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It was originally introduced by Siri Inc., as an iOS app on the App Store. After seeing the popularity it was acquired by Apple on 28 April 2010. After the acquisition of Siri Inc., by Apple, all the development effort for launching Siri alternatives on BlackBerry as well as Android phone has been canceled.
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Web development, programming languages, Software testing & othersWhat is Siri?
Siri is an intelligent digital personal assistant that comes along with Apple devices such as iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, etc. Siri stands for Speech Interpretation and Recognition Interface. The functionality of Siri is to use a natural language user interface to answer general questions, suggest alternatives, perform actions by delegating user requests to the Web Services.
Siri is actually a computer program that assists you in your daily activities. This software adapts completely to the individual user’s usage as well as preferences which comes from using continuously. It returns the results that appear to be individualized.
The voice of Siri is available with a different accent as well as gender combinations. It is available in Arabic, English, Dutch, Chinese, Danish, Finnish, Hebrew, German, French, Japanese, Finnish, Italian, Russian, Thai, Turkish, Portuguese, Norwegian, Finnish, Italian, Malay, Korean and Spanish languages.
It is written in Objective-C and Swift language. The operating system that Siri supports is iOS, watchOS and tvOS whereas platform supported is iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, Apple watch, and Apple TV.History of Siri with Apple devices
All Apple devices that are manufactured in October 2012 and onwards include Siri. The recently released Apple Watch’s operating system viz., watchOS also supports Siri. Additionally, this is also integrated into Apple TV’s operating system viz., tvOS. Siri is not restricted to only devices and is made available in some cars using CarPlay. This feature enables the audio system of the vehicle to act as a display as well as a controller for your iPhone device. This is available on all variants of iPhones available from iPhone 5 with minimum OS as iOS 7.1.How to use Siri?
The use of Siri is really very simple. If you are using iPhone, iPad or iPod touch then press and hold the home button present at the bottom of the device (circle in shape) and say “Hey, Siri” followed by your request. For eg. Hey, Siri..remind me about meeting in the afternoon. This will set a reminder alert on the device and will intimate you at a scheduled time. Image 2 shows you want to set a reminder when you get home using Siri on the iPhone device.
If you are using Apple Watch then you need to press and hold Digital Crown (cylindrical shape button present on right side of watch) and say “Hey, Siri” followed by your request. Image 3 shows you are setting a 30 minute run in the park using Siri Apple Watch device.
If you are using Apple TV then you can activate Siri by pressing home button (circular in shape) present on Apple TV Remote and say “Hey, Siri” followed by your request. Image 4 shows you are searching for action movies in Apple TV using Siri and Image 5 shows the configuration of Apple TV remote.
Most of the people don’t use Apple device since it is too expensive although the quality and experience is best in class. According to research done in 2023, there is 82.8% Android users and 13.9% iOS users. The prime reason for this is that Android is open-source and there are several different manufacturers across the globe.
Now, if you are one the user of Android you may be wondering for Siri alternatives.Top 8 Alternatives for Siri
In this article, we briefly discuss the top seven alternatives To GitHub and the comparisons between them.1. Google Now
Google has already plenty of data since the last decade from different sources such as Gmail, hangout application, google search engine, youtube as well as Android mobile users. Google Now has been the company’s effort to provide assistance to android mobile users with just voice as input. It is similar to what Siri is for Apple devices. It is available as by-default in your Android phone. This personal digital assistant presents information that you might need it. It sends out suggestions which is based on your search history.
Google now even updates you with current traffic details for region near you. The details of traffic also include estimated time from office to home which is accurate. It even provides weather updates for today and even for the next several days. This has been first introduced in Marshmallow version of Android release.
The algorithm and voice recognition that powers Google Now is really awesome. The algorithm is so effective that Google will make out the words in your question and will get back with accurate search results.
The services offered by Google are so much (such as Google Now, Google Voice Search etc) that you may often get confused about which to use. Google Now is more frequently used in all the services offered by Google. It is available as a default search on almost all android devices.
You can upgrade existing Google Now for free from Google Play Store.2. Cortana
Cortana is a digital personal assistant for Microsoft product such as Windows desktop, Mobile OS, Microsoft Band and Xbox one. Cortana is also available for Android and iOS devices.
The best thing about Cortana is its availability across-platform. It was first demonstrated at BUILD developer conference organized by Microsoft in San Francisco in April 2014. You can even send a text message or talk to your smartphone from your laptop using Cortana.
Cortana is in competition with digital assistants such as Google’s Google Now and Apple’ Siri.
Download Cortana for free from Google Play Store.3. Skyvi (Siri like an assistant)
Skyvi literally says “Siri like Assistant” along with its name. It is one of the most simple virtual assistants that are very easy to use for your android smartphone. You can directly make calls, send messages, emails with your voice commands with the help of Skyvi. The simple and straightforward user interface of this app makes it easier to use for newcomers.
However, the problem with Skyvi is that it doesn’t provide news details and do not have an introduction video. There are very few Active Developers for Skyvi. Skyvi is temporarily unavailable on Google Play Store.4. Robin
Robin is a challenger for Siri. It is a perfect alternative to Siri when you are on the road and behind the wheels. It brings you everything that you need while driving. You even don’t have to look at your phone at all.
It provides you with voice directions, accurate GPS locations, nearby gas-refueling stations, and even weather reports. It even provides jokes in order to make you feel good.
The details in Robin is maintained on a daily basis. It keeps learning about your behavior and interest on a daily basis and evolves constantly. Download Robin for free (Also In-app purchase available) from Google Play Store5. Jarvis
Jarvis is one of a kind novelty personal digital assistant app that offers many features. Apart from Jarvis using on your Android mobile device, it is also compatible with Android Wear. You can ask him to play songs by name, update your phone’s background, change phone settings, etc. Hence it can be a perfect alternative to Google Voice Search on your smartwatch.
With Jarvis on your phone, you can make a call and send text messages with just voice commands. It can even provide an update for weather and news. You can even control your phone settings such as WiFi, Flash, play songs over Bluetooth, set reminders based on people.
Jarvis currently supports only english language. It is available in two versions : free and PRO version (which is paid). Jarvis can update your home screen wallpaper automatically almost every day keeping it refreshed.
Download Jarvis for free (Also In-app purchase available) from Google Play Store.6. Assistant.ai
Assistant.ai is one of the most popular and widely used virtual assistant apps in the market. It is powered by chúng tôi The home screen of the app shows a depiction of a sexy human secretary, which adds charm to the app. However, her robotic text-to-speech voice breaks the mood sometimes.
Assistant.ai performs tasks, answers questions, notifies you about important events and much more. You can even customize it (for PRO version). It is available on Google Play Store for Android devices, Apple’s App Store for Apple devices and on Microsoft’s Windows Store for Windows Phone.
It is multilingual assistant and is currently available in English, Spanish, Russian, German, Portuguese, Chinese, French, Korean and Japanese languages.
Download Jarvis for free (Also In-app purchase available) from Google Play Store.7. Dragon mobile assistant
Dragon mobile assistant is your own personalized virtual assistant that is present at your service. It is powered by Nuance Communications.
It can send and receive text messages, post facebook and twitter updates, emails and much more – all these using just voice command. You can even set reminders and make appointments. You can even perform task even if your screen is locked by simply turning-on Attentive mode.
You can even create your own voiceprint using dragon mobile assistant so that assistant will be attentive to only your commands and no one else. This is a unique feature distinguishes it from other digital assistants.
In order to make Dragon mobile assistant active, you just have to say “Hello Dragon”. You can even operate it in landscape mode. It uses its own voice dictation engine rather than Google’s engine and hence you can find this assistant does a better job of picking up your voice.
Download Dragon mobile assistant for free from Google Play Store.8. Smart Voice Assistant
Smart Voice Assistant isn’t a ready-to-go solution right from the beginning. First, you go through the list of features you can activate using voice commands and then you can assign your own custom keyboards. You can also assign names to contacts and even to a particular phone number. This may feel like the hectic task in beginning, but once you are done, it becomes quite handy.
There are few requirements of Smart Voice Assistant app which are mentioned below :
It requires good internet connection for most of the languages
It requires Google Search (or Voice Search for Android 4.1 and below)
It requires a text-to-speech engine and text-to-speech language and your device should support this.
Default google’s “Ok Google“ should be disabled.
Your contacts should be synchronized with Google Account.
Smart voice assistant is available in two different versions viz, free and PRO version. The PRO version offers more features and is priced at INR.168.99.
Download Smart Voice Assistant free version and PRO version from Google Play Store.Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to Siri Alternatives. Here we have discussed What is Siri and how to use it? along with the top 8 Siri Alternatives. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –
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Introduction to OS Alternatives
Operating System may be defined as the interface between the user and the hardware. It is the software that turns on right after the system gets started. So technically, it’s the kind of software that starts working before all the software. An OS consists of various fundamental or basic files that help in booting the system. Additionally, it has some system software that facilitates the communication between the user and the hardware device.
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Web development, programming languages, Software testing & othersWhat is an Operating System?
OS is used in every device that needs to perform any function. If you are very new to this topic, you will be amazed after knowing that electronic devices like a smart refrigerator, internet router, smart TVs, CCTV and so on are being operated by the help of the operating system. Linux is the most commonly used OS in these electronic devices.List of OS Alternatives 1. Microsoft Windows
This is the GUI(Graphical User Interface) based OS developed by Microsoft back in 1985. In actual terms, it is the graphical interface of MS-DOS. The very first version of windows was 1.1 that had facilitates the disk partition feature through the graphical interface. The web browser was first used in the 3.0 version of windows that made the internet easily accessible to the users.
The windows are very popular and covering a large user base due to its simplicity in the graphical interface. It is designed by taking care of nontechnical users. The GUI is designed over the DOS which means it actually runs the commands in the DOS but due to the GUI the user is kept unaware of what’s going on behind the scene.2. MAC OS X
Another best OS Alternative is MAC OS which was developed by Apple Inc back in 1984. That is just a year before Windows was developed. It is the second most widely used operating system and being used by 6.375 of the OS users. The first desktop version was out in 2001 and it was MAC OS X 10.0 and the next version 10.1 came right after the first version release.
It also offers a very interactive graphical interface and most of the features that Windows offers. The Apple laptops come with pre-installed MAC OS which couldn’t be changed. Though it comes with good features, it’s somewhat costly than Windows. It is considered a highly secure OS due to its feature to detect the threat and response accordingly feature.
As this operating system runs in only Apple laptops, it cannot be installed in normal laptops easily. For instance, we can run Windows or Linux-based operating system in a Lenovo laptop or desktop but if we need to run the MAC OS than in such case one has to buy an Apple desktop or laptop.3. Linux
Similar to Windows and MAC OS, Linux is also an operating system that has some additional features. Based on the users’ requirements, there are several versions of OS like Ubuntu, Kali Linux, Parrot Linux, Mint Linux, and so on. Linux is also well known for its command lines interface and it’s also loved by hackers because of the pre-existing tools in Linux, specifically, Kali Linux.
A Linux OS is comprised of Shell, the bootloader, daemons, the kernel, and the applications that make Linux more efficient. Linux is widely used in servers as they are cost effective as compared to windows. It offers a highly secure platform where users can store their crucial data. It is very useful when it comes to making things done very efficiently in a very short period of time due to its quality of fast processing.
The Linux operating system is also a base OS for several distributions. Even the most popular mobile phone operating system “Android” also uses Linux as its base OS. The trending technology called IoT is also implemented using Linux as its the common operating system that is used by several smart electronic devices. From a programmer or developer point of view, we should be preferring windows but as per network admins and security executives’ view, it’s the most important operating system.4. Feren OS
Feren operating system is based on Linux mint and hence possesses some of the functionality that is held by a mint version of Linux. This OS comes with inbuilt tools like Feren them and GMP image editor which usually doesn’t come pre-installed in several Linux versions. It provides the GUI interaction platform and also offers the terminal that works the same way a Linux terminal works.
Feren OS does need a bit of well-configured hardware to work smoothly as it comes with some of the important applications. In some of the CUI based Linux distributions, we usually require to download tools for every task like for editing photos, for changing the outlook of the interface, but in this operating system the important applications are made already available and the additional or other software could be installed easily.5. Peppermint OS
Peppermint OS is another best alternative for Ubuntu or Linux-based operating system which is available in both 32 bit and 62 bit. It is a very lightweight operating system and hence needs fewer hardware configurations to work on any system. Even 512 MB RAM is enough to run this OS. It doesn’t come with lots of inbuilt system software but definitely one could add numerous software as per their requirement.
It also offers a Microsoft office suite that is not available in lots of different versions of Linux. Using this we can edit the office documents the same way we do in windows. It provides the shortcut to lots of applications like Google Drive, Gmail and so on and while opening such an application, it will open as a web page where there will be no option of the address bar. When working with the inbuilt shortcuts, it simply opens an instance of the browser rather than actually opening the browser and its such functionality makes it very fast to use.
This operating system could also be considered as the OS with the simplest user interface as some of the features that could add complexity has to keep abstract. In simple terms, this OS will simply give you what you ask. It won’t offer you several options to choose from. Normally users rarely use this OS but if someone wants to use the operating system in a very low hardware capability then it is definitely the preference to use peppermint.6. Solus OS
For the users who are new or proficient in Linux, Solus is one of the various options to move with. It is another Linux-based operating system that gives a pretty close view of the other Linux-based operating systems. It comes with Firefox selected as the default browser to handle users’ internet-related queries. It has its own package manager and repository and is hence very different from other Linux distributions.
It is comprised of a very decent user interface together with the efficient functioning of the terminal. In this OS, the bottom bas show the running application, and the apps could be the switch from there which is opposite to that of other Linux distributions. It has a notification area that shows all the notifications generated by the system and next to the notification section, it has the quick application access area as well.7. Parrot Linux
Parrot Linux is one of the best versions of Linux spatially used while working with networks. One can easily recognize this operating system by having the look on default terminal text colors as it is comprised of green and read texts. The parrot Linux is sort of a command-line interface-based operating system as a maximum of the things in this OS could be done using the terminal.
This distribution is designed for the purpose of penetration testing and is hence very effectively used in cybersecurity. In most of cyber forensic cases, Parrot Linux is used as the best OS due to its inbuilt tools that are mainly developed for investigation purposes only. The latest version of parrot Linux is 4.5.1 which was released on last of January 2023.
Parrot Linux also has some of the important tools which are used in Kali Linux. In organizations, parrot Linux is very frequently used in SOC operations, especially to exploit the vulnerabilities existing in the network. It works pretty the same as Kali Linux. The good part is, it comes loaded with lots of useful tools used in ethical hacking so the user will not require to add extra software in order to perform penetration testing.8. Kubuntu
While we are talking about several versions of Linux, Kubuntu is the os that we must know about. It is an operating system that gives the taste of Ubuntu OS and is popular because of its particular feature to stand out of rush. On the other hand, where usually the operating systems use the GNOME desktop environment, the Kubuntu OS uses KDE Plasma Desktop.
As its user interface is almost the same as that of Ubuntu, the same way it also matches most of the functionality offered by Ubuntu. Due to its lightweight, it is potentially very strong in terms of fast execution. Though it is considered a bit better than Ubuntu the fact that it is produced after ubuntu could not be belied. It doesn’t need a system with a very high configuration to get installed. If you actually want to have a look at it, you can use virtualization to get its exposure.Conclusion
There are several alternatives to OS that could be used per our requirement. Through Windows is the most used OS due to its easy-to-use interface, some other OS could also be used as its alternative. Just to summarize in straight words, if you are very much concerned about the security part then prefer to use either Linux or MAC OS and if there is a requirement to have non-technical users work in the decent platform then go with Windows.Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to OS Alternatives. Here we have discussed the basic concept and top 8 OS Alternatives with their pros and cons. You may also look at the following article to learn more –
Introduction to Java 8
Oracle rolled out a fresh release of Java on March 18, 2014. Java 8 is a landmark release, introducing numerous new and valuable features. Let’s delve into the features of Java 8 to familiarize ourselves with them. It includes new functionality, upgrades, and bug fixes to increase efficiency in designing and operating Java programs.
Start Your Free Software Development CourseTop New Java 8 Features with Examples
Below are the top features of Java 8 that make Java 8 more understanding and more valuable:1. New Date/Time API
The old Date-Time API of Java had significant drawbacks. In place of it, there is a fresh Date-Time API in Java 8. We take a look at the drawbacks below:
Tough to Handle Timezone: Programmers needed many lines of code to tackle timezone issues.
Low-Quality Design: The earlier API had relatively few direct functions for date operations. Java 8 API offers many functions for date operations.
Absence of Thread Safe Property: chúng tôi lacked thread-safe property. Hence programmers had to face concurrency issues while employing data. Java 8 Date-Time API is immutable and without setter methods.
In Java 8, the package chúng tôi introduces a new Date-Time API. There are two significant classes contained in chúng tôi package:
Zoned: Specialized API to handle different time zones.
Simply put, Optional serves as a container object that stores non-null objects. One primary use of the Optional object is to represent null having an absent value. This important class has different utility methods to help code handle values as ‘not available’ or ‘available’ rather than to check null values. The class was added in Java 8 and is analogous to the Optional class in Guava.4. Base64
The new version of Java contains an inbuilt encoder and a decoder for Base64 encoding. Programmers can employ three kinds of Base64 encoding.
MIME: The output is formatted according to the MIME format, where it is divided into lines, each containing a maximum of 76 characters. The line separator consists of a carriage return followed by a line feed. There is no line separator at the termination of the encoded output.
URL: Mapping of Output is done to a group of characters present in A-Za-z0-9+_. The output is filename as well as the URL safe.
Simple: Mapping of Output is done to a group of characters present in A-Za-z0-9+_. The encoder does no addition of any line feed in the output. The decoder does accept any character differing from A-Za-z0-9+_.5. Streams
The Stream is a fresh abstract layer present in this new version of Java. You can process data declaratively, similar to SQL statements, by using a stream.
Stream, simply put, is a representation of a sequence of objects emanating from a source that has support for aggregate operations. Below are specific properties of a stream.
Iterations are Automatic: Explicit iterations are mandatory in Collections. In Stream, it internally iterates over the supplied source elements.
Pipelining: Most of the stream operation’s output is of the stream type. Thus, the output can be pipelined. The particular operations are termed intermediate operations. They accept input, do the necessary processing, and give the output to the target.
Some Aggregate Operations supported by Stream:
Filter6. Functional Interfaces
They display individual functionality. The new version of Java has numerous functional interfaces which can be employed in large measure in lambda expressions.7. Default Methods
In Java 8, there is a fresh paradigm of interfaces having default method implementation. The inclusion of this feature is for backward compatibility purposes. It is now possible to use old interfaces to harness the lambda expression capability of the new version of Java.
For instance: the ‘Collection’ and ‘List’ interfaces lack the ‘forEach’ method declaration. The addition of such a method would cause the collection framework implementations to break. However, introducing default methods solves this issue by providing default implementations of the forEach method in List/Collection. As a result, the class implementing these interfaces no longer needs to implement these methods separately.8. Method References
This prominent feature of Java 8 points to relevant methods using their respective names. A “::” symbol describes method references. The latter can be used to refer to the following types of methods.
Constructors Employing the New Operator
Static Methods9. Lambda Expressions
Below is a typical lambda expression.
We take a look at the significant parts of a lambda expression.
Return Keyword: The compiler returns the value if the body consists of a single expression. Curly braces signify that the expression returns some value.
The parenthesis around the parameter: If only a single parameter exists, the parenthesis can be omitted.
Type Declaration: Parameter-type declaration is not needed. From the parameter’s value, the compiler determines the necessary action.
Miscellaneous Features of Java 8: The JDBC-ODBC Bridge has been taken off. So. this has been the PermGen memory space. The ‘jjs’ command invokes the Nashorn engine while the ‘jdeps’ command analyzes the class files.Conclusion
Now that you have a theoretical knowledge of Java 8’s new features, it is necessary to implement them. In other words, you have to do the coding that exploits the many useful and valuable features of the new version of Java. Only then will you be truly proficient in Java 8?Recommended Articles
This is a guide to Java 8 Features. Here we discuss the basic concept and top 9 features in Java 8 with a brief explanation for better understanding. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –
Introduction to Git
Git is one of the most famous and secured version-control systems created by Linus Torvalds in 2005, primarily developed on Linux, which supports other OS, including macOS, Windows, BSD, and Solaris. All the repositories of Git are equal, making it one of the best version control systems. It has a web-based hosting service called GitHub. It is globally popular with developers uploading their code on GitHub now and then to showcase their credibility on any particular technology. Even employers look up to Github as a virtual resume highlighting a person’s potential.
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Web development, programming languages, Software testing & othersVersion Control System
VCS is not a deployment system where you don’t have to change or replace any other part of your toolchain when using version control. A version control system records the changes you make to your project’s files. This is what version control is about. It is as simple as it sounds.What is Git?
Git’s popularity in the development community largely depends on the fact that the content can be stored and tracked regularly. It allows you to periodically add new codes to the stored code and maintain a history of each change passing through.
Other version control systems do not store branches and tags in history, making Git’s level of tracking unique. But there are other alternatives to Git, which many companies use as the version control system to keep their project safe on the cloud repository.Alternatives of Git
As in the above section, we have gone through the introduction of Git. Now we are going to learn about the Git Alternatives:1. SVN
Apache Subversion, known as SVN, is a software versioning and revision control system distributed as open-source under the license of Apache. The subversion project was founded by CollabNet in 2000 to create an open-source system based on CVS (Concurrent Version System) with fixed bugs and some new features.
Branching and tagging in SVN
Subversion uses the inter-file branching model to implement braches, which deals with a separate line of development and tagging, which adds labels to a repository to be tracked in the future.
Below is a reference to how an SVN project with more than one feature would look like:
Advantages of SVN:
SVN is faster than others.
It supports the versioning of binary files.
It adds transactional commit (all or nothing).2. Concurrent Version System(CVS)
CVS is a version control system used worldwide, with the help of which one can capture the history of source files and documents. It’s used in many production software projects as well.
CVS works under the RCS topology, which stores files and handles multiple revisions of a single file.
How does it Work?
CVS is a central system that keeps track of the changes committed and avoids conflicts between the server and the client versions of the data. However, in the case of any disputes, individuals propose and adjust the changes accordingly.3. Perforce
The client-server architecture of Perforce allows one to make changes on a local disk and then submit while the other could update the repository with their files. A central repository shares the data; if a submission fails, it returns to its previous state, allowing for a fresh submission.
Advantages of Perforce:
Perforce merging is better than Subversion or Git.
Perforce has excellent customer support.
Perforce allows combinations of Subversion’s repository revisions with individual file revisions.
In the case of multiple change lists, however, Perforce is better than SubVersion as there is no involuntary commitment when a file is moved from a default change list.4. Mercurial
Mercurial also eases the transition between tools, much like Subversion. It helps in creating aliases and makes them a pleasant interface to use.
Advantages of Mercurial:
Minimizing reliance on server backups, users can find a complete copy of the repository on their local systems.
It works online and offline, which means the work could be continued even without an internet connection, and changes could be committed to the local repository.
Revisions in the Mercurial version control system facilitate the organization of changesets, enabling the branching and merging of code, which proves challenging in SVN.Trends
A company should adopt some of significant changes in Software Release Management.
The first trend is adopting agile practices at the core, including automation allowing sprint and Iteration planning and retrospection of all data for a successful release. Moreover, companies should invest time and money in automation to ensure relevancy in the stories and features of the sprints.
These days teams need to test their products in multiple environments before the release, which glorifies the importance of cloud platforms in production environments. Most products today, from operating systems to Internet browsers, support different platforms that make testing essential in all situations.
The popularity of distributed version control systems like GIT, Mercurial, etc., resulting from the flexibility it provides for teams to work on different levels, makes it easier for individuals to keep a self-contained repository on their system. A developer could work offline without the necessity of a privileged master repository.Recommended Articles
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Love it or hate it, Windows 8 is the bellwether for PCs. Where Microsoft goes, PCs follow. And now Microsoft is making a grab for the mobile market, too. The latest version of Windows is designed with touchscreens in mind, and one bright side of that evolution is the addition of features that make Windows more intuitive and easier to use on all devices.
Windows 8 picture passwords are an example of such a feature—a new, alternative password system that most Windows 8 users aren’t even aware of.
Actually, the term picture password is a bit of a misnomer. Sure, the password allows you log in to your machine using a picture instead of an alphanumeric string of characters, but what you’re actually doing is sketching a custom sequence of gestures on top of a picture to verify your identity. For example, if you use a photo of a your family, you might sketch a straight line from one person’s nose to the next person’s nose. Calling these passwords gesture passwords would be more appropriate, but admittedly, that name doesn’t have the same alliterative appeal.
Worse, highlighting the feature’s similarity to the gesture-based login systems on phones and tablets could further alienate die-hard desktop owners already leery of Windows 8. And that’s a shame, because picture passwords are a nice alternative to traditional passwords and should have been integrated into PC operating systems a long time ago.
Such password aren’t inherently better than your old alphanumeric passwords, but they could be a more convenient (and no less secure) way to log in to your PC.Gestures are an alternative, not an improvement
Microsoft clearly designed picture passwords with mobile devices in mind, since trying to type a traditional 8- to 16-character alphanumeric password with a virtual keyboard is a recipe for rage. That said, the picture password feature works well enough on nontouch systems too—simply substitute your mouse for your fingertip.
Sketching a series of complex gestures takes a little longer than typing a traditional alphanumeric string on a desktop PC (long live the keyboard), but it’s still easier than remembering a complex string of characters; and it’s roughly equivalent in terms of security. And, arguably, picture passwords are a little more secure on desktops than on touchscreen devices, because you don’t have to worry about anyone guessing your gesture password by examining your monitor for greasy fingerprints.
That last scenario may sound like something out of a trashy espionage thriller, but the threat of a “smudge attack” is real enough to warrant serious study. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania coined the term in 2010 when they were able to successfully deduce gesture passwords used to unlock Android phones from smudge marks left on the screen. You can read the full study for more details, but the most important takeaway is that while gestures are faster, simpler, and more convenient to use when you’re logging in to a touch-capable device, they have their own unique vulnerabilities and aren’t necessarily any safer than traditional alphanumeric passwords.
We’re likely to see a rash of new hacking techniques targeted specifically at touchscreen PCs, so if you’re going to add a gesture password to your Windows 8 PC, make sure it’s a good one.How to create a strong picture password
Thankfully, setting up a picture password in Windows 8 is child’s play. Just remember that you need to have a locally accessible image to use as the foundation of your picture password before you begin. You also need an alphanumeric password linked to your account in case of emergency, so make sure it’s something strong. If the picture password feature fails for any reason, or if you simply forget the gestures you’ve chosen, you can use your plain-text password to log in to your system.
The login system of the future is here! At least, that’s what Windows 8 wants us to think.
Time to start gesturing. This process is obviously designed for touchscreen PCs and tablets, but it works with a mouse as well. Remember the order and direction of all of the gestures you drew on the screen; if you draw a line from left to right in the image, for example, you’ll also have to draw the line from left to right when unlocking your system.
For maximum security, avoid taps and use circles and lines exclusively. These gestures are harder to guess because they incorporate both positional data and directional data, so an unauthorized user would need to correctly deduce the start point, end point, and direction of your gesture. Every security expert we spoke to about this process cautioned against using gestures that follow the contours of the image in predictable ways, like circling faces or drawing lines between landmarks. Instead, pick an image with strong contrast to create bright reference points, and come up with a creative, convoluted series of gestures to make your password extra strong.
Once you’ve finished doodling your new password, you should be ready to rock. Window 8 defaults to the picture password anytime the system is locked or restarted, and ideally all you have to do is draw your gestures on screen to unlock the system.
If you want to switch gears and input your plaintext password instead, just tap the corresponding button in the left pane of the picture password screen. You should also be aware that picture password logins can be disabled from within the Windows 8 group policy editor; many businesses do not allow picture passwords to be used on networked machines for security reasons, so be prepared for that if you plan to bring your Windows 8 device to work.
Artificial Intelligence is a concept that has been thrown around quite a lot in the last few months. With AI chatbots like ChatGPT entering the market, things have only further heated up. However, AI is not new as voice assistants like Siri have been here for quite a long time. In the same vein though, most will agree that Siri does not pack a lot of intelligence in her artificial brain. But what if I told you that you can combine the best of both worlds and actually get ChatGPT to work with Siri on your iPhone? While it sounds impossible, it’s easy to do so. Keep reading as we show you to use ChatGPT with Siri on your iPhone.Get ChatGPT on Your iPhone (2023)
The process itself to use ChatGPT with your iPhone’s Siri voice assistant is simple. However, it does have certain requirements and links you need so make sure you have them all before you proceed.Requirements to Get ChatGPT to Work with Siri 1. Siri ChatGPT Shortcut
The integration of ChatGPT into Siri works through a handy shortcut that will run on your iPhone. As such, it is necessary to download the Siri shortcut. Called Siri Pro, the shortcut is courtesy of YouTuber Tim Harris. While the shortcut is named Siri Pro, you can always rename it to whatever you want. To begin, download the Siri Pro (Get) shortcut but don’t run it yet. Once downloaded, keep reading.2. ChatGPT API Key
You can also open this website on your iPhone to generate and copy the API key to your clipboard. If you do not have an OpenAI account, you can create one here and then visit the above link.How to Set up and Use ChatGPT with Siri on Your iPhone
Once you have downloaded the Siri Pro shortcut and copied the API key, it’s time to make the Siri shortcut work and see it in action:
1. Open the Shortcuts app to access the downloaded Siri Pro shortcut.
2. You will find the Siri Pro shortcut here. Tap the ellipsis icon (three dots) to open the shortcut’s settings. Note: We renamed the Siri shortcut from Siri Pro to Siri Bro on our iPhone.
4. And you are all done! ChatGPT has now been integrated with Siri on your iPhone. You can invoke the shortcut by either tapping on Siri Pro in the Shortcuts app or saying Hey Siri followed by the shortcut’s name (Bro, Pro, or your own renamed title). As you can see below, I asked ChatGPT Siri to plan a two-day trip to London, and it responded accurately.
However, remember the shortcut might not always work depending on ChatGPT’s server load or it being down altogether. However, in my experience, it worked most of the time without problems.Frequently Asked Questions I followed all the above steps but the shortcut gives no response. What do I do?
As mentioned above, the ability for ChatGPT Siri to run on your iPhone is dependent on the current server load on the AI chatbot itself. If ChatGPT itself is overloaded, there’s a high chance of the shortcut not giving a response. Wait an hour or two and run the shortcut again.Is this method available for Android?
As of now, ChatGPT for Siri is only available on iOS. Since this relies on iPhone’s shortcut app, we are yet to discover a similar method for Android fanboys out there. However, rest assured, we will keep you updated if we run into anything.The Shortcut Keeps Telling Me to Add in Your API Key First. What Do I Do? How Do I Get a ChatGPT API Key?
As mentioned above, you can get the API key for ChatGPT from OpenAI’s official website. But, you will need an account with the company to do so. Follow our steps above to begin.Convert Siri to ChatGPT with These Steps
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