this feature is enabled.

Try to send the message again, it should go through just fine.


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