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Knowing which version of Windows you’ve installed is a handy bit of information that will help you install the right software versions, device drivers, and let you know whether or not your system is capable of running the latest iteration of Windows. 

With that in mind, here is everything related to CPU and OS architectures for Windows 11, and how you can check if your computer is 32-bit or 64-bit.

How to check computer architecture on Windows 11

Before we begin, let’s talk about the relationship between CPU and OS architectures. Everything begins and ends with the architecture of your processor. If you have a 32-bit processor, you can only install a version of Windows built specifically for that. On the other hand, if you have a 64-bit processor, you can have either the 32-bit or the 64-bit version of Windows. 

Related: How to Disable Updates on Windows 11

As such, knowing which computer architecture you have is important if you don’t want compatibility issues with your applications and device drivers. Below are all the ways that you can check your computer architecture.

Method #01: Check Device Specifications through Settings

One of the simpler ways to check your CPU architecture is via the Settings app. Here’s how to do so:

Then, under ‘Device Specifications’, look for System type. The architecture of both your OS and your processor will be listed next to it.

Related: How to Search in Windows 11

Method #02: Check System Information

Windows has had a ‘System Information’ app ever since the days of XP that gives you all the information that you could need about your system. Here’s how to use it to check whether your computer is 32 – or 64 – bit:

Related: How to Show Hidden Files on Windows 11

Method #03: Check the ‘Program Files’ folder

64-bit versions of Windows can only run on systems that have a x64-bit architecture. But they can install both 32-bit and 64-bit software programs. This is why a 64-bit computer will have two ‘Program Files’ folders – Program Files and Program Files (x86). 32-bit versions of Windows, on the other hand, can only install 32-bit programs, and therefore, only have a single ‘Program Files’ folder.

So, if you quickly want to know whether you have a 32-bit or 64-bit computer, simply go to the C: drive (default system drive) and check for the ‘Program Files’ folder(s). If there are two, you have a 64-bit computer. If one, then 32-bit.

Method #04: Check System Info in Command Prompt

Information about the system can be easily extracted from terminal applications like the Command Prompt and PowerShell. Here’s how you can find out your computer’s architecture from the Command Prompt:

Then type the following command:

systeminfo

Press Enter. Information about your computer’s architecture will be mentioned next to ‘System Type’.

Method #05: Check OS architecture in PowerShell

To check your OS architecture in PowerShell, follow the steps below:

Then type the following command:

wmic os get OSArchitecture

PowerShell will highlight your OS architecture in the next line as such:

Keyboard shortcut to check computer architecture

To check if your system type is 32-bit or 64-bit, press the Windows key and ‘Pause’ or ‘Break’ button simultaneously (Win + Pause). If you have a built-in keyboard (for laptops), you may have to press the Function key to get the Pause button (Win + Fn + Pause). 

This will open the ‘About’ page in the Settings app where you’ll be able to find your system architecture next to ‘System type’.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Let’s take a look at a few commonly asked questions about computer and operating system architecture.

What is the difference between 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows?

Before we begin to list out the differences between the 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows, the most obvious question to ask would be – what does 32 or 64 even stand for? For computer processors, this is the width of the CPU register. 

The CPU register holds a small bit of storage space for whenever it needs to access data quickly. A 32-bit CPU register can hold up to 2³² entries (and thus can only access 4GB of RAM), whereas a 64-bit CPU register holds up to 2⁶⁴ entries. Clearly, 64-bit processors trump their predecessors by a huge margin when it comes to speed and performance. 64-bit processors are also much safer than their 32-bit cousins. 

This difference also necessitates developers to create two different versions of their apps and software, one for 32-bit and another for 64-bit. Such is the case for Windows as well. However, things have started to change with Windows 11.

Does Windows 11 support 32-bit processors?

Microsoft has clearly stated that one of the minimum requirements to run Windows 11 is to have a 64-bit processor. This also means that if you’ve already got Windows 11, you can rest assured knowing that you have a x64-bit processor.

Starting with Windows 11, Microsoft will no longer release 32-bit builds for OEM distribution either. Basically, 32-bit CPUs do not meet either the hard or the soft requirement for Windows 11 and if you want to transition to the latest iteration of Windows, you will have to upgrade your PC. But if you’re on a previous version of 32-bit Windows and don’t want to upgrade, don’t worry. You will continue to get updates and security features for your 32-bit Windows 10 system.

Can I install a 64-bit version of Windows on a 32-bit CPU?

No, you cannot have a 64-bit version of Windows on a 32-bit CPU. Only a 32-bit version of Windows can be installed on a 32-bit CPU. On the other hand, backward compatibility is possible and you can have a 32-bit version of Windows on a 64-bit CPU. 

Can I upgrade from 32-bit to 64-bit Windows?

Yes, you can upgarde from a 32-bit version to a 64-bit version of Windows, but only if you have a 64-bit processor. The only way to do so is to do a clean installation of a 64-bit version of Windows.

Whether you want to upgrade your PC or install the appropriate version of drivers and software, knowing which CPU and Windows architecture your system has is an important bit of information. Given the widespread use of 64-bit processors these days, you are most likely to have a 64-bit OS (especially so if you’re running Windows 11). 

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Your Computer Is Low On Memory In Windows 11/10

RAM stands for Random Access Memory. It is a volatile memory that stores the data calculated by the CPU. This data is required by programs to show the results as per the commands entered by the users. RAM is an essential hardware component in computers. All the programs use some amount of RAM to function properly. If your computer runs low on memory, the opened programs will not work properly or crash unexpectedly. In this article, we will discuss what you can do if you see the “Your computer is low on memory” or “Out of memory” message on your system.

Your computer is low on memory in Windows 11/10

The error message “Your computer is low on memory” or ” Out of memory” is self-explanatory. Your computer does not have enough memory to run the programs. To resolve this issue, you have to free up memory. You can try the following solutions to resolve this issue.

Check which process is using more memory

Manage unnecessary processes and apps

Increase virtual memory

Make sure all your drivers are up to date

Run Windows Memory Diagnostic tool

Run System Maintenance Troubleshooter

Upgrade your RAM

Let’s see all these fixes in detail.

1] Check which process is using more memory

As explained earlier in the article, all programs require some amount of RAM to run on a computer. The amount of RAM consumed by the programs is not the same. This means that some programs may consume more RAM. If this happens, it creates a problem for the user. It is possible that some programs or services are consuming more RAM on your device. Identify them and kill them if they are not necessary. The steps for the same are explained below:

Open the Task Manager.

Some users have found the RunSWUSB service the culprit of the problem. According to them, the RunSWUSB service was consuming high memory. The issue was fixed when they stopped it. This service is related to the Realtek Network Card driver. If you see this service consuming high RAM, you can disable it.

Read: How to clear Memory Cache in Windows

2] Manage unnecessary processes or apps

It is important to manage unnecessary processes or apps to cut down memory consumption. Startup apps are the apps that start automatically on system startup. These apps keep running in the background and use your system resources. It is important to disable those startup apps that you do not need.

Now, go to the Services tab.

Check the Hide all Microsoft services checkbox. You will see it on the bottom left side.

Restart your computer.

The above action will disable the selected third-party services.

3] Increase virtual memory

One effective solution to resolve this issue is to increase the virtual memory. Virtual memory is also called Page File. Windows uses it in addition to the physical memory or RAM when required.

Read: Fix Your system is running low on virtual memory message on Windows.

4] Make sure all your drivers are up to date

One possible cause of this error is corrupted or outdated drives. Make sure that all your drivers are up to date. Windows 11/10 automatically checks for driver updates. If an update for drivers is available, it is shown on the Optional Updates page in Windows 11/10 Settings. Open the Optional Updates page in Windows 11/10 Settings and see if an update for your drivers is available. If yes, update your drivers and see if this helps.

Read: How to Free up, Reduce or Limit RAM usage in Windows 11

5] Run Windows Memory Diagnostic tool

If the error still appears, you should check if your RAM is working fine or not. When RAM malfunctions, a computer starts showing the following symptoms:

The computer’s performance slows down,

Programs crash unexpectedly or refuse to open,

Multitasking becomes a hard nut to crack for your computer, etc.

In your case, your system shows you symptoms similar to those mentioned above. Hence, you should check your memory by running the Windows Memory Diagnostic tool.

6] Run System Maintenance Troubleshooter

The System Maintenance Troubleshooter detects and fixes common maintenance problems on a Windows PC. Run System Maintenance Troubleshooter and see if it helps fix the memory issue.

Read: The biggest Myths about RAM that many people have

7] Upgrade your RAM

If the issue is not resolved, you need to upgrade your RAM. The low memory problem occurs if you run too many programs on a system with less RAM.

Read: How to Enable or Disable Memory Compression in Windows.

What causes low memory on the computer?

The low memory issue occurs on a computer if the computer runs out of RAM. Every program that you run on your computer consumes some amount of RAM. When you open too many heavy programs, your computer may run out of memory. Opening too many tabs in a web browser also consumes too much RAM. To resolve this problem, you have to free up RAM.

How do I free up RAM?

You can free up RAM by killing unnecessary processes in the Task Manager. But before doing this, make sure that the process is not the Windows process. Killing a Windows process may make your system unstable. The startup apps also consume RAM. Therefore, disable all the startup apps to prevent them from running automatically on system startup.

How To Tell If Your Phone Has Been Cloned

There are a few signs to look out for that let you know if your phone has been cloned. A malware-infected phone will perform poorly, lose battery quickly, and get surprisingly warm even if you aren’t doing any processor-intensive tasks. If you suspect SIM card cloning, watch out for unusual calls and charges on your phone bill, check whether you’re able to make or receive calls and text messages, and be careful about suspicious messages that ask you to restart your phone.

JUMP TO KEY SECTIONS

What is phone cloning?

How to tell if your phone has been cloned

How to tell if your phone has been cloned

Unusual calls on your phone bill mean your phone has been cloned

If you’ve fallen victim to SIM-card cloning, look for unusual calls and charges on your phone bill. The hacker will use your phone to make expensive calls to international or premium-rate numbers or rack up high data charges if you don’t have an unlimited data plan. More malicious actors might use your phone number for criminal activities and cause the authorities to come after you.

Your phone bill will have an itemized list of all the phone numbers you’ve called or received calls from. Ensure you check your account for unusual activity every month to avoid serious problems.

Getting messages to restart your phone

Ryan Haines / Android Authority

Phone cloners might need a short period of time while your phone is off to set up their own duplicate devices. Be wary of sudden messages and emails asking you to turn off or restart your phone. Since restarting your phone is a common troubleshooting step, check that you receive the request from an authorized service center. In extreme situations, you might have to cancel your account and get a new phone number.

Not receiving texts or calls

Someone might have cloned your phone if you notice that you aren’t receiving text messages or phone calls. You will usually get a “No SIM card” error or problems with mobile data not working if it’s a network problem or an issue with the SIM card or phone hardware. If you cannot fix the error, contact your service provider immediately. You will likely need a new SIM card, but it might also be a phone cloning issue.

What to do if you discover your phone has been cloned

If you believe one of the above attacks may have happened to you, don’t worry. All hope is not lost yet. Follow these tips to secure your phone and number:

Call your cell provider: If you’re no longer receiving phone calls or SMS, someone may have cloned your SIM card. Simply call your service provider and ask if they received a request recently. Alternatively, you can request a new SIM card too.

Change your passwords: If an attacker has cloned your device, it goes without saying that you should change your passwords. Changing your passwords will also log you out of your accounts on all devices, including any cloned ones.

Factory reset your device: It’s possible that the attacker used malware embedded inside an app or email attachment to clone your device. In that case, factory resetting your device should clear the malware.

FAQs

If someone has cloned your phone, you will need to contact your network provider to reset your services, get a replacement SIM card or even get a new phone number. You should also report the issue to the authorities if you suspect a hacker has used your number for criminal activity. In the case of malware and spyware, it might be best to factory reset your device.

To prevent being a victim of phone cloning, don’t leave your phone unattended and avoid using public Wi-Fi networks. Most attack vectors involve getting physical access to your device. Always ensure that you have a strong PIN, password, or similar screen lock on your device.

Yes, spam messages themselves may not be harmful but their attachments could infect your phone with malware.

How To Check If The Windows Key Is Genuine Or Legit In Windows 11/10

A copy of Windows is genuine only if it has been activated using a valid key. When you buy Windows Keys from Microsoft websites or get them from the OEMs, you can be sure that they are genuine. But you need to be careful if you buy them from third-party websites. So are Windows 11/10 keys that you buy from another site like Amazon, etc., legitimate or legal? That depends!

The major problem why many consumers get a license – which is sold at a very low price – and which later turns out to be invalid is because they may be deactivated product keys or Volume license keys. In this post, we will suggest a couple of ways to check if your Windows Product Licence Key is Genuine or Legit.

How to check if my Windows Key is Genuine

There are different types of keys. Windows 11/10 keys that consumer buys directly, are usually valid until the life of the machine (Retail and OEM).

There is one more type of key: Volume Licensing (MAK and KMS). Enterprise or big companies buy these keys to activate computers in bulk.

I have seen reports where many third-party sellers have sold these keys to consumers at a cheap price. These keys can be activated on multiple computers or work for a couple of months.

It is best not to purchase a key from someone who is not authorized to sell Windows 11/10 keys. And if somebody is authorized, and they offering a low price, make sure to ask them if the key will work even after reinstallation.

There are two scenarios-

First where you have the key, and you want to check before actually using it.

The second is when you have already used it, but still, want to check.

Let’s take a look at how you can find if your Windows Key is genuine.

Read next: How to buy Windows 11 with a valid or legit license key.

1] Use PID checker tools

We have two tools here – The Ultimate PID Checker and Microsoft PID Checker – which you can use to find out if the Windows 10 key is legit. While the Ultimate PID checker works for all versions before Windows 10,  the Microsoft PID checker works for Windows 10 and Server 2024 only.

Download Microsoft PID Checker from here or Ultimate PID Checker from here. If the key is not legit or is invalid, the software will give you a response back. It can also be used to check the MAK count.

2] Check Windows Key with Software Licensing User Interface

Open Command Prompt on elevated privileges.Execute the following command:

slmgr /dli

The “dli” parameter will display current license information with activation status.

The result will also include the type of key (Retail, OEM, MAK, or KMS key). If the License status says “Licensed”, then you do not have a problem. If there is anything else, your key is not valid. Also if you see type as MAK or KMS, and you are a general consumer, you need to connect with the person from whom you bought the key, and get a Retail key.

Read: Are cheap Windows 11 keys legit?

3] Check Settings & Activation Status

Read: What do the different types of Microsoft Product Keys mean?

Report Windows 10 Activation errors

If your Windows 10 is genuine, but you still receive errors relating to non-genuine software, you can follow up by using the steps below.

Open Administrator command prompt then paste the code below and hit Enter

Licensingdiag.exe -report %userprofile%desktopreport.txt -log %userprofile%desktoprepfiles.cab

Copy the result and upload to One Drive, then locate the txt file Windows created on your desktop then upload both to One Drive

Go to the Microsoft Product Activation Call Center and lay your report.

Let us know if this helped you to figure out if the Windows 11/10 key is genuine or not.

Now read: What is Windows Activation and How does it work?

How To Find Out If Someone Was Snooping Around On Your Computer

Someone maybe snooping around on your computer, and that is definitely a problem. In many cases, the person who is accessing your computer is likely one who is known such as a family member or friend. In other situations, a colleague at work might have gained access if you had left your laptop unattended for a period of time.

How to find out if someone was snooping around on your computer?

The question is, how can we find out if this has happened for sure. The first step is knowing where to begin, and that is something we plan to discuss in this article.

Bear in mind that a trace of almost all actions taken on your computer is stored, which means, there are ways to tell if someone has been messing around without your consent. Now, nothing here will determine who the culprit is, but this should give an idea:

Check for newly installed apps

Check your web browser history

Check Quick access

Take a look at Windows 10 Logon Events

Turn on logon auditing on Windows 10 Pro

One of the best safe computing habits to cultivate is to lock the screen of the computer with a password when you are not at it. It hardly takes a moment. You just have to press WinKey+L to lock the computer. This prevents others from snooping into your computers when you are not around.

1] Check for newly installed apps

From here, you should see the latest apps that were installed recently. If none were done by you, then chances are a third-party might have been playing around with your computer.

Read: How to avoid being watched through your own Computer.

2] Check your web browser history

In several cases, a person who uses your computer without consent might decide to use the web browser or whatever reasons. With this in mind, we suggest checking your web browser history just in case the culprit did not delete evidence of their transgressions.

If you have multiple web browsers, then check the history of each and not just the one you use on a regular basis.

Most browsers support pressing Ctrl+H keys to open the browsing history panel.

Read: Find out if your online account has been hacked and email & password details leaked.

3] Check Quick access

For those who had no idea, well, let us make it clear that Windows 10 makes it possible for folks to check the recent user activity.

For example, you can open Microsoft Word to check if any files have been modified. The same goes for Excel, PowerPoint, or any other tools that fall under Microsoft Word.

Additionally, press the Windows key + E to open the File Explorer. From the top of the menu, look for Quick Access, and select it.

Right away, you should see a list of recently added or modified files. Check if anyone of them were modified by you in order to find out if another has accessed the device.

Read: How do I know if my Computer has been Hacked?

4] Take a look at Windows 10 Logon Events

You should also look for 4672 with the Task Category name, Special Logon. We suggest looking for “4634”, which suggests someone turned off your computer; 4624 means Logon, 4634 means Logoff.

Read: Safe Computing Tips, Practices and Habits for PC users.

5] Turn on logon auditing on Windows 10 Pro

Here’s the thing, this feature is automatically up and running in Windows 10 Home, but when it comes down to the Pro version, you may have to manually enable it.

Let us know if you have any tips.

How To Reset Your Computer Password If You Lock Yourself Out

Being the administrator of a computer or computer network is important. You’re the person whom everyone goes to when they lock themselves out of their computer or need a new piece of software added to their accounts. 

But what can you do if you get locked out yourself? Although a little embarrassing, it can happen to anyone. Everyone has misplaced their keys at some point or another making getting back into your car or home, a real pain.

Table of Contents

What you’d normally do is call a professional to handle this sort of thing. They can get you back into whatever you’ve locked yourself out of, as long as you’re willing to pay for the service.

When it comes to getting yourself locked out of your admin account, the same resolution is possible. However, there is also a way to do away with the need for involving someone else – and the cost – and simply do it yourself instead by resetting your password.

How To Reset Your Computer Password 

The key to “hacking” your way back into your admin account is doing it in a way that causes little to no harm to your files and data stored on the computer. The process should also be as painless as possible and not cause too much of a headache.

Remember that this is for administrator account restoration for forgetting your password, or being locked out from an incorrect password input. These are not techniques to be used if your computer is facing a virus or has been hacked by an outside entity. 

Windows (10, 8.1, 7, Vista, & XP)

In the past, we’ve touched on a similar subject specifically for Windows 7 and 8.1. With this new method, we’ll be looking at free utilities like Trinity Rescue Kit (TRK) or MediaCat USB. 

We’ll be focused on TRK for this tutorial as it is one of the best utilities out there to reset your admin password. Though if you happen to be dealing with Linux instead of Windows, MediaCat USB can help with that.

TRK can help you recover more than just the administrator password for your computer. It also provides help in the recovery of files, evacuating a faulty or dying disk, and can scan for rootkit malware, as well as any other disaster recovery tasks you might need.

You’ll need to load TRK to either a CD/DVD or USB drive as it will need to run prior to Windows loading. Navigate to the official site and download the program.

Once downloaded, either burn it to CD/DVD or move it over to the USB drive. If you currently have a blank CD in your CD burner, TRK will detect this and ask if you’d like to proceed with burning the program to a CD.

Prior to loading TRK, ensure that you head into your computer’s BIOS (or UEFI) and have it set to boot from USB/CD/DVD. Not doing so will cause the computer to boot as normal and bypass the TRK utility.

Getting into your BIOS will usually require holding down a key like F12 while your computer is restarting. You’ll need to refer to the manual that came with the motherboard or computer to determine how yours is set up.

The chances are rather good that if you have Windows 10, you’re using UEFI. Some Windows 8 machines are also UEFI, and you’ll need to determine if your computer does before proceeding. 

To get into UEFI, hold down the correct hotkey during restart, similar to BIOS. There are other methods, but they will require that you are logged into Windows. Seeing as the whole purpose of this article is you not having access to Windows, those other methods won’t help at this time.

Once you’ve booted up the program, you’ll be presented with the TRK 3.4 splash screen. Select Run Trinity Rescue Kit 3.4 (default mode, with text menu) and press Enter.

From the simple menu, arrow down to Windows password resetting and press Enter.

Arrow down again until you highlight Reset password on built-in Administrator, and press Enter again.

Locate the section Windows NT/2K/XP. Underneath, make a note of the number found next to the Windows folder. Enter that number into the prompt and press Enter.

Enter 1 under the User Edit Menu, and press Enter. This will remove the password set for Administrator. You can press any key to continue.

Again, use the arrow keys to highlight Main Menu, and press Enter.

For the final time, use the arrow keys to highlight Poweroff computer, and press Enter. You can now eject your CD/DVD or USB so that the boot can return to normal.

Allow Windows to boot up, then log into the Administrator account while leaving the Password portion blank.

For Mac OS X 10.4 – 10.6 (Tiger, Leopard, and Snow Leopard)

The methods to reset your password for older versions of Mac OS X are a bit simpler than that of the Windows operating system – as long as you still have the OS X DVD that came with the computer or OS X upgrade.

For Mac OS X 10.7+ (Lion and Above)

Newer Mac OS X, or MacOS, is even easier than past versions. No more need for a disk as everything is right there in the operating system to reset your password.

Restart the computer and hold down the ⌘ + R keys once the restart begins. You’ll have to continue holding down the keys until the Apple logo appears on-screen.

After the startup sequence is completed, you should have the Recovery HD utility window on-screen.

Open a terminal window while in the utility, and type resetpassword, then press Enter.

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