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macOS Sierra brings the familiar features of Siri for iOS to the Mac with an attractive user interface, third-party integration and some interesting capabilities specifically designed for the desktop that are not supported on iOS. In addition to standard search queries, you can ask Siri to locate a specific document you worked on last night, add a meeting to your calendar, start a FaceTime call and more.

The Siri interface is interactive, letting you drag and drop items from search results into your documents.

You can even pin Siri searches in the Notification Center with live updating! Here’s our quick video preview of Siri for Mac in action and a detailed overview of the supported features that Apple hopes will make you more productive.

Siri in macOS Sierra: video hands-on

macOS Sierra completes Siri’s deployment across Apple’s software platforms. Customers can now interact with Siri on iOS, macOS, watchOS and tvOS devices.

The digital assistant currently handles an astounding two billion requests per week across 36 countries. My colleague Andrew has put together a quick video walkthrough of the headlining Siri for Mac features so check it out, it’s embedded right below.

Don’t see the video? Watch it on YouTube!

If you don’t have the time to sit through the whole thing—it runs four minutes and 45 seconds long—you’re encouraged to save it for later. With that in mind, here’s our complete overview of the Siri features in macOS Sierra.

The Siri hotkey can be customized to your liking in System Preferences.

The basics: searching information, files and more

When it comes to searching, Siri for Mac does everything its iOS counterpart is capable of. You can ask her to find information on the web, search your Photos library, keep an eye on information like sports scores or stock prices, add a meeting to your calendar, create a reminder, add items to a list, start a FaceTime call and more.

Like on iOS, Siri for Mac requires network connectivity because the underlying voice recognition engine runs on Apple’s servers rather than locally on your computer.

Wondering what else you can ask Siri?

Well, why don’t you go ahead and ask her? She’ll provide a helpful list of most common queries, just as she does on iOS.

The tricks: Mac-exclusive Siri magic

In addition to doing everything Siri for iOS is capable of, the Mac edition of the personal digital assistant lets you do a lot of specific things that work just on the Mac, like:

Opening folders

Opening specific files

Drag-and-dropping items from Siri search results into your documents

Pinning Siri search results in Notification Center with live updating

Adjusting system preferences

Many of the Mac-specific queries can be modified further.

For instance, I can ask Siri to show me the images I worked on today, yesterday, last week or use any other timeline. I can also refine my results further by following up with a request to narrow down the query to a specific date or date range.

Here are some of the Mac-specific tricks Siri can do.

She’ll even parse file names, making possible queries like “Show me all the files that have ‘screenshot’ in them” or “Show me all the files that were tagged with Draft”.

Notification Center: pin your Siri search results

Why would you want to do that, you ask. In short, it’s a great way to keep an eye on Siri searches that you care about and with live updating you’ll always have up-to-date results in the Notification Center.

Suppose I pinned a Siri search for the documents I’ve written today. Any document I save on my Mac after pinning that query shall automatically appear within Siri search results every time I open the Notification Center.

Since I handle a lot of screenshots for my work, I pinned a complex query “Show me all the images created today that have ‘screenshot’ in their name” to the Notification Center. Again every newly saved screenshot appears in there automatically.

It’s like auto-updating Smart Playlists in iTunes. In fact, pinning the query I mentioned above actually nests inside the Notification Center a complex Finder query based on the parameters I provided to Siri.

Drag and drop: works even with pinned results

This is perhaps the best feature to exemplify Siri’s interactivity on the Mac.

Anything in your Siri search results can be easily dragged onto your desktop or dropped into other apps. You might be working on a promotional flyer for a summer resort in Pages and wondering which image to use. Just ask Siri to pull up some images of beaches.

Working in tandem with an improved Photos app that’s able to recognize objects in scenes, Siri quickly populates your results with related images. Simply grab a photo, drag it out of Siri search results and drop it right on a placeholder image in Pages.

Dragging Siri items isn’t limited to local files. You can do the same with, say, search results for web images, which is especially nice, Apple Music songs, Wikipedia entries and more.

Settings: less is more

Various Siri settings can be adjusted in System Preferences → Siri.

You can turn Siri on and off easily, change her language, switch between male and female voices, select your input device such as an external or built-in microphone, customize the Siri keyboard shortcut and optionally disable Siri voice feedback to avoid distracting their co-workers or if you need to mute Siri’s voice temporarily.

Speaking of voices, you’d be hard-pressed to notice any difference in the voice, pronunciation or sound quality between Siri for macOS Sierra and Siri in iOS 10. Lastly, Siri’s preference pane makes it a cinch to remove its icon from the menu bar.

Apps: Siri, hail me an Uber

Like on iOS 10, Siri in macOS Sierra supports integration with third-party applications, thanks to Apple’s newly released APIs. You could, for instance, hail an Uber or a Lyft right from Siri on your Mac.

Of course, apps must be updated to integrate with Siri. Furthermore, not all apps will be permitted to implement Siri features. Those that do shall work with Siri the same way they do on the iPhone, iPad and iPod touch.

Hey Siri, call Mom. Siri? Hey, Siri!!!

On iOS, ‘Hey Siri’ is limited to devices with an embedded M9 motion coprocessor which handles sensor and microphone input in a power-efficient manner, without ever waking up the main processor.

Your Mac has more computing resources at its disposal than your iPhone so one would expect that implementing ‘Hey Siri’ on the Mac would be a no-brainer. Unfortunately, Siri on macOS Sierra currently does not support tetherless ‘Hey Siri’ functionality.

Siri and privacy: living in perfect harmony

More iDB previews

We’ve made it a mission to dive deep into Apple’s upcoming software updates to inform you of both major new features you’ll care about and the little things that’ll delight you.

Here are our iOS 10, macOS Sierra, tvOS 10 and watchOS 3 previews:

More previews will be added to the list as they become available.

macOS Sierra availability

macOS Sierra is available as a developer-only preview to all members of the Apple Developer Program. The operating system will be available to public beta testers via the Apple Beta Software Program in July ahead of its general availability this fall.

macOS Sierra will support a smaller number of Macs than previous editions. Supported computer models include late-2009 and later MacBooks and iMacs, and 2010-and-later MacBook Airs, MacBook Pros, Mac Minis and Mac Pros.

Macs manufactured before 2008 won’t be supported.

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Macos Sierra Software Update For Mac Rolling Out Now, Here’s Everything New

It’s been a week since iOS 10 debuted on iPhone and iPad, and now it’s the Mac’s turn with macOS Sierra. OS X is officially no more; long live macOS (version 10.12 to be precise). As its name cleverly suggests, macOS Sierra brings Siri to the Mac for the first time since the voice assistant was introduced in 2011 with the iPhone 4s.

You can free up space on your Mac with a new optimized storage feature, sync your clipboard (and desktop and documents folders) between your Apple devices, watch videos from Safari with picture-in-picture, and use Apple Pay on the web to easily make purchases. You can even bypass your lock screen with your Apple Watch thanks to auto-unlock.

Here’s how to update and what to try in macOS Sierra:


Before you do something major to your Mac like update the whole operating system, it’s always a good idea to make sure you have a functional backup of your important data (like documents, photos, and other media). Apple has a handy page for learning how to backup OS X Lion through OS X El Capitan using Time Machine, iCloud, Time Capsule, external hard drives, and alternative backup options. These are the quick links for OS X El Capitan:

Backup options for OS X El Capitan

Time Machine – Learn how to backup your Mac using Time Machine.

iCloud – Use iCloud to backup your music, photos, calendars, etc.

Backup options – Learn about alternative options for backing up your Mac.


Once your Mac is backed up and your data is safe if anything goes wrong, it’s time to update. Apple says these Macs are compatible with macOS Sierra:

MacBook (Late 2009 or newer)

MacBook Pro (Mid 2010 or newer)

MacBook Air (Late 2010 or newer)

Mac mini (Mid 2010 or newer)

iMac (Late 2009 or newer)

Mac Pro (Mid 2010 or newer)

As for feature requirements, you may want to check this page to see if a feature that you want works with your Mac. Auto-Unlock, for example, requires 2013 or new Macs due to Bluetooth limitations so my 2012 Mac mini doesn’t make the cut.

Creating a macOS Sierra USB install drive

We also have a tutorial that shows you how to create a macOS Sierra USB install drive. This is handy for those of you who wish to facilitate clean installs of macOS Sierra. Watch our video below to see how, and read the full tutorial here.

Subscribe to our YouTube channel for more macOS Sierra videos

What to try in macOS Sierra


Apple’s voice assistant finally coming to the Mac is the headlining new feature. You can ask Siri questions about your Mac, control Finder, and do many of the same things that you can do on Siri everywhere else without interrupting your work on the Mac.

Siri does have some limitations on the Mac though. There’s no HomeKit support yet and podcast control isn’t quite ready. It is fun to send messages and set reminders with Siri on the Mac and controlling or asking about your hardware is pretty clever.

You can even pin Siri queries to the Today view for easy reference.

Auto Unlock

macOS Sierra testers have been saying that Auto Unlock makes wearing an Apple Watch worth it. Just wear your Apple Watch with watchOS 3 and you can skip your log in.

Apple Pay

If you have iPhone 6 or later running iOS 10 or an Apple Watch with watchOS 3, you can actually checkout with websites on your Mac using Apple Pay in Safari is skip the process of filling out your billing and shipping information. You can test Apple Pay on the web with chúng tôi and plenty of other sites are already offering Apple’s mobile payment service at checkout.

When you select Apple Pay at checkout, your iPhone or Apple Watch will ask you to verify the transaction then the whole process is complete. It’s very fast and very convenient.

iCloud Drive

iTunes 12.5

Apple recently released an updated version of iTunes that overhauls the Apple Music experience similar to the changes on iOS 10. macOS Sierra includes the latest version of iTunes out of the box.


You can also view a lot of the new Messages effects like invisible ink, handwritten messages, and stickers, although you can’t create these from the Mac and iMessage apps aren’t supported. Screen effects like fireworks and balloons are sadly reduced to parenthetical descriptions for now too.

(sent with Sad Trombone Effect)

Optimized Storage 

If you’re running low on space or just want to put your Mac to work, macOS Sierra includes some new Optimize Storage options that let you manage your data smarter on a low capacity drive. For example, you can set your trash can to empty after 30 days or look for large files that you may want to delete. If you use iCloud, you can also allow macOS Sierra to offload rarely used files from your local storage if you run out of disk space.


Apple’s built-in Photos app continues to get smarter with macOS Sierra thanks to a new face recognition engine, the ability to search for objects and scenery, view your faces by location, and more. There’s even a new Memories feature similar to iOS 10, although videos aren’t supported on the Mac for some reason. The latest version of Photos also includes various enhancements throughout the app like mousing over a collection to view what’s inside and tweaked editing controls.

Picture in Picture


You probably use tabs the most in Safari or Chrome, and Finder gained tabs in a recent OS X update. Now macOS Sierra is making tabs easier for all applications and adding the tab feature to built-in apps like Maps and TextEdit. Three cheers for window management.

Universal Clipboard

Finally, we have universal clipboard which is a pretty ambitious feature. Your clipboard can sync between Macs, iPhone, and iPad so you can copy a line of text on your Mac and paste it in Messages on your iPhone. The clipboard expires after a couple of minutes so you can’t accidentally paste something that you copied hours ago or get your clipboards confused. When it works (most of the time) it’s really impressive and useful. The hardest part is remembering that such an invisible feature is there.

Subscribe to our YouTube channel for more macOS Sierra videos

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Rack Cooling Comes To The Fore

Rack cooling systems earned plenty of play at the annual CeBIT technology fair held in Hannover, Germany in March. The big cooling vendors paid for plenty of real estate to display their wares, which ranged from vast hot-aisle containment cubes to rack-based supplemental units and a range of refrigerant and water-based systems.

According to Gartner, half of all data centers will need to overhaul their cooling solutions within the next couple of years. At the same time, AFCOM, an Orange, Calif. based association of data center professionals, said the number of professionals qualified to design and run modern data centers will decline by 45 percent. Thus, easy-to-operate and more efficient cooling technology is required.

At CeBIT, APC-MGE of West Kingston, R.I., for example, displayed the latest elements of its InfraStruXure system.

“InfraStruXure is like data center in a box,” says APC-MGE general manager of business operations Peter Hannaford. “If you have a big application coming into an existing data center and need new blades, InfraStruXure will cool them efficiently and remain room neutral.”

This is achieved in APC-MGE’s hot aisle containment cube. Basically, it closes off two racks completely and covers up the hot aisle in one container. The hot aisle containment cube works with a variety of APC coolers.

The latest model, the InfraStruXure InRow RP, places cooling next to the heat source as a vertical unit placed to the side of a rack. It is available in both chilled water and refrigerant-based designs, though the company appears to favor water overall. Instead of constant speed fans, a system of sensors monitors temperature and ramps fan speed up or down and water pressure accordingly. The idea is to reduce operating costs while improving effectiveness. In addition, an integrated humidifier provides room-level moisture control. Hannaford says that the InRow RP is available in chilled water (up to a 70 kW per rack) or refrigerant (up to 37 kW).

The InRow RC units, on the other hand, are water only. If contained, a unit provides 20 kW (up to 7 kW if uncontained). The unit has no humidity controls.

“Most of our sales over the past year or so have been hot-aisle containment cubes due to their ability to address high densities while keeping cooling costs down,” says Hannaford. “They are also popular because there is no need for a raised floor.”

The Rittal Company That Cooled

Rittal of Herborn, Germany, is known primarily as a rack manufacturer. Rittal sells both directly to end users and big-name OEMs that include HP, IBM, Dell and NetApp, which then rebrand them. Recently, Rittal introduced chilled water coolers. These are vertical models known as the liquid cooling package (LCP). HP uses a modified version of the LCP and sells it as the HP Modular Cooling System.

The LCP provides up to 20 kW per rack. It can be purchased as a modular system with about 6 kW of cooling per module. Water is normally pumped from underneath the floor. If the end user already has a chiller system, she hooks the system up to it. Otherwise, Rittal offers a chiller unit.

Rittal’s LCP Plus pushes the cooling potential up to 40 kW per rack if a 51U system is installed. A standard 42U LCP Plus delivers up to 28 kW.

“We have manufacturing facilities throughout the world, including two in the USA,” says Martin Dorrich, a project manager for Climate Control IT at Rittal. “We designed the LCP Plus to make it easy to dismount and replace fans, even while the system is running.”

Ich Liebert Dich

When APC-MGE and Rittal are exhibiting, you won’t find Liebert, from Columbus, Ohio, far away. The company’s booth was placed across the aisle from APC-MGE, and it provided an interesting comparison to the InfraStruXure architecture. While APC-MGE goes for vertical units that sit beside the racks, Liebert prefers to install systems above the racks.

Its XD Adaptive Cooling platform delivers 5 kW to 20 kW per rack. Instead of water, the company uses a refrigerant that is gaseous at room temperature. Thus, there is no worry about water spills. The coolant is pumped in from above. Ceiling-mounted cooling units (XDO) above the hot aisle and rack-mounted units (XDV) can be used as part of this approach. Liebert XD requires a network of copper pipes above the racks to feed in the refrigerant.

“The Liebert XDO overhead unit dissipates the hot air and cuts the cost of cooling,” says Stefano Mozzato, marketing director of Liebert. “We also sell XDH in-row units that are placed between racks if you lack the overhead space for the XDO.”

The newest Liebert product on display was the XDFN refrigerant-based or chilled-water system that can chill 10 to 30 kW.

“If you want chilled water, you need the infrastructure to support it,” says Mozzato. “70 percent of our customers prefer refrigerant.”

The concept with the XDFN is a cabinet that encloses several racks and includes built-in cooling. Although it is typically used with overhead piping, under-floor pipes are also an option.

Knurr Cooling

Knurr AG of Lommatzsch, Germany, is another cooling vendor designing units for high-density environments. At the low end of its product range is the 3U CoolServe. It slides right into traditional racks for supplemental in-rack cooling.

“It has an air/water heat exchanger with two power supplies that you just slide into the rack and connect to the chilled water system,” says Heiko Ebermann, a product manager for thermal systems at Knurr. “It fits almost any racks.”

The company also sells several other models. CoolAdd has a door connected to the rack server with three large fans and a liquid cooling system inside the door. It is designed for up to 8 KW of power in the rack. The Miracel rack delivers 4.5 kWto 7 kW cooling via a vertical unit that sits beside the rack. Finally, Knurr offers CoolTherm, a closed cabinet application (i.e., an integrated rack with cooling included).

This article was first published on chúng tôi

Macos Big Sur: How To Use And Customize The Control Center On Your Mac

Your Mac comes with the Control Center feature that’s similar to the iPhone and iPad’s Control Center you already know and love. Follow along with this tutorial to learn how to use macOS Control Center, including how to customize it to your liking by adding or removing items.

Control Center, on your Mac

Apple first implemented Control Center functionality on the iPhone and iPad with the September 2013 release of the iOS 7 software. The Mac wouldn’t get a Control Center of its own until macOS 11.0 Big Sur, which was released publicly on November 12, 2023.

→ How to control smart home accessories from your Control Center

Similar to its iOS counterpart, the Mac Control Center groups all your menu bar extras into a single place. This gives you instant access to the controls you use most, like Wi-Fi, Do Not Disturb, Brightness, Volume and so forth, right from the macOS menu bar.

In this tutorial, you’re going to learn how to use and customize the macOS Control Center to your liking by adding or removing items, such as accessibility shortcuts or Fast User Switching.

How to use Control Center on your Mac

You can access the Control Center interface on your Mac computer through the menu bar in macOS, which runs along the top of the screen of your Mac.

Some macOS system features are represented with simple sliders, such as the volume and brightness controls. This lets you drag a slider to do things like adjust display brightness. By default, your Control Center includes nine items: Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, AirDrop, Do Not Disturb, Keyboard Brightness, Screen Mirroring, Display, Sound and Now Playing.

→ How to customize Control Center on Apple TV

The Control Center is always available in the menu bar.

Pinning your Control Center favorites

Drag an item from the Control Center to the menu bar.

By the way, you can remove an item from your Mac’s menu bar by dragging it out of the menu bar whilst holding the Command key on the keyboard. Keep in mind that some system features cannot be added to or removed from the Control Center or the menu bar.

How to customize macOS Control Center

You can add items to or remove them from the Control Center, as well as change their order, by using the Dock & Menu Bar preference pane on your Mac.

Tick the box next to “Show in Control Center” to do just that.

Conversely, unticking the box removes the item from your Control Center.

It’s great that you can use this interface to add items to the macOS menu bar for even faster access: just choose an item in the sidebar and tick the box next to “Show in Menu Bar.”

Here are quick descriptions of the sub-sections in the lefthand section:

Control Center: These are your nine non-removable items that are always available through the Control Center. Selecting something here displays a preview in the Control Center section on the right. Even though you can’t remove these from your Control Center, you can add them to the menu bar (check the box for “Show in Menu Bar.”)

Other Modules: These are the three other items mentioned above that you can add to your Control Center (check the box for “Show in Control Center”). Any added controls will appear at the bottom of the Control Center in smaller rounded squares.

Menu Bar Only: These are your common macOS system features that can be accessed through the macOS menu bar, but not the Control Center.

Some caveats apply.

Although you cannot remove any of the nine default tools in the Control Center, you can add three more: Accessibility Shortcut, Battery and Fast User Switching. Again, none of the controls listed in the “Menu Bar Only” section can be added to the Control Center. Also, items in the Control Center section are permanent fixtures that cannot be removed at will.

Sandy Writtenhouse contributed to this tutorial

How To Use Siri On Your Iphone, Ipad, Airpods, Mac, And Apple Watch


To use Siri on an iPhone, iPad, Mac, and Apple Watch, make sure that it is enabled. You can then say “Hey Siri” and wait for the familiar swirling light circle to appear on the screen. Or, on an iOS device, you can also long-press the side power button. AirPods mirror whichever Apple device you have paired them to, therefore requiring no separate setup.


iPhone or iPad


Apple Watch


Some popular commands

The following tutorial assumes you have set up and activated Siri. If not, you need to do that first before proceeding.

How to use Siri on the iPhone or iPad

“Where am I?” (requires Location Services to be enabled)

Call (name of person)

Text (name of person)

FaceTime (name of person)

What’s this song called? (if music is playing in the background)

Add this song to my library (requires an active Apple Music subscription)

Open (name of app)

Press Side Button for Siri

David Imel / Android Authority

Alternatively, you can activate Siri by long-pressing the side power button. Don’t release your finger until the swirling light circle appears. Short-pressing the button will switch off the phone, so don’t do that.

How to use Siri with your AirPods

Sam Smart / Android Authority

The difference with AirPods is that there is no separate setup required. Since they are paired to another device (like an iPhone or an iPad), you merely have to pair them together, and Siri is pretty much ready to go on your buds.

With 1st Generation AirPods, you merely have to double-tap one of the AirPods. Then give your command, question, or request.

With 2nd Generation AirPods, you would say “Hey Siri” and then your command, question, or request. However, you can change it to a double-tap by going to the AirPods in Bluetooth settings and selecting Siri.

Your AirPods can also announce incoming phone calls and text messages, which you can answer by tapping the AirPod bud. Any music currently playing on your device would cease during the call and would resume when the call ends. If you feel these announcements are starting to get annoying, you can easily disable them.

How to use Siri on your Apple Watch

One cool feature is that you can use Siri on an Apple Watch. Now, every time you speak to your watch, you look like David Hasselhoff in Knight Rider. You have to be an 80’s kid to appreciate it.

Press the digital crown on the side of the Apple Watch.

Navigate to Settings. Scroll down until you find Siri, and tap it.

Toggle on Listen for “Hey Siri” and Press Digital Crown.

Now raise the phone to your mouth and say, “Hey Siri.” Alternatively, press the digital crown. The familiar glowing swirling ball will appear. Give your command.

Some popular commands

In the iPhone section, we covered some basic commands that you can give, but there are countless more. Edgar profiled the best Siri commands that you need to know to get the most out of the service. As well as asking it to use your phone functions to contact someone, you can also ask it general knowledge questions (which ruins quiz shows for my wife.) You can also ask for recipes, ask the time and date, create a reminder list, add something to your calendar, plot a route on Apple Maps, make search engine queries….anything, really.

Of course, there are also funny things you can ask Siri. Like asking if she would be your girlfriend, and she replies, “why would I want to be loved, then thrown away and face the misery and the heartache…?”

And don’t quote Bohemian Rhapsody to her — not unless you want her to finish the song — using her own words.

Read more: How to stop Siri from auto-correcting certain words on Apple devices


You can either stay silent, and she will eventually go away herself. Or you can say “stop” or “go away” which pretty much does the same thing.

Siri will never swear. If you ask her to, she will politely say she is not allowed to. The same goes for dirty jokes. She will refuse.

No, it is currently not possible to change her name.

If you decide to shut Siri down entirely, just go into the device settings, and toggle off all related settings.

How To Quickly Empty The Trash In Macos Using Terminal

However, permanently getting rid of the contents within the Trash isn’t always that easy and may result in errors. So if you run into any trouble, you can quickly empty the Trash in macOS using Terminal instead. You’ll find the complete procedure below.

Table of Contents

Delete the Trash in Mac Using Terminal (macOS El Capitan and Later)

If you use a Mac running macOS 10.11 El Capitan or later (such as Big Sur or Monterey), you can quickly empty the Trash using Terminal.

2. Type the following command:

sudo rm -r

Note: Do not run the command yet.

3. Press the Space key once to add a single space to the end of the command. It’s essential to do that. If not, the command will fail.

4. Open the Trash.

5. Select the files you want to delete while holding down the Command key. If you want to remove everything, press Command + A to highlight all files and folders instantly.

6. Drag the highlighted files into the Trash. Depending on how many items you want to delete, multiple file paths may show up in Terminal.

7. Press Enter.

8. Type in your administrator password.

9. Press Enter. Terminal will delete the specified items from the Trash. You won’t receive a confirmation, so it’s best to double-check.

If Terminal fails to delete a specific file or files, adding the f (force) option will override issues caused by conflicting permissions. Type sudo rm -rf in step 2. 

Emptying the Trash permanently deletes the files (unless you’ve set up Time Machine on your Mac). Hence, if you prefer confirmation before deleting each time, you can use the i (interactive) option—e.g., sudo rm -ri.

Delete the Trash in Mac Using Terminal (macOS Yosemite and Earlier)

On a Mac running macOS 10.10 Yosemite or earlier, emptying the Trash using Terminal is relatively uncomplicated. 

2. Type the following command:

sudo rm -rf ~/.Trash/*

3. Press Enter.

4. Type in your administrator password.

5. Press Enter.

Alternative Ways to Delete Problematic Files in Trash

Deleting the Trash using Terminal is quick. But it’s also inconvenient. If you can’t empty the Trash using the GUI (graphical user interface) in macOS due to a specific file or files, run through the pointers below the next time.

Delete Items Individually Unlock Files and Check Permissions

While you’re at it, you may also want to scroll down to the Sharing & Permissions section and set Privilege to Read & Write for your user account. You may not be able to do that if you don’t have administrative privileges.

Force-Quit Relevant Programs

Additionally, you might want to check if the relevant program is stuck. To do that, open the Apple menu and select Force-quit. If the program appears within the list, select the item and choose Force Quit. Here are other ways to force-quit apps in macOS.

Restart Your Mac

Restarting your Mac can also help resolve bugs, glitches, and conflicts preventing you from emptying the Trash.

Just open the Apple menu and select Restart. Then, leave the box next to Reopen windows when logging back in unchecked and choose Restart.

Disable Conflicting Startup Programs

If you continue to have trouble emptying the Trash normally, you probably have a conflicting program that boots alongside macOS. 

Booting your Mac in Safe Mode can also help you identify problematic or sketchy startup programs and extensions that cause issues.

Take Out the Trash

Despite being able to empty the Trash using Terminal in macOS, it’s best to stick to the graphical user interface, if possible. Taking the time to figure out what prevents you from deleting files within Mac’s Trash rather than force-deleting its contents may help you avoid having to deal with the same problem going forward.

That being said, if you end up permanently removing files and folders you later want to recover, don’t forget to restore the lost items using Time Machine.

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