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Have you ever had the problem where an exclamation point appears next to a song in iTunes when you try and play it? This is the last thing you want to deal with when you’re in the mood to listen to your jam, but fortunately, it’s usually a pretty easy thing to fix. In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to get around this problem and get iTunes to play your music once again.

iTunes can’t locate your music… but why?

There come times when iTunes may not be able to locate your music files when you try to play them. You’ll know when iTunes can’t locate your music because as shown above, an exclamation point appears to the left of the music that can’t be found. Moreover, when you try to play it, you’ll get a pop-up alert like saying “The song xxx could not be used because the original file could not be found. Would you like to locate it?”

This scenario may occur on your machine after a major system change, such as a major software update, after you restore from a computer backup, or if you’ve removed an important storage drive from your computer.

These critical changes to your computer’s filesystem could take part of your iTunes library with it. When this happens, iTunes will get confused because it won’t be able to locate the music it was once able to find and play.

So how do you fix it? Well… you just need to know what happened to the original files, and then you can redirect iTunes to them. This troubleshooting guide works for both Mac and PC, as iTunes is very similar on both platforms.

Fixing the error

If you know where the music files went, such as you moved it to a new folder or renamed the original files to something new while better organizing your computer’s files, then you’re in luck. You’ll be able to simply re-direct iTunes to the new folder.

If you’ve moved or renamed the files, you can follow these steps to relocate the lost music:

3) Use the Finder navigation window that appears to find the music file associated with the song you’re trying to play.

5) iTunes will now begin playing the song that you were trying to play prior to the issues (note the ! is gone, and a speaker icon appears instead):

Congratulations; you’ve just located a lost music file and solved the iTunes error!

The other scenarios…

Sometimes it won’t be as easy as pointing iTunes to the missing file.

If the issue was related to a storage drive being disconnected, you will have to reconnect that storage drive because your computer won’t have access to the songs stored on it unless it’s physically connected. So if you were in these shoes, you’d just plug it back in.

On the other hand, sometimes the issue can be significantly more complicated, such as, you just had to perform a restore to an earlier backup because of problems with your computer…

I see this problem being more common for Windows users than Mac users, but in some scenarios, files that weren’t on your computer at the time the backup was created will be lost when you turn back the clock on your machine. In these scenarios, the files may be gone for good and you’ll need to re-download them, or re-import them via CD or USB drive.

If you believe your issue was related to a recent iTunes software update, then it’s possible your entire library, not just a select few songs, have gone missing. If this was the case, you can refer to our guide on how to get your iTunes media back after an update.

Wrapping up

I know the feeling of when you want to listen to your music, but can’t because iTunes is having trouble finding the files to play the music. It feels discouraging. Fortunately, you can easily point iTunes in the right direction.

This is why I always recommend you keep backups of your entire iTunes library on a flash drive or external hard drive somewhere, that way when things go missing, it’s super easy to re-import everything to your computer and add it back to iTunes in a jiffy.

Also read:

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What To Do When Steam Says Files Failed To Validate?

As the most popular gaming distribution platform on PC, Steam provides excellent gaming experience to the users. This platform too may confront some malware or bugs.

Sometimes gamers faced 1 file failed to validate and will be reacquired issue when after a game crashes, they need to check their integrity.

Many users have reported that the problem may be related to the Firewall and they have addressed the issue by simply disabling it for the time being.

Although this 1 file failed to validate and will be reacquired is quite a common issue and through this article, we will try to explore the various feasible fixes available.

Often the installed mods for games may interfere with the Steam client and create unexpected issues.

The manifest on the Steam servers consists of the list of the files which should be present there as per the current update.

If that fails to match, Steam will notify that files failed to validate and will be reacquired. Under this circumstance, the files will be replaced or deleted but if somehow you have a problem with that, you are recommended to run the verification check again.

Steam may have downloaded and properly finished installing an update. When it accomplishes every update, you are required to restart the client properly.

Often there are some incorrect configurations and a fresh restart will fix this up. Make sure you save the progress done. Now follow these basic steps:

Step 1: Press Windows + R button and type taskmgr in the dialog box to open the task manager.

Step 2: Now, as the Task Manager opens, go through all the Steam processes. Then close the process Steam Client Bootstrapper.

Step 3: After the process ends, finish all of the remaining processes. Use administrator privileges to Launch Steam and check whether this solves the problem.

If you confront the error when files failed to validate and will be reacquired, try to open the game directly from the installation folder.

We can try running the games from the original files because all the installed games are independent applications.

Step 1: Open the Steam directory and navigate into Steamapps<common and you will get a view of various games you have installed on your PC.

Step 2: Choose the game that is showing the error. Now you are supposed to open the game folder.

Step 3: When you are into the folder, open bin. You will have two folders named win32 and another is win64.

Step 4: Open win32 or win64 according to your Computer’s configuration.

Sometimes unwritable or inaccessible sectors is the root cause of the problem. This bad sector on your hard drive may be permanently damaged and they may cause the error.

To search for these bad sectors, you may easily check by running the utility of Check Disk that Microsoft has developed.

It tries to correct them using the resources available and is very useful in troubleshooting for errors. If any inaccessible sector is detected in your drive, these programs mark it.  The operating system avoids these unusable sectors in future.

Follow the steps to use the Utility Check Disk, Chkdsk in short:

Step 1: Open file explorer and visit This PC /My Computer.

Step 1: Press Windows + R to launch and type cmd to open the command prompt.

Step 2: Now type CHKDSK C: That means it is supposed to check the disk drive C. In case you want to go through any other drive, replace the C with the name of that drive.

If your Steam is running slow, then read this article.

Steam may conflict with the Windows Firewall. It happens that Steam is downloading updates and games in the background and you are doing something else on the Windows.

You don’t need to wait for the download getting accomplished when you wish to use the Steam client. Steam can make alterations in several system configurations so that you experience the best while gaming.

Windows Firewall may block Steam and mark some of the processes identifying malicious or it may block Steam’s actions running in the background. It’s therefore really hard to discover that this is even happening!

We recommend you to temporarily disable your Firewall and check the error.

Make sure to disconnect any third-party application. There are various kinds of software available on the internet that claims to monitor or clean your disk drives to enhance speed.

Another way to combat the issue is by deleting all the local file content of the game and then download it again. But before you proceed, enable the Steam cloud. When you delete the local file content, it will not lose all the progress made.

The process will remove the game’s installation data that can be downloaded again. Follow the process:

Step 1: Open the Steam client and select Library.

Step 4: Delete everything in the local file content and stop all Steam services.  Then try to launch it once again.

Steam will start downloading the game files automatically. You are now allowed to browse the store and download it. Your purchase would be safe because the information gets secured on Steam’s cloud servers and not on the local content.

Step 5: Now, launch the game once again. Try to check whether the problem is solved. 

Your game’s configuration file may be corrupted, and you are failing to replace it. The steam client may also give indications towards it. In this case, delete the config file and launch Steam again to check the integrity of the game.

Steam is capable of detecting that the configuration file is deleted and will make an attempt to replace it with a fresh copy present in the servers.

But please note that if you have disabled Steam cloud, skip this method as you may lose access to all your saved content related to any game.

Follow the quick workaround: 

Step 1: Navigate to your Steam directory and open the folder user data.

Step 3: Delete all the folders present in the directory and relaunch Steam. Steam has cloud activated and when it will find no configuration files present, it will attempt to download them again with the saved ones.

This is probably the one step left to check the error. Reinstall steam and check if it solves the problem.

When you refresh the Steam files, the games that you have downloaded and user data will be preserved so you will not have to download them again.

The process refreshes steam files, deletes all the configuration files of the Steam client. It then compels it to re-install them. That means if any corrupted file is found, it will be replaced.

Wait till the entire process gets completed. When the procedure gets finished, you will have to log in once again.

Also read: Steam Not Recognizing Installed Game: How To Fix?

Hope this article helped you to address 1 file failed to validate and will be reacquired error.

When A Plane Loses Pressure, Here’s What Happens To Your Body

@jetairways Flight 9W 697 made an emergency landing back in Mumbai. Airplane lost pressure immediately after taking off…scores of passengers including me bleeding from nose….no staff to help…no announcement on board to wear the oxygen mask.passengersafety completelyignored chúng tôi Satish Nair (@satishnairk) September 20, 2023

Most plane trips begin with a checklist. Socks? Check. Underwear? Check. Sweatshirt just in case it gets a little bit chilly one night? Check. As crucial as your undies are to a successful trip, though, a far more important checklist goes on while you’re complaining about how small the seats are getting. Flight crews do a checklist before the plane takes off to ensure they don’t forget to do something like, you know, pressurize the cabin.

But the crew on Jet Airways flight 9W 697 managed to miss that step recently on their way from Mumbai to Jaipur. The result? A plane-ful of panicking passengers, many of whom awoke from naps to discover intense pain in their ears, bleeding from their ears and noses, and a heck of a lot of confusion.

The airline itself hasn’t released much more than a vague statement, but Lalit Gupta, the deputy director general of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation told the Hindustan Times that “The 9W 697 Mumbai-Jaipur flight was turned back to Mumbai after take off as, during the climb, crew forgot to select switch to maintain cabin pressure.”

First things first: What does it mean to pressurize an airplane?

Air at higher altitudes is under less pressure and is therefore harder to inhale—the molecules of oxygen are literally farther apart. This is why when you visit a city like Denver, which is about a mile above sea level, you may notice that you tire more easily: you’re getting less oxygen to your muscles and brain.

Planes flying above 10,000 feet need to pressurize the cabin so that they can maintain a high enough oxygen level for everyone onboard to function, though they don’t actually pressurize it to sea-level pressures (it’s usually more like the 8,000 ft mark). A normally functioning plane, once sealed off at the gate, will automatically raise the pressure inside smoothly as the pressure outside drops, so that ideally you don’t notice it much. The same thing happens in reverse at the other end to bring everything back to normal.

Why is an unpressurized plane dangerous?

This loss of pressure seems to have popped some of the small blood vessels in people’s noses and ears, or perhaps even ruptured some eardrums—none of that is unheard of for a depressurization event. Your body is really only designed to work within a small range of pressures pretty close to sea level, and when you go outside that zone delicate areas get damaged. Fluid and gas are both far more susceptible to pressure than solid flesh, so these bits go first. You actually experience a minor version of this in airplanes or even in fast-moving elevators: your ears pop. There’s a little membranous vessel called the Eustachian tube inside your ear that rebalances the pressure between the atmosphere and your inner ear (there’s a little pocket of air in there). Changes in pressure can block the Eustachian tube, making a tiny, painful vacuum in that inner ear bubble. Chewing gum or even sucking on a hard candy alleviates that issue because the act of swallowing opens up your Eustachian tube.

All this is to say that your ears are very sensitive to pressure changes, so bleeding from the ears might not be all that surprising given the lack of pressure on this aircraft. Similarly, delicate blood vessels can rupture in the nose.

How does this even happen?

A lot of the time when a plane suddenly depressurizes, it’s because some kind of damage has occurred and the airtight seal keeping the pressure inside the aircraft is broken. Large aircraft are well equipped to handle this, because air masks drop and provide enough oxygen to for the pilots to get the plane down to 10,000 feet or below, where the air is dense enough to keep everyone alive and functioning. It’s crucial that this drop happen immediately, because perhaps the most dangerous part of losing pressure—despite the dramatic explosions you’ve seen in the movies—is hypoxia.

Hypoxia, or a lack of oxygen, can be remarkably hard to recognize but also completely destroys your ability to function. And it happens really fast. The Federal Aviation Administration says that “The ability to take corrective and protective action is lost in 20 to 30 minutes at 18,000 feet and 5 to 12 minutes at 20,000 feet, followed soon thereafter by unconsciousness.” Many commercial planes fly well above that, at around 35,000 feet, and at that altitude, you have 30 seconds to a minute of what’s called “time of useful consciousness”—the time in which you’re capable of making decisions like “should I put this oxygen mask on my face?” That’s why passengers are told to put their own masks on before helping their children; it sounds like a heartless instruction, but parents who put kids first might not have the wherewithal to save themselves once they’re done.

It’s also worthing noting that the FAA also notes that the effects of hypoxia can be tough to recognize, especially if they come on gradually. So if you maybe forgot to pressurize the plane and the level of oxygen is slowly dropping, it might be quite hard to tell when you or your co-pilot might be succumbing to hypoxia.

Those effects? We’ll let the FAA take this one again: “judgment, memory, alertness, coordination and ability to make calculations are impaired, and headache, drowsiness, dizziness and either a sense of well-being (euphoria) or belligerence occur.”

Because the effects are so severely impairing yet hard to recognize, many pilots—especially those in the military—go through training to experience what it’s like themselves and see it in their coworkers. Basically, a group goes into a hypobaric chamber with oxygen masks on, then one person takes theirs off and is assigned basic tasks to show at what point they stop being able to think properly. You can see it for yourself in this video:

That pilot loses the ability to even tell you what card he’s looking at—much less tell you there’s a problem or fly a freaking airplane—in just a few minutes.

This is a massive problem if hypoxia occurs before pilots are able to figure out what’s going on. The worst case scenario is something like what happened to Helio Airways flight 522 from Cyprus to Athens in 2005. Flight crew members from the previous trip noted an issue with one of the door seals, and in order to fix the problem an engineer had to switch the pressurization system to manual. He fixed the door, but forgot to switch the system back to auto, and flight crews then failed to correct it during three separate checks of the plane—and pilots managed to misidentify the literal warning signs multiple times. Eventually, they radioed to ask for help with the equipment cooling system and the very engineer who had flipped the switch to manual asked the pilots to confirm that the pressurization system was set to auto.

Unfortunately, the pilots were already in the early stages of hypoxia and kept talking about the cooling system, not understanding what was happening. Almost everyone onboard eventually lost consciousness and the plane continued on autopilot to Athens, where it entered a holding pattern. Not long after, the engines blew as they ran out of fuel and the plane crashed into hills outside Athens, killing everyone on board.

Most of the time, though, decompression is survivable. One Southwest Airlines flight got a 17-inch hole in the fuselage while flying at 34,000 feet and absolutely no one died. Two years later another Southwest flight got a 60-inch long gash in it where a joint failed, and again, everyone made it to their destination alive.

So if you’re ever on a flight that does lose pressure, rest assured that you will most likely be fine. You’ll put on your air mask (remember: put your own on before helping others) and you’ll freak out a bit while the plane descends rapidly. Then the trained professionals will, most likely, get the aircraft to the ground in one piece.

Remote Control Your Itunes Via Ichat

Let’s say you have more than one Mac in your house – one is in your living room, meant for entertainment purpose, while another one is in your room, for work-related stuff. Now, from your room’s Mac, you can remote control the iTunes in the living room’s Mac to play the songs you want.

You have completed the configuration. Now, set up a chat session between the two Macs.

In your room’s Mac, type

pause – pause the playing



Damien Oh started writing tech articles since 2007 and has over 10 years of experience in the tech industry. He is proficient in Windows, Linux, Mac, Android and iOS, and worked as a part time WordPress Developer. He is currently the owner and Editor-in-Chief of Make Tech Easier.

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How To Move Your Itunes Library To A New Computer

When you buy a new computer, the first thing you’ll probably want to do is copy all of your contents from your old computer over to the new one. This ensures you can continue the work that you were doing on your old machine.

One of the things you may want to migrate to your new computer is to move your iTunes library to a new computer. Although Apple has done away with iTunes on the latest Macs, the app is still used on old macOS versions and Windows computers.

Table of Contents

Moving your iTunes library to a new computer is pretty easy actually. There are features inside the app itself to help you do it.

Put All Your iTunes Content In a Single Folder

If you know the basics of how iTunes works, you probably know that the app doesn’t need to copy your music files to its folders to play them. Your songs could be anywhere on your machine and you can still find, organize, and play them in the app.

Because of the nature of the app, there’s no one folder that you can copy from your old computer to the new one and get your library migrated. But, there’s a feature in iTunes that lets you put all of your files in a single folder. It’s called consolidating files and you can do it from within the app on your computer.

Your files will continue to exist at their original location and the following procedure will only make a copy of those files in the iTunes folder. You want to make sure there’s enough storage on your computer as you’ll have a total of two copies of each of your iTunes files.

It’ll start copying the iTunes library files from wherever they’re on your computer to the iTunes folder. Wait for it to do that.

Once the files are copied, you can delete the original ones from their folders if you want.

Find The iTunes Folder & Copy It To Your External Drive

Once your entire iTunes library is consolidated, you can copy the consolidated folder over to an external drive for migration. However, the iTunes folder isn’t easily accessible as it’s located deep down in various subfolders.

Also, if you or someone has ever changed the original iTunes media folder, it won’t be available at its default location. You’re then going to need to find exactly where it’s stored on your machine.

Fortunately, iTunes provides you with an easy way to find its media folder. All you need to do is access an option in the app and it’ll let you know where your iTunes files are located. Once that’s done, you can copy the folder over to your external drive and start the migration process.

On the settings screen, you want to navigate to the tab that says Advanced as the option you’re looking for is located there.

Once you’re in the Advanced tab, you’ll find a box with the title that says iTunes Media folder location. Note down the path displayed there as you’re going to need it in the following steps.

Restore Your iTunes Library On Your New Computer

Your entire iTunes library should now be available on your external hard drive. All that you need to do now is plug the hard drive into your new computer, copy over the library files, and then let iTunes know about it for it to import the files into the app.

It may sound a bit too technical but it’s not. It’s just basically copying your files and then configuring iTunes to recognize your new library. That’s all.

Navigate to the iTunes folder on your new computer and select the iTunes chúng tôi file. The app will then start importing your content.

When your files are all imported, you should see them on the same interface and menu where they were on your old computer.

Digital Music Sales Drop For The First Time Since The Itunes Store’s Inception

Proponents of digital music are in for a surprise as sales of digital albums and individual songs nosedived last year, for the first time since Apple revolutionized the music business with its iTunes Music Store back in 2003. According to a report by Billboard, industry executives are once again oblivious to the fact that consumers’ tastes are changing and are blaming streaming music services such as Pandora and iTunes Radio for the drop. The full breakdown is after the break…

Billboard relays a Nielsen SoundScan survey of full-year digital music sales revealing that individual song purchases on digital services dropped from 1.34 billion units in 2012 to 1.26 billion in 2013, a 5.7 percent decline. That didn’t come out of blue as per-track performance saw weak results over first three quarters of 2013.

As for sales of digital albums, these fell 0.1 percent to 117.6 million, down from 117.7 million units the year prior. However, that’s peanuts compared to a substantial 14.5 percent decline in physical CD sales.

Most-downloaded song of 2013?

Robin Thicke’s Blurred Lines with 6.5 million tracks sold, followed by Thrift Shop by Macklemore and Ryan Lewis.

Here’s the landscape of album sales marketshare for 2013:

CDs lead with 57.2 percent

Digital music accounts for 40.6 percent of all album sales

Vinyl format is responsible for a two percent share

Cassettes and DVDs made up 0.2 percent of all album sales

iTunes has remained the most popular venue for buying digital music with a 40.6 percent share of total U.S. album sales in 2013. In fact, Apple’s digital-only music store has been the biggest music seller in the world since 2010.

At the same time, music sales at Target and Walmart dropped 16.3 percent to about 78 million units and now comprise nearly 27 percent market share. Best Buy and Trans World saw a twenty percent decline to 39 million album units to comprise a 13.5 percent market share last year, the survey found.

Unfortunately, Nielsen SoundScan has not yet publicized streaming music performance so we have no cold, hard numbers to support the thesis that digital music sales are now being cannibalized by the growing popularity of streaming platforms such as Pandora, Rdio, iHeartRadio, iTunes Radio and many others.

And of course, the music biz has failed to see the writing on the wall, all over again. As Billboard put it, “industry executives initially refused to attribute the early signs this year of digital sales weakness to the consumer’s growing appetite for streaming”.

And you know what’s really unexpected?

That vinyl sales saw a healthy 31 percent uptick in the past year – go figure.

I must say I’m not terribly surprised by this development.

I will still buy music files from time to time – typically individual songs and sometimes even whole albums – but I just don’t see the point in buying music. We live in a rental society now and it’s dawned on me that paying ten bucks per month to stream any song I want on Pandora or Rdio or whatever is a much better proposition to what alternative?

Dropping ten bucks on a new Beyoncé album?

Thanks, but no thanks. As far as I’m concerned, that’s no longer money well-spent, not in this economy – and I’m not even mentioning that music this decade has been terrible.

And what are your music consumption habits these days?

Do you rent your music exclusively or do you still believe in buying MP3s?

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