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In this post, we will see what the Close tab shortcut in Chrome and Firefox on a Windows PC. While working on a PC or laptop, keyboard shortcuts always make it easier for us to perform tasks quickly. They not only save us time but also enable us to work more efficiently. The Close tab shortcut is a keyboard shortcut you should know if you frequently work on web browsers.

What is the Close tab shortcut in Chrome or Firefox on Windows 11?

There are built-in keyboard shortcuts for closing a tab in different browsers on Windows 11, including Chrome and Firefox browsers. Apart from these, there are ways to close multiple tabs or close all open tabs at once. The following sections will introduce you to various shortcuts that will help you exit the required tabs in your browser window.

1] Keyboard shortcut to Close tab in Chrome or Firefox

To close a single tab in Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox (or any other browser for that matter) you may use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+W OR Ctrl+F4. The shortcuts also work in the browser incognito/private mode.

Go to the tab that you want to close and press the ‘Ctrl’ key on your keyboard. While you keep pressing the ‘Ctrl’ key, press the ‘W’ key. Release both keys once the tab is closed.

This shortcut is especially useful when you want to close the active tab. So while you’ve finished typing or reading on the webpage, you don’t need to use the mouse in order to close the tab. You may do this using a simple hotkey (‘Ctrl+W’ or ‘Ctrl+F4’).

2] Middle mouse button shortcut to Close tab in Chrome or Firefox

Open a new browser tab, type about:config in the address bar, and press Enter.

While the extension works perfectly fine for most web pages, it may not work for a few pages, such as the Chrome Settings page or Chrome Web Store pages.

4] Other ways to Close tabs in Chrome and Firefox

Interestingly, you can use shortcuts to close not just one tab, but multiple tabs, or all tabs or windows within your browser. Here are some other useful keyboard shortcuts for closing tabs in Chrome and Firefox:

To close all tabs or the current window in Chrome or Firefox, press Ctrl+Shift+W or Alt+F4.

To exit Chrome (close all windows), press Alt+F and then press X.

To exit Firefox (close all windows), press Ctrl+Shift+Q.

Apart from these, you may use the built-in options to close tabs, either to the right of a selected tab, to the left, or both, in Firefox or Chrome.

While these options are built-in in Firefox and Chrome, there’s no hotkey associated with them. They still act as shortcuts when it comes to closing multiple browser tabs at once.

5] Undo Close tab

If you’ve mistakenly closed the wrong tab, you may undo close using the Ctrl+Shift+T keyboard shortcut in both Firefox and Chrome.

I hope this helps.

Also Read: How to confirm before closing multiple tabs in Chrome, Edge, and other browsers.

What is Ctrl Shift N on Firefox?

The Ctrl+Shift+N hotkey can be used to reopen a closed window. If you’ve accidentally closed a window in the Firefox browser, you can undo the close action using the Ctrl+Shift+N keyboard shortcut. However, the shortcut works only if you have at least one browser window left open. If you’ve closed all the browser windows (or have exited Firefox), the shortcut will not work.

How do I close a tab in Chrome without closing it?

Read Next: Create a shortcut to open the Firefox browser in Private Browsing Mode.

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Microsoft Edge Won’t Close In Windows 11/10

Microsoft Edge is a step above its predecessor in a lot of departments. However, as of late, some users have been complaining that Microsoft Edge won’t close on their computers. In this post, we are going to resolve this issue with some simple solutions.

Fix Microsoft Edge won’t close in Windows 11/10

If Microsoft Edge is stuck and does not close completely on your Windows computer, here are troubleshooting steps to help you resolve the issue.

Try closing Edge from the Task Manager

Try disabling Edge Extensions one by one

Clear Browsing Data and Cache

Repair Microsoft Edge

Troubleshoot in Clean Boot

Let us talk about them in detail.

1] Try closing Edge from the Task Manager

2] Try disabling Edge Extensions one by one

If any of the extensions in your browser is corrupted, chances are there will be unexpected issues that you will face. Since we don’t know which extension is a troublemaker, go ahead and disable them one by one.

Once you know who the culprit is, remove that extension, and the next time, you won’t face this issue again.

3] Clear Browsing Data and Cache

Sometimes, your cache and browsing data get corrupted and start causing such issues. This is a very common issue and that is why every browser has an option to clear the browsing data and cache to resolve the issue.

To clear browsing data and cache in Microsoft Edge, follow the prescribed steps.

Go to the Privacy, search and services tab.

Once all the items are deleted, your issue should be resolved.

4] Repair Microsoft Edge

You may also find yourself facing issues like the one in question if Edge is corrupted. If the whole app is corrupted, Edge might not even launch on your system, but sometimes, a certain file can go missing or gets corrupted. Whatever the case is, we can deploy the built-in tool to repair Microsoft Edge and see it makes any difference. Follow the given steps to repair Microsoft Edge.

Open Settings.

Look for Microsoft Edge.

Your Edge will be repaired. Hopefully, this will do the job for you.

5] Troubleshoot in Clean Boot

Sometimes, the issue is not just related to the app that’s causing trouble, there are a lot of third-party apps that can interfere with your browser and stop it from closing. To confirm that, you need to run Microsoft Edge in Clean Boot. If the browser is performing well there, just start enabling processes manually, one by one and you will stumble upon the troublemaker. All you have to do is remove that app and your issue will be resolved.

Hopefully, you are able to resolve the issue using these solutions.

How do I fix Microsoft Edge not closing? Why does Edge keep crashing Windows 11?

Edge is a built-in Windows browser, so, it is pretty obvious that the browser is perfectly optimized to work on your computer. But, if the browser is crashing, then there must be some issue with the app or your OS. We would recommend you check our guide on what to do if Microsoft Edge won’t open on your computer also check our guide on what to do if Microsoft Edge crashes after launching.

Read: Microsoft Edge crashes when playing a video.

How To Open Chrome, Edge Or Firefox Browser In Full Screen Mode

Most browsers out there offer a Full-screen mode of viewing tabs, which is often preferred by users to get rid of the clutter of multiple windows, to view the screen in a more magnified form, or just focus on a particular tab. Essentially, each time a person switches the full-screen mode on, they get rid of the taskbar on the bottom and all the tabs open on the top of the screen. This provides a better viewing experience that can be used when working on writing (or any creative project), or simply enjoying a video. In this post, I am going to demonstrate how one can turn the full-screen mode on in a few major browsers; Chrome, Edge, and Firefox.

How to open Google Chrome in Full Screen

There are two approaches to opening a Chrome window in full screen. You may either press the F11 function key (sometimes this may not work, in which case you want to try pressing Fn+F11) or follow the procedure below:

Open Google Chrome and head over to the top right corner of the screen

Among the column of options, head over to ‘Zoom’

You will see a sign to turn the full screen on.

And just like that, you have now opened Google Chrome in full screen.

If you want to toggle the full-screen setting, just press the F11 (or Fn+F11 combination) key. This would work irrespective of you using either of the aforementioned methods.

See this post if Chrome Full screen is not working.

How to run Microsoft Edge in Full Screen

Both Edge and Firefox require users to follow similar steps as Google Chrome. You can press the F11, or do as follows:

You can use the keyboard shortcut Alt+F to open it.

In the ‘Zoom’ setting, you’ll see an option to maximize the screen.

Read: How to allow or block users from using Full screen mode in Edge

How to open Firefox in Full Screen

You can press the F11 function key or, alternatively, follow these steps:

Open the menu.

You can also use the zoom setting to magnify or shrink your screen’s display, in case you don’t find your monitor’s default setting satisfactory.

Using this tip, you can also make Explorer go fullscreen.

Read: How to set up Kiosk Mode with new Microsoft Edge 

How to run Internet Explorer in full-screen mode

I hope you find this article helpful!

Why is the F11 key not working?

On your keyboard, especially on laptops, look for an Fn key. Since most laptops don’t have dedicated keys for F1 to F12, Fn keys are used with number keys to achieve the function. Once you have figured out the FN key, locate F11 and press them together to go full screen in Chrome. If you only press F11, it will not work; instead, it will print something else (when tried on a notepad or any text box).

How do I press F11 without the F keys?

Some keyboards offer a lock for F key functions. It is similar to the Caps lock; with the lock key, you can keep using the F keys without an extra button. You can go full screen on Chrome by pressing the F11 key. Since keyboard keys are overlapped, ensure you don’t miss the other number or key that is available with the F keys.

Why doesn’t my Web page fill the screen?

If a website is not adaptive, it will only fill the screen with the max layout it has designed. If you try to zoom, it will only make it look blurry, and elements may look out of place.

NOTE: This post will show you how to make all windows open maximized or full-screen.

Why is my browser opening in a small window?

The problem is usually caused by a resolution mismatch based on the last time you used the application. In addition, it could be caused by other applications as well. To fit the active window completely within your active screen, drag the corners of the active window with the arrows.

What Is The Keyboard Shortcut For Undo And Redo?

If you want to know the keyboard shortcut for Undo and Redo in Microsoft Word, Excel, and other Windows applications, read this post. A keyboard shortcut is perhaps the easiest way to perform an action on a Windows computer. Keyboard shortcuts help us work quickly and more efficiently. When we use the keyboard instead of the mouse, we can accomplish multiple tasks with increased precision. Hence, keyboard shortcuts not only save us time but also help us to be more productive at work.

If you’re a beginner, there are a lot of keyboard shortcuts to get started. In this post, we introduce you to the keyboard shortcuts for Undo and Redo on a Windows 11/10 PC.

Before we discuss how you may Undo or Redo using your keyboard, let us first understand what actions these commands perform.

The ‘Undo’ command can be used to undo an action and the ‘Redo’ command can be used to redo an undone action on a Windows PC. In other words, the Undo command helps you reverse the last action by restoring things back to their previous state. The Redo command does just the opposite. It reverses the action you’ve undone. So basically the Undo command is used to fix things up, while the Redo command is used to fix Undo, in case you change your mind.

For example, if you’ve deleted some text while typing something on a Windows PC, you can bring the text back using the Undo command. If you again want to delete the text, you can use the Redo command.

What is the Keyboard shortcut for Undo and Redo?

If you want to Undo an action, you can press Ctrl+Z

If you want to Redo an action, you can press Ctrl+Y.

These are the universally accepted keyboard shortcuts for Undo and Redo. However, a few Windows applications also support Alt+Backspace for Undo and Ctrl+Shift+Z for Redo.

Almost all Windows applications support at least 1-step Undo. However, a few applications allow you to Undo multiple times to take things back to a certain point in time.

For example, you can undo the last 100 operations in Microsoft Excel to track the last 100 changes. To go back several steps, keep pressing and releasing the Ctrl+Z hotkey.

I hope this helps.

Read: How to modify the number of Undo levels in Excel.

What is the keyboard shortcut for Redo?

Ctrl+Y is the most popular keyboard shortcut for the Redo command in Windows. You can use this shortcut to redo an undone action; however, not all applications support the Redo command. Also, some applications such as Adobe Photoshop support using Ctrl+Shift+Z or F4 or F-Lock/Fn+F4 for the Redo command. This post will show youhow to Undo and Redo changes in Photoshop

Is there a keyboard shortcut for Undo?

Yes. To Undo an action in a Windows application, use the Ctrl+Z keyboard shortcut. Press and hold the ‘Ctrl’ key and then press the ‘Z’ key. Once the changes are undone, release both keys. Keep pressing and releasing Ctrl+Z to undo multiple steps. You may also use Alt+Backspace to undo steps in a few Windows applications, such as Microsoft Word and PowerPoint.

Read next: How to open Folder with Keyboard Shortcut in Windows.

How To Check If The Windows Key Is Genuine Or Legit In Windows 11/10

A copy of Windows is genuine only if it has been activated using a valid key. When you buy Windows Keys from Microsoft websites or get them from the OEMs, you can be sure that they are genuine. But you need to be careful if you buy them from third-party websites. So are Windows 11/10 keys that you buy from another site like Amazon, etc., legitimate or legal? That depends!

The major problem why many consumers get a license – which is sold at a very low price – and which later turns out to be invalid is because they may be deactivated product keys or Volume license keys. In this post, we will suggest a couple of ways to check if your Windows Product Licence Key is Genuine or Legit.

How to check if my Windows Key is Genuine

There are different types of keys. Windows 11/10 keys that consumer buys directly, are usually valid until the life of the machine (Retail and OEM).

There is one more type of key: Volume Licensing (MAK and KMS). Enterprise or big companies buy these keys to activate computers in bulk.

I have seen reports where many third-party sellers have sold these keys to consumers at a cheap price. These keys can be activated on multiple computers or work for a couple of months.

It is best not to purchase a key from someone who is not authorized to sell Windows 11/10 keys. And if somebody is authorized, and they offering a low price, make sure to ask them if the key will work even after reinstallation.

There are two scenarios-

First where you have the key, and you want to check before actually using it.

The second is when you have already used it, but still, want to check.

Let’s take a look at how you can find if your Windows Key is genuine.

Read next: How to buy Windows 11 with a valid or legit license key.

1] Use PID checker tools

We have two tools here – The Ultimate PID Checker and Microsoft PID Checker – which you can use to find out if the Windows 10 key is legit. While the Ultimate PID checker works for all versions before Windows 10,  the Microsoft PID checker works for Windows 10 and Server 2024 only.

Download Microsoft PID Checker from here or Ultimate PID Checker from here. If the key is not legit or is invalid, the software will give you a response back. It can also be used to check the MAK count.

2] Check Windows Key with Software Licensing User Interface

Open Command Prompt on elevated privileges.Execute the following command:

slmgr /dli

The “dli” parameter will display current license information with activation status.

The result will also include the type of key (Retail, OEM, MAK, or KMS key). If the License status says “Licensed”, then you do not have a problem. If there is anything else, your key is not valid. Also if you see type as MAK or KMS, and you are a general consumer, you need to connect with the person from whom you bought the key, and get a Retail key.

Read: Are cheap Windows 11 keys legit?

3] Check Settings & Activation Status

Read: What do the different types of Microsoft Product Keys mean?

Report Windows 10 Activation errors

If your Windows 10 is genuine, but you still receive errors relating to non-genuine software, you can follow up by using the steps below.

Open Administrator command prompt then paste the code below and hit Enter

Licensingdiag.exe -report %userprofile%desktopreport.txt -log

Copy the result and upload to One Drive, then locate the txt file Windows created on your desktop then upload both to One Drive

Go to the Microsoft Product Activation Call Center and lay your report.

Let us know if this helped you to figure out if the Windows 11/10 key is genuine or not.

Now read: What is Windows Activation and How does it work?

Turn Windows Features On Or Off; Manage Windows Optional Features In Windows 11/10

The Windows operating system offers several additional features that most of us may not need. But they are there if you need them! In this post, we will see how to Turn Windows features On or Off via the Control Panel, and how to add, remove or manage some Optional Features using Windows 11/10 Settings. PowerShell and Command Prompt methods have also been discussed here.

Manage Windows Optional Features in Windows 11/10

While the default installation is good for most of us, there may be some features that IT Pro’s, System Administrators or Developers may need. Windows allows you to install and activate such features. You can turn some features on or off using the Control Panel, or you may need to use the Settings app in Windows 11/10 if you need to add some optional features.

What are Optional features?

As the name implies, Windows Optional features are the features that may or may not be required by Windows users. Windows OS has an option to add or remove these features. We have already explained the process to manage Optional features in Windows 11/10 in this article.

How do I add or remove Windows features?

The option to add or remove Windows features is available in the Control Panel or Windows Settings. We have described the process to install Windows features on Windows 11/10 computers above in this post. You can do it in 5 ways.

1] Turn Windows features On or Off using Control Panel

The steps to turn Windows features on or off via Control Panel are the same for both Windows 11 and Windows 10 computers. Hence, it does not matter whether you are a Windows 11 or Windows 10 user, the procedure that we have explained below implies to both of these operating systems.

On a Windows Pro PC, you will see the following features that you can enable or disable at will.

.NET Framework 3.5

.NET Framework 4.6 Advanced Services

Active Directory Lightweight Services


Data Center Bridging

Device Lockdown


Internet Explorer 11

Internet Information Services

Internet Information Services Hostable Web Core

Legacy Components like DirectPlay

Media Features

Microsoft Message Que Server

Microsoft Print to PDF

MultiPoint Connector

Print and Document Services

RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit

Remote Differential Compression API Support

RIP Listener

Services for NFS

Simple Network Management Protocol

Simple TCPIP services

SMB 1.0/CIFS Sharing Support

SMB Direct

Telnet Client

TFTP Client

Windows Identity Foundation 3.5

Windows PowerShell 2.0

Windows Process Activation Service

Windows Subsystem for Linux

Windows TIFF IFilter

Work Folders Client

XPS Services

XPS Viewer.

See this post if your Turn Windows Features on or off is blank or empty.

2] Manage Optional features via Windows Settings Windows 11

Windows 11 users have to go through the procedure explained below to manage optional features via Settings.

Launch Windows 11 Settings app.

Install or Optional features as per your requirements.

Let’s discuss these steps in detail.

1] Press Win + I keys to launch the Settings app.

You have to wait till Windows uninstalls that feature.

4] Now, let’s see how you can install an Optional feature in Windows 11. Microsoft has made some features optional in Windows operating system, as they may or may not be required by the users. Notepad and Wordpad are among the optional features in Windows 11/10. This is the reason why some users have found Notepad or Wordpad missing from their computers.

Windows 10

In this way, you can install Graphics Tools, Windows Developer Mode, Fonts and several other optional features like it.

3] Enable or Disable Optional Windows Features using Powershell

Windows Powershell is indeed a very powerful tool. You can do a lot of things with this command line too. While using this, we will first populate the list of available features, then we will be downloading the desired feature, and finally, we will be talking about enabling and disabling that feature.

So first, to populate the list of features, enter this command,

Get-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online

Get-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName *Type feature name*

Then, to enable any downloaded feature, enter this command,

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName “Type feature name” -all

Finally, to disable any enabled feature, enter this command,

Disable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName “Type feature name” 4] Turn On or Off Optional Windows Features using Command Prompt

Now, type in the following command to populate the list of available features:

All you need to do now is copy the name of the feature that you need to enable.

DISM /online /enable-feature /featurename:[Enter the name of the feature here] -All

Now, to disable any feature that is enabled on your computer, you need to follow some separate steps.

DISM /online /disable-feature /featurename:[Enter the name of the feature here] -All

As a bonus, if you wish to check information in detail about a specific feature, enter this command,

DISM /online /get-featureinfo/featurename:[Enter the name of the feature here] 5] Enable or Disable Optional Windows Features using an external installation source

You can also fetch the latest features from an updated offline source.

This source can be an ISO or any other type of image or just a folder.

For that, all you need to do is decide if you want to use the Command Prompt or Windows Powershell.

If you are using the Command Prompt, enter this command,

And if you tend to use Windows Powershell command line, you can do it too. Just enter this command,

To get the latest features, you need to get the latest version of the image of the operating system that you are trying to install the feature from.

I hope this helps!

Related: Turn Windows features on or off stuck on Please wait.

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