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When you buy a new computer, the first thing you’ll probably want to do is copy all of your contents from your old computer over to the new one. This ensures you can continue the work that you were doing on your old machine.

One of the things you may want to migrate to your new computer is to move your iTunes library to a new computer. Although Apple has done away with iTunes on the latest Macs, the app is still used on old macOS versions and Windows computers.

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Moving your iTunes library to a new computer is pretty easy actually. There are features inside the app itself to help you do it.

Put All Your iTunes Content In a Single Folder

If you know the basics of how iTunes works, you probably know that the app doesn’t need to copy your music files to its folders to play them. Your songs could be anywhere on your machine and you can still find, organize, and play them in the app.

Because of the nature of the app, there’s no one folder that you can copy from your old computer to the new one and get your library migrated. But, there’s a feature in iTunes that lets you put all of your files in a single folder. It’s called consolidating files and you can do it from within the app on your computer.

Your files will continue to exist at their original location and the following procedure will only make a copy of those files in the iTunes folder. You want to make sure there’s enough storage on your computer as you’ll have a total of two copies of each of your iTunes files.

It’ll start copying the iTunes library files from wherever they’re on your computer to the iTunes folder. Wait for it to do that.

Once the files are copied, you can delete the original ones from their folders if you want.

Find The iTunes Folder & Copy It To Your External Drive

Once your entire iTunes library is consolidated, you can copy the consolidated folder over to an external drive for migration. However, the iTunes folder isn’t easily accessible as it’s located deep down in various subfolders.

Also, if you or someone has ever changed the original iTunes media folder, it won’t be available at its default location. You’re then going to need to find exactly where it’s stored on your machine.

Fortunately, iTunes provides you with an easy way to find its media folder. All you need to do is access an option in the app and it’ll let you know where your iTunes files are located. Once that’s done, you can copy the folder over to your external drive and start the migration process.

On the settings screen, you want to navigate to the tab that says Advanced as the option you’re looking for is located there.

Once you’re in the Advanced tab, you’ll find a box with the title that says iTunes Media folder location. Note down the path displayed there as you’re going to need it in the following steps.

Restore Your iTunes Library On Your New Computer

Your entire iTunes library should now be available on your external hard drive. All that you need to do now is plug the hard drive into your new computer, copy over the library files, and then let iTunes know about it for it to import the files into the app.

It may sound a bit too technical but it’s not. It’s just basically copying your files and then configuring iTunes to recognize your new library. That’s all.

Navigate to the iTunes folder on your new computer and select the iTunes chúng tôi file. The app will then start importing your content.

When your files are all imported, you should see them on the same interface and menu where they were on your old computer.

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How To Move Your Thunderbird Profile & Email To A New Windows Computer

Are you struggling to convert and move your Thunderbird profile, settings, and email to a new computer?

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The instructions below can also be used to backup and restore your Thunderbird data. These steps will outline how to copy your profile folder to a new PC manually.

Copy your profile folder from your existing computer to your new Thunderbird installation on your new computer to give it access to your files. 

Where To Store Your Data

Before you can transfer your data to your new computer, you will need a place to store it.

The data you will want to transfer includes your:



Address book


Saved passwords


Copying From Your Old Computer

Now you need to go back to your Thunderbird account and close it. 

From the profile folder you were previously using, locate the folder called roaming. You will find it three levels up from where you are currently.

Transferring Your Data To OneDrive

Now you want to go to the drive you are using to transfer your data. For this tutorial, let’s use OneDrive. But you could use a thumb drive or other cloud storage.

You are going to save or paste the Thunderbird data you copied from your old computer to OneDrive. 

This step will copy your Thunderbird profile to OneDrive. The amount of time it takes will depend upon the size of your file.

Your Destination Computer

By doing so, your data is already on your Windows clipboard before you install Thunderbird.

Install Thunderbird

Now you want to download and install Thunderbird.

IMPORTANT: Do NOT set up any accounts or add any new email addresses. “X” out of the pop-up screen as shown below.

The next step is the same as what you did when you were copying your Thunderbird profile. Find the help menu in the top navigation and choose troubleshooting information.

From the troubleshooting dashboard, select open folder.

You will then be prompted to replace the files in the destination, skip the files, or let you decide for each file. You want to choose the Replace the files in the destination option.

To assure that you have copied your data correctly from your old computer to your new one, open Thunderbird.

Once launched, you will see that your old settings, emails, and profile now reside on your new computer.

Third-Party Tools

Thunderbird doesn’t have a built-in feature to export your profile, emails, and settings like Outlook does.

So you could manually move your files as outlined above. Or you could choose a third-party tool to help export everything you need quickly.

Below are a few examples of paid tools that you can use if you don’t want to transfer your files manually.

Thunderbird Backup Wizard ($39)

As we discussed above, before you can transfer your files, you need to make a copy or backup of them.

You can back-up all your Thunderbird data with Thunderbird Backup Wizard and save it in various formats. 

There is a limited free demo available. However, it will only give you an idea of how the software works.

In addition, you will only be able to back up 25 items from each folder. To benefit from the features of the product, you will need to purchase it.

Thunderbird Migrator ($39)

Also a paid tool with a limited demo allowing only 25 backups per file, Thunderbird Migrator is another option that can help you backup your data.

The free and manual process described above to migrate your Thunderbird files to a new computer is easy-to-follow and straightforward.

How To Play Mp3 Or Audio Without Adding To Itunes Library On Mac

Want to play an mp3, m4a, or audio file on a Mac, but you don’t want to add that MP3 or audio file to your iTunes Library?

There are a few different ways to accomplish this task; one approach allows you to play an audio file in an iTunes playlist without copying it to the iTunes music library, and that works in iTunes for both Mac and Windows, and two other approaches will allow you to play audio files and mp3s on a Mac without using iTunes at all, instead utilizing either Quick Time or Quick Look, thereby never adding those audio files into iTunes or any playlist.

These tricks can be useful for one-off audio files that you just want to listen to but don’t want to permanently store on the computer. Maybe it’s a shared voice memo from an iPhone, maybe it’s a podcast you don’t want to store or listen to again, perhaps it’s a shared voicemail from an iPhone, or maybe it’s an audio file you need to hear but don’t want to save. There are many practical applications for this, as surely you can imagine.

In the examples below, we’ll be listening to a podcast mp3 file without adding the file itself to iTunes, the first method uses iTunes, the second option uses QuickTime, and the third option uses Quick Look.

How to Play Audio Files in iTunes Without Adding to iTunes Library

You can create a playlist for audio files without adding those audio files to the iTunes library itself. This is done by holding down a key while adding audio files to the iTunes app. Here’s how it works:

Launch iTunes on the Mac or Windows computer

From the file system of your Mac (or PC), locate the audio file you want to play in iTunes but not add to the library

Hold down the OPTION / ALT key and drag and drop the audio file into iTunes, this adds the audio file to iTunes playlist but will not copy the iTunes file to the iTunes media library

In the example screenshot below, four podcast files were added to iTunes in the general playlist, but without adding those podcast files to the audio library of iTunes itself.

This approach will add the audio file to the iTunes Library, but not copy the audio files to the iTunes media library on the computer, essentially using an alias or soft link from iTunes to the files original location on the computer.

You can later remove the audio file from iTunes playlist at any time if desired.

You may find it useful to know you can also use a similar approach to copy music and audio files directly to an iPhone, iPad, or iPod without adding the audio to iTunes as well, as discussed here.

But what if you want to play an audio file without even adding it to the iTunes playlist or library? What if you just want to listen to an audio file without iTunes at all, perhaps for hearing a podcast once, listening to an iPhone recorded voice memo, or hearing a shared audio file just once? The next options can be useful for that scenario.

How to Play Audio Files on Mac Without iTunes by Using QuickTime

QuickTime also offers a simple way to play nearly any audio file on a Mac without having to use iTunes at all, thereby preventing the audio file from being added to either an iTunes Library or iTunes playlist. This is great for a one-off listening, and if you want to avoid iTunes in general for whatever reason.

Open QuickTime on the Mac (found in the /Applications folder)

Drag and drop the audio file into the QuickTime Dock icon, or into the QuickTime app directly to open that audio file and play it directly in QuickTime

How to Play Audio Files with Quick Look on Mac

You an also play audio files directly in the Finder of the Mac by using Quick Look:

From the Finder of the Mac, locate the audio file you want to play

Select the audio file you want to play, then press the SPACE bar key on the Mac

The audio file will play automatically and will continue playing as long as the Quick Look preview window is open and in focus

The downside to Quick Look is that it Quick Look stops playing audio files when the Quick Look window is no longer in focus, or if another file is selected in the Finder.


How To Install A WordPress Test Site On Your Computer

One of the best ways to test a new website you’re developing is by installing a WordPress test site on your computer. Test it locally, make sure everything looks and works good, and then upload it to the live site all at once.

When it comes to WordPress, there are several things to consider when running locally. You’ll need a working WordPress installation, an available SQL database, and a local web server for everything to run on.

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You can set up all three on your local computer without too much effort, using the process outlined below.

Install a Local Web Server

The first thing you’ll need to run a local WordPress test site is a web server running on your local computer. Running a web server involves ensuring the right ports are running, PHP and Perl programming languages libraries are installed, and that the web server software can properly serve pages to your browser.

Similar to setting up an FTP server or a local Minecraft server, there are Windows applications available to run a local web server as well. One of the most popular of those is XAMPP.

To get started, just download and install the XAMPP software to your desktop or laptop PC.

1. Run the installer, make sure all components are enabled, and select Next to continue.

2. Choose a location for your web server. The best option is to choose the default folder at the root of the C: drive where permissions will be set properly. Select Next to continue.

3. Select your languages and select Next. Keep Bitnami enabled, which will help you with installing WordPress after installation. Select Next. Finally, select Next one more time to install XAMPP.

Installation will take about five minutes. Once finished, the XAMPP control panel will open. Close it for now.

Install WordPress on Your XAMPP Web Server

Once it launches, select Start to the right of Apache and MySQL to launch the web server and the SQL database needed for your WordPress test site to work properly. 

You can see the web server’s file structure by looking at the location where you’ve installed XAMPP. In this example, XAMPP is installed in C:XAMPP. This is where all of your web files will go that’ll be viewable from your web browser.

XAMPP comes with Bitnami, which lets you quickly install WordPress on top of your current XAMPP web server. 

1. Open a web browser and type localhost in the URL field. Press Enter. When the XAMPP dashboard comes up, scroll down to the bottom of the page where you’ll see the Bitnami section.

2. Select the WordPress icon at the bottom of the page. On the Bitnami site, scroll down to the WordPress section and select the Windows link to download WordPress.

4. On the next step, configure the Admin login, name, email address, and password that you want to use with your WordPress test site.

5. Select Next when you’re done, type a name for the WordPress test site and select Next. On the next page, you can configure email support so your test site can send notifications to your email. This is optional.

6. You can deselect Launch wordpress in the cloud with Bitnami since this will just be a local WordPress test site on your computer. Select Next to continue. Select Next again to initiate the installation. Once the installation is done, select Finish to launch the Bitnami WordPress module.

This will launch your default web browser with your new local WordPress test site loaded. The link will include your localhost IP address (your computer’s IP address), with /wordpress/ at the end, where your site is stored.

The path to these WordPress files is C:XAMPPappswordpresshtdocs

Now you’re ready to configure your WordPress test site and start using it.

Using Your WordPress Test Site

There are a few things you can do with this new local WordPress test site. 

Import a Copy of Your Live Site

You could export your actual online website and load it into this installation for testing.

To do this, you’ll need to backup your WordPress site and WordPress database. This will provide you with a zipped folder with all of the WordPress files, as well as a *.gz file which is the backup of your mySQL database.

You can copy the backed up WordPress files directly into your local WordPress folders. You can also import your mySQL *.gz database file into your local mySQL database using phpMyAdmin.

2. Select the Import tab, and select the Choose File button under File to import.

3. Browse to your backed up *.gz database file and phpMyAdmin will import all posts and WordPress settings into your test WordPress site.

Once you’re done and you reopen the local WordPress installation using the same link as above, you’ll see your original online site now running on your local computer.

Other Things You Can Do With a WordPress Test Site

In addition to running your live site on your local machine, there are a lot of other useful things you can do with your local WordPress test site.

Install and test any WordPress theme

Test making code changes to your WordPress site

Install and test WordPress plugin configurations

Play around with WordPress configurations to see how it changes your site

How To Organize Music Library On Your Pc

Of the innumerable files (and other data) we have stored on our PCs, a very large number contribute to our digital music collection. Granted, with the ever increasing popularity of music streaming services, not many users download music for offline listening, but there are still many people (including this author) who love to create their own libraries of hard-to-find songs, bootleg recordings, and stuff like that.

Good news, it doesn’t have to be that way. It’s actually pretty easy to organize music library, by just adding “tags” to the tracks in your collection. And there are multiple ways of doing it. But before we get to that, let’s read a bit more about these tags.

What are Music Tags?

In the simplest of words, Music tags (popularly known as ID3 tags), are a means for embedding additional identifying information to the digital music files (e.g. MP3 tracks). A standard specification, ID3 tags were primarily meant for MP3 format files only, but are now used with many other audio file types, like AIFF and WAV.

How to tag your music library, and organize it better?

Broadly speaking, there are two ways of adding identifying tags to the tracks in your music library. Both of these are briefly outlined below, along with their usage cases:


Automatic Method

The “Automatic” method of adding ID3 tags involves using special software programs that scan the music files for any existing identifying information (e.g. artist name) that they might be having, and reference it with online CD information databases (e.g. Discogs, Gracenote, MusicBrainz) for the the missing details (e.g. album name, genre). Once a match is found, the software can automatically add tag information to the music files. Using this method is preferred if you have a large music collection (spanning thousands of songs), comprised of music from well known artists.

1.1 Automatic method illustration: MusicBrainz Picard

Although there are many applications that can look up identifying track information on online databases and add it to music files, MusicBrainz Picard is probably the best. The free and open-source application can not only retrieve metadata using existing tag information of songs, but also through their acoustic fingerprints. Thus, MusicBrainz Picard can work even for tracks that have no existing metadata at all. To get tag information, it hooks into the MusicBrainz open-content music database, which catalogs information about 1 million artists, and 15 million recordings.

1.2 How to use MusicBrainz Picard to automatically tag music files?

Step 1: Add the music files (or the folders having them), and use the Lookup CD button on the toolbar to have the software connect to MusicBrainz database. You can also use the Scan button to look up information using the acoustic fingerprints of the songs.

The above mentioned steps only outline the basic working of MusicBrainz Picard. However, it’s a powerful application that can do a lot more. It can even be enhanced using a variety of plug-ins, which add functionalities such as the ability to use tags from chúng tôi genres, and fetching cover art from numerous online sources.


Manual Approach

As the name suggests, the “Manual” approach requires you to look up information about individual songs on the Internet, and add it to the songs manually, using one of the many tag editor applications available for the same. It goes without saying, it’s quite a time consuming method, and should be used if your music library only has a few hundred of songs. However, this can be helpful for tagging music from lesser known artists, as the online databases (mentioned in the previous point) normally don’t have information regarding their albums and work.

2.1 Manual approach illustration: MP3tag 2.2 How to use Mp3tag to manually tag music files?

Step 2: Find the metadata information for a track on the web. This is as simple as typing in the song’s name in Google, and you’ll get everything from the artist name to genre. Other than that, you can also visit online CD information databases (e.g. MusicBrainz), or even Wikipedia. To get album artwork, you can use either Google’s image search, or websites like AllCDCovers. Once you’ve found the information regarding the song, simply add it via Mp3tag, and hit the Save button. Here’s a screenshot:

SEE ALSO: 7 Best Music Player Software For Windows

Get your music library sorted

How To Move Your Lightroom Catalog (4 Quick Steps)

Do you need to move your Lightroom catalog? Though the process is simple, it can be nerve-wracking if you don’t understand what you’re doing. 

Hello! I’m Cara and the first time I moved my Lightroom catalog, I lost a bunch of information because I didn’t know what I was doing. It was frustrating, to be sure. To help you avoid the same awful fate, read on to learn how to safely move your Lightroom catalog. 

Why Move Your Lightroom Catalog (3 Reasons)

First of all, why on earth would you move your Lightroom catalog and risk losing the information contained in it? 

If you’ve read our article on where Lightroom stores photos and edits, you’ll know that all your editing information is stored in your Lightroom catalog. The photos themselves are not stored there, but rather Lightroom’s instructions for how to edit the RAW files. 

This information has to be connected to wherever your photos are stored. When you move your Lightroom catalog, you break the connections. If you don’t know how to restore them, you’ll be in trouble. 

So back to our earlier question, why risk it?

1. Working on Different Computer

Technology changes quickly and you will have to update your computer at some point. In order to continue working where you left off, you need a copy of the Lightroom catalog from your old computer so you can put it on your new one. 

Another reason is to be able to work on images from another computer. However, keep in mind that once moved, the catalog doesn’t sync. Whatever information you add from that point forward will not be synced over to the other computer. 

You’re not working in the cloud here, you’re creating a duplicate and moving it to a separate location. 

2. Creating a Backup

Redundancies are a photographer’s best friend. While you should have Lightroom set to create automatic backups, those backups are stored in the same location. If your hard drive were to be damaged, you would still lose your Lightroom catalog. 

That’s why it’s a good idea to copy your Lightroom to an external location occasionally. If your hard drive crashes, you’ll only lose the work you’ve done since the last backup – not all of it!

3. Running Out of Disk Space

Your Lightroom catalog doesn’t have to be stored in the same place as Lightroom. Most photographers run into space issues sooner or later on their main hard drive. A good way to deal with it is to store large amounts of information on an external drive instead. 

The first thing to go should be your photo collection. You don’t need hundreds of gigabytes of RAW photos clogging up your computer. 

Another heavy file that you can move is your Lightroom catalog. Lightroom the program has to stay installed on your hard drive, but the catalog doesn’t have to be there. 

How to Move Your Lightroom Catalog

Now let’s get to the good stuff. How do you make the move? Let’s go through the steps!

Note:‌ ‌the‌ ‌screenshots‌ ‌below‌ ‌are‌ ‌taken‌ ‌from‌ ‌the‌ ‌Windows‌ ‌version‌ ‌of‌ Lightroom ‌Classic.‌ ‌If‌ ‌you‌ ‌are‌ ‌using‌ ‌the‌ ‌Mac‌ ‌version,‌ ‌they‌ ‌will‌ ‌look‌ ‌slightly‌ ‌different.‌ 

Step 1: Find the Catalog’s Location

Your computer’s file manager will open directly to the catalog. 

Step 2: Copy or Move the Catalog to the New Location

Now it’s time to move or copy the catalog. Moving transfers the catalog to a new location and nothing is left behind. Copying creates a new copy of the catalog and puts it in a second location. 

However, even if your end goal is to move the catalog (as opposed to making a copy) I would recommend copying it. After you’re sure that the catalog is safely and correctly in the new location, you can come back and delete the original. It’s just a touch safer that way. 

Note: the last time I moved my catalog, I put it all together in this “Lightroom Catalog” folder. Normally, you’ll see several files ending in .lrcat and .lrdata. Make sure you get all of them. 

Step 3: Check the New Catalog

Step 4: Relink Missing Folders

When you open the new catalog, it’s likely you’ll see a bunch of question marks next to the image folders. The connections have been broken between the Lightroom catalog and the image files. 

Repeat for any other folders that may have been overlooked. If you have your pictures organized within one file you should only have to do it once. 

Step 5: Delete the Original File

If your goal was to copy the catalog, you’re finished. However, if you wanted to move it, now you go back and delete the original file after ensuring that everything is working properly. 

Super simple!

Curious to learn more about using Lightroom? Check out the split toning tool and how to use it here!

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