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Excel functions, formula, charts, formatting creating excel dashboard & others

RAND in Excel

Rand function in Excel generates random numbers. As the function’s name is RAND, which is used short for Random value, the RAND function generates values between 0 and 1 only. The important thing about the RAND function is the generated value by this function always generates a unique value that is never repeated in the same iterations.

Below is the RAND Formula:

This function does not include any of the arguments; it assumes numbers greater than or equal to zero but less than 1. Unlike the RANDOMBETWEEN function, we need not specify the bottom value and top value of the RAND function. The range of these numbers varies between 0 and 0.99999999…

As an analyst and Excel trainer, it is always a handy function to generate some quick numbers to teach my students. However, it is not the most used formula in corporate offices because the need for RAND function may not arise at all for somebody in the office.

How to Use the RAND Function in Excel?

This function is very simple and easy to use. Let us now see how to use the RAND Function with the help of some examples.

You can download this RAND Function in Excel Template here – RAND Function in Excel Template

Example #1

As a trainer to teach the SUM function to my students, I need to generate some numbers from 0 to less than 1. I quickly do that with the RAND function.

Here I have generated numbers from A2 to E17 and applied the SUM formula for each column in row 18. SUM is taking the range as A2:A17, B2:B17, and so on until E2:E17.

The Answer I got is mentioned in the below image.

Example #2

Assume you are running a lottery shop, and you need to assign some of the numbers against each lottery ticket and select only the numbers greater than 0.95.

Now, we need to generate numbers and chose the winner. Let us go ahead and apply the RAND function to generate numbers.

Note: Since RAND is a volatile function, once you generate the numbers, copy and paste only values using the paste special method.

Now we have generated random numbers in column C.

The winner will be declared if the RAND number is bigger than 0.95.

Now, again we need to apply one more formula to get this done and declare the winner. We need to use the IF condition to declare the winner.

IF condition done here is testing whether the values in column C are greater than or equal to zero and if that logical test is true.

Then it will return the result as Winner. In the above table, the winner is Rihu. Since her score is greater than 0.95, so the formula declared her as the Winner.

If the logical result is false

Then it will return the result as Better Luck Next Time.

Example #3

Using this function, we can generate numbers that are less than 1. What if we want to generate an integer number less than 100? In order to generate random numbers from 10 to 100, we need to use the function INT to get the numbers that are full numbers, i.e. no decimals in place.

Here INT function eliminates the decimal places, and our highest value is 100, and our lowest value is 10.

Things to Remember

It is one of the many volatile functions in Excel. It keeps varying if there are any cell value changes within the Excel worksheet.

Since it is a volatile function, it may reduce the speed of the workbook.

Turn off auto calculation in Excel to avoid volatile changes in the formula.

It is a useful formula to use when you want to generate random percentages from 0% to 100%.

Use the key to change the RAND from formula to value. Edit the formula and press F9.

You need to do the paste special option to eliminate the volatility of the function. Copy the data and paste it as values only.

If you want to generate the two random, numbers use the RANDOMBETWEEN formula, which requires both the bottom value and the highest value in a single formula.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to RAND Function. Here we discuss the RAND Formula and how to use RAND Function along with practical examples and downloadable Excel templates. You can also go through our other suggested articles –

You're reading How To Use Excel Rand Function?

## How To Use The If And Function In Excel? Step

What is the IF AND Function in Excel?

IF AND function in Excel is a powerful combination of logical functions that allows users to evaluate multiple conditions in a single formula. It simplifies calculations by returning “TRUE” or “FALSE” results based on whether all specified conditions are met, making data analysis more efficient and accurate.

For example, =IF(AND(A6= “Banana”, B6<=25), “Reorder”, “Don’t Order”) can help decide whether to reorder bananas.

If both conditions are true, the function will return “Reorder” to indicate the need for more bananas; otherwise, it will return “Don’t Order” to signify no need for reordering.

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We can automate processes, reduce errors, and make informed decisions using IF AND statements based on data. They are particularly useful in determining whether an employee qualifies for a promotion or incentive, verifying a customer’s eligibility for a discount, or checking the delivery status of customer orders.

Key Highlights

The IF function’s output depends on whether the AND function returns TRUE or FALSE.

We can nest the IF AND function within other Excel functions for complex tests.

Other logical functions like OR or NOT can replace the AND function based on specific conditions.

Syntax of IF AND Function in Excel

IF(AND(Logical1, Logical2,…), val_if_true, val_if_false)

Explanation:

Logical1, Logical2: Test/ compare values of specified cells

Value_if_true: Value Excel returns if the condition is satisfied

Value_if_false: Value Excel returns if the condition is not satisfied

How to Use the IF AND Function in Excel?

You can download this IF AND Function Excel Template here – IF AND Function Excel Template

#1 Testing Two Conditions

A] Consider the table below consisting of Employee Names, Departments, and the days they were present in six months. Employees are eligible for the promotion if they belong to the Sales department and are present for at least 160 days. We will use the IF AND function in Excel to check the two conditions.

To use the function, follow these steps:

Step 1: Create a new column heading called “Eligible for Promotion.”

Here’s how the formula works:

1. The AND function checks two conditions:

Condition 1 (B6= “Sales” ): If an employee belongs to the Sales department.

2. If the values meet both conditions, the AND function returns TRUE and passes this information to the IF function.

3. The IF function returns the value “Yes” if the condition is TRUE and “No” if it’s FALSE.

Step 2: Press Enter key to see the result

Result- Employee Mike belongs to the Sales department but was present for less than 160 days. As he satisfies only one condition, he is not eligible for the promotion.

Step 3: To check the eligibility of remaining employees, drag the formula into the other cells

B] Below is a table that shows a list of orders along with their respective products, Progress, and Delivery status. We aim to determine whether the final order status has been closed or is still open.

Follow these steps to understand how to check the final order status:

Step 1: Create a new column called “Status.”

Step 2: In an empty cell, such as E6, enter the formula =IF(AND(C6= “Delivered”, D6= “On-time”), “Closed”, “Open”).

Explanation of the formula:

1. The AND function verifies two conditions:

Condition 1 (C6= “Delivered” ): It checks if an order’s Progress is marked as “Delivered.”

Condition 2 (D6= “On-time” ): It verifies if the order was delivered “On-time.”

2. When both conditions satisfy, the AND function returns a TRUE value, passed to the IF function.

3. The IF function returns “Closed” if the condition is TRUE and “Open” if it’s FALSE.

Step 3: Press Enter key to get the result

Result- The Progress status for Order No. 51 is Delivered, and it was delivered on time, i.e., it satisfies both conditions. Therefore, the IF AND formula returns “Closed” for that order.

Step 4: Drag the formula into the remaining cells to check the remaining orders’ current status.

#2 Nested IF AND Statement

A Nested IF AND Statement in Excel is like a set of nested (embedded) boxes where each box has an IF AND condition to test. Here’s an example of a nested IF AND statement.

We have a list of students with their marks in Chemistry and Maths, and we want to evaluate their performance based on their marks in the two subjects.

Here’s how we can use the IF AND Function in Excel to check the student’s performance-

Step 2: In an empty cell (e.g., D6), enter the formula:

Note: It is known as a Nested IF AND statement because one IF AND formula appears inside the other. In other words, two IF AND statements are in a single formula.

Explanation of the Formula:

1. The first AND formula check two conditions:

Condition 1 (B6<30): If marks scored in Chemistry are less than 30

Condition 2 (C6<25): If marks scored in Maths are less than 25.

If both conditions satisfy, the AND function returns TRUE and passes the information to the first IF function, which displays the result as Poor.

2. The second AND formula check two conditions:

If both conditions are satisfied, the AND function returns TRUE and passes the information to the second IF function, which displays the result as Excellent. If not, the formula shows the result as Average.

Step 3: Press Enter key to get the output

Result- Johana has scored more than 60 marks in Chemistry and more than 30 marks in Maths, satisfying both conditions. As a result, the Nested IF AND formula display the output as Excellent.

Step 4: Drag the Nested IF AND formula into the remaining cells to get the performance of the remaining students.

#3 Alternatives to the IF AND Function

There are two logical functions to use instead of AND, depending on the specific situation: OR and NOT.

It is to test whether at least one of several conditions is true.

For instance, the formula =IF(OR(A2= “Apple”, A2= “Orange”), “Fruit”, “Not Fruit”) will display “Fruit” if cell A2 contains either “Apple” or “Orange,” and “Not Fruit” if it has any other value.

It returns the opposite of the result of another logical function.

For example, the formula =IF(NOT(A2= “Banana”), “Not Banana”, “Banana”) will return “Not Banana” if cell A2 does not contain “Banana” and “Banana” otherwise.

Things To Remember

If any argument is an empty cell, the IF AND function ignore it. However, if all arguments are empty cells, Excel returns a #VALUE! Error.

In newer versions of Excel, including Excel 2007 and later versions, you can include up to 255 arguments in the formula of the IF AND function. For previous versions of Excel, Microsoft had limited the AND function to test a maximum of 30 conditions at a time.

You can use a combination of text and numeric values, cell references, boolean values, and comparison operators as arguments in the IF AND function. If the arguments are characters, then AND returns a #VALUE! Error. But it can’t handle strings.

Best Practices

In this formula, “MathGrade” and “ScienceGrade” are named ranges that refer to the appropriate columns in the table.

Avoid common mistakes when using the IF AND function, such as forgetting to close all parentheses or improperly nesting the functions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Q1. How do you use IF and AND in Excel together?

Answer: To use the IF and AND functions together in Excel, you can create a formula like this:

=IF(AND(B6=31, C6=” Achieved”),” Eligible”,” Not Eligible”)

In this example, we check whether an employee is eligible for an incentive based on two criteria: attendance and achieving a monthly target.

The AND function checks whether the employee was present 31 days a month (using cell B6) and whether they achieved their monthly target (using cell C6).

If the cell values meet both criteria, the AND function returns TRUE, and the IF function displays “Eligible” as a result.

If the cell values meet either criterion, the AND function returns FALSE, and the IF function displays “Not Eligible” as a result.

Q2. Can you have 2 IF AND statements in Excel?

Answer: Yes, you can use two IF AND statements in a single formula in Excel to check multiple criteria. For instance, consider the formula

In this formula:

The first IF AND statement checks whether a customer has a purchase total greater than or equal to \$25,000 and whether the customer chooses to pay through a digital wallet.

If both conditions are met, the formula returns a 20% discount on the total bill.

The second IF AND statement check whether a customer has a purchase total greater than or equal to \$20,000 and whether the customer chooses to pay through a credit card.

If both conditions are met, the formula returns a 10% discount on the total bill. If neither of these conditions is met, the formula returns “No Discount“.

Q3. Can you use IF AND and OR together in Excel?

Answer: Yes, you can use IF AND OR functions in Excel to evaluate multiple criteria in a single formula. For example, consider the formula:

=IF(AND(A6=”Chair”,OR(B6=”Green”,B6=”Red”)),0.5*C6,0.9*C6)

In this formula, the AND function checks if the product is a chair and its color is either green or red. If the AND function is TRUE, the IF formula reduces the product price by 50%, and if it is FALSE, it reduces the price by 10%.

Recommended Article

The above article is a guide to using the IF AND Function in Excel, along with examples and downloadable templates. For more comprehensive articles, EDUCBA recommends the following articles-

## How To Use Vba On Error Statement In Excel?

VBA On Error Statements

VBA On Error is an easy method for handling unexpected exceptions in Excel chúng tôi is known that we cannot write code without any error. Sometimes writing big code may give us an error even at the time of compiling. To avoid this kind of situation, we add an Error Message which, instead of giving us the right answer or error code it will show us the message with the error code. That would look like we got the output of our calculation, but it is the error code that will get imprinted.

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How to Use Excel VBA On Error Statements in Excel?

There are 3 ways of Error in VBA. Let’s understand different ways with some examples.

Example #1

The first error type is a Code compilation error which comes when a code is undeclared or impossible variables. To understand more, we will use a simple mathematical expression of the divide. For this, go to the Insert menu of VBA and select Module as shown below.

Now open Subcategory and add any name as we are using On Error, so we have named it as same.

Sub

OnError()

End Sub

Now define any 2 or 3 Integers. Here we have taking X and Y as Integers.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

End Sub

Now, as discussed above, we will calculate division mathematical expression. For X, we will put a character in Numerator and divide it 0. And Y will be 20/2, which is complete numbers.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

X = Test / 0 Y = 20 / 2

End Sub

Now to overrule this error, we will add one line On Error Resume Next before we write the mathematical code. It will jump the error code, but we will not able to see the outcome of the second mathematical code. This only hides the error message of various codes lines, as shown below. Now try to run the code as well.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

On Error Resume Next

X = Test / 0 Y = 20 / 2 MsgBox X MsgBox Y

End Sub

Now to overrule this error, we will add one line On Error Resume Next before we write the mathematical code. It will jump the error code, but we will not able to see the outcome of the second mathematical code. This only hides the error message of various codes lines, as shown below. Now try to run the code as well.

Example #2

In this example, we will consider that mathematical division which gives infinite result, but in coding, it will #DIV/0 result. To demonstrate this, we will consider one more integer Z along with X and Y in a subcategory, as shown below.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

End Sub

Now frame all the integers X, Y, and Z with a mathematical expression of divide and to print it use MsgBox function in VBA of each integer’s result.

Below for Integer X, we have divided 10 by 0, 20 by 2 and 30 by 4.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

X = 10 / 0 Y = 20 / 2 Z = 30 / 4 MsgBox X MsgBox Y MsgBox Z

End Sub

Now run the code using the F5 key or manually, as shown below.

As we can see in the above screenshot, Run-time error 11, which means the error is related to the number. Now to overcome this, add one line On Error Resume Next before mathematical expression as shown below.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

On Error Resume Next

X = 10 / 0 Y = 20 / 2 Z = 30 / 4 MsgBox X MsgBox Y MsgBox Z

End Sub

Example #3

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

End Sub

Now also consider the same mathematical division which we have seen in the above example.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

X = 10 / 0 Y = 20 / 2 Z = 30 / 4 MsgBox X MsgBox Y MsgBox Z

End Sub

If we run the code, we will get the same error message of Run-time error 11.

Now to overrule this error, use text On Error GoTo with the word “ “Result to skip the error message and get the output which works fine, as shown below.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

On Error GoTo

ZResult: X = 10 / 0 Y = 20 / 2 ZResult: Z = 30 / 4 MsgBox X MsgBox Y MsgBox Z

End Sub

Now run the code again. We will get the same result as the previous example.

On Error GoTo ZResult helps us to directly jump of mentioned result point integer as we did for integer Z.

Example #4

In the third type of error, when we run the code and VBA is not able to understand the line of code. This can be done with the help of code On Error Resume Next along with MsgBox Err.Number. Consider the same data as used in the above examples. We will again see the same 3 integers X, Y, and Z, as shown below.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

End Sub

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

X = 10 / 0 Y = 20 / 2 Z = 30 / 4 MsgBox X MsgBox Y MsgBox Z

End Sub

Now, if we run the complete code, then we will get an error message of mathematical error Run time error 11.

Now to overrule this error, we will use On Error Resume Next.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

On Error Resume Next

X = 10 / 0 Y = 20 / 2 Z = 30 / 4 MsgBox X MsgBox Y MsgBox Z

End Sub

And run the code. This will give a use result on a valid mathematical line, as shown below.

Now further add ZResult code line before Z integer division mathematical expression and add MsgBox Err.Number code line at the end of code as shown below.

Sub

OnError()

Dim

X

As Integer

, Y

As Integer

, Z

As Integer

On Error Resume Next

X = 10 / 0 Y = 20 / 2 ZResult: Z = 30 / 4 MsgBox X MsgBox Y MsgBox Z MsgBox Err.Number

End Sub

Now run the code by using the F5 key or by pressing the play button, as shown below.

As we can see in the above screenshots. The first message box has 0, which is overruling of incorrect mathematical expression. 2nd and 3rd have a division result of Y and Z integers. And last message box has run time error code 11, which is probably the error code of X integer’s division expressions.

Pros of VBA On Error

We can calculate any mathematical formula even if it is incorrect.

For bigger coding structures where there are chances of having an error, using these methods may give correct result even among the line of codes.

This gives a better result as compared to the result obtained from normal excel calculations.

Things to Remember

Always save the file in a Macro-Enabled Excel file so that we can use created VBA code many and multiple times.

Always compile the written code before implementing with any excel requirement.

You can download this VBA On Error Excel Template here – VBA On Error Excel Template.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to Excel VBA On Error. Here we discussed how to use VBA On Error Statement along with some practical examples and a downloadable excel template. You can also go through our other suggested articles–

## Excel Text Function – Handy But Limited…Or Is It?

At first glance the Excel TEXT function appears quite limited. Its purpose is to convert numbers to text in a specific/custom format.

There are two key points here:

The numbers become text. This means you can’t use them in any math type of formulas.

On the upside you can format the numbers anyway you want…almost!

Hold up!

Why would you want to convert a number into text when it means you then can’t use that number in any math calculations/formulas?

Wouldn’t you just format the cell with the number format you want?

The answer is ‘yes’ most of the time, but I’ll show you a clever use for it in a moment.

Excel TEXT Function

First, the syntax is:

TEXT(value, format_text)

Where the value is the number or reference to the cell containing the number you want to format, and format_text is the format you want, enclosed in double quotes.

Let’s look at some examples.

Excel TEXT Formula Examples

Example 1 – Format as a Currency.

If you don’t know the character codes to use you can refer to the Format Cells dialog box (CTRL+1 to open it) to get the number format ‘code’ (that is the \$#,##0.00 part) you need:

You can use any number formats for the format_text argument that you find in the Format Cells dialog box under the ‘Number’ tab.

Or you can write your own custom format.

If you’re new to custom number formats check out my comprehensive guide to custom number formats.

Example 2 – Formatted as a date with hyphens instead of the Excel standard forward slash.

Note: 41640 in cell A5 is the serial number for the date 1st Jan 2014. More on understanding dates in Excel here.

Example 3 – Display day of the week.

Again we’ve taken a date in cell A6 and with the TEXT function we’ve only displayed the day of the week. If you wanted to display the full name of the day you would use “dddd”.

This is handy for invoice numbers or other numbers/codes that require a leading zero.

Limitations of TEXT Formulas

As I mentioned at the beginning, the above examples all convert the numbers in column A to text in column B.

Examples 3 and 4 are ok formatted as text (the day of the week and leading zeros) as they are unlikely to ever be used in a math formula so having them as text won’t cause you a problem.

But it’s not ideal for examples 1 and 2 (format as currency and date), as it’s likely you’ll want to perform a calculation using those numbers at some point in your worksheet’s life.

A better option for examples 1 and 2 is to just apply the number format to the cell in column A.

Combine Text and Numbers in One Cell

I think the best use of the TEXT function is to use it to combine text and numbers in one cell.

As you can see in cell A16 below:

In the formula bar you can see I’ve used the ampersand symbol (&) to combine the text, “Sales up” and “Since 2010”, with the number returned by the TEXT function, which I’ve formatted as a percentage:

="Sales up "&

TEXT(B14/B11-1,"0%")

&" Since 2010"

Which results in one text string:

Sales up 95% Since 2010

You’ll notice in this example I’ve also performed a calculation for the value argument of the TEXT function, which is then formatted as a percentage:

TEXT(

B14/B11-1

,"0%")

Which results in:

95%

The benefit of using a formula for the value argument is that any changes in the data will automatically be reflected in my statement in cell A16.

Bonus Trick

Now you can link cell A16 to your chart title and not only will the chart update if the numbers change, but so will the title:

To link the chart title to cell A16:

Press ENTER

Crazy TEXT Function Trick

At the very beginning I said the TEXT function converts a number to text which means you can’t perform any math calculations on the results.

However, in this video Mike Girvin, of Excel Is Fun, shows a crazy trick (at 3:30) with the TEXT function to convert a date into the right format. Even MrExcel doesn’t believe it will work:

Explanation: in the video Mike performs a calculation on the text function which in turn converts the value in the cell back to a number.

Similarly, you can also convert a cell containing a text function back to a number by multiplying the cell by 1, or add 0, or use the VALUE function, to name a few.

Note: There are some limitations to this. For example you can’t convert the text ‘Wed’ in example 3 above back to a number, but you can for the other examples.

## How Rank() Function Works In Postgresql ?

Introduction to PostgreSQL RANK()

The following article provides an outline of PostgreSQL RANK(). We can assign a rank to each row of the partition of a result set by using the RANK() function. The rank of the first row of a partition is 1. The rank is incremented in a fashion where the next row’s rank equals the number of rows tied to the rank. Since the values of the rank computation are determined internally by the OVER clause, no explicit parameters are required.

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Syntax:

RANK() OVER ( [PARTITION BY partition_exp, .... ] )

Explanation:

PARTITION BY clause: The rows of the partitions of the result set to which the PostgreSQL RANK() function is applied.

ORDER BY clause: Defines the order of rows in each partition to which the PostgreSQL RANK() function is applied.

How RANK() Function works in PostgreSQL?

To calculate the rank of the next row, the PostgreSQL RANK function adds the number of rows to the position assigned to the previous rank.

Because of this, the rank might not be sequential.

All of the partition rows with the same values get the same rank.

Examples of PostgreSQL RANK()

Now let’s create a new table of name ‘Grades’, which will have a column named’Grade’ using CREATE TABLE statement as follows:

Code:

Now, insert some data into the ‘Grades’ table using the INSERT statement as follows:

Code:

Illustrate the content of the Grades table with the help of the following snapshot and SQL statement.

Code:

Output:

Now, with the help of the RANK() Function, we can assign a rank to the row of the Grade column in the result set of the Grades table as follows:

Code:

Output:

From the above snapshot, we can see that the first three rows have the rank assigned as rank 1, which is the same for all rows whose value is ‘A’.

The rank of the fourth and fifth rows is assigned to rank 4 because of the PostgreSQL.

RANK() function calculated it as the previous rank summed with a total number of rows tied to that rank. Similarly, it assigns rank 6 and ranks 7 to the sixth and seventh rows, respectively.

Now let’s create tables of name ‘transaction’ and ‘invoices’ in order to understand the RANK function with the PARTITION BY clause.

Code:

CREATE TABLE transaction ( transaction_id serial PRIMARY KEY, transaction_data VARCHAR (256) NOT NULL ); CREATE TABLE invoices ( invoice_id serial PRIMARY KEY, transaction_id INT NOT NULL, invoice_data VARCHAR (256) NOT NULL, invoice_amount INT NOT NULL, FOREIGN KEY (transaction_id) REFERENCES transaction (transaction_id) );

Now insert some data in the transaction and invoices table by using the INSERT statement as follows:

Code:

INSERT INTO transaction (transaction_data) VALUES ('Purchase of Mobile'), ('Purchase of PC'), ('Purchase of Headphone'), ('Purchase of Mouse'), ('Purchase of Cable'); INSERT INTO invoices (invoice_data, transaction_id,invoice_amount) VALUES ('Purchase of Mobile', 1,30500), ('Purchase of Mobile', 1,30500), ('Purchase of Mobile', 1,20500), ('Purchase of PC', 2,15000), ('Purchase of PC', 2,12000);

Illustrate the result of the above statement with the help of the following snapshots and select statements:

Code:

select * from transaction;

Output:

Code:

select * from invoices;

Output:

Example #1

without PARTITION

Code:

SELECT invoice_id, invoice_data, invoice_amount, RANK () OVER ( ORDER BY invoice_amount DESC ) invoice_amount_rank FROM invoices;

Output:

In the above example, the entire table is considered a single PARTITION as we have not defined the Partition BY clause.

Example #2

with PARTITION BY

Code:

SELECT invoice_id, invoice_data, invoice_amount, transaction_data, RANK () OVER ( PARTITION BY i.transaction_id ORDER BY invoice_amount DESC ) invoice_amount_rank FROM invoices i INNER JOIN transaction t ON i.transaction_id = t.transaction_id;

Output:

In the above example, we have defined the PARTITION BY clause. In PostgreSQL, you can use the PARTITION BY clause to group invoices into partitions based on the transaction_id column. Also, we have an ORDER BY clause defined, which sorts invoices from high to low in each partition by their invoice_amount.

Here, you can use the RANK function in PostgreSQL to assign a rank to each transaction data, which will reset when the transaction data changes. This allows for clear visualization of the assigned ranks for each invoice.

Conclusion

From the above article, we hope you understand how to use the PostgreSQL RANK function and how the PostgreSQL RANK() function works to assign the rank and fetch the data. Also, we have added some examples of the PostgreSQL RANK() Function to understand it in detail.

Recommended Articles

We hope that this EDUCBA information on “PostgreSQL RANK()” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information.

## How To Sum Multiple Rows In Excel

Excel functions, formula, charts, formatting creating excel dashboard & others

Sum Multiple Rows in Excel

MS Excel assists with everyday office work like analyzing data, re-calculation, V lookup, H lookup, etc. Some of us have our own personal Excel consisting of daily requirements to keep a check on our expenses. At least I have one!

Here, it is very important to understand the usage of the SUM function while there are multiple rows and columns. In this context, we will specifically learn about it in the case of multiple rows. Ample data may be provided, which may take a lot of time. Let us learn about the sum, which may help us save time with the calculations.

What is SUM Function? Examples to Sum Multiple Rows in Excel

Let us now begin exploring different ways to sum multiple rows in Excel with the help of the following examples.

You can download this How to Sum Multiple Rows Excel Template here – How to Sum Multiple Rows Excel Template

Example #1 – SUM Function Used For Number of Cells in a Single Column

The basic way to perform the SUM function is in the following form.

Step 1: When we press “Alt +” or “= “, the screenshot looks as follows.

Step 2: Press Enter Key, and we get the following result.

The above is one way of performing the sum of multiple rows. We have yet another way of doing it. In the below-mentioned example, the sum is performed with the help of an in-built function in MS Excel.

Example #2 – SUM Function Used For Adding Up Selective Cells

In another example that we are taking up, we can sum optional cells. While we have the Summing up option for the rows with the help of examples explained above, we have another way of choosing only a few cells for summing up.

Press Enter Key, and the result is as follows.

Example #3 – Summing Up in Another Cell

Suppose in the same example, we require the total in cell B2. So, the procedure is as follows.

Step 1: Apply SUM Formula in cell B2.

Example #4 – Same Numbers are Placed Horizontally

Step 1: Apply the SUM Formula in cell G2.

Step 2: After pressing Enter Key, the result is as follows.

Example #5 – Numbers are Placed Vertically

For the above explanation, we have taken the following chart full of numbers.

Step 1: In column G, put the function =Sum( and then press the left arrow and bring it upwards towards cell F2.

Example #6 – Sum Function Used for Selective Products from a List

Another use of a sum function is using 2 functions together, Sum and IF. Let us learn about that with the help of the following example.

With the above examples, we now understand the function Sum and how multiple rows can be used to Sum the numbers. The data for the same is as follows:

Step 1: Enter SUMIF Formula in cell C2.

Step 2: Press Enter key, and the following result is displayed.

Things to Remember

The function sum can be used for adding as many numbers as provided. If multiple rows and columns must be summed up, we can navigate through Shift + Ctrl + Arrow keys to our selection area.

For selective numbers to be summed up, we should use Sum(Number 1, Number 2,.……………) as shown in Example 2. However, if we have been to choose from products and sum up the numbers from corresponding rows, then the SUMIF function is recommended, as explained in Example 6.

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