You are reading the article How To Mount A Windows Share Folder On Linux updated in November 2023 on the website Hatcungthantuong.com. We hope that the information we have shared is helpful to you. If you find the content interesting and meaningful, please share it with your friends and continue to follow and support us for the latest updates. Suggested December 2023 How To Mount A Windows Share Folder On Linux
Linux and Windows systems have major differences, with different file systems and protocols in use. Sharing files between them can be difficult, especially because they use two different sharing protocols. That doesn’t mean it’s impossible to mount a Windows share folder on Linux, however. Follow along below to find out how.Share Your Windows Folder
Before you do anything, you need to ensure that Windows has been correctly set up to allow for networking file sharing.
In your Windows sharing options menu, make sure that “Turn on network discovery” and “Turn on file and printer sharing” are enabled.
Under the “Permissions” section, set the control rights for your folder. By default, Windows will grant read-only access to your files.
Your folder should now be shared on your network, ready for you to access from your Linux PC.Install CIFS-utils
Depending on your Linux distribution, you may be able to mount your Windows-shared folder automatically in your distribution’s file explorer.
However, this may not work correctly. The safest way to mount Windows-shared folders on Linux is to use the CIFS-utils package and mount the folder using the Linux terminal.
This allows Linux machines to access SMB file shares used by Windows PCs.
To install CIFS-utils, open a new terminal window. For Ubuntu and Debian-based distributions, type:
For Arch users, type:pacman
Once installed, you can then mount your Windows share folder from the Linux terminal.Mount Windows SMB Share on Linux
You’ll need to create a mount directory before you can mount your Windows SMB-shared folder on Linux. This is where Linux will mirror the contents of your shared folder.
To do that, open a terminal window and type:
Once created, type the following:
Replace “Windows” with the IP address or hostname for your Windows PC and “SharedFolder” with your shared folder name. For the username, replace “account” with your Windows username or full Microsoft account email.Sharing Files Between Linux and Windows in Dual Boot
Sharing files between Windows and Linux works great when you mount a shared folder between the two devices, but can you still share files with a dual boot setup? Linux and Windows have separate file systems. Linux usually uses Ext4, while Windows uses NTFS and also works with FAT32. This doesn’t mean it’s impossible to see and share files, though.
You’ll need a compatible Windows system, build 20231 or higher, and a few other resources to make it work. Don’t worry. Everything is free. This guide walks you through each step in the process, including a way to read and share files between Windows and Linux.Frequently Asked Questions 1. Why do I get a syntax error when trying to mount a folder in Linux?
Either there’s a small error in the command in the terminal window, or you have a space in the folder name. Spaces don’t always come across correctly in the syntax. Instead of recognizing the command as the full name of the folder, the system sees two unrelated items.
Avoid this by placing the name in quotes. For instance, Shared Folder would become “Shared Folder.” Of course, you can also just rename the Windows 10 folder to place the words together or have a dash between them.2. Can I mount a shared folder if I use VirtualBox?
Yes. The process should work the same way. You can also share devices, such as USB drives.3. Can I mount guest, network, or password protected folders?
Yes, but since you’re not using the main Windows 10 account, you will need to adjust the syntax a bit. Plus, if you’re mounting a network folder, you’ll also need the server or machine name.
While this guide applies to Ubuntu, it should work for most major Linux distros as well. It lists the syntax for different scenarios, assuming you’ve already completed all of the steps (except the final mounting) above.4. Why do I only have read access for the shared folder?
If you want to store files in the shared folder from Linux, make sure you have full read/write access to the folder in Windows. If the Windows user account only has read permission, this is the only permission you’ll have from Linux as well. You must change your account permissions from within Windows 10. For companies, you’ll need your IT admin to make the change for you.5. Why aren’t folder changes showing up?
If you’ve made changes to the permissions of the folder, they may not show up immediately in Linux. You’ll need to remount the folder for changes to take effect.
Use the command above to remount any shared folders. This should ensure things work as expected. If you have any random glitches, remounting typically fixes them.Wrapping Up
Mounting Windows and Linux shared folders gives you the freedom to access your most important files, no matter the operating system. The SMB protocol is well supported on Linux, so you shouldn’t find it difficult to continue accessing your Windows files and folders once you’ve installed the CIFS-utils package.
If you’d rather use a single system, here are five of the best Linux distros for Windows users you could use.
Crystal Crowder has spent over 15 years working in the tech industry, first as an IT technician and then as a writer. She works to help teach others how to get the most from their devices, systems, and apps. She stays on top of the latest trends and is always finding solutions to common tech problems.
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You're reading How To Mount A Windows Share Folder On Linux
Now that we know what Linux is, it is the time that to learn how we should install it on the computer and choose which Distribution we should use. Let us start by understanding what a Linux Distribution is.
In this tutorial, we will learn –What is a Linux Distribution?
Well, now as you know that Linux is open-source, free to use kernel. It is used by programmers, organizations, profit and non-profit companies around the world to create Operating systems to suit their individual requirements.
To prevent hacking attempts, many organizations keep their Linux operating systems private.
Many others make their variations of Linux available publicly so the whole world can benefit at large.
These versions/ types /kinds of Linux operating system are called Distributions.
How many distributions are out there?
There are hundreds of Linux operating systems or Distributions available these days. Many of them are designed with a specific purpose in mind. For example, to run a web server or to run on network switches like routers, modems, etc.
The latest example of one of the most popular smartphone-based Linux Distribution is Android!
Many of these Distributions are built to offer excellent personal computing.
Here, are a few popular Linux Distributions (also called Linux Distro) –
Linux Distribution Name Description
Arch This Linux Distro is popular amongst Developers. It is an independently developed system. It is designed for users who go for a do-it-yourself approach.
CentOS It is one of the most used Linux Distribution for enterprise and web servers. It is a free enterprise class Operating system and is based heavily on Red Hat enterprise Distro.
Debian Debian is a stable and popular non-commercial Linux distribution. It is widely used as a desktop Linux Distro and is user-oriented. It strictly acts within the Linux protocols.
Fedora Another Linux kernel based Distro, Fedora is supported by the Fedora project, an endeavor by Red Hat. It is popular among desktop users. Its versions are known for their short life cycle.
Gentoo It is a source based Distribution which means that you need to configure the code on your system before you can install it. It is not for Linux beginners, but it is sure fun for experienced users.
LinuxMint It is one of the most popular Desktop Distributions available out there. It launched in 2006 and is now considered to be the fourth most used Operating system in the computing world.
OpenSUSE It is an easy to use and a good alternative to MS Windows. It can be easily set up and can also run on small computers with obsolete configurations.
RedHat enterprise Another popular enterprise based Linux Distribution is Red Hat chúng tôi has evolved from Red Hat Linux which was discontinued in 2004. It is a commercial Distro and very popular among its clientele.
Slackware Slackware is one of the oldest Linux kernel based OS’s. It is another easy desktop Distribution. It aims at being a ‘Unix like’ OS with minimal changes to its kernel.
Ubuntu This is the third most popular desktop operating system after Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS. It is based on the Debian Linux Distribution, and it is known as its desktop environment.The Best Linux Distribution!
The term best is relative. Each Linux distribution is built for a specific purpose-built to meet the demands of its target users.
The desktop Distributions are available for free on their respective websites. You might want to try them one by one till you get to know which Distribution you like the most. Each one of them offers its own unique design applications, and security.
We will be using Ubuntu for our learning purpose as it’s easy for a beginner to understand.
Also Check:- UNIX / Linux Tutorial for Beginners: Learn Online in 7 daysHow to Install Linux
Let’s look the below Linux installation guide which has various methods we can use to Download Linux(Ubuntu) and install it.Installing Linux using USB stick
This is one of the easiest methods of installing Ubuntu or any distribution on your computer. Follow the steps to install Ubuntu from USB.
Download the .iso or the OS files on your computer from this link.
Download free software like Universal USB installer to make a bootable USB stick.
Select an Ubuntu Distribution form the dropdown to put on your USB
Select your Ubuntu iso file download in step 1.
Select the drive letter of USB to install Ubuntu and Press create button.
After everything has been installed and configured, a small window will appear Congratulations! You now have Ubuntu on a USB stick, bootable and ready to go.Installing Linux using CD-ROM
Those who like the way a CD runs should try using this method.
Step 2) Burn the files to a CD.
Step 3) Boot your computer from the optical drive and follow the instructions as they come.Installing Linux using Virtual Machine
Virtual machine software like Oracle VM can install Linux on Windows in easy steps. Let us look at them.
Here the brief steps
PART A) Download and Install Virtual Box
Download Virtual box using this link
Depending on your processor and OS, select the appropriate package. In our case, we have selected Windows with AMD
Once the download is complete, Open setup file and follow the steps below:
The virtual box dashboard looks like this-
PART B) Download Ubuntu
Visit this link to download Ubuntu.
You can select 32/64-bit versions as per your choice.
PART C) Create a Machine in Virtual Box
The virtual hard disk is where the OS installation files and data/applications you create/install in this Ubuntu machine will reside
Step-8) Now you can see the machine name in left panel
So a Machine (PC) with 8GB Hardisk, 1GB RAM is ready.
PART D) How to Install Ubuntu
Step 2) Select the Folder Option
Step 3) Select the Ubuntu iso file
Step-5) You have an option to Run Ubuntu WITHOUT installing. In this tutorial will install Ubuntu
Step-11) Installation process starts. May take up to 30 minutes. Please wait until installation process completes.
Step-12) After finishing the installation, you will see Ubuntu Desktop.Summary
An operating system based on the Linux kernel is called a Distribution or Distro
There are hundreds of Distributions available, some of which are designed to accomplish a sole purpose like running servers, act as network switches, etc.
Naming the best Linux Distribution is difficult as they are made for different.
Linux can be installed on your system via the below-mentioned methods:
Android Debugging Bridge (ADB), as the name suggests, is a command-line utility that allows developers to debug various parts of their applications. However, it is not restricted to just developers. If you want to access certain features of the Android platform that are not otherwise accessible, you too can use the ADB commands by installing ADB on your computer, be it Windows, macOS, Linux, or Chrome OS. Once you install it, there are numerous cool things that you can do with ADB on your Android device. Plus, there are various apps that require ADB permissions to work. So, if you have been confused about how to install and use ADB on Windows, macOS, Linux or Chrome OS, we have you covered.Setup Your Android Device for ADB
Even if you install ADB on your computer, it is of no use unless you set up your Android device first to work with ADB. So in case you are not sure how to do that, follow the steps below to find out.
Open Settings on your Android device, and go to “About Phone”. Here, tap on “Build number” 7 times consecutively. Keep in mind, as Android devices have different skin, the ‘Build Numer’ page may be kept under some other pages.
This will enable “Developer options” on your Android device. Head over to “System” and then open Developer Options and enable “USB debugging”. Now, whenever you will connect your Android device to the computer, select the “File transfer (MTP)” mode. You are done on the device front. Now, the next step is to set up ADB on your computer.Install ADB on Windows
Firstly, download the ADB Platform Tools for Windows from Google’s official page. Once downloaded, extract the contents of this file on your Windows PC using a file archiver utility like WinRAR.
After that, connect your Android device to Windows PC and execute adb devices command.
It will prompt a “USB debugging” prompt on your smartphone. Enable the “Always allow” checkbox and then tap on “Allow”.
Now, you should see your device’s serial number in the Command Prompt window. If it does not detect your device then run adb devices again and this time, it will definitely detect your device. Congratulations! ADB is now successfully installed on your Windows PC.Install ADB on macOS
Here, we will take a slightly different path to install ADB on macOS. We will have to install Homebrew first on macOS and then we can install the Android platform-tools easily. Homebrew is an open-source package manager that installs the missing packages. So with all that said, here we begin.
First of all, open the Terminal on your Mac and execute the below command. It will install Homebrew on your Mac. During the installation, it might ask for your password. The whole installation will take about 10 mins.
After that, install the ADB platform-tools from the below command.brew install android-platform-tools --cask
Now connect the Android device to your Mac and execute the adb devices command. You will receive a prompt on your Android device to allow USB debugging. So, just enable the checkbox and tap on “Allow”.
You should now see the serial number of your device on Mac This signifies that ADB is successfully installed on your Mac.Install ADB on Linux
Download the ADB Platform Tools for Linux from Google’s official page and unzip the file to a suitable location like your home directory.
After that, open the Linux terminal and move to the extracted folder location. Execute the below command to move to the particular folder. Make sure to change the username to your actual Linux username.cd /home/
Connect your Android device and run the adb devices command on the Linux terminal. On your Android device, check the box for “Always allow” and then tap on the “Ok” button.
Finally, your Android device will show up on the Linux Terminal with the serial number. This is how you can install and set up ADB on Linux systems.Install ADB on Chrome OS
Now, open the Linux Terminal from the app drawer and execute the below command to install the ADB platform tools. Further, press “Y” to allow the installation.sudo apt-get install android-tools-adb
Back to Linux Terminal, execute the adb devices command and a prompt will appear on your Android device. Enable the checkbox for “Always allow” and then tap on the “Ok” button. Congratulations, you have successfully set up ADB on Chrome OS.
If the Terminal shows “Permission Denied” or “Command Not Found” error then run the adb start-server command first and then try again with the adb devices command.How to Use ADB on Windows, macOS, Linux and Chrome OS
After you have successfully installed ADB on your Windows PC, Mac, Linux system or Chromebook, using it is just a matter of executing various ADB commands in the Terminal. Just make sure that you have connected your Android device to your computer while USB debugging is enabled. After this, you can try different commands and experience Android a whole lot differently. To help you get started, given below are a few of the most commonly used ADB commands.Install ADB on Windows, macOS, Linux and Chrome OS With Ease
How to Use Screen Share in FaceTime on iOS 15
Before going any further, let’s know what Screen Sharing is and how it works.
Screen sharing is a way to share the screen of the device with others in real-time. Screen sharing is very useful for online presentations and lectures. Screen sharing also helps in saving time for users because it limits sending files, documents and then opening them on various devices for meetings. In short, video conferences and screen sharing became a great asset in the world of virtual meetings and FaceTime is considered the best among them.Does FaceTime allow sharing screens with Android and Windows?
Yes, Android users and Windows users can get access to FaceTime screen sharing via a link and they can join it through the browser. But Android and Windows users will only be able to see the screen and nothing much beyond this. If you want to unlock all the features of FaceTime screen sharing then you will have to switch to Apple’s ecosystem where you will be using FaceTime either on iPhone or iPad or Mac.
Also Read: How To Use Group FaceTime On iPhone And iPadHow to share screen using FaceTime:-
4. After the share Link is created, share it with your friends using Email, WhatsApp, Skype, iMessage, etc, and Start FaceTime Call.
8. Now open the app you want to screen share with your family and friendsUse FaceTime to share the screen in great quality:
There are a lot of apps available to share screens and show presentations and conduct meetings. I, being an Apple user, would prefer sharing my screen with family and friends due to the uncompromised security features provided in the Apple ecosystem. There are numerous third-party apps available that will do the same work for you which FaceTime can do but one thing which can not be compromised is the privacy that is provided by Apple.
Yes, there is just one restriction after so many updates and upgrades in iOS and FaceTime itself that the app is still not available to use on any browser. This is just to ensure security but if Apple can come up with the new feature of using FaceTime on a browser that would be a revolution in the history of newly started video-conferencing culture.Conclusion:-
Apple’s FaceTime video conferencing tool allows sharing screens with Android and Windows users also with iOS 15 updates. This new improvement has been taking the limelight since it was introduced to users. This new feature allows users to share the screen with family and friends and also they can play any movie or a show in real-time and can share the same with the viewer.
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How To Share iCloud Folders on iPhone Mac and PC
Note: To share an iCloud folder, you need to have version 13 for iPhone and iPad and Mac OS X 10.15 for Mac. In case you have older versions, it is recommended to upgrade the iOS. With iCloud drive you can easily share files and folders, add files to the iCloud, edit added participants as well as manage the permissions.How to Share iCloud Folders on iPhone/iPad:
As stated above, you need to have iOS 13.4 or later to be able to share folders with iCloud. Let’s see how you can do it:
On your iPad or iPhone, navigate to the Files app.
Once you have selected the folder, choose Share located on the bottom-left corner of the screen.
Once you have selected the mode of an invite, the recipient will get a link which they need to open in order to access the shared iCloud folders.
You can also change the permissions while sharing iCloud folders. You can let people access, read and, even edit the folders you have shared.How To Share iCloud Folders on A Mac:
You need to have mac OS X 10.15 to be able to share folders with iCloud. Let’s see how you can do it:
Launch Finder on your Mac.
Post this, choose the iCloud folder you wish to share.
Once you have selected the mode of invite, the recipient will get a link which they need to open in order to access the shared iCloud folders.
You can also change the permissions while sharing iCloud folders. You can let people access, read and, even edit the folders you have shared.How To Share iCloud Folders on A Windows PC:
In order to share folders on iCloud Drive on a Windows PC, please make sure you have the version 11.1 or later of iCloud for Windows.
Please follow the steps below to share iCloud Folders on Windows PC:
Open File Explorer on your Windows PC and then open the iCloud Drive from the left panel.
Now, enter the email id of the concerned person in the People field you wish to share iCloud Folder
You can also change the permissions while sharing iCloud folders. You can let people access, read and even edit the folders you have shared.
So guys, if you are worried about losing your data and want to keep it secure, using Cloud Storage service is a good option. Not only does it save your data but also keeps it secure from hackers. We hope the article on how to share iCloud Folders was of help.
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It’s an excellent idea to sign in to your SSH server without a password. Seriously, get rid of it. There’s no need to use a password on one of the most attacked services on Linux servers, right? Securing an SSH server using standard password-based authentication is a bad idea. Attackers can easily brute force passwords, and when they’re the only thing standing between a bad actor and your server, you should definitely be nervous.
That’s why RSA key-based authentication is much better. You can configure and secure your Linux server to only allow access from computers that hold the RSA keys that have already been accepted. Anyone else will be rejected immediately. As an added benefit, you can create those keys with or without a password, which is entirely up to you. A strong key without a password is fine in most cases, though.
If you use Linux devices at home, too, you have the added benefit of convenience. Say you want to set up SSH X-forwarding from your Linux workstation to your laptop. Do you really want to enter your password every time you run a remote program? Set up SSH keys, and you won’t need to.Install the Packages
There are a couple of packages that you need. You probably already have some of them, but it’s a good idea to check. The packages are the same on both the server and client. However, there’s also a good chance that both machines are servers and clients to each other (home situation), so you may want to make sure that you have installed these packages.
The OpenSSH metapackage is not installed by default on either Debian or Ubuntu systems. If you don’t already have it installed, you can do so by running the following command:
sshGenerate Your SSH Key in Linux
It’s really easy to generate your SSH key in Linux. Just tell OpenSSH that you need to generate the key. It’s also a good idea to specify the amount of bits with the -b flag and the type with -t. A 4096 bit key is best, as it provides stronger encryption.
First, the utility will ask where you want to store the key. Just hit Enter for the default directory. When it asks for a password, leave it blank for a passwordless key and passwordless authentication. If you do want to use a password for your key, enter it here.
Your computer will take a couple of seconds to generate your key. When it’s over, it will print out an ASCII art representation of your key on the terminal.Sending Your Key to the Remote Linux Host
To use your key, you’ll need to send it to your remote server. OpenSSH has another built-in utility for that, too. Tell it where your key is and which user on the server to associate it with.ssh-copy-id
Replace ip_remote_host with the actual IP address of the remote host, which you will manage via SSH. Replace username with the actual username on the remote host.
It’s crucial that you use the -i option to specify the identity file that contains your public key. If you try to use your SSH key without this option, you may get an error.Testing Your SSH Connection in Linux
With your SSH key in the remote server, you can now test whether your connection properly works.
Log in with the following command:
The remote host will log you in without asking for the user account password.
However, if you made a mistake during the process, the SSH daemon will automatically fall back to password authentication for your user account. This allows you to still access your remote server even if you have a non-functioning RSA key.Configuring SSH to Block Passwords
For the best security, you need to disable SSH password logins on your Linux server. Similar to enabling two-factor authentication in SSH, this prevents anyone from brute-forcing their way into your server.
It is important to make sure that you can reliably log in with your SSH key before doing this, as it is possible to lock yourself out of your remote server if you have a malfunctioning key.
You can find the configuration file for your SSH daemon in “/etc/ssh/sshd_config.” Open the file on the server using sudo and your preferred text editor. For example, open this file using nano by running the following command:PasswordAuthentication no PermitEmptyPasswords no
PasswordAuthentication specifies whether to use password authentication. We set this to “no” because we want to use SSH keys only.
PermitEmptyPasswords specifies whether the server allows login with an empty password. You should never allow this, so we set it to “no.”
Next, find the “UsePAM” line and change it to “no.” This will prevent the daemon from using any authentication methods (password, Kerberos, etc.) other than SSH keys.UsePAM no
Save the file by pressing Ctrl + O, then Ctrl + X and reload the SSH server.
Now that you have successfully configured your server to use only SSH keys for authentication, anyone trying to log in without a valid RSA key will be immediately denied.Frequently Asked Questions I am getting a “Connection refused” when I send my SSH key to my Linux server. How do I fix this?
Make sure that the SSH server is running on the remote host. You can check this by running sudo systemctl status ssh. If the service is not running, you can start it with this command: sudo systemctl start ssh.
If a firewall is running on the server, make sure that port 22 is open. You can do this by running sudo ufw status. If SSH isn’t listed, you can enable it by running this command: sudo ufw allow ssh.I get a “Host key verification failed” error when I try to connect. How do I fix this?
This error means that the SSH server’s host key has changed. It can happen if the server has been reinstalled. You can regenerate a new public key and copy it over to the remote host. Repeat the steps in this article to regenerate and add the new key to the server.Is it possible to use multiple SSH keys on the same remote Linux server?
Yes. You can use the -f option in OpenSSH to specify the exact key you want to use to connect to a remote server. For example, running ssh -f ~/.ssh/id_rsa_2 username@remote_ip_address will connect you to your remote server using the “id_rsa_2” key instead of the default “id_rsa.”
However, it is important to note that this command will only work if your remote server already recognizes your new key. You need to first copy it to your remote server using ssh-copy-id. Similar to the steps above, you can do this either through password or RSA key authentication.I am getting a “Permission Denied” error whenever I try to copy my SSH key to my server.
This issue is most likely due to a permissions problem in your remote server. In most cases, the ssh-copy-id utility should properly resolve any access issues as soon as it connects to your remote server. However, there are instances where this feature breaks and fails to properly copy your local machine’s “id_rsa.”
To fix this, log in to your remote server and run chmod 700 /home/$USER/.ssh/* && chmod 600 /home/$USER/.ssh. This will set the correct permission bits for both the “.ssh” folder and its contents.
Image credit: Unsplash. All alterations and screenshots by Ramces Red.
Ramces is a technology writer that lived with computers all his life. A prolific reader and a student of Anthropology, he is an eccentric character that writes articles about Linux and anything *nix.
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