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Want to Make Music? Here’s the Top 8 Cheap Sound Modules Choose a sound module that has modern connectors




Sound modules come in all shapes and sizes but have the same purpose of creating music.

The best ones are incredibly expensive, but there are some decent low-price ones as well.

This guide lists out the best cheap sound modules. Note that they

come with a preset sound library.



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Sound modules are electronic instruments that allow you to create music. This is done by using some kind of external controller like a keyboard, for example.

The term ‘sound module’ is more of an umbrella term and can refer to many different devices, both hardware and software. Synthesizers, samplers, and romplers can be considered to be sound modules.

The sound module industry is vast with so many different types of devices that it can be difficult to breach for beginners. This guide will break down the possible sound modules that you can buy.

It’ll cover a wide variety of sound modules that have a low price tag. Some of these machines can reach into the thousands of dollars, so to keep your wallet happy, we’re only focusing on the cheap ones.

What should I look for in a sound module?

For starters, you’ll want one that has modern connectors. By this, we mean a module that has a USB-C port or some way to directly connect to your computer would be great.

That way, you can use your computer as an instrument of sorts. You should also look for modules that come with a preset sound library. Building a sound library from scratch can be timing consuming.

You should also look for how many different sounds the modules can operate. If you’re going to use one to create music, having the ability to play many different tracks or sequences is a big plus.

What are the best sound modules? 1. MIDIPLUS PianoEngine – Ideal for beginners

Comes with 128 piano sounds

Can connect to a USB keyboard

Built-in 100 drum song demo

Supports 3.5 audio jack

Has MINI IN and OUT ports

People complain about LCD display latency

Check price

Kicking things off is the MIDIPLUS Piano Engine USB Host MIDI Sound Module. Despite the long name, it’s actually quite small coming in at 7.68 x 7.28 x 2.05 inches. Don’t let the size fool you because it can output big sound.

The PianoEngine is very good for a beginner because it comes with hundreds of sounds pre-installed into the device. You get 128 piano sounds that are compatible with the GM (General MIDI) standard. You also have access to 100 built-in drug songs.

With these pre-installed tracks, you can experiment and pull together some cool sounds. As for ports, it supports micro-USB connections and several different types of interfaces.

In total, you have two 3.5mm audio jacks (one input and one output) and two MIDI ports (one IN and one OUT). The PianoEngine can also serve as a USB host.

If you don’t know, a USB host is a device that can communicate and control other USB devices that it’s connected to.

2. PianoBox USB – Nine different drum sets

Comes with 128 MIDI sounds

Supports full General MIDI implementation

Has a HI-Z guitar input jack

Comes with nine different drum sets installed

Also comes with sound effects set

The manual may be confusing

Check price

Next is the PianoBox USB from Miditech. This sound module is a decent device for its low price. It comes with 128 MINI sounds, nine different drum sets, and an SFX set pre-installed.

SFX refers to a series of sound effects that you can add to songs to enhance them. They’re not necessarily music notes, just a short track to give a song that extra oomph.

In addition to the pre-installed sounds, the PianoBox has a 6.3mm HI-Z guitar input TRS (tip-ring-sleeve) jack. With this port, you can connect your guitar to the port and create a song alongside the pre-installed sounds.

That said, it’s not all great. Looking through the PianoBox reviews, some people have complained that the user manual is very unhelpful and Miditech sending a European power supply to American buyers.

3. Moog Werkstatt-01 Analog Synthesizer – Great price

One of the cheapest Moog sound modules

Include a 3.5mm CV expander to connect to other devices

Easy-to-use synthesizer

Comes with a built-in 13-note button keyboard

The oscillator has a wide pitch from 8Hz to 16kHz.

Not the greatest performing synthesizer

Check price

Moog Music is a well-known sound module manufacturer famous for its synthesizers. They create a lot of high-quality products but are also pretty expensive as they reach hundreds of dollars.

Out of all of Moog’s sound modules, there is one that has a cheap price point while maintaining company quality and that’s the Werkstatt-01 Analog Synthesizer Kit with CV Expansion Board.

If you look at the product image, you will see what look like nozzles on the right of the Werkstatt. That is the Expansion Board which will allow you to connect to other synthesizers, drum machines, and controllers.

Moog also claims the Werkstatt is easy to use as it points to the simplistic front-panel layout that sports a 13-button keyboard. That way, you won’t have to connect an external keyboard to play music.

The company also boasts the device is easy to modify to foster experimentation. Its flexibility is something many people like about the Werkstatt.

So if experimentation is something you like, the Werkstatt-01 is highly recommended.

4. Korg Volca Modular – Experimental West Coast sounds

Supports battery power or power adapter

Offers experimental West Coast sounds

Comes with a 16-step sequencer

Great sound for a relatively cheap price

It has useful features like a microtuning tool

Doesn’t have a MINI IN or OUT port

Check price

Expert tip:

East Coast Synthesis refers to a more traditional sound while West Coast Synthesis refers to something more experimental. The Korg Volca Modular Synthesizer follows a more West Coast sound.

This experimental sound is made due to tools such as complex oscillator modulation and loss-pass gates. Synthesizers like the Korg Volca are adept at creating more metallic and industrial sounds.

So people who like to experiment with their music should feel at home with the Korg Volca Modular Synthesize. As for more traditional features, it is a little lacking.

The Korg Volca doesn’t have MINI IN or OUT ports nor does it have a USB connector for computers. It does have a 3.5mm headphone jack and Volca sync ports.

If you’re someone who’s looking into delving deeper into electronic music, this device is a great choice.

5. IK Multimedia UNO – Highly portable

Works well alone or with MIDI keyboards

Comes with 100 preset sounds

Has a built-in 2-octave keyboard

Highly portable

Easy to program

One of the expensive options on this list

Check price

Now we have a retro-looking sound module in the IK Multimedia UNO portable monophonic analog synthesizer. This is one of the expensive options on this list coming in at a couple of hundred dollars, but it’s still worth the price.

For starters, it’s portable and can be powered by batteries or from a USB cable connected to a laptop. It’s also easy to configure with its 100 preset sounds. 80 of those sounds can be written over if you want to save your own creation.

You can reprogram those sounds straight out of the box without any prior knowledge. Afterward creating music, you can take those files and edit them on the UNO Synth Editor app.

The app has settings like 4-stage ADSR envelopes, velocity control, waveform shape modulation, and more. The UNO does come with a 27-note keyboard with two octaves of sound control.

But you can also connect your own keyboard via the MIDI In and Out ports.

6. Native Instruments Komplete Audio 6 Mk2 – Extended compatibility

Compatible with a lot of different devices

Has six inputs and six outputs

Records audio in high quality

Comes with software to create songs

Powered via USB 2.0

A little expensive

Check price

The Native Instruments Store has multiple models under the Komplete name with the best one being the Komplete Audio 6 Mk2. It’s not the cheapest model either; in fact, it’s one of the most expensive ones.

But it makes up for the price with a wide assortment of features. First, it has six inputs and six outputs. Four of the respective outputs are analog while the other two are digital.

The Audio 6 Mk2 also comes with two headphone jacks and MIDI In/Out ports. It’s also compatible with a wide assortment of devices and instruments. You can plug in microphones, guitars, and synthesizers for example.

The device is highly versatile allowing for different kinds of setups. You can simulate a small band, being a producer, or playing a live show.

Other notable features include the ability to be powered via a USB 2.0 cable and produce sounds at 192kHz/24-bit.

7. AKAI Professional MPK Mini MK3 – 25-key MIDI keyboard

Comes preinstalled with over 1500 sounds

Has a thumbstick for dynamic pitch and modulation

Has a 25-key MIDI keyboard

Comes with a starter kit

Has a simple setup

More of a keyboard than a synthesizer

Check price

Some sound modules have pretty unique designs to them. Not all of them are your standard board filled with knobs and switches. Others take a more straightforward and approachable design such as these AKAI devices.

AKAI is a good brand for these types of MIDI controllers and the first one on this list is the AKAI Professional MPK Mini MK3. These devices are what people use to create beats.

It sports an arpeggiator to adjust sound resolution, range, and modes on the device. You can exercise further control over your music with the eight knobs that can be assigned to mix and tweak sounds.

To get you started, the MPK Mini MK3 has over 1500 sounds across instruments and beats pre-installed.

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Make Music Playback Sound Better On Iphone, Ipad, And Ipod Touch With 2 Settings

Nearly everyone uses their iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch to listen to music, but the experience can be made even better by toggling two simple settings specific to the iOS Music app.

The two adjustments we’ll focus on are not enabled by default, but by toggling Sound Check and EQ on, you will find that the mobile music listening experience will sound richer and have significantly less fluctuation in volume levels between songs.

Here’s how to enable these two settings:

How to Make Music Sound Better in iOS

You’ll be adjusting two music specific settings in iOS, the end result should be that music playback will sound better.

Open the Settings app and then head to “Music”

Flip “Sound Check” to ON

Next, tap on “EQ”, and then choose an equalizer setting most relevant to the majority of your music collection (Rock, R&B, and Pop are all decent choices for most music varieties)

If it’s not immediately obvious what these settings are and how they work, here’s a brief explanation of each.

Sound Check Makes Audio Playback Sound Better

Sound Check: Have you ever noticed how certain audio recordings and songs are much more quiet than some, while others are much louder than the rest? The result is that you’ll constantly be fiddling with the volume levels of the iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch (or the bluetooth / car stereo knobs) as different songs come on, which is kind of annoying. And that is exactly what Sound Check aims to fix. Enabling this setting will automatically adjust the volume levels of songs so that they are all roughly the same level, meaning that classic Hank Williams Sr collection from 1948 is no longer way too quiet when segueing into Eric Clapton or the latest Daft Punk album, which may sound a bit too loud by comparison.

EQ Improves Music Playback Sound Quality by Equalizing Audio

EQ: EQ stands for equalizer, which is used to alter the frequencies of audio output. Put simply for music, this means that specific EQ settings may bring out more bass, more treble, higher frequencies, or lower frequencies, which can have a significant effect to how music sounds, and often results in music just plain sounding better.

When choosing an EQ setting, it may be helpful to toggle between the Settings screen and a playing song that is somewhere in the middle range of what most of your iOS music collection is. There can be significant changes in amplification, bass, and treble, thus it’s best to pick a fairly moderate song representative of the wider playlists and listen to it live as you test the various settings. Also, you may wish to change the equalizer settings dependent on the actual speakers the iOS device is hooked up to, as an iPod, iPad, or iPhone connected to a tiny speaker dock will sound very different than when connected to a well tuned car stereo.

Remember that these two settings will only impact audio that is outputted through the official iOS Music app, and other apps and audio streams will have no difference in how they sound.

Don’t forget there are similar features on the desktop side of things available to Mac OS X and Windows users through iTunes, with equalizer settings, soundcheck, and a sound enhancer.


Top Apps To Make Long

Love doesn’t come easy, especially when you and your sweetheart do not live in the same city or country. Yes, long-distance relationships are a real thing, and holding such love isn’t a cakewalk. Thanks to technology, such relationships now have a variety of services and apps that make the journey a little easier.

With the evolution of technology happening at lightning speed, many app-makers have come up with breakthrough ideas that can keep you and your mate connected all the time and in a special way. We have come up with a list of personalized apps that are meant for long-distance lovebirds.


Avocado is an app that is made just for the two of you. It tracks your relationship progress. Many of you must be thinking why it is named “Avocado?” The Avocado tree does not bear fruit unless there is another tree beside it. The app archives every moment that you spend with your loved one which in turn helps to track how far you’ve come. It is ideal for maintaining privacy as well as it self cleans the message after it is read, like Snapchat. It is good for the productivity aspect as well, as it syncs events with your Google calendar. You can download it free of cost for iOS and Android.


The couple is the cutest app that I have come across. One of the major highlights of the app is its “ThumbKiss” feature which enables companions to touch the same spot on the display which makes both phones buzz. The app also has a shared timeline feature that keeps your info together. Another cool feature is LiveSketch which allows both of you to draw together in real-time. The app is free for iOS and Android.

Showgoers for Netflix

The Showgoers app is giving a whole new meaning to Netflix and Chill. It is movie dating for long-distance couples. What happens when you aren’t in the same room? Remember when you lied and said you had a girlfriend in another city? Well, now you can actually have one and still watch the same movie at the same time just like you are in the same room. You will need to install the Showgoers Chrome extension.


Between is all about privacy protection for you and your significant other. The app can only be unlocked through a passcode. It stores photos, videos, and other couple moments. Now you can keep all your cherished moments in your phone without worrying about privacy. It is free to download for iOS and Android.


It is one of the most popular photo-sharing apps. The app allows you to share pictures instantly, and the best part is that it gets deleted within seconds after the receiver views it. You can send any kind of picture to your loved one without worrying about it going to some other person. It is free to download for iOS and Android users.


Bliss is an app that can put spice in your relationship, for good! The app promotes intimacy of love mates. There are a variety of fun games onboard that are crafted just for couples. It is a paid app, but for trial purposes, you can download its lite version for Android and iOS.


This app is for couples who love to play games. The app sends your partner on a treasure hunt game by utilizing camera and GPS functions. You can also track your partner’s journey through the app. It’s a good way to stay virtually close even when miles apart. The app is only available for iOS.


Zara Ali

A 90’s kid, who has witnessed the evolution of technology — from landline to smartphones. Been there, used that! Love trying out new gadgets and writing about them.

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Ipad 8 Top Features: The Best Value Ipad Gets Better

The 8th generation 10.2-inch iPad brings some minor updates for this year. While it may not be the most exciting iPad of this year. It’s still probably the best value iPad you can get and the best iPad for most people. Here are its best features.


Performance is the hallmark feature on the 8th generation iPad, as this model has gotten upgraded to the A12 Bionic chip. This is the same chip found in the 3rd generation iPad Air and the 5th generation iPad Mini, as well as the iPhone XR and XS. If you’ve ever gotten to use any of those devices, expect this iPad to perform similarly for a lot of tasks.

In my usage, the iPad 8 does perform substantially better than the 7th generation does. Applications load up a tad faster, gaming performance is a lot better, and general multitasking performance has seen an increase. Is it on-par with the iPad Pro or the upcoming Air? Absolutely not. But for the $329 price-point, this is probably going to be the best performing option you can buy.

Video: the top iPad 8 features

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When running benchmarks in GeekBench 5, it’s clear that there’s been a huge increase in performance from the previous generation iPad. The 7th generation iPad pulled an average single-core score of around 750 and a multi-core score of 1400. This year we’re looking at scores of around 1100 for single-core and multi-core scores as high as 2600, which is a huge jump.

LumaFusion is one of the best options for editing video on iOS. And when using it on the iPad 8, I had a perfectly smooth experience. When scrubbing through the timeline, I can jump from one point in the project to another and playback the clip with no dropped frames or hesitation, which is nice to see. It only took me 06:30.31 minutes to export a 10-minute 4K video with some transitions and effects, which is very impressive for this sub-$400 iPad. It is definitely going to be a reliable option if you need to whip up a quick edit on the go.

Gaming on the iPad 8 has also been a great experience. I tested multiple titles, varying in graphical intensity. The iPad 8 was buttery smooth throughout it all. I didn’t think I would enjoy gaming on the iPad 8 as much because of the lack of ProMotion. Surprisingly though, I fount it quite adequate to game on the iPad. And not all games fully support the iPad Pro’s 120Hz refresh rate, so that’s something to consider.

Improved Apple Pencil Experience

The Apple Pencil is noticeably more responsive than on previous models. You don’t really feel that slight delay the same way you could on the previous iPad model. And this is something that’s extremely important for artists, religious note-takers, or if you’re playing some kind of game using the Apple Pencil. It can be annoying to have that delay and that’s not something I’m experiencing on the iPad 8. It’s been great for me to take notes or even scroll through Twitter occasionally.

And of course you’ve got all of the awesome iPadOS 14 features. You can draw in any text field with Scribble, copy handwritten notes as text, and generally speaking, there’s more precision when drawing or writing. If you’re a student who’s constantly needing to take notes or are looking for an inexpensive iOS device for illustration, this is the best way to go. If there’s anything I want for the next generation iPad, though, it’s to update the Apple Pencil or design the iPad 9 to support Apple Pencil 2.

Battery Life

Battery life has been excellent for my daily usage. I can easily end the day with 30 – 40% battery depending on how hard I push it. And once again, when you put the price into perspective; you’re paying $329 for a device that you can take off the charger in the morning and use all day if you’d like. That’s a pretty good value proposition in my eyes.

9to5Mac’s Take

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8 Silly But Harmful Seo Mistakes Even Professionals Make

Kicking yourself because of a recent SEO oversight?

You’re not alone.

SEO has become a complex field that simply getting down the basics can be a behemoth task.

And the average SEO strategy covers a lot!

It can be overwhelming.

Also, because of the metrics, we can’t hide from any mistakes or oversights because the numbers will show it.

You can be the most detail-oriented, diligent professional out there but the fact is: there’s plenty of room for things to go wrong, or for you to slip up even when you’re at the top of your field.

My hat’s off to you if you’ve never messed up at least one little thing!

Here are eight silly mistakes that even the SEO professionals sometimes make.

1. Leaving a Noindex / Nofollow Command on the Site Upon Launching

You can prevent a page on a website (or an entire website) from appearing in Google by using a noindex meta tag in your site’s header code.

When Googlebot sees that tag, it’ll immediately drop the page from the search results.

That’s useful if you’re still developing your site, or you don’t have root access to a server and want more control over access to specific pages or the whole site for any reason.

But if you forget to take it out before your big site launch?


Another mistake can be putting a noindex meta tag into the site’s header code and then blocking the command with a robots.txt.

Remember: you need to do one or the other.

Not both.

2. Not Using Google Analytics and/or Google Search Console

Google Analytics gives you all the data you need to understand the performance of your website. It tells you about things like traffic, demographics, and how long your readers hang around before they bounce.

Google Search Console gives you everything you need to improve your site. It’ll tell you about who’s linking to you, whether technical errors exist, and more.

You’re missing out if you aren’t using them.

Yet, some professionals forego them altogether.


That’s simple:

There are a lot of tools out there. Many of them are proprietary and few of them are cheap.

Plus, once we find a tool we like, we tend to keep on using it.

While other tools may offer similar capabilities to Google Analytics or Search Console, at the end of the day, however, they may not give the best results.

Another common mistake that some professionals make is not spending enough time on Google itself.

A good SEO can get everything he or she needs directly from the search engine.

The only thing fancy SEO tools do is make that information easier to read, more accessible, and available to you more quickly.

3. Optimizing for the Wrong Keywords

Did you know that SEO professionals have a blind spot when it comes to keywords?

It might sound surprising because we do so much keyword research.

But doing that can lead to being too set in doing things a certain way, even when there could be some better way to do it.

Specifically, we can develop bad habits and end up optimizing for the wrong keywords.

Sometimes we end up optimizing from the business perspective, when we should be doing it from the perspective of our clients’ customers.

Let me give you an example.

Company A sells shoes specifically for people with hallux valgus, better known as bunions.

The content of the site reflects the show design, which is evidence-based and rooted in the science of it.

The keywords chosen were “hallux valgus shoe” and “evidence-based shoes to treat bunions.”

Nice, specific, low competition long-tail keywords.

Seemed perfect, yes?

Not quite.

A few weeks later, we started getting emails and phone calls from doctors asking about prescription requirements or how to acquire them for their patients.

But we were trying to sell to the general public.

To break this habit, it’s a good idea to spend some time researching what people will search for when they’re looking for answers to their problems.

Try to find out what language they use.

It won’t always be the official terminology, so it matters what language you speak to land in front of your target audience.

4. Not Using Internal Links

Citing your sources with lots of super high-quality, authoritative links is a really good idea.

It helps your readers take you seriously and it signals to Google that you can be trusted to provide good information. (It’s even one of the things they specify in their search quality evaluator guidelines.)

However, sometimes we get really excited about external links and neglect the internal ones.

Remember that they’re also important.

Internal links are a great way to boost your position in the SERPs because they:

Make it easier for Googlebot to crawl your site.

Help signal topic clusters and important pages.

Drive traffic to other parts of your site.

5. Not Improving Content

Did you know that Google has a freshness algorithm? It does.

If you’re serving up stale content, you might notice your page rankings – and traffic – start to drop.

Stale content is content that has become:

Outdated due to new statistics or market changes.

Incorrect due to the emergence of new information.

Irrelevant due to changes in how Google understands a keyword.

Devalued due to algorithm updates.

Content isn’t a “set it and forget it” thing.

Plus, links break, files go missing, and keywords fall out of usage.

Therefore, you should make sure you’re keeping an eye on your pages.

Remove old content and adjust anything that looks like it’s sliding.

Google will appreciate it, and reward you with a better position in the SERPs.

6. Not Optimizing for Search Intent

Similar to using the wrong keywords, failing to optimize for user search intent can prove just as devastating to your SEO strategy.

Fortunately, optimizing for search intent has gotten a whole lot easier as Google fine tunes its ability to deliver exactly what people are looking for.

Generally, Google splits searches into three main categories:

“Do” searches. These are transactional in nature, such as “buy laptop online.”

“Know” and “know simple” searches. These are informative in nature, such as “best laptops 2023.”

You want to optimize for each of these searches because they also correspond to steps in the customer’s journey.

That maximizes the chances of you getting the right content in front of the right customers at just the right point, when they need it.

7. Thinking SEO Is Only Concerned with Traffic

Pop into any SEO message board or subreddit and you’ll see post after post that looks like this:

“Why am I not getting more traffic?”

“How do I drive traffic to my new site?”

“Best SEO strategies to boost site traffic quickly?”

Traffic, traffic, traffic.

Sure, as SEO partners, it’s our job to drive traffic to sites.

A good SEO strategy will accomplish exactly this.

But what’s equally as important as traffic?


You can have all the traffic you want, but it won’t mean anything at the end of the day if your readers aren’t following through and hitting purchase or subscribe.

Remember, like with all things you should value quality over quantity.

Lots of site traffic but low conversions mean that you’re attracting a lot of irrelevant visitors.

A small number of highly-targeted customers is better than tons of lookie-loos.

8. Putting SEO ‘on Pause’

So, you’ve built your site.

You’ve loaded it chock-full of super helpful information.

You’ve crafted an SEO strategy and let it loose in the search engine.

You’re rising in the SERPs.

People are filtering into your site…

And then you let it all slide.

What the heck happened?

You were doing well, that’s what happened.

You discovered that your SEO engine was working, and you got complacent.

Maybe you put your focus on other things like improving your product line, thinking that your SEO would be good for a while.

SEO is not a light switch. It’s not a machine that will just keep chugging away, delivering results.

It’s more like a windup toy – if you don’t maintain it and constantly improve, it’ll run out of steam.

Your ranks will degrade.

You’ll fade again into the obscurity that is Page 2 (or beyond) of Google.

Here’s the Takeaway: Even When You Know What You’re Doing, Plenty Can Go Wrong

Planning, implementing, and maintaining a viable SEO strategy involves a lot of moving pieces.

It’s enough to drive anyone crazy.

It also means there are plenty of opportunities to make little oversights and mistakes that can devastate your position in the SERPs.


I’ve just covered eight things that are super simple (even silly) in hindsight, but that professionals do by accident every single day.

Happy ranking.

More Resources:

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All screenshots taken by author

Top New Java 8 Features With Examples

Introduction to Java 8

Oracle rolled out a fresh release of Java on March 18, 2014. Java 8 is a landmark release, introducing numerous new and valuable features. Let’s delve into the features of Java 8 to familiarize ourselves with them. It includes new functionality, upgrades, and bug fixes to increase efficiency in designing and operating Java programs.

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Top New Java 8 Features with Examples

Below are the top features of Java 8 that make Java 8 more understanding and more valuable:

1. New Date/Time API

The old Date-Time API of Java had significant drawbacks. In place of it, there is a fresh Date-Time API in Java 8. We take a look at the drawbacks below:

Tough to Handle Timezone: Programmers needed many lines of code to tackle timezone issues.

Low-Quality Design: The earlier API had relatively few direct functions for date operations. Java 8 API offers many functions for date operations.

Absence of Thread Safe Property: chúng tôi lacked thread-safe property. Hence programmers had to face concurrency issues while employing data. Java 8 Date-Time API is immutable and without setter methods.

In Java 8, the package chúng tôi introduces a new Date-Time API. There are two significant classes contained in chúng tôi package:

Zoned: Specialized API to handle different time zones.

Local: Simplified API without the complexity of managing time zones.

2. Nashorn JavaScript

The earlier version of Java contained the Rhino JavaScript engine. In Java 8, Rhino is replaced by a superior JavaScript engine, Nashorn. The latter offers two to ten times superior performance when benchmarked against its predecessor. This is possible as it directly compiles the lines of code in memory and passes the bytecode to the Java Virtual Machine. Nashorn employs the invoke dynamics feature of Java 7 to enhance performance.

3. Optional Class

Simply put, Optional serves as a container object that stores non-null objects. One primary use of the Optional object is to represent null having an absent value. This important class has different utility methods to help code handle values as ‘not available’ or ‘available’ rather than to check null values. The class was added in Java 8 and is analogous to the Optional class in Guava.

4. Base64

The new version of Java contains an inbuilt encoder and a decoder for Base64 encoding. Programmers can employ three kinds of Base64 encoding.

MIME: The output is formatted according to the MIME format, where it is divided into lines, each containing a maximum of 76 characters. The line separator consists of a carriage return followed by a line feed. There is no line separator at the termination of the encoded output.

URL: Mapping of Output is done to a group of characters present in A-Za-z0-9+_. The output is filename as well as the URL safe.

Simple: Mapping of Output is done to a group of characters present in A-Za-z0-9+_. The encoder does no addition of any line feed in the output. The decoder does accept any character differing from A-Za-z0-9+_.

5. Streams

The Stream is a fresh abstract layer present in this new version of Java. You can process data declaratively, similar to SQL statements, by using a stream.

Understanding Stream

Stream, simply put, is a representation of a sequence of objects emanating from a source that has support for aggregate operations. Below are specific properties of a stream.

Iterations are Automatic: Explicit iterations are mandatory in Collections. In Stream, it internally iterates over the supplied source elements.

Pipelining: Most of the stream operation’s output is of the stream type. Thus, the output can be pipelined. The particular operations are termed intermediate operations. They accept input, do the necessary processing, and give the output to the target.

Some Aggregate Operations supported by Stream:







6. Functional Interfaces

They display individual functionality. The new version of Java has numerous functional interfaces which can be employed in large measure in lambda expressions.

7. Default Methods

In Java 8, there is a fresh paradigm of interfaces having default method implementation. The inclusion of this feature is for backward compatibility purposes. It is now possible to use old interfaces to harness the lambda expression capability of the new version of Java.

For instance: the ‘Collection’ and ‘List’ interfaces lack the ‘forEach’ method declaration. The addition of such a method would cause the collection framework implementations to break. However, introducing default methods solves this issue by providing default implementations of the forEach method in List/Collection. As a result, the class implementing these interfaces no longer needs to implement these methods separately.

8. Method References

This prominent feature of Java 8 points to relevant methods using their respective names. A “::” symbol describes method references. The latter can be used to refer to the following types of methods.

Constructors Employing the New Operator

Instance Methods

Static Methods

9. Lambda Expressions

Below is a typical lambda expression.

We take a look at the significant parts of a lambda expression.

Return Keyword: The compiler returns the value if the body consists of a single expression. Curly braces signify that the expression returns some value.

The parenthesis around the parameter: If only a single parameter exists, the parenthesis can be omitted.

Type Declaration: Parameter-type declaration is not needed. From the parameter’s value, the compiler determines the necessary action.

Miscellaneous Features of Java 8: The JDBC-ODBC Bridge has been taken off. So. this has been the PermGen memory space. The ‘jjs’ command invokes the Nashorn engine while the ‘jdeps’ command analyzes the class files.


Now that you have a theoretical knowledge of Java 8’s new features, it is necessary to implement them. In other words, you have to do the coding that exploits the many useful and valuable features of the new version of Java. Only then will you be truly proficient in Java 8?

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This is a guide to Java 8 Features. Here we discuss the basic concept and top 9 features in Java 8 with a brief explanation for better understanding. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –

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