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Introduction to JMeter Script JMeter script overview

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JMeter script run

The procedure to execute JMeter scripts and Loadrunner configuration, and runtime configuration is explained below.

Install the JMeter, the latest version 64-bit JDK or JRE, in all the load generator machines where the script needs to be executed.

Compose the scripts in JMeter and save them in a local folder. The script should be saved in ZIP format and have all the files in the test script folder. The file’s path in the script folder should not surpass 260 characters.

CSV files can be downloaded manually on the load generator executed on JMeter concerning the path in the script location.

Upload the script of the JMeter into the Loadrunner enterprise.

In the navigation toolbar, choose test management. Next, choose the destination folder, or the user can create a new one.

Choose the upload script button from the navigation pane.

Upload settings should be configured and update the selected scripts in the destination folder.

After uploading the scripts of JMeter to Loadrunner, then choose the script in the test management tree and display the script to view the description.

In the workload and group view option, choose Vuser groups and edit runtime. After which, the dialog box pops up with JMeter runtime settings.

The JMX measurement is a UI element used to enable the JMX measurements at performance test execution.

The JMeter path is used to enter the default values in the JMeter script by including environment variables of %JMETER_HOME%

JMeter port is used to select the default port, which begins from 4000, and it uses the alternate port if the default port is already occupied. The range of the JMeter port lies from 4445 to 4455.

Remote testing is used to execute JMeter in node mode or server mode. Execution of JMeter can replicate the test among low version computers which simulate maximum load on the server.

JMeter additional file is used to give the local path for remote load generator, which can also be used as remote JMeter nodes or JMeter controller. It is enabled when remote testing is selected. Ensure that added properties are placed in the local path of the remote load generator, which is used as remote JMeter nodes or controllers when the test is executed.

Give a LoadRunner enterprise test and align the JMeter script with it.

Execute the test from the JMeter.

JMeter script with Examples

Cloud provisioning can be implemented to make the JMeter scripts more reliable to the host machine. Furthermore, it signifies that the JMX scripts on the cloud give effective cloud provisioning methods where the customer doesn’t want to pay and use it for free to execute the cloud test. To define the cloud location, choose the list of available locations, fetch cloud tokens from API keys and run the modules. If the user wants to specify multiple cloud locations for the same execution, it distributes the throughput and concurrency among all the locations.

The JMeter scripting can also be automated with Jenkins to achieve maximum efficacy. Continuous delivery becomes more fascinating in Software as a service company to create a new website and continuously work to enhance it. Software development has been growing in terms of automating the process, testing the behind lags, increasing the performance, minimizing the execution time, finding the bugs easily, and so on. By using Jenkins in executing a shell in JMeter, the project configuration is executed to make an effective continuous delivery cycle.

Conclusion

The JMeter script is used to access reporting services. For example, many testing tools aim at execution; the reporting features help access the test results in an interactive method. In addition, monitoring execution time helps find and access the JMeter scripting in a better method.

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Overview And Various Examples Of Jquery Keydown()

Overview of jQuery keydown()

The jQuery keydown() method is used to handle the key down event which is generated by pressing the keyboard button. This is a built-in method in jQuery. This method is used to handle the keydown event which is generated by pressing the key on the keyboard and the keydown() method handle the event by executing associated function.

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Keypress() event: This event is generated when the key is pressed down.

Keyup() event: This event is generated when the key is released.

The order of an execution of the jQuery event methods is:

keydown() event

Keypress() event

Keyup() event

The syntax of the keydown() method:

$(selector).keydown(): This method triggers the keydown event for selected html elements.

$(selector).keydown( function ): This method triggers a function to the keydown event for selected html element.

Parameter:

Function: This is an optional parameter. It specifies the name of the method which is to be executed when the keydown event is generated.

Examples of jQuery keydown()

Example of jQuery keydown ( ) method with parameters are as follows –

Example #1

Next, we write the html code to understand this method more clearly with the following example where we apply the keydown() method to the first input text box element

Code:

$(document).ready( function(){ $( “input” ).keydown( function(){ $( “input” ).css( “background-color”, ” red “); }); });

Output:

Once we press the key in the text box, the output is –

Example #2

Next, we rewrite the html code to understand the jQuery keydown() and jQuery keyup() method more clearly with the following example where we apply the keydown() method and jQuery keyup() method to the first input text box element –

Code:

$(document).ready( function(){ $( “input”).keydown( function(){ $( “input”).css( “background-color”, ” red “); }); $( “input”).keyup( function(){ $( “input”).css( “background-color”, ” yellow “); }); });

Output:

Once we press the key in the text box, the output is –

As in the above output, the keydown() method triggers the event and handle the keydown event of the selected elements in the jQuery collection, If we write something in the text box then the text box colour changes red on keydown and yellow on keyup events, as showing in the above output.

Example #3

Code:

$(document).ready(function(){ $( “input” ).keydown( function(){ $( “input”).css( “background-color”, ” red “); }); $(“input”).keyup(function(){ $( “input”).css( “background-color”, ” yellow “); }); $(“input”).keypress(function(){ $( “input”).css( “background-color”, ” black “); }); });

Output:

Once we press the key in the text box the background colour change to black and key release the background colour change to yellow, the output is –

When we press the backspace key in the text box then only the jQuery keydown() method is executing, otherwise, on keypress, the jQuery keypress() method is executing and the output is –

Conclusion

The jQuery keydown() method used to handle the key down event.

The keydown event is generated by pressing any keyboard button.

It is a built-in method in jQuery.

The method is used to handles the keydown by executing an associated function.

The keydown() event is usually used with other two events, which are Keypress() event ( generated when the key is pressed down) and Keyup() event ( generated when the key is released).

The syntax of the keydown() method is $(selector).keydown() and $(selector).keydown( function ), the parameter function is an optional parameter. It specifies the name of the function which is to be executed when the keydown event is generated.

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An Overview Of Hdfs: Namenodes And Datanodes

This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.

Data size soon outgrows a machine’s storage limit as data velocity increases. Data might be stored over a network of machines as a solution. Distributed file systems are the name for these types of filesystems. Data is stored over a network, introducing all of the network’s problems.

This is where Hadoop enters the picture. It has one of the most stable file systems available. HDFS (Hadoop Distributed File System) is a one-of-a-kind file system that stores enormously big files and allows for streaming data access on commodity hardware.

What is HDFS?

The Hadoop Distributed File System is a fault-tolerant data storage file system that works on standard hardware. It was created to solve problems that conventional databases couldn’t. As a result, its full potential is only realised when dealing with large amounts of data.

HDFS can store a lot of data and make it easy to retrieve. The files are spread over numerous machines in order to store such large amounts of data. These files are duplicated to protect the system from data loss in the event of a system failure. HDFS also enables parallel processing of applications.

Some Features of HDFS are as Follows

It’s ideal for storing and processing in a distributed environment.

To communicate with HDFS, Hadoop provides a command interface.

The name node and data node built-in servers make it simple for users to monitor the status of the cluster.

Data from the file system is accessed in real-time.

File permissions and authentication are provided by HDFS.

How does HDFS Store Data?

HDFS separates files into blocks, which are then stored on DataNodes. The NameNode, the cluster’s master node, is connected to several DataNodes. These data blocks are replicated across the cluster by the master node. It also tells the user where to get the information they’re looking for. However, before NameNode can assist you with data storage and management, the file must first be partitioned into smaller, more manageable data blocks. This is known as data block splitting.

Why should we Use HDFS?

Fast recovery from hardware problems — a cluster of HDFS servers may ultimately fail, but HDFS is designed to detect a failure and recover on its own.

Streaming data access — HDFS is designed for high data throughput, making it ideal for streaming data access.

Large data sets – HDFS expands to hundreds of nodes in a single cluster and delivers high aggregate data capacity for applications with gigabytes to terabytes of data.

HDFS is portable across hardware platforms and works with a variety of underlying operating systems.

What are Blocks?

The smallest quantity of data it can read or write is called a block. The default size of HDFS blocks is 128 MB, although this can be changed. HDFS files are divided into block-sized portions and stored as separate units. Unlike a file system, if a file in HDFS is less than the block size, it does not take up the entire block size; for example, a 5 MB file saved in HDFS with a block size of 128 MB takes up just 5 MB of space. The HDFS block size is big solely to reduce search costs.

What is the Replication Method for HDFS Blocks?

The block size and replication factor in HDFS may be customised per file. The number of replicas can be set up programmatically by an application. It can be supplied at the time of file creation and altered later if necessary. Name Node is in charge of determining the block size. HDFS makes two copies of the data in the same rack and the third copy in a separate rack using a rack-aware replica placement strategy.

The default block size in HDFS is 64 MB for Hadoop 1.1x and 128 MB for Hadoop 2.x and above. Depending on the cluster’s size, this block size can be changed. HDFS blocks are larger than disc blocks, primarily to reduce seek costs. The default replication size in an older version of Hadoop is three, which implies that each block is duplicated three times and stored on various nodes.

NameNode

NameNode can be regarded as the system’s master. It keeps track of the file system tree and metadata for all of the system’s files and folders. Metadata information is stored in two files: ‘Namespace image’ and ‘edit log.’ Namenode is aware of all data nodes carrying data blocks for a particular file, but it does not keep track of block positions. When the system starts, this information is rebuilt from data nodes each time.

Name Node is the HDFS controller and manager since it is aware of the state and metadata of all HDFS files, including file permissions, names, and block locations. Because the metadata is tiny, it is kept in the memory of the name node, allowing for speedier data access. Furthermore, because the HDFS cluster is accessible by several customers at the same time, all of this data is processed by a single computer. It performs file system actions such as opening, shutting, renaming, and so on.

DataNode

The data node is a commodity computer with the GNU/Linux operating system and data node software installed. In a cluster, there will be a data node for each node (common hardware/system). These nodes are in charge of the system’s data storage.

Datanodes respond to client requests by performing read-write operations on file systems. They also carry out actions such as block creation, deletion, and replication in accordance with the name node’s instructions.

Relevance and Practicality of HDFS

A 10 TB file is extremely tough to store on a single system. Even if we store, each read and write operation on the whole file will take a long time to complete. However, if we have numerous 128MB blocks, it becomes easier to do different read and write operations on them rather than doing so on the entire file at once. As a result, we partition the file to allow for quicker data access, reducing seek time.

HDFS is a distributed file system (or distributed storage) that runs on commodity hardware and can manage massive amounts of data. You may extend a Hadoop cluster to hundreds or thousands of nodes using HDFS.

HDFS data may be replicated from one HDFS service to another. To offer fault tolerance, data blocks are duplicated, and an application can define the number of replicas for a file. The replication factor can be set at the time of file creation and adjusted later. HDFS files are write-once and only have one writer at any one moment. Each DataNode in the cluster sends a Heartbeat and a Blockreport to the NameNode, which makes all choices on block replication.

Conclusion

Each HDFS cluster contains one name node that stores metadata information such as the filename and the location of the file’s content. The amount of files you may have in each cluster is limited by this one node. When dealing with millions of little files, as is the case with machine learning, this is a significant restriction.

HDFS takes data in any format, regardless of schema, optimises for high-bandwidth streaming, and expands to proven installations of 100PB and beyond. It was designed primarily for large-scale data processing tasks where scalability, flexibility, and performance are crucial.

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Theory Of Constraints: Overview And Its Uses

Organizations have realized that the field of project management provides tried-and-true approaches and instruments to help them complete their tasks and reach their goals more effectively and successfully.

Because it covers such a wide range of topics, project management really uses and incorporates different management philosophies. The theory of limitations is one of these concepts. The principle of constraints can be useful in regulating almost any project.

The Theory of Constraints

According to the notion of limitations, certain restrictions prevent any management or production system from accomplishing more of its objectives. The theory of constraints employs five focusing steps to identify the limitation and then modify it so that it isn’t a bottleneck any longer. There is always at least one constraint or limiting factor that results in trouble and the Theory of constraints is exactly what helps counter it.

Eliyahu Goldratt created the theory of constraints (TOC) in 1984 and introduced it to managers through his book “The Goal.” Consider it to be similar to the proverb “A chain is only as strong as its weakest link.” Finding that link and reducing its susceptibility is the goal of the theory of constraints.

The Elements of Theory of Constraints

The factors that make up the TOC process are as follows:

Constraints:

A constraint or hindrance that reduces a system’s productivity

Five Steps to Focusing

Managers can identify limitations and enhance systems by examine each of these in more detail.

Key Assumption for the Theory of Constraints

The core tenet of the theory of limitations is that an organization may be managed by tracking these three things:

Throughput: The speed at which the system produces ‘target units’ (or cash) through sales.

Operational Expense: Cash used to produce ‘target units.’

Investment: Every dollar that is put into the system (inventory, machinery, etc.).

But there are prerequisites that must be satisfied before any objective may be attained. These are typically things like safety, quality, legal requirements, and so on. Making money is the primary objective of for-profit corporations, but nonprofit organizations, for those making money is a secondary objective, can also apply the theory of limits.

Positive Aspects of the Theory of Constraints

Decrease in operational costs

Bigger returns on investments and profits

Larger capacity

Higher throughput rate

What Do You Mean by Constraint?

It is essential to comprehend what a constraint is in order to recognize and remove it. Any restriction that prevents you from completing your objective is a constraint, and constraints can manifest themselves in a number of different ways. ToC contends that your project or system will be affected by at least one constraint in a period of time.

Constraints: External & Internal

Internal constraints, like when the market expects more from you than you can deliver, or external constraints, like when you produce more than the market would accept, are both examples of constraints. With the latter, the company must concentrate on finding ways to increase demand for its good or service.

Equipment is one type of internal limitation, in a way that once employed, prevents you from producing more. Another internal barrier is people, which can be seen in personnel shortages, behavioral problems, and skill gaps. Finally, policy—written or unwritten—can impede your ability to increase production or your service offerings.

Always keep in mind that a limitation is a constraint. Therefore, even if it involves tools, personnel, or rules, a problem that arises in a project or organization is not necessarily a constraint. Even if nothing else is wrong, a limitation is anything that keeps you from achieving higher throughput.

What Are the Five Focusing Steps?

Finding the limiting factor is the apparent approach if at least one limitation is preventing a project from succeeding. Even if all restrictions are lifted, the project can still fail. There are always additional dangers and restrictions at work. But if restrictions can be lifted, the road to achievement becomes much smoother.

Constraints can be discovered and consequently dealt with using the focusing method. The five concentrating steps give ToC a project management roadmap to handle the constraint after it has been identified.

 Determine the limitation

Finding the weak link in the chain is the first step to strengthening it.

Utilize the resources

Utilize the resources at hand to quickly improve.

Take decisions wisely

Ensure that the resolution of the limitation is aligned with all other process actions.

Reduce the restraint

Consider other options to address the issue, such as adding resources, if it persists.

Repeat as necessary

This ToC is an ongoing process, thus it’s important to be on the lookout for constraints at all times.

To ensure that there are constant improvements and that those efforts are focused on the project limits, TOC uses these five concentrating phases.

The notion of limits is one more sub-project, among many others, that you will have to oversee when managing a project. It is, in a sense, a project with the goal of enhancing productivity, but it is organized exactly like any other project that operates, is planned, and is carried out. Award-winning software like ProjectManager groups tasks, teams, and projects to increase your project management efficiency.

How Lean Manufacturing Works with the Theory of Constraints?

Lean manufacturing and TOC are techniques to increase the efficiency of your project. However, they use a spectrum of strategies to achieve their goals.

Lean manufacturing is more concerned with eliminating waste from the process and cutting costs, whereas the theory of constraints focuses on identifying and removing constraints that restrict project throughput with the primary goal of boosting throughput rate and production capacity.

Concentrate on What Matters

Due to limited resources, for instance, not every restriction is worthwhile addressing. Therefore the idea of constraints can help you prioritize while lean manufacturing provides tools and procedures to make improvements.

Lean project management technologies, such as value stream mapping, which involves teams in problem-solving, and Gemba, which promotes comprehension of real-world situations, can also assist in identifying the limiting factor. The ToC constraint can be utilized, subordinated, and evaluated with the aid of lean project management technologies.

Conclusion

Not only is it natural to divide work into smaller projects or chunks, but doing so also makes the work easier to manage and carry out. To manage projects successfully, you must use every tool in your arsenal, which is why project management is so crucial.

The State Bank Of India Act: An Overview

With increasing financial transactions and requirements of easy banking system, and also to regulate the commercial banking system, parliament has legislated the State Bank of India Act. As result of this, the State Bank of India established On July 1, 1955.

What does the State Bank of India Act Define?

The State Bank of India is the biggest and oldest commercial bank in the country, which came into existence after the nationalisation of the Imperial Bank of India in 1955. The Imperial Bank of India was the central bank of British India and the government took control of it in 1955 and renamed it the State Bank of India by passing the State Bank of India Act, 1955.

The Act received the President’s assent on May 8th, 1955, and it came into force on July 1st, 1955. The Act is divided into 57 sections, which are contained in 8 chapters and 2 schedules. It originally had four schedules, but two were repealed in 1960.

Establishment of the State Bank of India

Section 3 of the Act provides for the establishment of a State Bank of India to carry on the business of banking and other businesses and for the purpose of taking over the Imperial Bank of India.

Share Capital

Share capital is the capital raised by issuing shares at a given face value. Authorised Capital is the maximum amount of capital that a company has the power to issue during its lifetime, and the portion of authorised capital actually issued to the public is called issued capital.

The State Bank of India has an authorised capital of five thousand rupees and the Central Board has the power to reduce the face value of the shares and also to increase or decrease the authorised capital.

Transfer of Undertaking by the Imperial Bank

Earlier, the Imperial Bank performed all normal banking functions. When it got nationalized, the provisions for regulating the transfer of its assets, liabilities, employment, etc. were required. Sections 6 to 9 of the Act govern such transfers.

These sections contain provisions regarding the transfer of assets, liabilities, and encumbrances to the Reserve Bank. All rights, powers, authorities, privileges, property, investments, contracts, deeds, agreements, existing provident and other funds, etc. of the Imperial Bank are transferred to SBI. The sections also provide provisions for the transfer of service of existing officers and employees of Imperial Bank to the SBI.

Shares

The Central Government owns at least 51% of the SBI’s issued capital. Section 11 imposes restrictions on the voting rights of shareholders other than the Central Government.

Central Board

Section 17 of the Act entrusts the general superintendence and direction of the affairs and business of the SBI to the Central Board. The Board exercises all powers and does all acts that may be exercised or done by the SBI. The Board shall perform its functions on principles having regard to the public interest.

The Board shall consist of the following −

Both a Chairman and a Vice Chairman.

Two Managing Directors are appointed by the Central Board.

Six directors are elected by private shareholders.

Eight directors are nominated by the Central Government in consultation with the RBI.

One director nominated by the central government

One director is nominated by RBI.

The term of office of the Chairperson and each Managing Director is not more than five years, and each member is eligible for reappointment. The term of office of a director is three years.

Local Board

Section 21 of the Act provides for the constitution of a local board at each place where the State Bank has its local head office. The Local Board exercises powers and performs duties and functions delegated to it by the Central Board. This local board will be made up of the following individuals −

Chairman.

Directors are nominated or elected by the Central Board.

Six members are nominated by the Central Government.

The Chief General Manager of the local head office.

Powers of the Central Board

The Central Board exercises the following powers as per the Act −

The Central Board has the power to constitute an executive committee and other committees it deems fit in order to exercise its functions.

It has the power to make regulations that are not inconsistent with the Act.

Decision-making by the Boards

As per Section 31, the meetings of the Central Board may be held in person, through videoconferencing, or any other electronic means. All questions decided at the meeting shall be decided by the majority vote of the directors present at the meeting. A director, directly or indirectly, interested in any contract, loan, arrangement, or proposal which is discussed at the meeting, shall not attend such meeting unless his presence is required for the purpose of eliciting information.

Similar provisions are contained in the Act regarding a Local Board under Section 31A.

Business of the State Bank

It includes −

The State Bank shall act as an agent of the Reserve Bank of India for paying, receiving, collecting, and remitting money on behalf of the government. It undertakes and transacts other businesses which the RBI entrusts to it from time to time.

The SBI has to function as a banker to the government. It collects money and makes payments on behalf of the government. It manages public debt, collects charges, and grants loans.

SBI is considered a banker’s bank as it receives deposits and provides financial assistance to commercial banks that have their accounts in SBI.

It acts as a clearing house where RBI has no branch.

It may transact other banking business as is provided in the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

Prohibited Functions

Section 34 prohibits SBI from transacting the following business −

Other than its own offices, SBI shall not own or acquire any immovable property.

SBI cannot grant loans against stocks and shares for a period above six months.

Conclusion

The State Bank of India Act passed solely with the purpose to constitute a State Bank for India, to transfer to it the undertaking of the Imperial Bank of India, and to provide for other matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Furthermore, the opening of multiple branches of SBI in urban region and also in rural region made the financial transaction even for a private individual very easy.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What was the State Bank of India called before it was created through the act?

Ans: Before the establishment of State Bank of India, the Imperial Bank was quite popular; however, after the enactment of SBI Act, the State Bank of India set up and Imperial Bank of India merged into it. The nationalization of the Imperial Bank ended the protracted debate on its role in independent India.

Q2. What are the main functions of State Bank of India?

Ans: Being a national bank, State Bank of India is a multinational bank, and it operates in dozens of foreign countries. So, the major functions of SBI are:

It provides the option of opening savings and current accounts, as well as a personal locker for each individual.

It enables the drawing, acceptance, buying, and selling of bills of exchange.

It also issues and circulates the letters of credit.

Recently, it started its own app (SBI Yono) to provide easy mobile banking.

It also invests in funds or any special kind of security, etc.

Learn The List Of Coreldraw Viewer

Introduction to CorelDraw Viewer

A CorelDraw Viewer is a program that helps the user to view the CorelDraw files without having to download the CorelDraw software. CorelDraw is a vector software that creates a specific file Extension .CDR.

.CDR is a file extension that cannot be viewed or opened on every software, just like the JPG format. To view the files with this extension, the user needs a definite program that helps them to do the same.

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List of CorelDraw Viewer

Some of the programs that help the user to view or edit .CDR files are finite but are either downloadable freeware programs or are available online instantly.

1. Imagine

This is a freeware program available in the market. The users can easily download the software and use it to view .CDR files. In addition, this program can create animations and batch sequence images as well. It is a useful program for graphic designers who are looking for open-source software. Following are the steps to view .CDR files:-

Download and install the software.

Open the software

Select the source folder where the .CDR file is saved to view the same

2. Inkscape

This program was created by SODIPODI developers. INKSCAPE is the successor of the Sodipodi program. This program is a vector graphics program, and it creates files in .SVG format (Scalable Vector Graphics). Other vector file formats such as .CDR can be viewed and edit within the software. The program proves to be functional and user-friendly. It has multiple features and can easily be used to create vector artworks.

Following are the steps to view .CDR files in the software:-

Download and install the program from the internet.

Open the CDR file. The program is also capable of modifying the artwork easily.

3. Irfan View

Following are the steps to view .CDR files in the software:-

Download and install the program from the internet.

Open the program

Select the CDR file that needs to be viewed

4. LibreOffice

To view a .CDR file, the user either needs CorelDraw Viewer or may convert the same file extension to other file formats. In this way, the user can view a .CDR file on any software.

One of the programs that help the user to convert the .CDR files to any other file format is Bit Recover CDR CONVERTER WIZARD.

Following are the steps through which the user can covert the .CDR files to any other file format.

Download and install Bit Recover CDR Converter wizard from the internet

Select the .CDR Files that you need to convert.

Select the File extension you need to convert the .CDR files to

Select the destination folder in which the files needs to be saved

This program will help the user to convert the existing .CDR files to any other file format. With the program .CDR files can also be viewed in Adobe Photoshop or Adobe Illustrator programs.

Conclusion

To view CorelDraw files, the user can use some of the methods that are listed above. Since CorelDraw is a paid and expensive program, not every user can afford to purchase the software. In such a case, the user can use the open-source freeware programs to view or edit graphic artworks as per their requirements.

Furthermore, these open-source programs can only be used for viewing and simple editing. For complex and detailed modifications, the user will have to purchase CorelDraw software.

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