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Managing hundreds or thousands of Contact details in a uniform way is such a time-consuming affair, but with Windows 7, it is not so anymore! Many of us know about Contacts on our Windows PC, but most of us don’t use it to keep records of our contacts using the available Contacts folder.Contact details in a uniform way are such a time-consuming affair, but with Windows, it is not so anymore! Many of us know about Contacts on our Windows PC, but most of us don’t use it to keep records of our contacts using the available Contacts folder.Manage Contacts & Addresses in Windows PC
Windows has a very nice and easy-to-manage Contacts system by default in it. You can use it to keep track of people and organizations by creating contacts for them in Windows Contacts. Each contact contains information about one person or organization.
When you need to look up a friend’s email address or phone number, you can find it in the Contacts folder. When you want to keep notes about a business contact, you can store them in the Contacts folder. You can also store pictures of contacts in the Contacts folder.A Contact file contains:
Email addresses: Store as many email addresses as you want for a contact, and set one as the preferred address.
A picture: Adding a picture of contact can help you remember the person.
Phone numbers: You can store home, work, mobile, and fax phone numbers for a contact.
Street addresses: You can store home and work street addresses for a contact.
Family information: You can store information about a contact’s spouse or partner, children, gender, birthday, and anniversary.
Website addresses: You can store home and work website addresses for a contact.
Notes: Use this space to add any other information about a contact.Adding a New Contact.
Adding information to an existing contact.
Adding or changing a contact’s picture
Windows adds a default image for each contact, but you can change that image to a photo or other picture.
Creating contact groups (mailing lists).
You can also create contact groups, which combine multiple individual contacts into a single group with one email address. If you send an email message to a contact group, it’s sent to everyone in the group. Sending an email to a contact group can be a lot easier than adding names one at a time to an email message, especially if you often send messages to the same group of people.Sending contacts to other people.
Besides storing contact information about people and organizations, you can also send contacts to other people. There’s no need to type a bunch of phone numbers, addresses, and other contact information into an email message—just send them a contact with the information you want to share. The most common way to send a contact is to attach it to an email message. (The steps to attach a file vary depending on what email program you use. for e.g. Windows Live Mail, Office Outlook, Thunderbird, etc.)
Note: To send a contact to someone who’s not using Windows, you might first need to export the contact to another format.
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Since 1994, the Internet Engineering Task Force has been warning of a shortage of IP addresses. Fortunately, the Task Force came up with a solution, known as Internet Protocol Version 6, or IPv6. Unfortunately, U.S. organizations have been very slow to transition to the new technology.
However, Microsoft’s new Windows Vista operating system may help change that.
Vista (and the upcoming Longhorn Server) are not the first Windows operating systems to support IPv6. However, they are the first to have IPv6 support installed and enabled by default. By making it so much easier to use IPv6, Vista will definitely smooth the transition to the new protocol and may even encourage some organizations to switch more quickly than anticipated.
Currently, the Internet runs on IPv4, which was developed in 1974 by Vint Cerf and Robert Kahn. Under this system, internet addresses each have 32 bits and look something like this:
IPv4 allows for approximately 4.3 billion addresses. While that may seem like a lot, we’re about to run out. According to Dale Geesey, VP of Consulting for v6 Transition, “Reports based on information from the Number Resource Organization (NRO) indicate that IPv4 address space available from the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) could be depleted within 2 years.” (Read the report here.)
IPv6 solves this problem the same way the post office and the telephone companies solved their problems when they ran out of zip codes and telephone numbers—they added more digits. IPv6 addresses have 128 bits and look something like this:
Switching to 128-bit addresses theoretically allows for approximately 665,570,793,348,866,943,898,599 Internet addresses per square meter of the Earth’s surface.
Researcher Christian Huitema estimates that realistically we could probably use only 3,911,873,538,269,506,102 addresses per square meter and maintain our current levels of efficiency. In any event, IPv6 addresses are practically infinite; you could literally have a unique Internet address for every hair on your head. More practically, each computer, cell phone, PDA, iPod, RFID tag, appliance, car, and devices we haven’t even imagined could each have its own address. Latif Ladid, President of the IPv6 Forum, believes that once IPv6 takes off, “Anything that costs more than $20 will be networked.”
But IPv6 doesn’t just add addresses. It improves security, and according to the U.S. Department of Commerce, it could reduce network management costs by a third. It also requires less bandwidth and makes Internet routing more efficient. And in a 2005 report completed by RTI International for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the writers conclude that the benefits of IPv6 will exceed $10 billion per year.
Plus, IPv6 will enable new applications that will benefit from true point-to-point networking. For example, Ladid explains how IPv6 would make it easier to respond to disasters like a tsunami or Katrina. Previously, it took months or even years to restore all the voice and data networks. With IPv6, first responders could send in an “Internet ambulance.” Anyone with a laptop, cell phone, or PDA would be able to connect to an ad hoc network instantly, without any need for an ISP. It would minimize business disaster recovery costs, and it would make it easier to find survivors smart enough to hold on to their electronic devices.
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This handy tutorial shows you how to copy iCloud contacts on your iPhone or Mac to Google Contacts.Why export iCloud contacts to Google/Gmail?
Most people moving from Android to iPhone look for ways to get Google contacts on iPhone. However, if you’re planning to sell your iPhone and move to Android, you must know how to have your iCloud contacts on Google so that they can appear on your Android phone.
Secondly, if you use Google Contacts for work or business, you might also want to have your iCloud contacts on it. This ensures everything is in one place.
Finally, your contacts are safely backed up and stored in iCloud. But to have them stored in a second location as well, you can copy iCloud contacts to Gmail. This way, if you accidentally delete one or all contacts from iCloud and can’t restore them, you still have a copy on Google.How to copy iCloud contacts to Google
You have the same iCloud Contacts on all your Apple devices as they sync via iCloud. Therefore, depending on your choice, you can use your iPhone, iPad, or Mac to transfer them to Google Contacts. If you ask me, I prefer using my Mac.On iPhone or iPad
Here’s how to copy iCloud contacts to Google on iPhone or iPad:
1) Get the Exports Contacts app and allow it to access your contacts.
2) Make sure vCard is selected, and tap Continue.
3) Once the app gets the file ready, tap Export.
4) Choose Save to Files from the iOS Share Sheet, select a folder, and tap Save.
5) Go to chúng tôi and sign in with your Google account if you aren’t already.
6) Tap the three lines button from the top left and choose Import.
7) Choose Select file and pick the chúng tôi file you saved in step 4 above.
8) Select Import.
Google Contacts will now import your iCloud Contacts and save them safely here. You can access these contacts anytime on chúng tôi Alternatively, if you add this Google account to your iPhone or Android phone, these contacts will automatically appear in the iOS or Android Contacts app.On Mac
Copying your iCloud contacts to Google is effortless on your Mac, and you have two quick ways to do that.Drag & drop inside the macOS Contacts app
Here’s how to have your iCloud contacts on Google using the Mac’s Contacts app:
1) Open the Contacts app and press Control + Command + S to show the groups sidebar. Here, do you see your Google account? If yes, move to step 3. If not, follow step 2.
3) From the left sidebar, select All iCloud, which will show only your iCloud contacts.
5) Now, drag the selected iCloud contacts onto your Google account shown in the left sidebar.
If you don’t want to add your Google account to your Mac, you can use the Contacts app to create a vCard (VCF file) of your iCloud contacts and then import that file to Google Contacts. Here’s how:
1) Open Mac’s Contacts app and press Command + A to select all your iCloud Contacts.
4) Visit chúng tôi and make sure you’re signed in using the Google account of your choice.
Google Contacts will upload the VCF file, read all the contacts in the file, and save them to your Google account.
Note that Google Contacts may fail to import all contacts if you have a huge number of contacts in a single VCF file (like above 700 contacts). In that case, try again or create several smaller vCard files.On Windows PC
If you use a Windows PC, simply head over to chúng tôi in Microsoft Edge or Chrome and sign in with your Apple ID. After that, follow these steps to export iCloud contacts and import them to Google:
1) Inside iCloud, pick Contacts.
2) Select all your iCloud contacts by pressing Control + A.
4) Once you have your iCloud contacts downloaded to your PC, follow the same steps as above to import them to Google Contacts.How to use only Google Contacts on iPhone (and not iCloud)
If you often switch mobile phones across platforms (iOS and Android), it would help to sync your contacts only to your Google account, which can be used on both platforms with ease.
Follow these steps to stop using iCloud Contacts on your iPhone and sync your contacts only to Google:
1) First, follow one of the above methods to export your iCloud contacts to Google.
2) After that, open iPhone Settings and tap your name from the top.
3) Tap iCloud and switch off Contacts. From the slide-up alert that appears, you can tap Delete from My iPhone. This will only remove the contacts from your device but keep them saved to iCloud and your other Apple devices. Plus, as these contacts are already in your Google account (step 1), you will see them on your iPhone again in step 5 below.
5) Once everything is set, open the Contacts app, and you should see all your phone numbers here.
You’re now only using Google Contacts on your iPhone and not iCloud Contacts. Any new contact you save will be stored in your Google account. Plus, if you delete a contact from your iPhone, the same will also disappear from Google and your Android phone or iPhone where you’re using this Google account.
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How to check your system uptime on Windows 10, 8, 7
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Sometimes you want to know for how long your computer has been running, and to do that you need to find your PC’s uptime. Checking the uptime of your PC is rather simple, and today we’re going to show you how to do it on Windows 10.How to check system uptime in Windows 10?
Solution 1 – Use Task Manager
Task Manager is a useful tool that allows you to see all currently running and startup applications. Even though Task Manager is perfect for monitoring active processes, it also allows you to monitor system performance. Thanks to this feature you can monitor your CPU, memory and disk usage in real-time. In addition, you can also see other relevant information including your system uptime. To check your uptime with Task Manager, do the following:
Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc to start Task Manager.
Using the Task Manager is one of the simplest and fastest ways to check your uptime, so be sure to try it out. Keep in mind that sometimes uptime in Task Manager isn’t always correct. This issue appears due to Fast Startup feature, so if you want to be certain that your uptime is correct, you might want to disable it.
Solution 2 – Use Command Prompt or PowerShell
When Command Prompt starts, enter the following command:
After a few moments the results will appear in a list and you’ll be able to see your uptime.
Optional: If you want to see less detailed information about your uptime, you need to use the following command:
If you’re not a fan of Command Prompt, you can run the same commands in PowerShell. To do that, follow these steps:
Once the PowerShell opens, enter (get-date) – (gcim Win32_OperatingSystem).LastBootUpTime or ((get-date) – (gcim Win32_OperatingSystem).LastBootUptime).ToString(‘g’) commands to see system uptime.
Both Command Prompt and PowerShell will give you the same results, and you can use any of these tools to see your system uptime.
Solution 3 – Use systeminfo command
Open Command Prompt.
A list of information will appear. Look for System Boot Time value.
Solution 3 – Use net statistic command
Another way to view your system uptime is to use a net statistic command. This command will show you information about your network as well as your PC’s uptime. To use this command, follow these steps:
Open Command Prompt.
List of information will now appear. Now you just have to find Statistics since value and see your system’s start time from there.
We have to mention that this command isn’t designed for checking system uptime, but it can be used for that purpose as well.
Solution 4 – Use wmic os command
If you want to check your system’s startup time, you can do it with wmic os command. To use this command you just have to follow these steps:
Open Command Prompt.
Now you’ll see an array of numbers that represents your startup time.
The information isn’t most readable, but after a closer look you’ll notice that the array represents the exact date and time your system was started. As you can see, this is an easy way to check your system’s start time. Only downside is that the information isn’t represented in most user-friendly format, so you might have a bit of trouble reading it.
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Now that we know what Linux is, it is the time that to learn how we should install it on the computer and choose which Distribution we should use. Let us start by understanding what a Linux Distribution is.
In this tutorial, we will learn –What is a Linux Distribution?
Well, now as you know that Linux is open-source, free to use kernel. It is used by programmers, organizations, profit and non-profit companies around the world to create Operating systems to suit their individual requirements.
To prevent hacking attempts, many organizations keep their Linux operating systems private.
Many others make their variations of Linux available publicly so the whole world can benefit at large.
These versions/ types /kinds of Linux operating system are called Distributions.
How many distributions are out there?
There are hundreds of Linux operating systems or Distributions available these days. Many of them are designed with a specific purpose in mind. For example, to run a web server or to run on network switches like routers, modems, etc.
The latest example of one of the most popular smartphone-based Linux Distribution is Android!
Many of these Distributions are built to offer excellent personal computing.
Here, are a few popular Linux Distributions (also called Linux Distro) –
Linux Distribution Name Description
Arch This Linux Distro is popular amongst Developers. It is an independently developed system. It is designed for users who go for a do-it-yourself approach.
CentOS It is one of the most used Linux Distribution for enterprise and web servers. It is a free enterprise class Operating system and is based heavily on Red Hat enterprise Distro.
Debian Debian is a stable and popular non-commercial Linux distribution. It is widely used as a desktop Linux Distro and is user-oriented. It strictly acts within the Linux protocols.
Fedora Another Linux kernel based Distro, Fedora is supported by the Fedora project, an endeavor by Red Hat. It is popular among desktop users. Its versions are known for their short life cycle.
Gentoo It is a source based Distribution which means that you need to configure the code on your system before you can install it. It is not for Linux beginners, but it is sure fun for experienced users.
LinuxMint It is one of the most popular Desktop Distributions available out there. It launched in 2006 and is now considered to be the fourth most used Operating system in the computing world.
OpenSUSE It is an easy to use and a good alternative to MS Windows. It can be easily set up and can also run on small computers with obsolete configurations.
RedHat enterprise Another popular enterprise based Linux Distribution is Red Hat chúng tôi has evolved from Red Hat Linux which was discontinued in 2004. It is a commercial Distro and very popular among its clientele.
Slackware Slackware is one of the oldest Linux kernel based OS’s. It is another easy desktop Distribution. It aims at being a ‘Unix like’ OS with minimal changes to its kernel.
Ubuntu This is the third most popular desktop operating system after Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS. It is based on the Debian Linux Distribution, and it is known as its desktop environment.The Best Linux Distribution!
The term best is relative. Each Linux distribution is built for a specific purpose-built to meet the demands of its target users.
The desktop Distributions are available for free on their respective websites. You might want to try them one by one till you get to know which Distribution you like the most. Each one of them offers its own unique design applications, and security.
We will be using Ubuntu for our learning purpose as it’s easy for a beginner to understand.
Also Check:- UNIX / Linux Tutorial for Beginners: Learn Online in 7 daysHow to Install Linux
Let’s look the below Linux installation guide which has various methods we can use to Download Linux(Ubuntu) and install it.Installing Linux using USB stick
This is one of the easiest methods of installing Ubuntu or any distribution on your computer. Follow the steps to install Ubuntu from USB.
Download the .iso or the OS files on your computer from this link.
Download free software like Universal USB installer to make a bootable USB stick.
Select an Ubuntu Distribution form the dropdown to put on your USB
Select your Ubuntu iso file download in step 1.
Select the drive letter of USB to install Ubuntu and Press create button.
After everything has been installed and configured, a small window will appear Congratulations! You now have Ubuntu on a USB stick, bootable and ready to go.Installing Linux using CD-ROM
Those who like the way a CD runs should try using this method.
Step 2) Burn the files to a CD.
Step 3) Boot your computer from the optical drive and follow the instructions as they come.Installing Linux using Virtual Machine
Virtual machine software like Oracle VM can install Linux on Windows in easy steps. Let us look at them.
Here the brief steps
PART A) Download and Install Virtual Box
Download Virtual box using this link
Depending on your processor and OS, select the appropriate package. In our case, we have selected Windows with AMD
Once the download is complete, Open setup file and follow the steps below:
The virtual box dashboard looks like this-
PART B) Download Ubuntu
Visit this link to download Ubuntu.
You can select 32/64-bit versions as per your choice.
PART C) Create a Machine in Virtual Box
The virtual hard disk is where the OS installation files and data/applications you create/install in this Ubuntu machine will reside
Step-8) Now you can see the machine name in left panel
So a Machine (PC) with 8GB Hardisk, 1GB RAM is ready.
PART D) How to Install Ubuntu
Step 2) Select the Folder Option
Step 3) Select the Ubuntu iso file
Step-5) You have an option to Run Ubuntu WITHOUT installing. In this tutorial will install Ubuntu
Step-11) Installation process starts. May take up to 30 minutes. Please wait until installation process completes.
Step-12) After finishing the installation, you will see Ubuntu Desktop.Summary
An operating system based on the Linux kernel is called a Distribution or Distro
There are hundreds of Distributions available, some of which are designed to accomplish a sole purpose like running servers, act as network switches, etc.
Naming the best Linux Distribution is difficult as they are made for different.
Linux can be installed on your system via the below-mentioned methods:
Last month, Microsoft took the wraps off “Mango,” a significant update to Windows Phone 7. Mango includes more than 500 new features that are designed to improve multitasking and to make apps and the OS work together more efficiently. Mango essentially takes the most likable features of Windows Phone 7 and improves them with new features, tweaks, and refinements. Mango is coming this fall, and it will be free for all Windows Phone 7 customers.
Microsoft packed quite a few features and enhancements into this update, so I tried to focus on the most important ones. Let’s dive in.Threaded Messaging, Linked Inboxing, and Multitasking
Microsoft probably should have had these three essential features in place at the launch of Windows Phone 7; nevertheless, I’m glad to see them included in the Mango update.
In the messaging app, you can easily switch between SMS, Facebook chat, and Windows Live Messenger within the same thread. This concept sounds useful, though I don’t use Facebook chat or Windows Live Messenger. At least for me, AIM or Google GTalk integration would be much more useful. Still, messaging worked smoothly when I switched from SMS to Facebook chat with my friend. If you get tired of texting, you can pull up your friend’s Contact card (more on that in a bit) and call them.
Email messages are organized by conversation, with replies to a thread consolidated into a single view that you can follow more easily. You can make multiple inbox groups, too: If you have two work-related inboxes, for example, you can group them together to see all of the messages in one place, and you keep your work email accounts separate from your personal email. You can also pin any of your inboxes to your homescreen for quick and easy access.
Multitasking is an overall improvement. As Microsoft announced in April, Mango extends multitasking to third-party apps as well as to Internet Explorer 9. You can quickly switch among recently used applications by pressing and holding the back button. All of your open apps are elegantly displayed in chronological order based on when you last used them.Enhanced Hubs
In Mango, all of the hubs have been enhanced with some sweet new features. For example, the People Hub will connect Facebook, Twitter, Outlook, LinkedIn, and Windows Live messenger in one place, so you won’t have to jump from app to app to communicate with your friends and colleagues. You’ll also be able to group and categorize your contacts based on how you think of them–friends, coworkers, enemies, or whatever.
The Picture Hub now has a tagging system, making it easier for you to organize your photos. When you share your photos on Facebook or SkyDrive, the Photo Hub will automatically detect any photo of a person and ask whether you want to tag it. It doesn’t handle face recognition, however, so it won’t perform automatic tagging.
YouTube, chúng tôi and Slacker are now integrated into your Music + Video Hub, so you can easily see a list of the videos you watched or the songs you listened to on those services. There’s even a playlist creator in the Zune Player called Smart DJ (as opposed to iTunes Genius? Hmm.) that creates mixes based on similar songs in your collection. This has been a feature of the Zune desktop software for quite some time–and a welcome addition to Windows Phone 7.
Live Tiles–the always-updating widgets that you can customize and rearrange on your homescreen–will have more real-time information in Mango. You’ll also be able to make personalized Live Tiles for individual friends or for a group to add to your homescreen. If you want to keep an eye on your partner or track what your boss is doing, you can pin that contact to your Start screen and see at a glance what they’re writing on Facebook.
The updated ‘Me’ tile lets you share status updates (via Facebook, Windows Live, and Twitter) and check-ins (via Facebook). You can view notifications, such as Facebook messages or Tweet replies, in a single place. You can see your friends’ status updates and activity across multiple social networks. And of course, you can pin your own tile to your Start screen for quick access. Like the other Live Tiles, the new Me tile will display more information–for instance, indicating when you have a missed call or a new text message.
In Mango, you can group your contacts together by how they relate to your life–family, friends, coworkers, frenemies, and the like. It automatically placed my brother, my mom, and me in a group based on our last names. But if you have a common last name (like Smith), I wonder whether Windows Phone will think that every Smith in your phone is related to you. You can pin Groups to your Start screen, just as you can individual contacts.
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