Trending March 2024 # Over 100 Homepod Siri Commands # Suggested April 2024 # Top 5 Popular

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Despite all the limitations, Siri rocks on HomePod. From letting you play/control music to setting and managing timers as well as alarms, the personal assistant is always up and ready to get your work done! To let you comfortably zoom through various tasks, we have rounded up over 100 Siri commands for HomePod to let you ideally control Apple Music, podcasts and HomeKit accessories and more.

While speaking commands to Siri (or for that matter to any personal assistant like Google Assistant or Amazon Alexa), it’s better to speak precisely. And make sure to use the specific keywords to get the quick response. Navigate through these commands to have the desired control over music, timers, alarms and more!

More Than 100 Siri Commands for HomePod (They also Work Seamlessly with iPhone and iPad) Siri Commands for Apple Music

“Hey Siri, play my Book Time playlist.”

“Hey Siri, shuffle my Book Time playlist.”

“Hey Siri, add this song to my Book Time playlist.”

“Hey Siri, add this to my library.”

“Hey Siri, play My New Music Mix.”

“Hey Siri, play the A-List Pop playlist.”

“Hey Siri, play my music from Sam Smith.”

“Hey Siri, play the newest music from Vance Joy.”

“Hey Siri, play some recent pop music.”

“Hey Siri, play some chill music.”

“Hey Siri, play some romantic music.”

“Hey Siri, play some music to dance to.”

“Hey Siri, play the best songs from the ’90s.”

“Hey Siri, play the top 10 songs from 1986.”

“Hey Siri, play the top song from April 17, 1992.”

“Hey Siri, create a radio station based on The Killers.”

“Hey Sri, Play Beats 1.”

“Hey Sri, Play electronic radio.”

“Hey Sri, Play music that I like.”

“Hey Sri, Play NPR radio.”

“Hey Siri, play music.”

“Hey Siri, pause.”

“Hey Siri, skip this song.”

“Hey Siri, skip forward 30 seconds.”

“Hey Siri, jump back 10 seconds.”

“Hey Siri, previous track.”

“Hey Siri, raise/lower the volume.”

“Hey Siri, increase the volume to 50 percent.”

“Hey Siri, turn on repeat.”

“Hey Siri, play Party in the USA.”

“Hey Siri, I like/dislike this.”

“Hey Siri, what song is this?”

“Hey Siri, what was the last song called?”

“Hey Siri, who sings this?”

“Hey Siri, who is the drummer in this?”

“Hey Siri, what year is this song from?”

“Hey Siri, how many songs are on this album?”

“Hey Siri, Play the hottest Twenty One Pilots song.”

“Hey Siri, Play the top 10 country songs.”

“Hey Siri, Play the top 10 country songs.”

“Hey Siri, Play the latest David Guetta album.”

“Hey Siri, Play my music from Echosmith.”

“Hey Siri, play more like this.”

“Hey Siri, after this play Rolling in the Deep.”

“Hey Siri, play some Florence and the Machine.”

“Hey Siri, tell me more about this artist.”

“Hey Siri, I want to hear the live version of this song.”

“Hey Siri, play a sad song.”

“Hey Siri, play a motivational song.”

“Hey Siri, play a romantic song.”

“Hey Siri, play a funny song.”

“Hey Siri, play a bedtime song.”

“Hey Siri, play a workout song.”

Podcast Commands

“Hey Siri, play the Game Scoop podcast.”

“Hey Siri, play the newest episode of Lore.”

“Hey Siri, play the first episode of Anna Faris is Unqualified.”

“Hey Siri, play my newest podcasts.”

“Hey Siri, what podcast is this?”

“Hey Siri, subscribe to this podcast.”

“Hey Siri, subscribe to NPR News Now.”

“Hey Siri, pause.”

“Hey Siri, jump back 10 seconds.”

“Hey Siri, skip forward one minute.”

“Hey Siri, raise/lower the volume.”

“Hey Siri, play it twice as fast.”

Siri Commands to Control HomeKit Accessories

“Hey Siri, turn on the lights.”

“Hey Siri, turn off the lights.”

“Hey Siri, dim the lights.”

“Hey Siri, make all of the lights in the maximum office brightness.”

“Hey Siri, are the lights in the office on?”

“Hey Siri, turn all of the lights in the office blue.”

“Hey Siri, turn the Hue light strip purple.”

Siri Commands for Setting and Managing Alarms

“Hey Siri, set the alarm for 12:00 P.M every weekday.”

“Hey Siri, set the alarm for 6:00 A.M.”

“Hey Siri, set the alarm for 4:30 P.M every Friday and Saturday.”

“Hey Siri, set the alarm for 3:00 P.M labeled take medicine.”

“Hey Siri, set the alarm for 9:00 A.M every weekend.”

“Hey Siri, set the alarm for 9 P.M every Monday.”

“Hey Siri, turn off the alarm.”

“Hey Siri, delete the 6 A.M alarm. “Hey Siri, delete all of my alarms.”

“Hey Siri, change the 7 A.M alarm to 8 A.M alarm

“Hey Siri, what alarms do I have on?”

Siri Commands for Setting and Managing Timers

Note: You are allowed to set a timer for a select number of minutes or hours. The maximum timer limit is 24 hours.

“Hey Siri, set a timer for 35 minutes.”

“Hey Siri, how much time is left on the timer?”

“Hey Siri, turn off the timer.”

“Hey Siri, pause the timer.”

“Hey Siri, change the timer to 10 minutes.”

Siri Commands for Entertainment/Sports

“Hey Siri, Did the Manchester United win?”

“Hey Siri, What was the score the last time Spain played Germany?”

“Hey Siri, How did the Real Madrid do last night?”

“Hey Siri, What basketball games are on today?”

“Hey Siri, Get me college football rankings” or “Show me the roster for the Red Wings.”

“Hey Siri, What’s playing at Regal L.A. Live?” “What are some movies playing near me?”

“Hey Siri, Is [movie name] playing near me?”

“Hey Siri, What’s the synopsis of [movie name]?”

Navigation Commands for Siri

“Hey Siri, Find [driving, walking, transit] directions to [destination].”

“Hey Siri, How do I get to [destination] by [walking, bus, bike, car, train, etc.]?”

“Hey Siri, Where is [business name]?”

“Hey Siri, Where is the nearest [business type]?”

Siri Commands for Search

“Hey Siri, Define [word].”

“Hey Siri, What is a synonym for [word]?”

“Hey Siri, Who is called Cristiano Ronaldo.”

“Hey Siri, What’s the etymology of [word]?”

Reminder Commands for Siri

“Hey Siri, Schedule a meeting with [name] tomorrow at 2:30 a.m.” or “Cancel my 4 p.m. appointment.”

“Hey Siri, What appointments do I have tomorrow?”

Siri Commands for Travel

“Hey Siri, Check flight status of [airline and flight number]”

“Hey Siri, What’s a good Chinese restaurant near me?”

“Hey Siri, Make a reservation at Baco Mercat for 8 p.m.”

“Hey Siri, Find a table for six in San Francisco tonight.”

“Hey Siri, How late is [business name] open?”

“Hey Siri, Is [business name] open right now?”

“Hey Siri, What’s the nearest museum?”

“Hey Siri, Where am I?”

“Hey Siri, What bridge is this?”

That’s all, folks!

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The founder of iGeeksBlog, Dhvanesh, is an Apple aficionado, who cannot stand even a slight innuendo about Apple products. He dons the cap of editor-in-chief to make sure that articles match the quality standard before they are published.

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How To Restart And Reset Your Homepod & Homepod Mini

As with any other piece of technology, Apple’s smart speakers may encounter glitches from time to time. Your HomePod or HomePod Mini can stop working all of a sudden, refuse to play/stream music, or Siri may lose its Web connectivity. No matter the reason, knowing how to restart and reset your HomePod and HomePod Mini will surely come in handy. 

As a general rule, we recommend restarting your HomePod first. This will force your smart speaker to reboot without losing any of its settings. If that doesn’t work, you should proceed to reset your smart speaker. This action will force your HomePod or HomePod Mini to return to its factory settings, so you’ll have to set it up from scratch.

How to Restart Your HomePod

Since Apple’s HomePod doesn’t have a physical ON/OFF button, you need to use your iPhone or iPad to interact with your smart speaker. With that said, here’s how to restart your HomePod by using the Home app.

1. Launch the Home app on your device. Tap on “Rooms” using the menu bar found at the bottom of your device’s screen. Scroll left and right until you get to a room where your HomePod is located.

2. Make sure to tap and hold on the HomePod icon. A new panel will appear, allowing you to fine-tune your smart speaker. You need to scroll all the way to the bottom of this panel.

3. Tap on “Reset HomePod,” and you’ll be asked whether you’d like to restart your HomePod or remove this accessory. Make sure to tap on “Restart HomePod.”

Keep in mind that your HomePod will take a couple of minutes to restart. You won’t be able to issue voice commands until this process is complete. If your HomePod acts as the central hub for your smart home, you will temporarily lose access to your smart devices. 

How to Reset Your HomePod

If you’re still experiencing issues even after restarting your HomePod, resetting it is the next step. Once again, keep in mind that your HomePod will return to its factory settings, so you’ll need to set it up again.

1. Open the Home app on your device. Select the “Rooms” tab and scroll left or right – until you see your HomePod. Tap and hold its icon until a new panel appears, letting you customize your HomePod’s settings.

2. Using the newly opened panel, you need to scroll all the way down. Tap on “Reset HomePod,” which will prompt you to choose one of two possible options. You need to tap on “Remove Accessory.” 

3. Once you confirm your decision, your HomePod will initialize the procedure on its own. It typically takes a couple of minutes until this process is done. A startup chime will let you know that your HomePod is ready to be set up again. 

How to Reset Your HomePod Directly (Without the Home App)

If your HomePod isn’t communicating with the Home app on your iPhone, you can still reset it. This is done by using the touch panel on the top side of your smart speaker.

1. Unplug your HomePod and wait five seconds. Then, plug it back in.

2. Press and hold the top of your HomePod (the central portion of the touch panel). Keep your finger on the device the whole time. You should see the spinning white light around your finger, which will turn red after 15 seconds. 

3. Siri will let you know that your HomePod is about to reset. Keep pressing the touch panel until you hear three beeps, then lift your finger. Your HomePod will now reset on its own. Once this procedure ends, you’ll need to set it up again. 

That would be all you need to know on how to restart and reset your HomePod and HomePod Mini. For more information on making the most out of your smart home, check out these Apple HomeKit tips. And of course, don’t forget to check out our list of the best Apple HomeKit gadgets available right now.

Isaac Norman

Isaac is a freelance writer with over a decade of experience covering the latest technological innovations. Mainly focused on Apple-related software and hardware systems, his aspiration is to explore all the ways today’s digital world intertwines with our everyday life.

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Learn Top 23 Useful Hadoop Commands

Introduction of Hadoop Commands

Hadoop commands are mainly used to execute several operations. HDFS operations and supervise the file available in the HDFS cluster. Hadoop HDFS is a distributed file system that provides redundant storage for large-sized files to be stored. It is used to store petabyte files in the terabyte range. HDFS is the primary or main component of this ecosystem that is responsible for storing large data sets of structured or unstructured data across various nodes and thus maintaining the metadata in the form of log files. All the commands are executed by the bin shell scripts.

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Hadoop, Data Science, Statistics & others

HDFS Commands

Here we discussed various HDFS commands which are used for HDFS File Operations.





copy from local






move from local

move to local










append to file



1. version

That command is used to check the Hadoop version.


hdfs dfs version

2. mkdir

This Hadoop command is used to make new directories and takes the URI path as parameters


3. ls

This Hadoop Command is used to displays the list of the contents of a particular directory given by the user. It also contents name, permission, size and owner and last edit date.


hdfs dfs -ls /usr/local/firstdir

4. put

This Hadoop Command is used to copies the content from the local file system to the other location within DFS.


hdfs dfs -put  source_dir   destination_dir

5. copyFromLocal

This Hadoop command is the same as put command but here one difference is here like in case this command source directory is restricted to local file reference.


hdfs dfs -copyFromLocal  local_src  destination_dir

6. get

This Hadoop Command fetches all files that match the src dir which is entered by the user in HDFS and generates a copy of them in the local file system.


hdfs dfs -get  source_dir  local_dir?

7. copyTOLocal

This Hadoop Command is using the same as getting command but one difference is that in this the destination is limited to a local file path.


hdfs -dfs  -copyToLocal  src_dir  local_dir

8. cat

This Hadoop Command displays the content of the file name on the console.


hdfs dfs -cat  dir_path

9. mv

This Hadoop Command moves the file and directory one location to another location within hdfs.


hdfs fs -mv source_dir_filename  destination_dir

10. cp

This Hadoop command copies the file and directory one location to other locations within hdfs.


hdfs fs -cp source_dir_filename  destination_dir

11. moveFromLocal

It copies content from the local file system to a destination within HDFS but the copy is a success then deletes content from the local file system.


12. move to local

This Hadoop command runs as -get commands but one difference is that when the copy operation is a success then delete the file from HDFS location.


move to local source_dir  local_dir

13. tail

It displays 1 KB content on the console of the file.


hdfs dfs -tail file_path

14. rm

It removes files and directory from the specified path.


hdfs dfs -rm dir_name

15. expunge

This is used to empty the trash.


hdfs dfs -expunge

16. chown

It used to change the owner of files. We can also use it by -R for recursively.


hdfs dfs -chown  owner_name  dir_name

17. chgrp

This is used to change the group of files. We can also use it by -R for recursively.


18. du

This displays disk usage for all files available in the present directory with the path given by the user and prints information in bytes format.


hdfs dfs -du  dir_name

19. df

This Hadoop Command displays free space.


hdfs dfs -df -h

20. touchz

This is used to create a file with a path and includes current time as timestamp and is also the path is exiting if exits then fail to create process.


hdfs dfs -touchz dir_name

21. appendToFile

It appends one and multiple sources from the local file system to the destination.


hdfs dfs -append to file local_src….  Destination_dir_name

22. count

This is used to counts the number of directories and files.


hdfs dfs -count dir_name

23. checksum

It returns checksum information of a particular file.


hdfs dfs -checksum file_name

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Hadoop Commands. Here we discuss the introduction, various HDFS Commands in Hadoop that are used for HDFS File Operations. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –

The Best Drones Under $100 Of 2023

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Written By Chelsea Frank

Updated Mar 15, 2023 10:39 PM

Drones under $100 aren’t going to perform intense industrial tasks or film big-budget movies. They are, however, a really great time. In the past decade, drones have become widely accessible and have pretty much taken the place of toy airplanes or toy helicopters. Today, drones have become a favorite among photographers, videographers, kids, and anyone who just wants to fly a cool toy. 

Purchasing the best drones can be pretty expensive. While there are extreme cases of $300,000 drones built for extreme industrial work, most higher-end consumer drones fall around $1,000 to $2,000. For novice flyers or those watching their budget, seeing prices above $1K can be off-putting. Luckily, there are lots of great budget options to choose from. While they might not be as fancy and frilly as their more expensive counterparts, there are several options that are stable, easy to use, and offer a great user experience. Here are some of the best drones under $100 so you can take flight without having a budget-induced panic attack.

How we chose the best drones under $100

For this article, we started with a wide list of drones that sit above the pure toy category but below the serious enthusiast category. We relied on a mixture of personal experience, professional reviews, user impressions, and spec comparisons to choose crafts that would provide a safe, fun experience on a very low budget. We realize these aren’t professional equipment, but no one should be expecting that kind of performance at this price point. For that kind of performance, you’ll want to step up to a more robust model.

The best drones under $100: Reviews & Recommendations

With the jargon out of the way, here are our individual picks. While we suggest models for specific users, it’s worth noting that there’s a lot of overlap and we think all of these devices are worth considering.

Best overall: Holy Stone HS110D FPV RC Drone with 1080p HD Camera

Why it made the cut: With a variety of features, this budget drone has a bit of everything in a perfect mid-size model with a 1080p FPV camera and lots of easy-to-use, in-app controls.


Dimensions: 12.6 x 12.6 x 4.70 inches

Weight: 5.3 oz

Recording Modes: 120-degree FOV 1080p


Excellent value

Easy to use remote

Great for beginners

1080p video capabilities


Not wind-proof

Phone app asks multiple permissions; may be too intrusive for some users

The Holy Stone punches above its price tag. It features a pre-set button that allows for flips in any direction and a landing feature that assists novice flyers so you don’t crash your new craft.

It also features a 1080p FOV 120-degree HD FPV Camera with altitude hold for great images, tons of mobile control features in the app like voice control and gravity sensor control, multiple speeds, and comes with 2 batteries for 20 minutes of flight time each. That number will certainly be less in the real world, but it’s a lofty number compared to its competition.

Reviews love how easy the app is to use once you pair the drone to your phone via Bluetooth. They also love how the mid-size body makes for a very simple user experience. Its feature set will start building some basic skills for pilots looking to move up to a more expensive craft later on, making it stand out among the best drones under $100.

Best for beginners: Ryze Tech Tello Drone for Beginners

Why it made the cut: This lightweight and easy-to-use pick is one of the bet drones under $100 and is ideal for beginners because it’s simple, stable, lightweight, and can be controlled in-app. 


Dimensions: 3.86 x 3.66 x 1.61 inches

Weight: 2.82 oz

Video Output Resolution: 1280 x 720 pixels



Easy to maneuver


Takes good 5 MP photos and videos


Not great for dark/nighttime use

Not suitable for windy conditions

Limited to 99 ft altitude

With intuitive controls and an easy-to-use app, this drone for beginners is super simple to use while you learn how to properly fly.

The high-capacity battery offers competitive flight times, especially at this ultra-low price point. Record 5 MP pics and videos with EZ Shots and easily share them on social media from your smartphone. It’s also programmed with Scratch, an MIT-developed coding system that teaches kids how to program.

At under 3 oz, it’s super lightweight, which is a double-edged sword. It won’t be suitable for windy conditions, and we don’t recommend using the camera in low-light conditions or at nighttime. All in all, it’s a great starter drone that doesn’t offer a ton of frills but will help take good birds-eye photos and videos and get you started with drone flight control. 

Best for kids: Tomzon A31 Drone for Kids

Why it made the cut: Get your kids in on the drone fun with this remote-controlled quadcopter that’s got several LED light-up features, presets that make frequency pairing a breeze, and 3D flips that make flying cool.


Dimensions: 5 x 6.22 x 1.65 inches

Weight: 12 oz

Flight time: 16-18 min


Presets and automatic pairings

Easy to control

One key controls

4 LEDs on motors

Safety guards


No camera

While this basic drone doesn’t have a camera, it’s more suitable as a gift for little ones who are looking to dip their tiny toes into the world of flying machines.

Since accidents happen, it’s useful that the propellers are protected by outside safety guards. In short: this thing is hard to break. The remote is sized for kid hands, and you won’t have to rely on an app for use. It’s stable, easy to control, and comes with four LED lights with seven color effects on the motors that make for cool lighting effects. These lights are also great for night use. 

The “push to flip” feature creates fun drone flips in the air with zero learning curve, which is important for impatient little ones. The drones can last up to 18 minutes of flight with 360-degree rotation, and feature one-key landing/taking-off with 3 speed adjustments that make learning to fly super accessible for any age. Find more of the best drones for kids here.

Best mini drone: SIMREX X500 mini Drone

Why it made the cut: This Wi-Fi-enabled, foldable, palm-sized FPV drone features a 720P HD Camera, Altitude Hold, up to 12 minutes of use, and live video that stays steady without needing any assistance. 


Dimensions: 6.39 x 4.59 x 3.76 inches

Weight: 12 oz

Video Output Resolution: 1280 x 720 Pixels


720P HD Camera

Compact and foldable

3D flips

Variety of pre-programmable options

App is clear and syncs well


Phone holder may not be suitable for all phones

Could have longer battery life

A great starter drone or toy for more seasoned flyers, this mini drone fits in the palm of your hand and weighs next to nothing. The controls are extremely easy to use, no matter your experience, and several preset control modes, such as the one-button landing, make flying a breeze.

It can be used via dual-assense control (mobile phone and remote control dual-assense control). It also includes a Headless Mode so you never get disoriented trying to figure out the control directions in your brain. The 720P high-definition FPV Wi-Fi Camera takes quality aerial photos and provides a drone’s eye view of its travels. 

The foldable design makes it simple to store and transport. Yet, it’s sizable enough for stability while in flight. The battery lasts up to 12 minutes, which isn’t long but is impressive for its size. 

Best video drone: CHUBORY Wi-Fi FPV 1080p HD Drone

Why it made the cut: Take incredible aerial videos with this 1080p HD video drone that’s tiny, easy to take on the go, and offers a whopping 40 minutes of flight time.


Dimensions: 9.29 x 8.31 x 2.83 inches

Weight: 1.48 pounds

Video Output Resolution: 1920 x 1080 pixels


Up to 40 minutes of flight time


Protective guards

Dual cameras / Optical flow positioning

App supports Apple & Android


Included instructions are confusing

“Follow me” function is sometimes wonky 

This HD FPV video drone with altitude hold has a little bit of everything for a budget model. It features a switchable front camera and bottom optical flow camera so you can have live images from above and simultaneously a good shot of what’s happening down below. 

You get tons of features, including auto-hover, one-key take-off and landing, one-key flip and roll, “follow me,” and more. It’s super simple and easy to use, making it a good option for beginners and kids, as well.

The best part? You get up to 40 minutes of flight time, which is one of the longest we’ve seen at this price point. It’s also so compact that you can easily take it with you in a backpack for hikes and on the go.

Things to consider before buying the best drones under $100

We’ll give it to you straight: for under $100, you can definitely get a quality, easy-to-use drone, but don’t expect frilly features and tons of bells and whistles. Before you buy the best drones under $100, however, just be sure to look out for the following key features:

Video capability

Do you intend to use the drone for photography, or video? Since there are several options under $100 that include video, you might as well look for options with that feature and practice capturing images. Don’t expect high-def output, but you may get a unique viewpoint that earns you plenty of Instagram likes on the cheap. You’ll find some good drones that shoot HD video, but don’t expect 4K or anything fancy like that.


RTF stands for Ready to Fly. That means the model comes ready to go and doesn’t require any more tools, hardware, or setup. There are lots of RTF drones under $100.

Battery charge time-to-flight time ratio

Look for cheap drones with long flight times with reasonable battery charge times, so you can fly often and quickly without having to wait hours for 5 minutes of flying. Lots of the best affordable drones have shorter flight times, so one way to combat this issue is to purchase a few extra batteries if they’re removable.


Look for features that keep your drone stable. Since most cheap drones are made with lightweight plastic, they might not be as good at remaining stable in the face of a light breeze. Look for language like “Altitude Hold” in the description, which means it can hold its position in the air without requiring pilots to constantly fuss with the controls.

Related: Buying your first drone


Budget drones make quadcopter flying more accessible to novice flyers, kids, or anyone who just wants to dip their toes into the world of drones. If you’re looking for fun aerial picture taking and want to learn how to use drones without having to shell out hundreds of dollars, the best drones under $100 will give you a high-quality experience at a great price point.

Why trust us

Popular Science started writing about technology more than 150 years ago. There was no such thing as “gadget writing” when we published our first issue in 1872, but if there was, our mission to demystify the world of innovation for everyday readers means we would have been all over it. Here in the present, PopSci is fully committed to helping readers navigate the increasingly intimidating array of devices on the market right now.

Our writers and editors have combined decades of experience covering and reviewing consumer electronics. We each have our own obsessive specialties—from high-end audio to video games to cameras and beyond—but when we’re reviewing devices outside of our immediate wheelhouses, we do our best to seek out trustworthy voices and opinions to help guide people to the very best recommendations. We know we don’t know everything, but we’re excited to live through the analysis paralysis that internet shopping can spur so readers don’t have to.

List Of Xml Commands With Tips & Tricks

Introduction to XML Commands

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others

Basic XML Commands

The basic XML Commands are as follows.

XML declaration

Element tag: Element names are case-sensitive, and they should start with a letter or underscore. It cannot contain spaces, but they can contain a letter, digits, underscore.



Root tag: It can be only one in an XML document or XML file.



Add: Include the node to XML Commands.


Remove: Used for removing a node the specific id from resulting XML.

SET: This changes the parent element in the resulting XML


Setattribute: Changes the set of attributes for the parent xml in the resulting XML.


Empty tag: Command is used to show the element which is not having content.


Namespace: This is being used to avoid conflict; start the name using a prefix.

Syntax / example:

XLink: This is used to create hyperlinks with in XML documents.


Advanced XML Commands

XML DTD: This is the file that has a DOCTYPE declaration in the XML Commands file. It is used for XML to make it well managed and valid for the XML.


XML schema: This XML commands is used as XS in the XML file. It also defines the structure of the XML file or the document. It is valid against the schema to be well-formed and valid.


Xpath: This expression is used to select the root element like /abc, and it selects the other elements based on the tag provided like /abc/1.

To format the XML document, XSL-FO language is being used; it is the set of language that can transform XML into XHTML, filter, and sort XML data. It helps in displaying the negative number and XML data output in the form of pictures and paper.

The XML file looks like as below:

XML can be used for programming as well, to parse the XML based on the java programming document object model is used. It also called a DOM compliant parser. There are many other parsers also available for the same.

XML is also being used with CSS, the same way HTML has been used with CSS. Need to provide the below text in an XML file

XML files can be viewed in internet explorer or other browsers as the HTML pages are viewed while browsing.

Tips and Tricks to use XML Commands

Identify the elements and write in a similar format across all the XML file

To be price while writing a name for tags as they are case sensitive.

The syntax should be well managed.

Always try to use different names; otherwise, conflicts make the XML file unreadable.

The definition of elements and syntax should be clear.


They are easy to write and use for different application while storing and transporting the data. It is lightweight and mainly used in a configuration file of almost in each tool. It is very easy to learn, and all the things are mainly covered in tags. XML validator is being used to validate the XML to manage the file’s format and output or resulting XML.

Recommended Articles

We hope that this EDUCBA information on “XML Commands” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information.

Running Multiple Commands In The Background On Linux


Executing multiple commands in the background is a useful feature in Linux that allows users to execute multiple tasks simultaneously. This can be particularly helpful when running long-running commands that may take a while to complete, as it allows the user to continue working on other tasks while the command is being executed in the background.

There are several ways to run commands in the background on Linux, including using the “&” operator and the “nohup” command. In this article, we will explore these methods and provide examples of how to use them.

Running Commands in Background Using “&” Operator

One of the most straightforward ways to run a command in the background on Linux is to use the “&” operator. This operator is used to run a command in the background and return control of the terminal to the user.

To use the “&” operator, simply append it to the end of the command that you want to run in the background. For example, to run the sleep command in the background, you would enter the following command

$ sleep 45 &

This command will execute the sleep command, which will cause the terminal to pause for 45 seconds, and then return control of the terminal to the user. The command will continue running in the background until it is completed.

You can use the jobs command to view a list of background jobs that are currently running on your system. For example −

$ jobs [1]+ Running sleep 60 &

You can also use the “fg” command to bring a background job to the foreground and the “bg” command to send a job to the background. For example, to bring the “sleep” command to the foreground, you would enter the following command −

$ fg %1 Running Commands in the Background Using “nohup”

Another way to run a command in the background on Linux is to use the nohup command. This command is used to run a command that is immune to hangup signals, which allows the command to continue running even if the terminal is closed or the user logs out.

To use the nohup command, simply enter “nohup” followed by the command that you want to run in the background. For example, to run the sleep command in the background using nohup, you would enter the following command −

$ nohup sleep 60 &

This command will execute the sleep command and return control of the terminal to the user. The command will continue running in the background until it is completed, even if the terminal is closed or the user logs out.

This command will execute the “sleep” command and redirect the output to a file called “output.txt” in the current working directory.

Using “nohup” has the added benefit of allowing you to run a command in the background even if you are not logged into the system through a terminal. This can be useful if you want to run a command on a remote server and then disconnect from the server, for example.


Running multiple commands in the background on Linux is a useful feature that allows users to execute multiple tasks simultaneously. There are several ways to run commands in the background on Linux, including using the “&” operator and the “nohup” command. By using these methods, you can continue working on other tasks while long-running commands are being executed in the background.

Remember to use the “jobs” command to view a list of background jobs that are currently running on your system, and use the “fg” and “bg” commands to bring a background job to the foreground or send it to the background, respectively.

Using “nohup” has the added benefit of allowing you to run a command in the background even if you are not logged into the system through a terminal, which can be useful for running commands on remote servers.

Overall, running commands in the background is a valuable tool in Linux that can help increase productivity and efficiency. So, it is a very useful feature for Linux users.

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