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Does coronavirus give governments the perfect reason to bring in digital identity cards?
While many have focused on contact-tracing phone apps, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair has said that digital identity cards are not only a natural extension of current technology, but also the perfect solution for reopening countries in lockdown.
But are ID cards a threat to civil liberties? And if so, at what price should we be willing to reopen the world in the wake of coronavirus?Are ID Cards Unavoidable?
“There’s always a good case for introducing some form of digital ID,” said Tony Blair at the CogX virtual conference, “but I think that case is even more powerful today.”
Ideas around tracking people in order to stem the spread of coronavirus has been touted in the UK and the US since cases started appearing. Indeed, a non-compulsory contact tracing app is already available in the UK.
However, the idea of creating a new form of digital ID, with some coronavirus contact tracing built-in, might feel exploitative and opportunistic.
“You can create a digital ID today that is much more easily protected,” said Blair at the conference. “You can deal with a lot of the privacy and surveillance issues that worry people. But it’s a natural evolution of the way we’re going to use technology to transact daily life and this COVID crisis gives us an additional reason for doing that.”
Of course, while we already carry enormous amounts of personal data about ourselves on our phones, the idea of having a government-mandated digital ID will be a difficult idea for many to stomach.Would a Digital ID Card Work in Practice?
At present, there are two big concerns when it comes contact tracing apps, which would also apply to digital IDs: accessibility and privacy.
“These apps are bias towards the affluent part of the population so people who don’t have the latest smartphone cannot participate… children are not in mix, the oldest people are not in the mix… so this clearly does not address everyone,” said Detlef Nauck, head of AI and data science research at British Telecom, who was also speaking at the conference.
If the digital ID was stored in a smartphone, for example, then some people without smartphones would naturally be excluded from holding an ID. This would include those in older age groups more likely to be considered at risk of coronavirus.
What’s more, some might not possess the digital skills to use or understand their new government-mandated ID. This, however, would not be a problem according to Blair:
“Give them the chance to be educated, to be skilled, to be retrained, to have access, make sure that there’s universal coverage. Make sure that, for example, when we’re educating our young people today that they’re fully educated to be able to work in this new world. A lot of people will be retraining and reskilling, you know we need to make sure we use this as an opportunity.”
Young people, of course, aren’t necessarily the problem. Retraining older people, who aren’t necessarily au fait with technology at the moment to use a digital ID might be trickier. Biometric passports, as used in the UK, seem great, but some find them challenging to use.
This would also make using a digital ID to track coronavirus spread difficult.
“You need about 60% in the population to make these apps really work well,” said Nauck. “This is roughly the number of people [in the UK] who run WhatsApp on their phones, so you need to get the same sort of uptake on this app, which is not likely.”
Plus, while a contact tracing app was tested in the UK on the Isle of Wight, it only saw a take-up of around 50%. “But, that was probably because people were curious,” said Nauck. “That is probably not something you can replicate across the whole country.”What If We Don’t Have a Choice?
Perhaps, however, we won’t actually get a choice.
“My essential belief is that the technology revolution is the 20th century’s version of the 19th century industrial revolution,” said Blair. “In other words, it changes everything. It changes the way we live, the way we work, the way we think.”
Most regular people didn’t get a choice on whether they progressed with the industrial revolution — they found themselves caught in the turning gears of history. For Blair it seems, regular people needn’t have a choice time round, either.
“The risk is that you have this divide between the world of the changemakers — those with technology, creativity, and innovation making the changes — and the policymakers — those in politics, in my profession — and there’s a great gulf in understanding and misunderstanding between the two.”
For Blair, it seems, normal people don’t get to factor into these decisions. And, perhaps unsurprisingly, he has form for this when it comes to ID cards. Back in 2004, Blair’s Labour government introduced the Identity Cards Act, which would have required people to carry an ID card with a host of personal information.
The identity cards would also be tied to the “National Identity Register,” which would have included:
Up to ten fingerprints
A digitised face scan
A digitised iris scan
Current and past UK addresses
Overseas places of residence
It would also be tied to other government databases in order for them to be connected.
The controversial bill was repealed by the Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government that succeeded Blair’s in 2010.
Of course, that was then, and this is now. And, according to Blair, at least “these technology solutions will be extremely important for us to solve the practical problems, not just of COVID, but of the new world of work and economy that we’re going to see developing in the next few years.”
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The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced yesterday that a patient with Ebola has been identified in the U.S. He apparently got infected while in West Africa, boarded a plane before he had any symptoms, and then visited a U.S. hospital when he fell ill. He’s now getting care at a hospital in Dallas.
If you’re one of the 300-plus million people who live in the United States, there’s a non-zero—if vanishingly small—chance you may have been infected by this person. How can you know for sure? Well, you’ll get a knock on your door from somebody called a tracer.
The tracer will be part of the major technique with which U.S. officials plan to keep Ebola from spreading in America. The technique is called contact tracing. It’s a generations-old idea, it’s pretty unglamorous, but it works. “There is no doubt in my mind that we will stop it here,” U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Thomas Frieden told reporters yesterday during a conference call. Experts outside of the CDC agree. Contact tracing has also appeared to have helped control outbreaks in Nigeria and Senegal. Unfortunately, other challenges keep it from working perfectly in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, where Ebola is an epidemic.
Here’s how contact tracing works—and what to expect if, one day, you find yourself getting traced.What is contact tracing?
Doctors caring for the Dallas patient will (or already have) speak to everyone with whom he had direct contact while he had the symptoms of Ebola, but wasn’t yet staying in a hospital isolation room. In this case, four days passed between when the patient first developed symptoms and when doctors placed him in isolation. Anyone who might have contacted the patient’s bodily fluids during that time is at risk for having contracted Ebola. Dallas officials think 12 to 18 people are at risk.
Tracers must track down and visit each of these direct contacts, every day, for 21 days. Twenty-one days is the longest possible time that somebody could harbor Ebolavirus, but not show symptoms. “By then, if they’re not sick with Ebola, they’re not going to get sick with Ebola,” Daniel Bausch, a physician and researcher who studies infectious diseases at Tulane University, tells Popular Science. Those who stay in the clear for 21 days are off the contact list.
During their visits, tracers ask the traced people how they’re feeling. Tracers may ask the traced contacts to take their temperature every day and record it. Tracers, who are often recruited from the community, don’t need any special medical training. They submit their findings to trained epidemiologists, who decide what to do next.What happens if a traced contact gets sick?
If the traced person reports having a fever or headache—the early symptoms of Ebola—he or she will be isolated. She might not have to go to the hospital right away, especially if her living situation is pretty isolated already. (Think “my own house” versus “dorm.”) After all, she might not have Ebola. Plenty of diseases, such as colds and flus, also cause fever and headache.
Officials may ask the headachy contact to simply stay in her house or bedroom while they test her blood for Ebola. If she tests positive, then they’ll take her to an isolation unit in a nearby hospital.
Officials will also then have to start the whole contact tracing process all over again for all of the new case’s contacts.Who counts as a traceable contact?
Family who housed the original Dallas patient during his four infectious days definitely count. Briefer contacts, such as store clerks, probably don’t, unless there’s reason to believe those people touched the patient’s bodily fluids, Bausch says.
The patient entered the U.S. on a commercial flight, but U.S. health officials will not be calling folks who shared his flight, Frieden says. The patient did not have symptoms during the flight, and people with Ebola can’t transmit the virus while they don’t have symptoms.#
Contact Tracing In A Nutshell
Why should a traced person cooperate with the authorities?
Not all traced people do. They could leave the house when they’ve been told not to. They could go stay in another city without telling their tracer. Or they may wish to cooperate, but may be difficult to find, for example, if they don’t have a fixed address.
In this case, people should have one good motivation to cooperate, Bausch says. If they are infected and are traced, they can get swift treatment. While there’s no cure for Ebola, those who are infected can get “supportive treatment,” such as a hydrating IV, to help them recover. Supportive treatments aren’t considered cures because they don’t kill Ebolavirus, but they boost the chances that the body’s immune system will.
There are also some experimental Ebola-killing drugs available. It’s not clear how widely available those would be if more people in the U.S. get sick with Ebola, but Frieden says officials are discussing experimental treatments with the Dallas patient’s family and hospital.Has the U.S. ever used contact tracing before?
U.S. health authorities have previously traced the contacts of people with tuberculosis and with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS.
Contact tracing around the world was instrumental in eradicating smallpox.
In the future, if some kind of deadly swine or avian flu lands in the U.S.—expect contact tracing.Why will it work here, but not in countries where Ebola is an epidemic?
Authorities are trying to conduct contact tracing in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, but it’s harder there. Contact tracing is labor-intensive, and there are many more people infected in West Africa. The U.S. has only one infection so far. Many West African residents are also harder to reach than the average American. They may live hours away, in rough country, or they may live in slums with no set address. They may also not want to cooperate with tracers, out of fear and suspicion of healthcare workers. CNN reported on the challenges of contact tracing in West Africa last month.
Experts are confident contact tracing will work as expected in the U.S. The U.S. has plenty of resources to track all those people and Americans are likely to cooperate with tracers.Could Ebola land in the U.S. again?
It could. Airports operating flights between Ebola-endemic countries and the U.S. screen travelers before they fly. However, as Frieden explained, “As long as there continue to be cases in West Africa, the reality is that patients travel, individuals travel, and as appeared to happen in this case, individuals may travel before they appear to have any symptoms.”
If the disease lands again, this whole contact tracing thing will start all over.
Unless you’ve been sleeping under a rock for months, you’re aware that Android handsets have been gobbling up market share just about everywhere.
Everywhere except in the United States, that is, where Android phones declined by 4.5 percent as iOS grew by nearly nine percent year-to-year, per latest data from market research firm Kantar Worldpanel ComTech, the WPP-owned market analysts.
Android is big in Europe and has been growing its share steadily in other markets over the past three months, mostly exceeding the fifty percent share mark and in some countries even approaching total domination.
This surge in Android’s popularity has been seemingly led by jumbo-sized devices with screens sizes measuring four and a half inches diagonally and up. Considering that market share appears to favor the trend toward bigger smartphones, Apple has no doubt chosen the right time to release an iPhone with a bigger screen. Or has it?
According to survey data encompassing past twelve weeks (via TechCrunch), nearly one-third of all devices sold in the last three months had a screen size of over 4.5 inches.
Android now accounts for two-thirds of the smartphone market in Europe, up 20.2 percent year-over-year. Elsewhere, Android is equally a success story in terms of market share, going all the way up to a staggering 86.8 percent share in Spain (versus just 2.9 percent for iOS), or 75 percent share in Germany (versus 13.3 percent for the iPhone).
As you can see in the above chart, there appears to be an interesting correlation between screen sizes and usage patterns as owners of jumbo-sized smartphones surf the web and watch videos more often than those rocking devices with smaller displays.
And the more people interact with their devices, the more likely they are to remain loyal to the brand, conventional wisdom has it.
The survey notes that only one out of every five consumers with a screen smaller than three inches download and watch videos, compared to 65 percent when the screen is five inches or more.
That must be music to the phablet proponents‘ ears, I’m guessing.
Here’s the operating system market share data.
Again, Android claims more than half the market share in pretty much every territory, with iOS following in second place and Windows-powered devices or BlackBerrys a distant third, depending on a given market.
Specifically, TechCrunch writes, “across the eight most important markets, Kantar notes that Android has a share of 61 percent; while iOS is at 24 percent; and the rest all have five percent or less, led by Windows”.
Yeah, it’s a two-horse race.
Kantar’s findings related to smartphone screen sizes echo the results of iDB’s non-scientific poll, with a whooping 32 percent of respondents voting that a four-inch display should be the new gold standard for iPhones. One in five yearn for a 4.3-inch screen, like that on Samsung’s Galaxy S II.
Only a fraction of respondents, or less than seven percent, would feel comfortable holding in their hand an iPhone rocking a Galaxy S III class display which measures 4.8 inches diagonally.
An artist’s rendition of a rumored four-inch iPhone
An artist’s rendition of a rumored four-inch iPhone
Kantar analyst Dominic Sunnebo noted as much, writing how “it is interesting to look at the impact a larger screen size has on how consumers use their smartphones, particularly as the line between tablets and smartphones becomes more blurred”.
Apple’s iPhone since its January 2007 introduction has remained stuck with a 3.5-inch display that some people deem too tiny to enjoy movies, web sites, photographs and other content that really benefits from a bigger canvas.
Cupertino, of course, is expected to announce the next iPhone with a taller four-inch display at a media event next Wednesday, September 12. General availability is expected nine days later, on Friday, September 21.
The screen is said to be a bit taller but only marginally wider, still allowing for easy one-hand navigation with your thumb.
What do you think, is the time right for a bigger iPhone or did Apple made a grave mistake by holding out for too long and failing to recognize where the market’s been heading?
Note: the top right image is credited to Reuters/Lee Jae-Won.
Digital transformation has become a core component of enterprise success in the modern era The Role of CEO Appointing Suitable Experts for the Transformation
The CEO needs to become the company champion for digital transformation
Publicly displaying buy-in will not only encourage people working within the organization to get on board, but it will also show all external stakeholders that the CEO, and therefore the whole company, is truly committed to transforming the company to fit modern times. By giving full support to the journey, CEOs will embed themselves in the knowledge of how the business strategy will change and what tweaks or major modifications need to be made to the company business model. They will then be able to communicate clearly to employees and be able to answer questions.Putting up Funds
It will cost money and time to digitally transform any company – big or small – effectively, and teams will need to have access to funding and resources they normally do not. The role of the CEO here is to free up investment and allocate accordingly. When assigning roles and responsibilities to business leaders, the CEO will also need to talk about realistic financial models to prevent leaders from becoming detractors if they lose funding for their initiatives. Clear priorities should be set early in the digital transformation program by the CEO so that all business leaders and employees are aligned on what needs to happen first. The CEO will also need to free up people from different departments to leave their current jobs and dedicate all their time to the digital transformation program. This will probably entail removing top performers who are important to achieving short-term business objectives. The CEO will have to articulate why these people are better suited elsewhere to help the company accomplish long-term goals.Troubleshooting the Challenges
Digital transformation programs essentially change management programs, and as such, come with the same obstacles – many people resist change, and others want to change things too quickly. The CEO will need to step in and make sure that the chosen transformation leadership team is regularly meeting with all members at every level of the company to openly discuss how the program is going and give employees the opportunity to raise any problems or complaints. It is important for the CEO to be seen to be a part of some of these discussions and to be a part of the team that helps to resolve these issues.Establishing a Proper ERP
An enterprise resource planning (ERP) system, often regarded as something that just runs in the background, is a fantastic business management tool for a CEO to have a birds-eye view of what is going on in the company and to identify the gaps in the business where exponential value can be added. By implementing a
future-fit ERP solution,
organizations can easily incorporate new, emerging technologies such as machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and Digital Citizens, into their operations. This will not only make the digitalization process easier but also open the door to greater efficiencies and growth as well as expose opportunities to innovate. Using an ERP system means greater and more efficient controls. This ensures the CEO has accurate and real-time information and assists management to maintain a firm grip on operations.C-suite and ERP Support for the Digital Strategy
Crucial Digital Marketing Attributes Content Marketing
Getting the most out of your content marketing efforts is not an easy task, especially if it involves keeping your audience engaged. A good content marketing strategy can help you keep them engaged and attract more potential clients.
A well-designed content marketing strategy can help boost your website traffic and build a strong brand. Before you make a purchase decision, it’s important that your potential customers thoroughly research the various features of a product or service to see which one they prefer.
Your product or service’s descriptions are the only way potential customers can see how it’s better. Your descriptions should be clear and contain the necessary information to make informed decisions. In a recent update, Google prioritized high-quality content.
One of the most important factors that you should consider when it comes to content marketing is ensuring that it’s updated. Having the best possible content can help you attract more potential customers and keep them engaged.
One of the most important factors that you should consider when it comes to content marketing is understanding your audience. This will allow you to provide the best possible content to your customers. Having the right understanding of your audience can help you achieve your goals and improve the effectiveness of your marketing efforts.
Getting started with content marketing is very important if you want to improve the effectiveness of your business. It can be done by establishing an audience and focusing on your customers’ needs. According to a survey, 79% of businesses have already started using content marketing, and 10% of them fail because they lack knowledge about how to implement it effectively.SEO
Search engine optimization is a process that aims to improve the ranking of a website on search engines such as Google and Bing. It involves developing and implementing strategies that will help improve a website’s visibility.
Getting to the top of search engines is very difficult, especially since cheating is not allowed. In order to achieve this, your company should focus on developing and implementing effective SEO techniques.
Organic traffic is generated by customers who are actively looking for a particular solution. This means that if you want to attract and retain their attention, you need to provide them with the necessary information and solutions that they are searching for.
If you haven’t already started using blogging as part of your marketing strategy, it’s time to start. It’s very easy to improve your search engine ranking when it comes to blog content. In addition to being able to provide relevant and timely content, it can also help boost your website’s traffic.
Getting the most out of your blog is very important in order to improve its search engine ranking. One of the most effective ways to do this is by changing the title, keywords, and media of your blog. This will allow search engines to see that it is fresh and relevant.
One of the most important factors that you should consider when it comes to improving your search engine ranking is working with other people online. This will allow you to build a stronger and more engaging relationship with your target customers. Having other people talk about your brand will also help search engines find your content and provide recommendations.
Social media is very important for businesses, as it can help them reach their target customers and improve their online presence. Having a strong online presence helps search engines find your site and recommend it to others. YouTube is also a great tool for SEO.Analytics
One of the most critical components of any digital marketing strategy is having the necessary tools and reports to measure and analyze how they are adding to your business’s bottom line.
Having the necessary tools and reports to measure and analyze how they are adding to your business’s bottom line is one of the most critical components of any digital marketing strategy. Before you launch a campaign, it’s important that you identify the key performance indicators and metrics that will help you improve the efficiency of your marketing efforts. Having the right metrics and KPIs can help us make informed decisions and improve the effectiveness of our campaigns.
Getting the proper data to measure and analyze how your campaigns are performing is one of the most important factors that you should consider when it comes to optimizing your digital marketing efforts. Having the proper tools and reports can help you make informed decisions and improve the efficiency of your marketing campaigns.
Getting the proper data is very important in order to monitor and analyze how well your campaigns are performing. Having the right reports can help you learn from your marketing data and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of your campaigns.Conclusion
A digital marketing campaign is a process that involves using various digital platforms to connect with potential customers. Most businesses utilize websites, social media, email, and search engines to reach their target audience.
Due to the increasing number of people using the internet, offline marketing has become less effective. The goal of marketing is to connect with your audience at the right time and in the right place. Today, this is done through the internet.
One of the most effective ways for businesses to attract and retain customers is through digital marketing. Through SEO-friendly blog posts, a business owner can create content that is focused on the specific niche of his or her business. He or she can also promote the services and products through social media and email campaigns.
The id property is used to provide an element with a unique identifier. On a web page, you cannot have more than one element with the same id.
A dropdown menu in a computer GUI is a menu that provides a list of options. The menu title or the presently chosen item in the list is always visible. When the visible item is selected, more items from the list “dropdown” into view, from which the user can select.
The id is frequently used in conjunction with getElementById() to fetch a specific element. Another typical scenario is to utilize the ID of an element as a selector when decorating the document with CSS.Syntax var value = document.getElementById("select").form.id;
The getElementbyId() fetches an option from the dropdown menu to get the form’s id and stores it in the value variable.Example
}Using jQuery Library
We use the closest form attribute in jQuery to get the id of a form containing a dropdown list. This attribute returns the form id, which is passed to the function.Syntax var form = $( "#myForm" ).closest("form").attr("id");
The form variable stores the form’s name, which contains the dropdown list and the id to be displayed.Example
In this example, we used an external library called jQuery to retrieve the id of a form with a dropdown list. A form with the id “myForm1” is generated, complete with a button. Another form with the id “myForm2” is generated, containing a dropdown list.
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