Trending November 2023 # Notepadqq: Notepad++ Alternative For Linux # Suggested December 2023 # Top 20 Popular

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Among the plethora of options available on Microsoft’s Windows OS, Notepad++ is arguably one of the most popular text and source code editors. However, sadly, it’s not available on Linux, making the life of those who are used to this editor and are switching from Windows to Linux a bit more difficult.

If you’ve just switched to Linux and are looking for a Notepad++ alternative, you’ll be glad to know that one exists called Notepadqq. What’s more, its user interface as well as feature set are also similar (if not exact) to Notepad++. In this article we will discuss how to install and use Notepadqq.

Note: all the instructions and commands mentioned in this article have been tested on Ubuntu 14.04.


Notepadqq officially claims to be a Notepad++-like editor for the Linux desktop. It’s an open-source, general purpose editor that is aimed at both end-users as well as developers. Some of the features it provides include syntax highlighting (for more than 100 different languages), code folding, color schemes, file monitoring, multiple selection, regular expression-powered search, and more.

Download and Install

You can easily download and install the editor using the following three commands:


add-apt-repository ppa:notepadqq-team




apt-get update


apt-get install


Once installed you can launch the editor application from the Application Menu or by running the following command:

Please note that for Notepadqq it’s recommended that you have Qt 5.3 or later installed on your system, although the tool might work on Qt 5.2 as well. To learn how to upgrade Qt, head to the editor’s GitHub web-page.


In this section we will discuss some of the useful features that the editor provides.

Load/Save sessions

For the uninitiated, sessions primarily keep track of what files are opened in the editor. So you can save a session and then load it later to continue working from the point you left.

Text editing features

You can convert text from lowercase to uppercase and vice versa, duplicate or delete a line, and set EOL format as well as indentation according to your requirement. And finally, the editor also offers a feature called ‘Blank Operations” that lets you play with spaces and TABs.


Like any other general purpose editor, Notepadqq allows you to find and replace text in a file. But that’s not all, as you can also use the tool’s search feature to find and replace text in multiple files. You need to provide a directory path to use this feature – the ‘Look in’ field in the image below.

File monitoring

If you’re editing a file in Notepadqq, and any external process/application makes some changes to that file (or for that matter, deletes it), the editor immediately passes on this information to the user along with an option to reload the file or ignore the change. Here’s an example.

Programming language support

Now, this is where the real strength of Notepadqq lies. Just head to the “Language” menu, and you’ll see that the editor supports a plethora of programming languages.



Notepadqq offers a nice, uncluttered UI that’ll definitely remind you of Notepad++, and just like the latter, it also offers a plethora of features. If you’ve been badly missing Notepad++ on your Linux box, I strongly encourage you to try Notepadqq – I am sure you won’t be disappointed.

Himanshu Arora

Himanshu Arora is a freelance technical writer by profession but a software programmer and Linux researcher at heart. He covers software tutorials, reviews, tips/tricks, and more. Some of his articles have been featured on IBM developerworks, ComputerWorld, and in Linux Journal.

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Evolus Pencil: A Great Microsoft Visio Alternative For Linux

When it comes to producing GUI prototypes, flowcharts, and other business diagrams, Microsoft’s Visio is often the go-to tool on the Windows platform. The Mac also has applications like the excellent Axure and OmniGraffle. When it comes to Linux, Evolus Pencil is one of the best for creating quality images quickly and easily.

Note: Pencil is supported in Windows, OSX and Linux. In this article, we will be focusing on the Linux version of Pencil.






The only dependency is Firefox, so if you’re on a system that doesn’t include this by default, you’ll need to install it (or use a GUI package manager, which will handle the dependency for you).


Whereas with a program like GIMP or Krita, you generally need to create your own graphic pieces. Pencil provides you with a wide array of shapes you can quickly drag onto a page and modify to your liking. The pane on the left lists available shapes, in groups such as “Common Shapes” (basic squares and circles), “Desktop – GTK Widgets” (if you wanted to prototype a Unity or GNOME application), and “Sketchy” (one of my favorite for web mock-ups, which looks like a pencil sketch). Items in these groups can be mixed and matched.

Once on the page, the size can be changed by dragging one of the corners or borders of the shape, or via the “Location & Size” toolbar fields (useful if you need the drawing, such as a web mock-up, to fit a certain resolution).

Mock-up Basics

I draw wireframes and other diagrams all the time, and the basic process I use is as follows (using the example of a homepage mock-up for a website).


For a webpage, this starts with the browser window – The “Window Frame” item from the Sketchy collection is used here for simplicity’s sake. To place this at 0px x 0px (i.e. the top-left of the screen), the “Location & Size” controls are used. The bottom and left edges are dragged so it fills the entire screen.

A “Box” shape is added all the way across the top to indicate the URL bar … sometimes placing things exactly with the mouse is difficult, but the arrow keys can also be used to move a shape once it’s selected:

Page Elements

Lastly, three regions are added at the bottom to hold news, a video, and a contact form (The “Box” shape is used to outline each region). The news will just be a heading and some text (using the “Label” Sketchy shape with some varying text sizes), the video region is made by dropping a “Sketchy Triangle” inside a “Sketchy Circle” within a “Box” (i.e. a “Play” button), and the last will be a “Label” accompanied by three “Text Fields” and a “Button”:

By using the pre-made shapes, drawing programs allow you to very quickly (the above took about ten minutes) illustrate ideas in a way that others can understand. This Microsoft Visio alternative allows you to create diagrams in an intuitive and portable (Evolus Pencil itself is cross-platform, and drawings can be exported to PDF or PNG) way to share with colleagues.

Aaron Peters

Aaron is an interactive business analyst, information architect, and project manager who has been using Linux since the days of Caldera. A KDE and Android fanboy, he’ll sit down and install anything at any time, just to see if he can make it work. He has a special interest in integration of Linux desktops with other systems, such as Android, small business applications and webapps, and even paper.

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5 Best Linux Package Managers For Linux Newbies

Linux is a popular open-source operating system that has gained a lot of popularity in recent years. It is known for its flexibility and security, making it a preferred choice for developers and enthusiasts alike. One of essential features of Linux is its package manager, which is a tool that helps users manage software installation, removal, and updates. In this article, we will discuss 5 best Linux package managers for Linux newbies.

What is a Linux Package Manager?

Before we dive into list of package managers, let’s understand what a package manager is. In simple terms, a package manager is a tool that helps users install, remove and manage software packages on a Linux system. These packages are pre-compiled software bundles that contain all necessary files and dependencies required to run software.


The apt-get package manager is most commonly used package manager on Debian-based Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu and Linux Mint. It is a command-line tool that uses Advanced Package Tool (APT) to manage software packages.


Pacman is a package manager used on Arch Linux and its derivatives. It is a command-line tool that is simple and easy to use. Pacman uses Arch User Repository (AUR) to manage software packages, which is a community-driven repository that allows users to create and maintain packages.


Yum is a package manager used on Red Hat-based Linux distributions, such as CentOS and Fedora. It is a command-line tool that uses Yellowdog Updater, Modified (YUM) to manage software packages.


Zypper is a package manager used on openSUSE Linux and its derivatives. It is a command-line tool that uses ZYpp package management library to manage software packages.


DNF is a package manager used on Fedora and its derivatives. It is a command-line tool that uses DNF package management library to manage software packages.

Graphical Package Managers

In addition to command-line package managers, Linux also has a variety of graphical package managers that provide a more user-friendly interface for managing software packages. These graphical package managers can be helpful for Linux newbies who are not yet comfortable with command line.

Here are some examples of popular graphical package managers −

Ubuntu Software Center

The Ubuntu Software Center is a graphical package manager that is included with Ubuntu and other Debian-based Linux distributions. It provides users with an easy-to-use interface for searching, installing, and managing software packages.

The Ubuntu Software Center also includes user reviews and ratings for software packages, which can be helpful in deciding which packages to install.

GNOME Software

GNOME Software is a graphical package manager that is included with many Linux distributions that use GNOME desktop environment. It provides users with a simple interface for browsing, searching, and installing software packages.

GNOME Software also includes user reviews and ratings for software packages, as well as a feature that recommends packages based on user’s previous software installations.


Discover is a graphical package manager that is included with many Linux distributions that use KDE desktop environment. It provides users with a simple interface for browsing, searching, and installing software packages.

Discover also includes user reviews and ratings for software packages, as well as a feature that recommends packages based on user’s previous software installations.

Package Manager Features

When choosing a package manager, there are a few key features to consider. Here are some features to look for −

Dependency Resolution

A good package manager should be able to automatically resolve dependencies when installing or updating software packages. This can save users a lot of time and hassle.

Package Signing

Package signing is a security feature that ensures that packages are not tampered with or altered during installation process. A good package manager should be able to verify package signatures to ensure that software packages are authentic.

User-friendly Interface

A package manager should have a user-friendly interface that makes it easy for Linux newbies to install, remove, and manage software packages. interface should be intuitive and easy to navigate.


A good package manager should be fast and efficient. Users don’t want to spend a lot of time waiting for packages to install or update.

Package Selection

The package manager should have a wide selection of software packages available. This can vary depending on Linux distribution, but a good package manager should have a good selection of commonly used packages.

Package Manager Alternatives

While package managers listed in this article are some of most popular and widely used, there are other package managers available for Linux users. Here are some alternatives −


Snap is a package manager that is designed to work across different Linux distributions. It uses containerization to ensure that packages are isolated from rest of system, which can improve security.

Snap packages are self-contained, meaning that they include all necessary dependencies required to run software. This can make it easier to install and update software packages.


Flatpak is another package manager that is designed to work across different Linux distributions. It uses containerization to ensure that packages are isolated from rest of system, which can improve security.

Like Snap, Flatpak packages are self-contained, meaning that they include all necessary dependencies required to run software.


AppImage is a package format that is designed to be portable across different Linux distributions. It allows users to download and run applications without needing to install them on system.

AppImage packages are self-contained, meaning that they include all necessary dependencies required to run software.


In conclusion, Linux package managers are an essential tool for managing software packages on a Linux system. package managers listed in this article are some of best Linux package managers for Linux newbies. They provide users with simple commands and a user-friendly interface that makes it easy to install, remove, and update software packages. Whether you are using Debian-based, Red Hat-based, or openSUSE-based Linux distributions, you can find a package manager that suits your needs.

Top Affordable Adobe Acrobat Alternative For Windows And Mac

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Both of them have all the main features you might need, such as PDF conversion, editing, signing, creating, comparing, etc. You can find a feature-by-feature comparison in the comprehensive table below.

For now, we’d like to bring your attention to the benefits of Able2Extract Professional. Here’s a quick breakdown why Able2Extract Pro is a top Adobe® Acrobat® alternative:

Perpetual licence – no subscription required

With Able2Extract, you get to own the program, not rent it. Perpetual licensing means that you pay for Able2Extract once and use it forever! No worries about being left without the essential software tools because you can’t afford costly subscription fees. Once you buy Able2Extract it’s yours to keep even after you switch computers or operating systems.

Simple and easy to use interface

Users have always had trouble with the Adobe® Acrobat® user interface as it was too complex and unlike any other software program out there. With DC Pro things changed for the better, but ever so slightly. Able2Extract, on the other hand, focuses on the ease of use from its beginnings in the early 2000s. Almost 20 years later, it’s one of the most user-friendly PDF solutions available praised by first-time users.

Unmatched PDF conversion technology

Able2Extract Pro offers the widest range of PDF conversion options on the chúng tôi quality over quantity policy means that all of those conversions are developed and regularly upgraded with exceptional attention to detail and with the feedback of real-life, heavy PDF users. Users in need of converting PDF to AutoCAD, CSV, Publisher, or OpenOffice shouldn’t have a single dilemma – those are features exclusive to Able2Extract Pro.

Our batch PDF conversion and creation tools make conversion of multiple PDFs to your favorite editable file formats and vice versa as straightforward and precise as it can get. On top of that, you can get all your resulting files merged automatically for even more time saved.

Industry-leading customer and technical support

Have questions? Our customer and technical support teams have answers. Our support agents (available via phone and email) are committed to helping you make the most of your Able2Extract and enhance your workflows.

Other benefits include Linux support (the world’s first cross-platform PDF solution); no telemetry, Able2Extract Professional is fully functional offline; small installation size and easy on system resources…

Siri For Android: 10 Alternative Virtual Assistants You Can Use

When Siri launched on iOS, it was the hottest topic in the tech world. However, Google’s voice search soon caught up with and overtook Siri. Now, Google Assistant is the best overall voice assistant on the market. That said, it is not the only voice assistant on the planet, and there are many third-party assistants which can easily replace Siri for you, if you are planning to switch from iPhone to Android. That’s the great thing about Android. Users don’t have to stick with the native service if they don’t want to use it. So, if you want a Siri-like virtual assistant on your Android device, here are 10 Siri for Android alternatives that you can use in 2023.

Siri for Android Alternatives You Should Use in 2023 1. Google Assistant

The most obvious Siri alternative if you are moving from an iPhone to Android is Google Assistant. In fact, even if you are not moving to Android, you can use Google Assistant as it is now available on iOS (Free), and it’s not bad at all. On Android, Google Assistant feels like an assistant with superpowers. Apart from answering general questions and giving access to relevant information such as your daily schedule, upcoming meetings, and more, Google Assistant can also help control your Android device.

You can use Google Assistant to control things like brightness, volume, flashlight and more. You can also ask it to launch apps, take a screenshot, carry out unit conversions, simple mathematical calculations, translate phrases to other languages, and control your smart home products, among other things. In fact, we have already a published an Article on best Google Assistant commands which you should read to find out what all you can do with it.

My favorite feature of Google Assistant is that it is conversational, a feature other voice Assistants are not good at. For example, I can ask Google Assistant a question like “Who is the president of United States?” and then follow it up with “How old is he?” and the Assistant will answer both questions correctly. It is useful, conversational, and has the entire power of Google Search behind it. You can not go wrong with this one.

Comes pre-installed

2. Amazon Alexa

While Google Assistant is the most powerful and versatile Siri alternative that you can find on Android, my favorite voice assistant is Amazon Alexa. The reason I prefer Alexa over other voice assistants is that I am heavily integrated into Alexa’s ecosystem. I use Amazon Music which comes free with my Prime membership, use Fire Stick TV to watch movies and shows, and own several Alexa powered smart speakers. The speakers allow me to access Alexa from anywhere in my home. I just have to say the magic word and it starts listening to my commands.

Install: Free

3. Sherpa

Till now we have discussed the voice assistants which are pretty popular as they are made by some of the biggest tech companies in the world. Now, let us check out some of the voice assistants which are not so well known despite being very capable. One of my favorite less known voice assistants is the Sherpa which uses powerful Artificial Intelligence Algorithms based on probabilistic models that predict the information that will interest you.

Overall, I enjoyed using Sherpa a lot. Since the app learns your behavior and preferences as you learn more, I believe that my experience will only become better in the months to come. It’s definitely one of the best Siri alternatives for Android that you can use.

Install: Free

4. Robin

Robin is an AI-based voice assistant which was developed to challenge Siri and it certainly does that. The assistant is great at answering your questions, giving you direction to your destination, finding restaurants and gas station in your area, giving out traffic alerts, sports score, and much more. As you can guess from Robin’s skills, it’s mainly geared towards people who drive a lot. Its skills are focused on helping people while driving so that they can drive without getting disturbed while being able to interact with their phone.

One of the biggest features of Robin is the ability to dictate and send long text messages. Robin is really good at transcribing what you say and it brings a robust speech-to-text conversion engine. Another good thing about Robin is that you don’t have to leave the app while navigating as it opens the map in the app itself. That said, I did find the app to lag a little bit while using navigation, but your experience may vary. If you drive to work and home then this is definitely worth checking out.

Install: Free, with in-app purchases

5. Lyra

Lyra is a simple and easy to use voice assistant which is very good at doing basic things. The interface of the app is not as pretty as some of the other apps on this list, however, it does get the job done. From answering your questions to searching for videos on YouTube to giving directions, Lyra was able to handle everything I threw at it. Lyra is also good at setting alarms and reminders, taking notes, and translating phrases and words. Lyra doesn’t bring anything unique to the table, however, if you want a no-nonsense user interface where you want the assistant to just answer your questions and follow your commands without having to see automatic suggestions, this is the voice assistant for you.

6. Extreme – Personal Voice Assistant

Extreme is a virtual assistant that replies to your queries like Jarvis. It’s extremely fun to play with it. It is capable of understanding simple conversations and supports multiple languages including English, Hindi, Tamil, Chinese, Indonesian, and German, among others. It is also rich in features. It can answer questions from the internet, take your selfie, get daily reports in your areas of interest, control music, call or message contacts, and more. I also love that it not only answers questions but also gives links to webpages with more information. In my testing, Extreme’s performance was really good and I enjoyed using it.

Install: Free

7. Hound

Hound is one of the best Siri alternatives for Android that you can use in 2023. The app supports natural language processing. It means, you can ask questions as you naturally ask other people, and it will understand you. I also love that Hound, like Google Assistant, can understand follow-up questions. You can also ask complex questions, like asking for a restaurant list in your area excluding certain types of restaurants. Other features of Hound include the ability to control music, control apps like Spotify, get answers to trivia questions, set alarms and timers, and more. We compared Hound with Google Assistant and Siri back in 2023, and it has only gotten better with time.

Install: Free

8. Virtual Assistant DataBot

Virtual Assistant DataBot is a fun voice assistant that uses artificial intelligence. Like Extreme, this assistant can answer your questions in its own voice. It can answer your questions, give you news, tell you jokes, ask riddles, get your horoscope, and more. You can also chat and play with the assistant to pass time. It also integrates with third-party apps using its modules thereby enhancing its power. For example, it can create customized multimedia presentations using voice, text, and images. The app is also cross-platform. You can use it on your phone, tablet, and laptop. DataBot is certainly fun to use.

Install: Free

9. Bixby

I have used Bixby a lot when I was reviewing the Note 9 and I can tell you that Bixby is no joke. Yes, there are things that I don’t like about it, but I mostly love it. One of the best things about Bixby is that its baked into the software just like Siri and hence can perform actions that other assistant cannot. If you have an option to use a Bixby supported Samsung smartphone, I urge that you give it a chance before disabling it. It’s so low on the list just because of its exclusivity.

Comes pre-installed on select Samsung smartphones

10. Vani

While Vani is a not fully-featured personal assistant, it makes handling calls easier. It lets you easily accept, decline, decline calls with messages, and block numbers. The best part is you don’t have to use a keyword to invoke this as you do with other voice assistants. When you are receiving a call, say ‘Hello’ to accept calls, ‘No’ to decline calls, and ‘SMS’ to decline calls with a message. If you don’t like these commands, you can change them in settings. Other features of Vani include caller name announcement, support for themes and live wallpapers, taking calls on speaker, silent calls, and more. Vani might not be a powerful voice assistant, but it does make your life a little bit easier.

Install: Free


Cortana is no longer in active development for Android and iOS as Microsoft has deprecated this everywhere other than Windows. I kept it as a bonus just to let you know this fact. If you are using Cortana, now is the time to start switching to other voice assistants.


Microsoft launched Cortana on Android back in 2023 and it has become quite a capable voice assistant since its launch. The biggest benefit of using Cortana on Android is that it can act as a bridge between your Android and Windows device. It’s just like how Siri works on both iPhone and Mac, Cortana will work on Windows and Android. With this cross-connectivity, you get a lot of power. You miss a call on your phone, you will be informed on your PC, you add something to your shopping list on your PC and Cortana will remind you on your phone when you reach the store.

Install: Free

Want Siri for Android? Check out these alternatives

While Siri is not available for Android, and it probably never will, these virtual assistants can get the job done. In fact, both Google Assistant and Alexa are actually way better than Siri. If it could be deeply integrated into iOS, I would happily trade Siri for Google Assistant or Alexa on my iPhone. Apart from those two, there are also various third-party assistants which can serve you well depending on your needs. Do check the list out and let us know which one you chose an why.

Alternative Dispute Resolution Meaning Significance

Although the Indian legal system is among the oldest in the world, it is also widely acknowledged that it is becoming less effective at handling open cases. Indian courts are overburdened with protracted, unresolved issues. The situation is that despite the establishment of more than a thousand fast-track courts that have previously resolved millions of cases, the issue is still far from being resolved as backlogs of unresolved cases continue to grow.

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), which settles disputes in a way that is acceptable to all parties, might be a useful tool in dealing with such a circumstance.

The public and the legal community now generally embrace alternative dispute resolution. Anyone in the United States with a civil (non-criminal) dispute has the option of using ADR instead of going to court. In some situations, courts encourage or mandate the use of ADR by the parties to a lawsuit in order to facilitate more amicable dispute resolution and lighten the caseload on the court system.

What is Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)?

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is the process by which issues between the parties are resolved amicably or with minimal litigation and without the involvement of judicial institutions.

ADR provides a means to resolve any form of dispute, including civil, commercial, industrial, and familial disputes in which parties are unable to initiate negotiations and come to a resolution.

A neutral third party is typically used in ADR to facilitate communication, conflict resolution, and discussion between the parties.

It is a technique that enables individuals and groups to uphold social order, promote cooperation, and lessen conflict.

ADR can play a significant role in lessening the load of litigation on the courts while providing a comprehensive and rewarding experience for the parties.

Through innovative, cooperative bargaining, it offers the chance to “expand the pie” and satisfy the motives behind their demands.

Alternative dispute resolution is frequently hailed as the finest method for resolving conflicts. Many judges, attorneys, and academics strongly support it because of its capacity to establish deals without detracting from the overburdened legal system.


Saving Time − The duration of litigation can be very long. A case may take months or even years to properly resolve, depending on the nature of the disagreement and the issues raised. The majority of alternative dispute resolution techniques, if not all of them, can be finished in a few months, if not sooner.

Surrenders Appeal − Alternative dispute resolution procedures restrict the parties’ capacity to reach a different conclusion after the process is over and a judgment has been made, in contrast to litigation, where a party may appeal a decision after it has been made. This may make the process less accessible for some people.

Saving Money − Alternative conflict resolution typically takes substantially less time than traditional dispute settlement, which results in lower costs for participants. The parties will save money on attorneys’ fees as a result of the time saved, even though arbitration or mediation may have higher fees than the judicial system. Most procedures, with the exception of arbitration, won’t require as much discovery as a trial would, which would also result in significant financial savings.

Increases Spending − Though ADR process saves money, but in the beginning of this procedure, there are greater out-of-pocket expenses than there would be with litigation. The costs of a arbitrator/s, the venue for the process, and many other expenses will be borne by the parties. It is crucial to balance the costs of the process with the costs at stake because of this.

Provides Reality − Some parties find that the longer they dwell on a disagreement, the more probable it is that they will persuade themselves that they are correct. A party may, as a result, fail to see the truth of their situation and cling to a fictitious notion of their rights. Alternative dispute resolution can frequently assist the parties in acknowledging the other party’s stance and recognizing some potential strengths to aid in better decision-making.

Encourages Compromise − The collaborative nature of alternative conflict resolution necessitates that the parties arrive at the table prepared to make some sort of concession to the other side. This outcome might be rapid, but it might not be the ideal one. When engaging in such proceedings, a party must be extremely aware of their rights.

Stays Confidentiality − Anyone can often access the public record of the legal process. Alternative dispute resolution is often private, so the conflict only affects the parties and the mediator.

Allows Power − In alternative conflict resolution, power disparities may compromise the impartiality of the procedure. For instance, if one party has greater clout, the other will frequently feel like they are making efforts to placate them rather than striking a compromise.

Feels Informal − There are alternate conflict settlement processes that are more formal. But in practice, it is frequently considerably quicker and less formal than the litigation procedure. The rules of evidence and other court regulations won’t usually be a concern for the parties.

Stalls Process − Because the process is voluntary, some parties may utilize alternative dispute resolution as a strategy to drag out the proceedings. This may be done to give the gathering of evidence more time or to make the plaintiff wait longer to receive their award. It’s crucial to recognize when someone enters a dispute resolution procedure without intending to try to settle it.

Allows Experience − In contrast to litigation, the parties can pick the neutral based on their familiarity with the issue. As a result, because they have a better understanding of the issue, the parties will frequently avoid having to explain specifics to the neutral.

Importance of ADR

ADR plays a vital role in India by using its variety of strategies to deal with the problem of cases that are pending in Indian courts. The Indian judiciary is given scientifically designed methods for alternative dispute resolution, which serves to lighten the load on the courts. ADR offers a number of ways to resolve disputes, including arbitration, conciliation, mediation, negotiation, and Lok Adalat. Negotiation in this context refers to the parties engaging in self-counseling to address their conflict; however, in India, this practice is not formally recognized.

Articles 14 and 21, which deal with equality before the law and the rights to life and personal liberty, respectively, are also the foundations of ADR. The goal of ADR is to uphold the preamble-guaranteed social, economic, and political justice as well as the integrity of society. Equal justice and free legal assistance are further goals pursued by ADR in accordance with Article 39-A of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP).

Types of ADR

There are majorly four types of ADR as given below −




Lok Adalat

Let’s discuss each one of them separately −


The case is heard by an arbitral tribunal, which issues a decision (an “award”) that is largely binding on the parties.

Compared to a trial, it is less formal, and the rules of evidence are frequently loosened.

Generally speaking, an arbitrator’s ruling cannot be challenged. There is relatively limited room for judicial intervention in the arbitration process, save for a few temporary measures.


A non-binding process where a conciliator, or unbiased third party, helps the parties to a dispute come to a mutually accepted resolution.

A less formal variation of arbitration is conciliation.

The proposals of the conciliator are open for acceptance or rejection by the parties.

However, the settlement agreement put up by the conciliator will only be final and binding if both parties approve it.


In mediation, a third party called a “mediator” assists the parties while they work to resolve their differences in a way that is mutually agreeable.

Instead of making a decision on the issue, the mediator facilitates communication between the parties so that they can try to resolve it on their own.

The parties retain final decision-making authority during mediation.

Lok Adalat

Lok Adalat is one of the accepted and reliable modes of dispute resolution. It has the following features −

The emergence of voluntary organizations known as Lok Adalats (People’s Courts) is an intriguing aspect of the Indian judicial system.

To promote out-of-court settlements, the Legal Services Authorities Act was passed in 1987, and the revised Arbitration and Conciliation Act was passed in 1996.

In Lok Adalat, often known as “People’s Court,” issues are decided without excessive emphasis on legal nuances in a relaxed setting that encourages compromises in the presence of a judge.

The Lok-decision Adalat’s is final, will be regarded as a civil court’s judgment, and will bind the parties to the dispute.

Adalat’s Lok-decision cannot be challenged in court. 

Mechanism of ADR

It includes −

ADR can play a significant role in lessening the load of litigation on the courts while providing a comprehensive and rewarding experience for the parties.

Through innovative, cooperative negotiating, it offers the chance to “grow the pie” and satisfy the motives behind their requests.


In conclusion, alternative dispute resolution (ADR) is a terrific way to achieve justice. Alternative Dispute Resolution makes it simple to address problems since it is very affordable, quick, expert, accessible, and provides conciliation between parties. It also involves less formality and is less combative.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What is the importance of ADR?

Ans: ADR affords disputing parties the chance to resolve their differences with the aid of an unbiased third party. Comparatively speaking, it is quicker and less expensive than going to court.

Q2. What is the scope of ADR?

Q3. How successful is ADR?

Ans: Overall, 80% of people who used alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and 91% of the people who went the courts believed that their issues would not have been resolved without ADR or a court respectively.

Q4. What makes an ADR process successful?

Ans: The applicable legislation, excluding conflicts of law, should be specified in the agreement to arbitrate. Limiting discovery is a good idea. There shouldn’t be more than twenty (20) questions in interrogatories. Depositions are only permitted for witnesses who refuse or are unable to appear voluntarily.

Q5. What is the nature of ADR?

Ans: Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) is intended to resolve conflicts without the involvement of a judge or jury (outside the court of law). This route is typically open whenever efforts between the client and the insurer to address any disagreements among themselves have failed and come to a standstill.

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