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What’s in a name? Everything and nothing.

Naming your startup can be a big deal. And, trust me, everyone you know will have an opinion. As a good friend of mine once lamented the difference between my profession (graphic designer) and his (copywriter):

“Dean, not everyone can draw – but everyone has a thesaurus.”

Today, more than ever, you can spend a ton of time and money coming up with startup name ideas, testing them, focus-grouping them and researching them with the endless online tools at your disposal.

But, don’t do it.

Now, that sounds like heresy coming from a working creative, but the cold truth is: today’s consumer really doesn’t care what your service or product is called – as long as they can say it out loud in front of their mother.

If the name is unique for your product or service, is memorable, is easy to recall and doesn’t require thirty keyboard strokes to type in a URL, then you’ll be fine. And if it has a relationship to the product or service, then all the more better.

Case in point: Uber – here’s a word that has nothing to do with cars, transportation or even technology. But people around the world love (and hate) it so much that it’s evolved into that rarity of company names – it’s a name, verb and noun.

Another: Amazon – everything from A-to-Z you say? That logo didn’t happen until well after the company was founded. Allegedly the name came from two factors: to suggest scale (the biggest river) and because it starts with the letter “A” (website listings in the 90s were often alphabetical).

Haze, Clear, Google, Apple, Kik, GoDaddy, Zynga, Zillow, Squarespace, Box, Banjo, Spotify, Hulu, Etsy. You get the idea.

And once you get a name, a little research could save you untold grief down the road.  Simple stuff but check these off your list:

1. Research and Make Sure No One Else Has It

Research the name to make sure someone else doesn’t already have it in your category. An hour with Google should tell you everything you need to know. For most startups this is plenty.

2. Look Into the Word’s Origin

Look into the origins of the name to make sure it’s Latin or Greek meaning isn’t something at odds with your company. Or worse – a meaning for something completely inappropriate.

3. Is a URL Available?

Check to see if a suitable URL is available. If it is, grab it – today. Do not underestimate how quickly good URLs get snatched up by companies and squatters.

4. Get Creative with It

Take a good look at the spelling and see if there are any letter formations that could fool the eye in seeing something that isn’t there.  The people at Experts Exchange found that out the hard way.

5. Is it Memorable?

Ask yourself if the name truly memorable. Not just in your particular category but in general. People are naturally drawn to things that are familiar to them. Potential customers are no different.

The name is important. It will go on a business card (yes, people still use those every day I promise you). It will go on your website, in your URL. You will speak it a thousand times over.

So, do put thought to it. Spend time coming up with something good and original. Just realize that these days more than ever it’s the product or service behind the name that really counts.

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20+ One Ui 5 Tips And Tricks You Should Know

Samsung has added some new tweaks to the One UI 5’s lock screen. Inspired by iOS 16, you can now go to the lock screen editor directly from the lock screen itself. You need to tap and hold on empty space on the lock screen, authenticate yourself, and edit the lock screen.

You can add contact information from the lock screen and the bottom corner shortcuts can also be customized from here. There is a wallpaper shortcut in the top left corner to change the lock screen background easily.

Samsung has implemented its own version of Material You in One UI but earlier the color options were very limited. This time, Samsung has increased the pallets to up to 9 sets. You can even choose one of the basic colors that give you a bit more customization flexibility.

Samsung’s phones are well known for their multitasking experience built into the software. The One UI 5 has got some features adapted from TouchWiz UI and I love those. The split screen feature can be triggered by swiping up from the bottom edge using two fingers. The current app goes into split-screen mode.

With the release of Android 13, Google has added a button in the notification drawer that shows active apps running in the background. It even shows you the list of apps when you tap it and you can close them right from that list. Samsung has moved this feature from the notification drawer to recent apps which makes more sense.

On One UI 5, when you open the recent apps, you see a text on the top left side showing the number of apps running in the background. Tapping this gives you a list of all the running apps. From there, you can easily close these apps if you want using the stop button provided beside them.

Apple first brought this feature in its iOS where you can stack different widgets together and you can scroll between them easily. It also auto-scrolls to the most relevant widget, at a particular time. This feature has been adapted by Samsung in One UI 5 and here you can stack as many widgets as you want.

The wallpaper picker in One UI 5 has got a complete overhaul compared to previous versions. The new wallpaper picker UI has different sections for different sources. On the top you will see built-in wallpapers, then you see the gallery section with beautiful album grids and then there’s the graphical section where you can choose from four minimal wallpapers.

There’s a dedicated colors section that lets you put any color as wallpaper and there are some patterns that look cool with different colors and you can set them as wallpaper. It also has the wallpaper services feature that applies dynamic wallpapers every day and below that, you can access all the downloaded wallpapers from Galaxy Theme Store.

The camera app in One UI is full of different features and creating your own filter is one of them. The button in the top right corner of the camera UI shows opens a list of widgets that you can apply to the pictures you take. There you can tap the plus button, to see two options; Download filters and Create filter.

Samsung has finally added a new feature in the camera that lets you add a watermark on the pictures you take using the camera app. This feature adds text to the photos you take from your phone. It can be customized with the device name and date, you can also change the alignment and font of the watermark. I expected more customization options but it’s best for you if you want to keep it subtle.

Samsung’s Flagship smartphones come with a telephoto lens to let you zoom in on different objects to take a picture. This time Samsung did something very subtle to the zooming UI in the camera app but it is very much effective. The zoom slider is much more smooth now, you can just swipe once on the zoom buttons and it slides all the way to the maximum zoom available. You need to practice a few times to perfect the swipe-through.

Samsung has added a developer menu for Wi-Fi settings, it can be enabled by tapping the Intelligent Wi-Fi version number a few times. You get a lot of Wi-Fi features that lets you inspect the background data. Under Nearby Wi-Fi Information, you get to see a visual representation of all the Wi-Fi networks around you in a spectrum graph, along with the distance from Wi-Fi router.

One UI puts rarely used apps in sleep mode or deep sleep mode. The app in sleep or Deep sleep mode cannot run any activity in the background. This saves a lot of battery and also secures your phone from malware or data-collecting apps. The smartphone itself put the apps in sleep mode by detecting their usability but if you want to put some apps manually in sleep mode then you can do that too.

With the release of the Pixel 7 series, Google released a feature called unblur images that lets you unblur any image. Inspired by Pixel’s unblur feature and taking it even further, Samsung added Remaster picture feature in One UI 5’s Gallery. It helps to fix blurry photos, and remaster them to remove blur and sharpen it.

Samsung’s Object Eraser feature is also inspired by Google Pixel smartphones. Just like on Pixel phones, you can remove any object from any picture using machine learning. This feature works really well and it may come in handy in various situations. This feature is available in the gallery editor under the three dots menu icon in the bottom right corner. Then you can select any object from the image to remove it.

Samsung has one of the best hardware-level security on its smartphones called Knox. The secure folder is protected by this hardware-level security, you can be assured that your personal data is private and secure. You can create a secure folder to lock away pictures and even apps. These pictures and apps won’t be visible in the gallery or in the app drawer.

The secure folder is available under Security and privacy settings, you need to set it up with your credentials. Now, you can hold the app icon and move it to the secure folder, the same can be done for pictures.

If you put the Camera app in the secure folder, then all the photos taken will be saved in a secure folder automatically. This works just like the Locked folder in Google Photos.

This feature is also inspired by iOS 16 where you can copy text directly from an image. You need to tap and hold the text area in the image or just tap the little (T) icon. This will select the text and you can copy and share the text anywhere you want.

Samsung One UI’s default keyboard lets you type anything by directing your camera to any text. You only need to launch the keyboard and select Extract text from more options. The keyboard section will turn into a camera viewfinder, and any text you capture will be typed into the text field.

When it comes to productivity on smartphones, no one can beat Samsung devices. DeX was released way back in 2023, but it required connecting the phone to a cable to launch DeX. With OneUI 5, things have changed, as now DeX works wirelessly on any display that supports the media casting feature.

Samsung DeX mode gives you a complete desktop-like experience where you can manage, open and use apps. You can resize windows and open multiple windows for the best multitasking. The default apps adapt to a big display and give you a more interactive experience.

Here’s the complete list of rollout schedules for One UI 5.0

December 2023

Galaxy S10 Lite

Galaxy Z Fold 2

Galaxy Z Flip 5G

Galaxy Z Flip

Galaxy S20 FE / 5G

Galaxy S20 / 20 Plus / 20 Ultra

Galaxy S21 FE 5G

Galaxy S21 / 21 Plus / 21 Ultra

Galaxy Note 10 Lite

Galaxy Note 20 / 20 Ultra

Galaxy Tab S6 Lite

Galaxy Tab S7 FE/S7 FE 5G

Galaxy Tab S8 / S8 Plus / S8 Ultra

Galaxy A Quantum

Galaxy A Quantum 2

Galaxy A32

Galaxy A33

Galaxy A42 5G

Galaxy A51

Galaxy A51 5G

Galaxy A52 / A52s 5G

Galaxy A53

Galaxy A71

Galaxy A72

Galaxy A73

Galaxy M32 / M32 5G

Galaxy M33 5G

Galaxy M42 5G

Galaxy M52 5G

Galaxy F62

Galaxy Jump

Galaxy Jump 2

January 2023

Galaxy A13

Galaxy A22 / 5G

Galaxy A23

Galaxy F12

Galaxy F22

Galaxy F42

Galaxy M12

Galaxy M53 5G

Galaxy Tab A8

Galaxy Tab A7 Lite

Galaxy Tab Active 3

Galaxy Buddy 2

Galaxy Wide 6

Galaxy Wide 5

Galaxy Buddy

Galaxy XCover 5

Galaxy A03

Galaxy A23 5G

Galaxy F13

Galaxy F23 5G

Galaxy M13

Galaxy M13 5G

Galaxy Tab A8

Galaxy Tab Active 4 Pro

March 2023

Galaxy A03s

Galaxy A04

Galaxy A04s

These were the best tips and tricks of One UI 5.0 to customize your Samsung phone. The One UI 5 updates are available on flagship phones and will be rolled out to all supported phones soon. Stay tuned to GadgetsToUse for more such tech tips and tricks, and check out the amazing articles linked below.

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No One Wants Another H

The first atomic test was atmospheric. From that day in 1945 and through the first two decades after the end of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union conducted around 400 more atmospheric tests in total. France carried out its last atmospheric test in the 1970s, and China conducted the last atmospheric nuclear test to date in October 1980. Over half the population of the world is younger than the last nuclear detonation in the sky, but that might all change as tensions between the United States and North Korea edge toward a modern atomic brinkmanship.

North Korea is the only nation to test nuclear weapons in the 21st century. So far, all of North Korea’s tests were done underground, where the effects of the blast can be better contained. Testing an atmospheric blast means lofting a warhead vertically, above North Korea itself, or it means launching on a more horizontal trajectory, with the missile carrying a nuclear warhead traversing over a nearby country. While within the technical abilities of Kim Jong-un’s state, it took a failure of diplomatic understanding to even put the test on the proverbial negotiating table.

On Friday, Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho said that, in response to President Trump’s threat at the United Nations to destroy North Korea, Pyongyang may take action, up to and including the “powerful detonation of an H-bomb in the Pacific,” according to Yonhap. The statement followed an escalating war of words that week, as the president of the world’s oldest nuclear power tried to constrain the world’s youngest.

To understand the risk posed by a possible new atmospheric test, it helps to step back to 1963, when the United States and the Soviet Union signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty. And we’ll need to narrow our scope a little—down to baby teeth.

Radioactive baby teeth

“Health concerns in the American public were rising, because of detectable levels of radiation in people’s bones,” says Alex Wellerstein, an assistant professor at the Stevens Institute of Technology who specializes in the history of nuclear weapons. “There was a big event called the baby tooth survey, where people were encouraged to send in their children’s baby teeth after they had fallen out. Scientists could use that in conjunction with the location and the age of the child to track how much Strontium 90 was getting into American bones.”

Strontium 90 is a radioactive isotope produced by nuclear fission. With atmospheric tests, the plume of radioactive by-product would stay in the atmosphere, mix with other clouds, and then come down when it rained, and end up in the ecosystem, like on grass. Cows would eat that grass, and then because strontium acts like calcium chemically, that strontium would end up in the milk, and then end up in human bones.

“Little bits of this stuff aren’t going to cause you lots of trouble,” says Wellerstein, “but as you raise that exposure up higher and higher and over large populations, you’re just adding little bits of uptick to the base chance of fatal cancer, which is already higher than people like to think about. Adding a couple percentage points in there for a population of 300 million starts to add up to thousands of people, even if it’s hard to detect which radioactive source the exposure was from specifically.”

Besides the health impact, there was a strategic reason to ban atmospheric tests, too. Testing underground limits the size of the weapons that a nation can develop. Not every nuclear power signed and abided by the Partial Test Ban Treaty: besides North Korea, France and China are still not signatories, though it’s been decades since either tested in a way that would violate the treaty. Should North Korea decide to test a weapon in the Pacific, it would also have the challenge of getting that weapon to the Pacific.

No safe trajectory to the Pacific

“The shortest pathway to open ocean is over Hokkaido the way they’ve gone with the two Hawsong tests,” says Vipin Narang, an associate professor of political science at MIT. “It’d have to be a trajectory that doesn’t look like it’s coming to the continental US or Guam, and gives them open ocean. That’s the Hokkaido trajectory, we’ve gotten used to it, they’ve gotten used it it, I think that’s probably the way they go, and it’s the thinnest part of Japan, so the risk to Japan is minimized.”

Twice in August, North Korea tested missiles in a flight over the southwestern peninsula of the island of Hokkaido in Japan. It was the first and second such launches over Japan in over a decade, and the only ones so far that are explicitly missiles, rather than satellite launch vehicles. The launches passed over only two small parts of the island, but they still passed directly through Japan’s airspace, and prompted text alerts for the public in case the tests were instead an attack. Minimizing risk here does not mean no risk, and that’s assuming the missiles perform as expected and carry on into the Pacific.

“The United States only once tested a live warhead on a ballistic missile on ballistic trajectory,” says Wellerstein. “It was Shot Frigatebird of Operation Dominick, which was a submarine launched missile.”

“In general, testing both at once adds a lot of risk and uncertainty and isn’t safe,” says Wellerstein. “There are worst case scenarios which can you prevent with clever engineering, like putting a sensor on the warhead that says ‘if I’m not where I’m supposed to be, don’t go off’, and hopefully North Korea will build those. Less catastrophic but still not good, the missile blows up on the warhead, which won’t explode ideally but may disperse plutonium, or it may blow up in midair. And missiles sometimes do explode on a launchpad and disperse plutonium all over, which is a contamination problem.”

There is the chance that the missile does not reach its intended spot in the Pacific, and explodes prematurely over land. It could also be targeted by missile defense systems, which have so far never succeeded against a target in realistic conditions (though some systems have had some successes in recent test exercises). A test that fails over land and results in deaths, especially if the warhead goes off.

“If something doesn’t go according to plan, and the warhead detonates at a lower altitude than intended and then there are effects on shipping or civil aviation or loss of life,” says Narang, “that’s a world-changing event, that’s an act of war, and I’m not sure how we’re going to climb down from that.”

“We’ve made it hard for the North Koreans to do that,” says Wellerstein. “If they give us forewarning and say, ‘hey, we’re going to test a missile’, we’ve made it clear we’re going to try and shoot down their missiles. You can’t have both, you can’t tell people you’re going to shoot down their missile, maybe, and tell them you’d like it if you gave them warning before the test.”

There could also be an electromagnetic pulse, though beyond the immediate area experiencing the blast, fire, and radiation, it’d be hard to say how much extra reach that electromagnetic pulse effect would have. Many planes in the United States have some protection against this, which is to say some protection against electrical storms, that might translate into protecting it from the pulse.

Outside the immediate blast area, there’s still that plume of radioactive gas.

“If a weapon goes off in the atmosphere, you’ll detect that radioactivity from huge distances, even distances where that radioactivity doesn’t pose any health threats,” says Wellerstein. “I think that’s going to make people very uncomfortable, as the difference between the radioactivity you can detect and the radioactivity that can hurt you is going to be lost on a lot of Americans.”

That plume, and the deadlier risks it entails, is one possible outcome of tensions and miscommunication between the White House and Pyongyang. Should North Korea be the first nation to conduct an atmospheric nuclear test in this century, it would not be the first nation to surprise the United States with such a test. In 1966, China detonated a nuclear weapon at high altitude while President Lyndon B. Johnson was visiting Thailand.

Relearning how to win another Cold War

“All the same rhetoric we used for Kim Jong-un, we used for Mao,” says Narang. “We said ‘he’s a madman, he can’t be trusted with nuclear weapons’. But we managed. Deterrence has a logic of its own, it’s a universal language. The reality is, Kim Jong-un has bought himself insurance against external regime change, invasion, probably efforts at disarmament. Should the United States attempt it, there’s a possibility of Guam or Japan or even the continental United States eating a nuke. This reality is why he bought himself nuclear weapons in the first place, so he didn’t meet the fate of Saddam and Gaddafi. He’s not going to give them up.”

For decades, the United States maintained a policy of denuclearization for North Korea, hoping some combination of sanctions and diplomatic pressure would convince the pariah state to abandon its nuclear ambitions. Despite the sanctions, despite attempts to isolate North Korea diplomatically, the country developed its own nuclear weapons. This progress capped off this summer with the tests of two intercontinental ballistic missiles and a thermonuclear bomb.

“And the fact is, he’s a nuclear weapons power at this point. We have to get out of the frame of trying to denuclearization, because that’s probably not going to happen,” says Narang. “It means learning how to practice deterrence, like we did with the Chinese and the Russians. It means dialogue and diplomacy at some level. We don’t have to like it, but this is the reality right now. Once you pass the threshold, the cost of denuclearizing is higher than practicing deterrence, which is something the United States is actually pretty good at.”

Sata: What It Is And What You Need To Know

SATA is two different things: a physical connector standard and a logical communication bus. When SATA was first designed, the two were linked. In fact, the physical SATA connector can only use the logical SATA bus. However, the SATA bus can be accessed over newer physical connectors. In this article, we’ll cover both.

The SATA Bus

In computing, a logical bus is a communication protocol to transfer data. SATA stands for Serial AT Attachment. The AT isn’t technically an acronym to avoid patent infringements. It is based on IBM’s predecessing Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) standard, which was later renamed PATA. The P standing for Parallel to differentiate it from the Serial bus. The SATA protocol was first standardized in 2003.

The SATA Connector

The SATA protocol came with a new connector, a pair of connectors: one for data and one for power. Both connectors are long and thin with a small L shape at the end to ensure they’re connected the right way up. The power connector is wider than the data connector, making it easy to distinguish. The power cable plugs into the drive directly from the PSU. In contrast, the data cable will connect the drive to the motherboard.

Other Connectors

There are a small variety of secondary connectors included in the SATA standard. However, most were short-lived and can’t be found in modern devices. Outside of the SATA standard, the physical M.2 connector supports transferring data over the SATA bus. When purchasing M.2 SSDs, it’s important to double-check if the SSD is a SATA or NVMe drive.

SATA M.2 drives will use a B key, though most M.2 SATA drives also have an M key cut out. The M key has a cut-out after five pins from the right. The B key has the cut-out after 6 pins from the left. Most M.2 SATA drives have both keys cut out, making them easy to identify.

When looking over an M.2 connector, the key is a visual indicator of what bus the slot is connected to. Typically, it is connected to the NVMe bus for high-speed connectivity. But with the B key, data instead runs over the SATA bus. This has the same limitations as the standard SATA connectivity and does not support any extra bandwidth.

Any M.2 slot will only have a single key cut-out, depending on which bus it connects. This makes it impossible to accidentally connect an NVMe M.2 SSD to a SATA M.2 port. While a dual-keyed SATA SSD can physically plug into an NVMe M.2 slot, it is still limited to the SATA transfer speeds. Additionally, this would be non-standard and may not be supported by the BIOS.

What is SATA Good for in a Modern Computer?

SATA is primarily useful for storing data where the writing and reading of said data are not time-sensitive. This can work well for images, relatively low-resolution video, or standard documents where the read/write time is in a relatively short burst. Or the required transmission speed for real-time use is below the bandwidth restrictions of the drive over the SATA connection.

For example, suppose you want to save a word document. In that case, the amount of data to be read or written is so tiny that the relatively slow speed of SATA isn’t an issue. Similarly, the bitrate needed to watch or save 720p 30fps video is lower than the maximum data rate of the SATA connection.

SATA isn’t ideal when speed is an essential factor, or substantial transfers are likely to happen. For example, suppose you want to edit 4K 60fps video footage. In that case, the bandwidth SATA offers simply isn’t enough to do this in real-time. Loading times in video games are also slower on SATA drives as the data simply can’t get loaded into the RAM and VRAM fast enough. Similarly, these will take longer over a slow SATA connection if you want to perform large system backups. Critically it will also take longer to restore from a backup over SATA.


Due to speed limitations, SATA is a legacy connector and logical standard primarily useful for HDDs. Early SSDs used the connector because it was already standard, making market adoption easier. Additionally, early SSDs were much slower than modern drives due to low levels of technological maturity.

Key Gadget Specs And What They Really Mean

When it’s time to buy a new phone or laptop, you’re likely to encounter a huge list of specifications and features. It’s a lot to wade through, and it’s possible that some of those specs won’t make sense straight away.

To make your life a little easier, we’ve highlighted the key factors to consider when choosing a phone or computer. These devices are similar in a lot of ways, even if they’re built on very different scales, and we hope our guide removes some of the mystery surrounding their specifications.

CPU (central processing unit)

The central processing unit (CPU), sometimes simply called “the processor,” is the brain that runs your laptop or phone. It’s essentially a calculation machine, and the quicker those calculations go, the faster your electronic device works.

You’ll usually see “clock speed” associated with a CPU, which, in simple terms, is how fast it can chew through calculations. The number of cores (essentially mini processors) matters too—the more there are, the more jobs the central processor can do at once. That means faster performance and more apps running smoothly at the same time.

Over time, CPUs have been packed with more and more features. All the top smartphone CPUs, for example, now have dedicated artificial intelligence components meant specifically for handling the types of processing that machine learning systems need. If you’re looking at a phone instead of a computer, you may see the CPU referred to as a chipset or a “system on a chip.” That’s because those processors contain extra components, such as AI modules and modems, in addition to the main processor.

The CPU isn’t the only factor that determines how fast your gadget is, but it’s usually the most important. Pay more for more speed and extra performance, and your apps will power along faster and be able to handle more demanding tasks.

RAM (random access memory)

The RAM is the thinking room for your computer or smartphone. It’s super-fast storage where open apps and files live, so having more of it means your devices are less likely to slow down as you launch additional apps and browser tabs.

If you’re really into computer performance or building, you can dig deep into different types of RAM. As you go up the scale, RAM modules get faster at transferring data, more stable, and more expensive. For most users though, you just need to consider how much of it is available.

Gadgets don’t topple over when they run out of RAM, they just have to work harder to swap between files and applications, so you can see why both the amount of available RAM and the CPU speed affect your devices. It’s a finely balanced play between the various components, and the better they work together, the faster your gadget will be.

For example, because Apple controls every aspect of the hardware and software on its iPhones, it’s able to get top-level performance with less RAM (4GB on the latest iPhone XS Max, compared to a minimum of 8GB on the latest Samsung Galaxy S10 Plus). It’s not as important as CPU speed, but the more you have, the better.

Internal and external storage

Local storage has become less important as cloud services have grown. David Nield

Every computer and phone comes with a certain amount of internal storage, which is the permanent record of all the ones and zeros that make up the software and files on your devices. It’s the home of Windows, macOS, Android, or iOS, as well as all the apps and programs you’re using. That also means you’ll never be able to access all the storage on a device, because its operating system is going to take up some of the room.

Again, the more the better, though cloud services and the likes of Spotify and Netflix have made internal storage (sometimes called local storage) less important than it once was. When upgrading, it’s best to get more than you think you’ll need, and looking at the remaining memory on your old devices should give you some idea of what’s appropriate.

You can always add external storage later on—external hard drives and USB drives (for computers) or memory cards (for certain smartphones). If you’ve gone for a cheaper phone with limited internal storage, you might be able to add more room this way, but check first—phones like the Apple iPhones and Google Pixels don’t let you go beyond what they were built with.

To give you a rough idea of how much storage you may need, movies are around 4 to 6GB when downloaded in 720p HD from iTunes. All but the most budget phones on the market right now start you off on 32GB of internal storage, while laptops and desktops usually start at 128GB.

GPU (graphics processing unit)

A faster GPU means higher frame rates for your games. EA

The GPU is like the CPU, but for what you see on your screen. It works out where the shadows are supposed to be in your favorite racing game, for instance, or processes augmented reality effects for a camera filter.

Inside phones, GPUs are embedded on the same bit of circuitry as the CPU—the Snapdragon 855 chipset inside most flagship Android phones of 2023 comes with an embedded Adreno 640 GPU, for example. Graphics processors are often integrated into CPU chipsets on computers, too, especially inside cheaper models or laptops where space is at a premium, but they can also be found on dedicated graphics cards as well.

Unless you’re a serious gamer or video editor, you don’t need to worry too much about the GPU. Often, it’ll be chosen to complement the main processor in terms of how powerful and capable it is.

If you are buying a GPU on a separate graphics card, or attempting to build a computer from scratch, you’ll have to consider specs like clock speed and dedicated video RAM to help make your choice—the more the better. The top-end cards will set you back a significant amount of cash, but mid-range and budget cards can be very capable too.

Display technology

The latest iPhones make use of OLED display technology. Apple

When it comes to phones, the main choices for displays are OLED (organic light-emitting diode) and LCD (liquid-crystal display). One of the key differences between them is the way the screen is illuminated, with OLED offering pixel-by-pixel control over the brightness of the display.

That usually means OLED offers a richer viewing experience, with deeper blacks and more vibrant colors. However, LCD screens can be impressive, too, and are known for typically producing more natural colors. You’ll often find LCD displays on cheaper phones, as the tech is less expensive for manufacturers.

Because of the technical aspects of making these screens, LCD has typically dominated on laptops and computer monitors, but OLED is now starting to appear on higher-end hardware. If you have the budget for it, it’s usually the better option.

Computer and phone specs will also list a pixel resolution, which is the number of pixels crammed into the screen, and an aspect ratio (like 16:9 for a widescreen laptop display). You’ll often see a pixels-per-inch calculation on top of that—the higher this figure, the sharper the screen.

IP rating

Many phones now offer IP68 waterproofing. Samsung

The majority of cellphones on the market come with an IP rating, which stands for “ingress protection,” and essentially shows how easy it is for dust and water to get into the device. So IP68, for example, the top rating for consumer devices, means a rating of six for dust (particles can’t get in) and eight for water (it’ll survive continuous immersion per the manufacturer’s specifications).

With IP67 or IP68 ratings, a phone should survive a dunk underwater, but IP68 phones can last longer at greater depths. Manufacturers are supposed to detail this in product listings, so you’ll probably see something like “1.5 meters deep for 30 minutes” that tells you exactly what the phone can endure.

Not all phones come with IP ratings, but you might see terms like “water resistant” or “splash resistant.” It’s really up to the phone maker to outline exactly what those terms mean and how much of a rain shower the handset can stand up to.

Batteries and charging

OnePlus uses a proprietary fast charging technology. OnePlus

Phone batteries are listed by milliampere hours (mAh), which essentially show the battery’s energy capacity. You’ll always need to consider this alongside how much power the phone uses—handsets with bigger displays and faster components will drain a battery faster—so make sure you check the manufacturer’s battery life estimates as well as the capacity of the battery itself.

Most phones now come with some kind of fast charging capability, though specifics vary among devices. Look for a charging capacity in watts (W), which will give you some indication of how much power a phone can take on at once, and how quickly it’s going to refuel. Many phones now offer wireless charging as well, but it’s typically at a lower wattage and takes longer.

When you’re shopping for a laptop it’s less common to see battery capacity listed in mAh. Instead, you’ll usually just see a quoted time between charges based on typical use. It’s always worth checking this against independent reviews to make sure a device is living up to its battery life claims.

Camera specs

The lens count on phone rear cameras keeps going up. Sony

You may have noticed the race to pack more and more camera lenses into smartphones. Essentially, these enable additional photo tricks, like wider angles if you want to fit more in the frame and higher zoom levels if you’re looking to get closer to the action.

It can be difficult to find precise specs for phone cameras, but if you can track them down you’ll usually see a megapixel rating and an f-stop value (like f/2.0). The former will help you understand how large an image will be and how much detail it’ll include, while the latter indicates how much light the lens lets in and how well it’ll cope with darker scenes. The lower the f-stop number, the more light gets in.

Digging even deeper, you might be able to find references to sensor and pixel sizes. In both cases, a bigger size means more captured light, and, in theory, better pictures.

With that in mind, consider lens specs to be a useful guide to the quality of a phone camera, but not the final word. More lenses, bigger sensors, and more megapixels should make for a better camera, but it’s no guarantee—be sure to check out sample shots and reviews on the web to know for sure.

Google Pixel: What Makes It Better Than Other Android Smartphones

Google recently announced its Pixel smartphones, the Pixel & Pixel XL and these are not your usual Nexus smartphones, these are phones “made by Google”. The new devices feature top of the line hardware but that’s part of every Android flagship, right? Well, thankfully, Google differentiates the Pixel line-up with some very cool unique features. However, the Pixel starts at $649, which is quite pricey and you must have wondered if the price is justified, considering there are a number of high-end Android smartphones you can buy. Well, let’s put our dilemmas to an end and check out the unique features in Google Pixel and what exactly makes it better than other Android smartphones. So, let’s begin!

1. Google Assistant

While we saw a preview of Google Assistant in the instant messaging app Allo, the Google Assistant in Pixel is what we have always imagined Google’s virtual assistant to be, and more. Google Assistant brings you all the goodness of Google Now in a much more user friendly and conversational manner. The voice assistant can bring you daily briefings, weather info, flight status, play music, make reservations, send messages, answer your queries, set reminders & alarms, enable or disable system options and a lot more. Plus, it has got a personality, similar to what you get in Siri or Cortana and you can even play games with it.

With third party apps supporting the Assistant, it’s bound to get better. While Google Assistant should make its way to more Android devices, if you just cannot wait, you can get it on your Nougat running rooted device. If you are using it already, you should definitely check out our list of cool Google Assistant tricks.

2. Pixel Launcher

It also includes a cool new wallpaper picker but it’s not really exclusive, as you can get it from Play Store. Chances are, Pixel Launcher will remain exclusive to the Pixel devices but if you really want it on your device, you can install the APK file of the launcher. However, do keep in mind that it might not play well with your device.

3. Google Camera

The cameras on the Pixel smartphones are pretty amazing and Google has updated the Google Camera app to make sure you get the best experience on the Pixel. The updated camera app brings a new UI, with the timer, HDR, grid and flash options available right from the viewfinder. Also, there’s a hamburger menu, which lets you jump to various modes like slow motion, panorama, lens blur etc.

With the new camera app, you can press hold on the viewfinder to trigger AE/AF lock and there’s also a manual exposure slider in tow, which should come in really handy. Along with that, there are new cool transitions when you switch between the front and rear camera and when an HDR photo is processing. Last but not the least, the new camera app also lets you set the volume keys to act as shutter or for zooming.

4. Google Support

Google is trying to match Apple’s iPhone support with its own in the Pixel smartphones. The Pixel comes with a new “Support” tab in the Settings page, which lets you chat or call a Google representative for help. While the chat option works like a usual messaging chat, a representative can send you a screen share request in the phone option to understand your query better. The Support page also lets you search help topics, check out tips & tricks and send feedback to Google. Overall, this is a pretty nice addition by Google and we hope this feature comes to more Android smartphones.

5. Unlimited Backup at original quality

Google lets you backup unlimited photos at original quality on the Pixel smartphones and it’s a big deal. If you are using Google Photos on your Android device, Google lets you backup unlimited photos but only in High Quality (1080p videos and 16 MP photos) and if you want to backup full resolution photos, it’ll take up your Google Drive storage. While the backed up High Quality photos look almost the same as the photos you took, they surely go under some compression. However, if you own a Pixel, there’s nothing to worry about, as the photos and videos will be backed up in their original size and quality in Google Photos. Also, with Pixel not packing expandable storage, this is certainly appreciable.

6. Smart Storage

To tackle the non expandable storage in the Pixel, Google has introduced another cool new feature dubbed “Smart Storage”. The feature automatically removes photos and videos that are backed up in Google Photos and are 30, 60 or 90 days old. This feature automatically works when your storage is almost full.

7. Android 7.1

As expected, the Google Pixel and Pixel XL are the first smartphones to come with Android 7.1, so it’s another added incentive to get the smartphone. Android 7.1 brings some cool changes like rounded icons, new power menu, GIF support in Google Keyboard, new calling UI and more.

It also includes the cool new app shortcuts, which is very similar to shortcuts offered on iOS app icons with 3D Touch. On Android 7.1, you can just press hold on an icon to get various shortcuts and you can even create homescreen icons for these shortcuts to quickly access them. For instance, Chrome offers shortcuts to open up a new tab or a new incognito tab. Only the first party Google apps currently support shortcuts but we can expect third party apps to follow suit. Android 7.1 on Pixel also comes with some cool new “Moves” like the ability to open the notification drawer by swiping on the fingerprint scanner.

SEE ALSO: How to Get the Ultimate Google Pixel Experience on Your Android Phone

Google Pixel: Arguably the best Android smartphone to buy

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